Mark to Stupid Accounting – without an accurate set of numbers, any projections about the US economy going into Recovery are a lie – the experts said there wasn’t a Recession every day last year and now they simply want people to spend money – so they are lying

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‘Crazy Turtle Woman’ transforms graveyard into maternity ward

CNN Story

MATURA, Trinidad (CNN) — With its white sand and clear, blue water, Trinidad’s Matura Beach looks like a postcard. It’s a far cry from its recent past, when leatherback sea turtle carcasses littered the ground and kept tourists away.

“Twenty years ago, this was a graveyard,” Suzan Lakhan Baptiste said of the six-mile stretch of beach near her home.

“The stench was horrendous. You could smell it for miles,” she said.

Saddened and frustrated, Baptiste launched a crusade to help end the slaughter of the gentle giants. Today, she and her group are succeeding: What was once a turtle graveyard is now a maternity ward — one of the largest leatherback nesting colonies in the world.

[there’s more – its a great article – ]

http://www.cnn.com/2009/TECH/05/28/cnnheroes.suzan.lakhan.baptiste/index.html

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My Note –

This lady in Trinidad proves an individual can make a difference. She didn’t have to be the richest, the best educated at the best university, the most well-connected to the rich and powerful in the community, to make a difference. She simply had to make a choice to participate in a constructive way and do it. Amazing.

– cricketdiane

***

Oil Is Plentiful, Demand Weak. Why Are Gas Prices Going Up?
By Vivienne Walt / Paris Friday, May. 29, 2009

Storage tankers across the globe may be brimming with oil that no one is buying because of the global economic downturn, but the traditional laws of supply and demand don’t always apply to oil prices.

[ . . . ]

Prices had rocketed to a record level of $147 a barrel last July before plummeting to $30 just five months later and beginning a new climb. (See pictures of South Africa’s oil-from-coal refinery.)

[ . . . ]

Oil demand in rich countries has crashed since the onset of the economic crisis last year, and is now at its lowest level since about 1981, according to the Paris-based International Energy Agency. U.S. oil inventories — the stored surplus — this month reached their highest level since the 1980s. And about 2.6 billion barrels are currently stored in commercial tankers around the world.

“There is some risk we will run out of storage space in the next four to six weeks,” says Simon Wardell, director of global oil at IHS Global Insight, an energy-forecasting company in London. To oil-rich countries that possibility evokes grim memories of 1998, when the Asian economic crisis sent demand plummeting, driving world oil prices down to $10 a barrel. “If we run out of storage it could prompt a collapse in the price,” says Wardell. Oil producers might then choose to dramatically cut output in order to run down the surplus. (See pictures from Azerbaijan’s oil boom.)

Despite such dangers, investors and oil producers are betting that global demand will roar back, apparently hoping that the recession has already hit bottom. Over the past two months, investors have plowed billions of dollars into oil futures.

[ . . . ]

http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1901446,00.html

***

My Note –

This proves that the oil futures speculators are the fundamental that drives the price of oil and other commodities rather than demand. That means there are natural dynamics in the marketplace which are being undermined by this method of price setting.

Specifically, when demand is low and profits have been at 300% for many months – maybe even for years, the basic sense of business would be that the price would come down to meet the demand at the level where it exists now and those precious profit dollars would cover the operating difference until demand returns. But, not the way its being done in this unnatural market manipulation by speculators, it won’t.

It looks like the prices of gasoline in the US during the summer months is actually based on the numbers from Memorial Day travel. If there are many people who took off on trips for the Memorial Day holiday, then the prices skyrocket for the summer. If people stayed home and mini-vacationed nearby, then the summer prices only increases by a smaller percentage.

I think that the analysts and speculators that appear on tv / cable / news and talk about “green shoots” ad nauseum are the same ones who told us last year that there would never be enough oil to meet demand and that’s why it had to be $4.11 per gallon as people in the US took vacations last summer.

The same analysts, economic experts, tv news producers, stock market experts and news shows paraded across every news broadcast nearly the entirety of last year telling the American people that there wasn’t a problem, not an “R” word going on (Recession), not any real deep contraction of the economy, not anything but a little “bubble” . . . hmmm.

Either they were lying or they were incompetent because even I could see it was already a deep Recession, maybe even a Depression occurring in the economy, not because I’m a “bear or bull” but because the facts were evident throughout the economy. And, if I could see it – intellectually, academically, factually, accurately – based on economic factors that were (and are) obvious to anyone who looked at them, then those experts had to know or they are doing something very wrong.

And, now aren’t they the same ones telling the news anchors whether there are “green shoots” or not, could we have seen the bottom already and be on the way up, are there signs of recovery, is the confidence restored in the market, – but let’s ignore what the dollar is doing, the multitude of bankrupt companies being liquidated, the personal bankruptcy numbers, the continuing high rates of foreclosures, the commercial property disasters and the unemployment figures that are becoming chronic numbers with long term unemployment for many families and individuals.

It seems these financial and economic “experts”, stock brokers and news producers simply want everyone to go on vacation, spend all their money, max out their credit cards and the hell with whether they come home and lose their jobs with no resources to use to cross that period of time in front of them. But, they will have had a good vacation, and everything (according to news sources) is going to be out of this Recession or whatever little downturn they are calling it this week – by fall of this year. Well, I wish that were true – don’t we all.

Why I know what they are saying is basically a lie, is because the GDP keeps having to be adjusted later to account for inventories that are backed up and unsold, which means the percentage of contraction in the economy actually turns out to be greater than originally thought each quarter.

The buying power of many markets, not only in the United States but around the World – I mean, the actual dollars of buying power is diminished.

Projections made from sales figures two years ago, or last year or even during the last Recession cannot accurately predict what that buying power is today, or this summer or later this year in the fall and Christmas season.

And, I know the projections from “experts” on the news about our economic outlook is a lie because the governments of many countries including the US are only propping up what is a failing proposition, not capitalism – but rather the biased, favored, subsidized, manipulated game that has been passing for a “free market capitalist system” when it wanted and bailed out by those governments whenever there has been difficulty or lowered profit ratios.

The other thing that has been done to favor these corporations and commercial property bondholders that is manipulating the real numbers has to do with the marking the values of those assets as it suits them. From the time that change in the accounting rules away from mark-to-market occurred, there has been no real transparency nor accuracy to those values. As long as that is so and the same grading / rating agencies are continuing to rate things as Triple AAA, which aren’t based on their real debt to income using real costs and real returns and real liabilities, there will continue to be fractures in the foundations of the US economy.

– cricketdiane, 06-01-09

GM, Ford and Chrysler took DOE money to retool their plants for fuel-energy-efficient cars and trucks – so where is that money now? They were not financially viable long before today – why did they get the money?

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GM, Ford and Chrysler took DOE money to retool their plants for fuel-energy-efficient cars and trucks – so where is that money now? They were not financially viable long before today – why did they get the money?

[from]

November 6, 2008

Fact Sheet: Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program

* On November 5, 2008, the Department of Energy issued the Interim Final Rule and accomplished writing the rule for Section 136 of EISA 2007 in approximately half of the 60-day expedited timeframe mandated by Congress. Historically, rulemaking at DOE takes 18 months.
* The Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program (ATVMLP) was authorized under Section 136 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-140). Section 136 is under the sole management and responsibility of the Department of Energy.
* The FY09 Continuing Resolution authorized up to $25 billion in direct loans to eligible applicants for the costs of reequipping, expanding, and establishing manufacturing facilities in the U.S. to produce advanced technology vehicles, and components for such vehicles. These vehicles must provide meaningful improvements in fuel economy performance.
* The Interim Final Rule is effective immediately and allows DOE to begin accepting applications.
* Upon publication of the rule in the Federal Register, the Department will open the window to receive applications for the loan program. Evaluation of substantially complete applications can begin as soon as those applications are received.
* The rule protects the taxpayers and provides specific loan parameters for automobile manufactures to develop advanced vehicle technologies – a win, win for all parties.
* As demonstrated by the early issuance of this Interim Final Rule, DOE is committed to moving expeditiously to implement this important rulemaking. DOE will also work expeditiously to comply with all Federal, State and local laws, regulations and permits necessary to process and finalize applications.
* The timing for the issuance of funds will depend on when applications are submitted, application thoroughness, and attainment of any required permits or approvals.
* This program was created by Congress to help automakers get the financing needed to retool older plants and equipment to produce energy-efficient vehicles – DOE is doing everything Congress has authorized it to do.
* DOE encourages the automakers and other eligible companies to apply for these loans so that qualifying projects can produce more fuel-efficient vehicles which consumers are demanding.
* The law that Congress passed had many restrictions that would have prevented financing from flowing quickly to the auto companies. DOE has done its best to accelerate funding within the confines of the law Congress passed.
* The Department’s job is to implement the legislation that Congress passed. DOE is acting consistent with the purposes and with the amount of flexibility provided for in the legislation.

Applications:

* In accordance with the statutory language, the Interim Final Rule identifies qualifying elements for the loan program and application requirements.
* Applicants will be allowed to make multiple loan requests in a single application.
* Applications will be reviewed as they are submitted and considered in tranches. The deadline for the first tranche is December 31, 2008.
* Following a 30 day public comment period on the Interim Final Rule, DOE will evaluate the program and determine when to issue a Final Rule.

Eligibility:

* Congress set forth the criteria for projects and costs eligible to receive direct loans. The key criteria for qualified advanced technology vehicles or qualified components require:
o Manufacturing facilities be located in the U.S.;
o Engineering integration be performed in the U.S.;
o Costs be reasonably related to the reequipping, expanding, or establishing a manufacturing facility in the U.S.; and
o Costs of engineering integration be performed in the U.S.
* Loans will not be available on a retroactive basis; past advanced technology investments are ineligible.

Baseline:

* The Interim Final Rule established the “base year” to be vehicle model year 2005.
* To identify vehicles with substantially similar attributes, DOE grouped vehicles by classes previously defined by EPA for the purpose of fuel economy ratings, as well as additional subclasses created by DOE for performance vehicles (e.g., sport cars).
* In accordance with the statute, in order to qualify as an advanced technology vehicle under the Interim Final Rule, an applicant must demonstrate that a vehicle has a fuel economy performance at least 125% of the average MY 2005 fuel economy of the appropriate class.

For more information visit DOE’s Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program website.

Media contact(s):
Healy Baumgardner, (202) 586-4940

http://www.energy.gov/news/6709.htm

***

My note –

This was not the only pool of money that the automakers accessed last fall in loans, grants and subsidies exclusive of the bailout moneys and loans that have been made. So what happened to fuel efficient vehicles, hybrids and electric cars? We paid for them to retool the factories which they are now closing because these companies are going out of business apparently.

Of course, once GM separated from the loan and financing arm of its business – bankruptcy became an option, but they had to have known along with the DOE that they were not financially viable when they took the DOE money last fall to retool for fuel efficiency. Or, in January this year when they applied “officially”.

But they were the ones after the money in the first place and lobbied to get it available – so where is it? What did they do with it when most of their plants are being closed and workers laid off?

– cricketdiane, 04-26-09

I’m thinking of writing some about “Strange Lies” since that seems to be such a common and surprising occurrence. It isn’t those who don’t look good or who act erratically that have to be “watched out for”. It is apparently those who look good and act in every way perfectly acceptable who are doing it to hide the fact that they are psycho. The ones like Madoff and the Anthony woman in Florida that looks so perfect and acts so sane.

Those are the ones just like recent murder suspects – the med student and Sunday school teacher, who also look so good that are the danger to us all. And the college professor that walked up to his ex-wife, and two men in Athens, Ga. today or yesterday who shot them.

And, the good-looking military guys stationed in North Carolina who killed their pregnant girlfriends, even beating them to death. The guy up in fancy world Virginia that killed himself in his $900,000 home after 16 years on the job at Freddie Mac.

And, the umpteen previous killers and psychos over the past ten years, who never once mentioned to anybody that “oh, by the way, I killed my wife today because I didn’t want to deal with a divorce and have to pay her alimony.”

It never ceases to surprise me that people think that, “if this person owns a house, has a family, goes to church and looks good, then they are dependable and trustworthy.” Who told you that?

Askew of normal is where innovation happens – from the unusual to the uncommon – real world ways to create your own business and business applications successfully –

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Categories:
cigs-solar-pv-cell-bg.jpgDow Building Solutions has commissioned the help of Global Solar Energy in its effort to manufacture solar roof shingles. These shingles are an effort to create an innovative BIPV or building-integrated photovoltaic technology for Dow’s participation in the U.S. Department of Energy SAI (Solar America Initiative). According to Dow, it has chosen Global Solar as a partner because the latter is the sole company able to provide flexible Copper Indium Gallium diSelenide (CIGS) material used for the PVs, which actually meets SAI’s requirement of having 10 percent efficiency, as well as fits Dow’s needs to a T. CIGS is perfect for the type of BIPV technology Dow is creating because of its low cost and high efficiency. Dow’s aim is to lower the cost of solar panels, specifically BIPVs, making solar energy a competitive source of energy, as builders and architects are given free reign on how they want to position the BIPVs due to their inherent flexibility.

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Current Solicitations

See also: Scholarships, Fellowships, & Postdoctoral Positions

Note: Not all federal agencies have specific webpages for nanotechnology funding opportunities. In addition, solicitations often are worded generally and the technological tools to be employed, whether micro-, nano- or macro-scale, are not specified. Looking broadly into areas of interest—for instance, toxin removal or semi-conducting materials— is often the best approach.

New Solicitations

  • April 27, 2009 deadline—National Institutes of Health (NIH); NIH has received new funds for Fiscal Years (FYs) 2009 and 2010 as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act). NIH has designated at least $200 million for a new initiative called the NIH Challenge Grants in Health and Science Research.
  • May 1, 2009 deadline—The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory; CNMS is soliciting proposals for user-initiated nanoscience research that will make effective use of CNMS facilities and staff expertise.
  • May 11, July 13, 2009 deadlines—Technology Innovation Program; Call for White Papers. TIP is seeking white papers to help shape the Programs’ collaborative outreach and competitions in the future.
  • May 21, 2009 deadline—DARPA – Microsystems Technology Office; NanoThermal Interfaces (NTI). DARPA is soliciting innovative research proposals in the area of NanoThermal Interfaces (NTI). The primary goal of this program is the development and demonstration of ideas based on novel materials and structures that can provide significant reductions in the thermal resistance of the interface layer (often called the TIM) between the backside of an electronic device and the next layer of the package, which might be a spreader or a heatsink (this might be based on technologies developed in the DARPA-sponsored TGP and/or MACE programs, respectively).
  • February 5, June 5, October 5 annual deadline— (A) National Institutes of Health, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine “(R01 – Basic Research Grant).” The purpose of this funding opportunity is to stimulate nanoscience and nanotechnology research approaches that have the potential to make valuable contributions to biology and medicine.
  • February 16, June 16, October 16 annual deadline— (B) National Institutes of Health, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine “(R21 – Exploratory/Developmental Grant).” The purpose of this funding opportunity is to stimulate nanoscience and nanotechnology research approaches that have the potential to make valuable contributions to biology and medicine.
  • Federal Agency Funding Opportunities

[From:]

http://www.nano.gov/html/funding/currentsol.html

***

http://www.science.doe.gov/grants/

Who is eligible to apply for grant funding?
Colleges and universities, non-profit organizations, for-profit commercial organizations, state and local governments, and unaffiliated individuals may submit grant applications in response to the following Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA).

ATTENTION – CHANGE IN
SUBMISSION REQUIREMENT
EFFECTIVE March 12, 2009

The Office of Science is now requiring all financial assistance applications be submitted through the Department of Energy e-Center (IIPS). Applicants will still need to visit the Grants.gov website to download the required Application Package (forms), by clicking on “Apply for Grants” and searching for the Funding Opportunity Announcement.

For Instructions on the Use of IIPS visit this web page, IIPS Instructions.

Registration Requirements: As part of the Department’s implementation of e-Government, there are several one-time actions you must complete in order to submit an application (e.g., obtain a Dun and Bradstreet Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number, register with the Central Contract Registry (CCR), register with the credential provider). See http://www.grants.gov/GetStarted. Use the Grants.gov Organization Registration Checklist at http://www.grants.gov/assets/OrganizationRegCheck.pdf to guide you through the process. Designating an
E-Business Point of Contact (EBiz POC) and obtaining a special password called an MPIN are important steps in the CCR registration process. Applicants, who are not registered with CCR, should allow at least 21 days to complete these requirements. It is suggested that the process be started as soon as possible. Applicants do not need to register with Grants.gov to submit an application using IIPS.

Need help with Grants.gov, visit the Troubleshooting Tips Page at http://www.grants.gov/help/trouble_tips.jsp.

Funding Opportunity Announcements

ATTENTION: NEW INFORMATION

REVISED APPLICATION DUE DATE:
September 30, 2009, 8:00 PM Eastern Time

The Funding Opportunity Announcements for
DE-PS02-09ER09-01 and DE-PS02-09ER09-02 were reposted on March 5, 2009, the application forms now being used are in Adobe format. These Announcements are published Annually and will remain open until succeeded by another issuance by the Office of Science usually posted after the beginning of the Fiscal Year (October 1, 2009).

Applications submitted under these Announcements,
DE-PS02-09ER09-01 and DE-PS02-09ER09-02, may be awarded with funds and under the Terms and Conditions provided under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

Annual Notice — Continuation of Solicitation for the Office of Science Financial Assistance Program
Notice DE-PS02-09ER09-01 –Posted March 5, 2009
Applications may be submitted at any time.

Annual Notice — Submission of Renewal and Supplemental Applications for Office of Science Grants and Cooperative
Agreements
Notice DE-PS02-09ER09-02 –Posted March 5, 2009
Applications may be submitted at any time.

THIS IS A RECOVERY ACT ANNOUNCEMENT
RECOVERY ACT (ARRA) – APPLICATIONS OF NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Notice DE-PS02-09ER09-13 –Posted March 19, 2009

Formal applications must be received by May 6, 2009.

THIS IS A RECOVERY ACT ANNOUNCEMENT
RECOVERY ACT (ARRA) – R&D ON ALTERNATIVE ISOTOPE PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES
Notice DE-PS02-09ER09-14 –Posted March 19, 2009

Formal applications must be received by May 15, 2009.

Climate Modeling: Simulating Climate at Regional Scale
Notice DE-PS02-09ER09-15 –Posted March 26, 2009

Formal applications must be received by April 27, 2009.

Radiochemistry and Instrumentation Research
Notice DE-PS02-09ER09-18 –Posted April 3, 2009

Preapplications are strongly encouraged and must be submitted by
April 20, 2009.
Formal applications must be received by May 20, 2009.

Interagency Program Announcement

NONE

____________
NOTE: DOE Government Owned-Contractor Operated (GOCO) Laboratories and other Federal agencies are not allowed to respond directly to these grant solicitation notices. However, DOE Laboratories (GOCO Only) may submit task proposals for funding under their current DOE contracts; and may wish to respond to the program announcements listed under Program Announcements to DOE Laboratories (GOCO Only) below.

Other Federal agencies may submit proposals which, if approved, will be funded via interagency agreements. Click here for the proposal format which other Federal agencies should use to submit a proposal to DOE’s Office of Science.


Use the following Grant Application Guide and forms when preparing your grant application.

Grant Application Guide and Forms

Grant Application Guide
This Guide includes instructions for preparing and submitting a grant application. Updates to this Guide are posted immediately at this web site. If you have a copy of the printed Application Guide booklet dated October 1985, or the undated Guide No. 3 or 3.1, it is out of date. THIS WEB SITE SHOULD BE YOUR SOURCE FOR THE LATEST GUIDE.

Grant Application Forms
The grant application forms are provided in Grants.gov. Applicants must use the application forms provided with the Funding Opportunity Announcement.

If required to submit a revised budget, please click here to access the Budget Form (DOE F 4620.1) to be used. This form is only to be used for revised budgets. Revised budgets must also have revised Budget Justifications.

MERIT REVIEW OF GRANT APPLICATIONS
The following guidelines and regulations pertain to the merit review of grant applications as well as other Federal policies and procedures concerning the Department’s grant process. Application Receipt and Processing (Summary)
Includes administrative review of grant applications, evaluation criteria, and the merit review process. (As contained in the Grant Application Guide.)

Office of Science “Merit Review System”
(As published in Federal Register, March 11, 1991)

GRANT RULES, REGULATIONS, AND GUIDANCE
The following rules, regulations, and guidance pertain to the overall DOE and Federal grant process.

10 CFR Part 605 – Office of Science (Formerly Office of Energy Research) Financial Assistance Program Rule
September 3, 1992

Preapplication Policy
December 11, 1996

10 CFR Part 600 – Department of Energy Financial Assistance Rules

OMB Circular A-21
Cost Principles for Educational Institutions

OMB Circular A-110
Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Other Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals and Other Non-Profit Organizations

OMB Circular A-122
Cost Principles for Non-Profit Organizations
(Does not apply to colleges and universities.)

SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY THROUGH ADVANCED COMPUTING (SciDAC)
Beyond the scientific computing and computational science research embedded in the Office of Science (SC) Core Programs, SC invests in a portfolio of coordinated research efforts directed at exploiting the emerging capabilities of terascale and petascale computing (http://www.osti.gov/scidac/). The research projects in this portfolio respond to the extraordinary difficulties of realizing sustained peak performance for those scientific applications that require terascale and petascale capabilities to accomplish their research goals. They respond also to the need for developing collaborative software environments where distributed resources and expertise are combined to address complex questions that no single institution can manage alone. In recognition of these difficulties, the SciDAC research projects are collaborative efforts involving teams of physical scientists, mathematicians, computer scientists, and computational scientists working on major software and algorithm development for and application to problems in the SC core programs, namely, Basic Energy Sciences, High Energy Physics, Nuclear Physics, Advanced Scientific Computing Research, Fusion Energy Sciences, and Biological and Environmental Research. Research funded under the SciDAC program must address the interdisciplinary problems inherent in ultrascale computing, problems that cannot be addressed by a single investigator or small group of investigators. The latter are typically funded by the core research programs. SciDAC Contact: (301) 903-3691.

FEDERAL DEMONSTRATION PARTNERSHIP
The Office of Science is a participant in the Federal Demonstration Partnership (FDP), working with universities and other Federal agencies, testing innovative approaches to streamline processes and systems for Federally supported research. For more information on FDP, visit the Federal Demonstration Partnership Web Site.

FDP Phase IV – Participating Institutions

FDP Phase IV – General Terms and Conditions – April 1, 2005 (PDF File)
Any new, continuation or renewal grant award with the 90 participating institutions shall incorporate FDP Phase IV General Terms and Conditions and DOE Specific Terms and Conditions.

FDP Phase IV – DOE Modifications to FDP General Terms and Conditions – October 1, 2005

SBIR AND STTR GRANT PROGRAMS
Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program…
Solicitation and Other Information
The Office of Science manages the SBIR program for the Department of Energy. For information about the SBIR program, including the Program Solicitation, click here.
Terms and Conditions
SBIR applicants whose grant applications have been approved for funding will receive a research grant from the Department. To view the General Terms and Conditions for SBIR Grants for Phase I and Phase II awards, as well as Special Terms and Conditions, click here.

Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program…
The Office of Science manages the STTR program for the Department of Energy. For information about the STTR program, including the Program Solicitation, click here.

PROGRAM ANNOUNCEMENTS TO DOE LABS (GOCO ONLY)
How to Submit a Laboratory Proposal
If you are submitting a task proposal from a DOE Laboratory (GOCO Only), follow the instructions contained in the following program announcements. Do not use grant application forms except for the Budget Page (DOE F 4620.1) Click here to download.
Task proposals submitted by DOE Laboratories (GOCO Only) (Federally Funded Research and Development Centers – FFRDCs) in response to the below program announcements, will be subjected to formal merit review (peer review). FFRDC task proposals will not compete against grant applications submitted by the private sector. Click here for a list of all FFRDCs Federal-wide. This list is maintained by the National Science Foundation.

Open Program Announcements to DOE Laboratories (GOCO Only)

Mathematics for Analysis of Petascale Data
LAB 09-10 –Posted March 31, 2009

Letter of Intent is required and must be received by
April 15, 2009.
Formal proposals must be received by May 29, 2009.

THIS IS A RECOVERY ACT ANNOUNCEMENT

RECOVERY ACT (ARRA) – APPLICATIONS OF NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
LAB 09-13 –Posted March 26, 2009

Formal proposals must be received by May 6, 2009.

THIS IS A RECOVERY ACT ANNOUNCEMENT

RECOVERY ACT (ARRA) – R&D ON ALTERNATIVE ISOTOPE PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES
LAB 09-14 –Posted March 26, 2009

Formal proposals must be received by May 15, 2009.

Radiochemistry and Radionuclide Imaging Applications Research
LAB 09-19 –Posted April 8, 2009

Preproposals are strongly encouraged and must be received by
April 27, 2009.
Formal proposals must be received by May 20, 2009.

Mathematics for Complex, Distributed, Interconnected Systems
LAB 09-23 –Posted April 20, 2009

Formal proposals must be received by June 12, 2009.


Closed Notices
(For Reference Only) CLOSED
GRANT NOTICES Fiscal Year 2009 Fiscal Year 2008 Fiscal Year 2007 Fiscal Year 2006 Fiscal Year 2005 Fiscal Year 2004 Fiscal Year 2003 Fiscal Year 2002 Fiscal Year 2001 Fiscal Year 2000 Fiscal Year 1999 Fiscal Year 1998 Fiscal Year 1997 Fiscal Year 1996
CLOSED
DOE LABORATORY
ANNOUNCEMENTS Fiscal Year 2009 Fiscal Year 2008 Fiscal Year 2007 Fiscal Year 2006 Fiscal Year 2005 Fiscal Year 2004 Fiscal Year 2003 Fiscal Year 2002 Fiscal Year 2001 Fiscal Year 2000 Fiscal Year 1999 Fiscal Year 1998 Fiscal Year 1997

Go to the Office of Science Home Page


http://www.science.doe.gov/grants/

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Grants

Department of Commerce (DOC)

Economic Development Administration (EDA)


International Trade Administration (ITA)

  • Special American Business Internship Training Program (SABIT). A technical assistance initiative of the International Trade Administration of the U.S. Department of Commerce, SABIT offers organizations competitive grants and an opportunity to host industry-specific delegations. SABIT serves as an initial entry point for U.S. businesses seeking funding to establish long-term relationships with potential customers, distributors, or partners in the former Soviet Union. The program trains Eurasian managers and scientists in commonly accepted business practices as a means of facilitating cross border relationships. In turn, these personal relationships serve as a basis for business development and reduce market access barriers for U.S. businesses

National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST)

National Telecommunications & Information Administration (NTIA)

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

**

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Special American Business Internship Training Program

Promoting Partnerships, Generating Results

The emerging markets of Eurasia present unique opportunities for U.S. companies and Eurasian economies alike. The Special American Business Internship Training (SABIT) program builds partnerships and provides technical assistance by training Eurasian business leaders in U.S. business practices. These training programs directly support Eurasian economic and civil society development by encouraging market-based reforms, while generating valuable export and investment opportunities for U.S. industry.

While Eurasian markets are full of opportunity, there are an equal number of risks that must be considered. A sound understanding of the local market environment is instrumental in managing these risks. SABIT enables U.S. companies to develop this local knowledge by establishing partnerships and training local Eurasian management.

SABIT manages a training program that turns partnerships into results.

Current and Upcoming Group Programs

Water Resource Management – for Central Asia, Western Eurasia and the Caucasus, April 11 – May 9, 2009

Coal Mining and Clean Coal Technologies – for Eurasia, April 18 – May 9, 2009

Hotel Management – for Eurasia, May 30 – June 27, 2009

What’s New in SABIT

About the International Trade Administration

Welcome to trade.gov, the Web site of the International Trade Administration (ITA) of the Department of Commerce! ITA’s mission is to create prosperity by strengthening the competitiveness of U.S. industry, promoting trade and investment, and ensuring fair trade and compliance with trade laws and agreements. Trade.gov provides you access to ITA’s valuable information and services regarding U.S. international trade policy. For those businessess wanting to expand their export markets, visit the U.S. Government Export Portal, export.gov.

I want to

http://trade.gov/about.asp

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http://www.export.gov/

http://www.export.gov/

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Export.gov’s Partner Agencies

Export.gov is the U.S. Government’s export promotion and finance portal. We designed this portal to deliver critical export information and services from across the U.S. Government to small and medium-sized U.S. companies to begin or expand their exporting business.

Federal export assistance is delivered by many U.S. Government Agencies. To learn more about these various agencies, we have provided you the following list.

International Trade Administration

Department of Energy

Export-Import Bank

Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS)

Agency for International Development (USAID)

Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC)

Small Business Administration

Department of State

U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA)

Office of Foreign Assets Control

United States Trade Representative

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International Trade Administration

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***

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***
Title:
Inverse combined steam-gas turbine cycle for the reduction of emissions of nitrogen oxides from combustion processes using fuels having a high nitrogen content

Document Type and Number:
United States Patent 5617715

Abstract:
An inverse combined steam-gas turbine cycle is disclosed. In the steam cycle, a fuel having a high nitrogen content such as coal or heavy fuel oil is burned in a boiler to raise steam to power a steam turbine. In the gas turbine cycle, a hydrocarbon fuel such as natural gas is burned in a gas combustor to power a gas turbine. The compressed exhaust gas (40. 42) from the steam cycle combustion is introduced into the gas combustor, where nitrogen oxides (NOx) in the exhaust gas may be reduced through reactions with the hydrocarbon fuel.
Claims:

We claim:

1. A process for removing NOx emissions from a boiler fired by a high nitrogen content fuel, comprising:burning a high nitrogen content fuel in a boiler at atmospheric pressure to generate steam for a steam-turbine cycle and a waste gas including oxides of nitrogen;

burning a hydrocarbon fuel in a gas turbine combustor for a gas-turbine cycle to clean said waste gas of the oxides of nitrogen and to generate power;

compressing said waste gas from said boiler to a predetermined entering pressure of said gas turbine combustor;

introducing said compressed waste gas from said boiler into a fuel rich zone of said gas-turbine combustor to react with pyrolyzed fragments of said hydrocarbon fuel to convert NOx in said waste gas to N2 ;

adding an oxidant to said gas turbine combustor to complete combustion; and

directing exhaust gas from said combustor to a gas turbine.

2. The process of claim 1, further comprising removing sulfur compounds from said waste gas prior to entering said compressor to minimize damage to said gas turbine.

3. The process of claim 2, further comprising removing particulates from said waste gas prior to entering said compressor to minimize damage to said gas turbine.

4. The process of claim 3, wherein said particulates are removed at below 4 ppm.

5. The process of claim 1, wherein said hydrocarbon fuel comprises natural gas.

6. The process of claim 1, wherein substantially all of said waste gas is compressed and introduced into said gas combustor.

7. The process of claim 1, wherein said gas turbine combustor comprises a first fuel-rich combustion zone and a second fuel-lean combustion zone, and said compressed coal waste gas is introduced into said first fuel-rich zone at a downstream location, whereby said waste gas mixes with pyrolyzed hydrocarbon fragments of said fuel.

Description:

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to pollution control, and more particularly to pollution control for coal-fired combustion processes.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[etc.]

Application Number:
08/340154
Publication Date:
04/08/1997
Filing Date:
11/15/1994
View Patent Images:
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Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Cambridge, MA)
Primary Class:
60/783
Other Classes:
423/235, 60/732, 60/39.182
International Classes:
F01K23/06; F02G3/00; F02G6/00
Field of Search:
60/39.02, 60/39.12, 60/39.464, 60/39.465, 60/39.5, 60/39.182, 60/39.52, 60/732, 422/182, 422/183, 423/235
US Patent References:
3150487    Steam turbine-gas turbine power plant    September, 1969    Mangan et al.
3194015    Combined steam and gas turbine power plant    July, 1965    Pacault    60/391.82
3232713    Apparatus for converting oxides of nitrogen to innocuous gases    February, 1966    Felder, Jr.    422/183
3703807    COMBINED GAS-STEAM TURBINE POWER PLANT    November, 1972    Rice
3791137    FLUIDIZED BED POWERPLANT WITH HELIUM CIRCUIT, INDIRECT HEAT EXCHANGE AND COMPRESSED AIR BYPASS CONTROL    February, 1974    Jubb et al.    60/394.63
3873845    METHOD OF PRODUCING ELECTRIC ENERGY INCLUDING COAL GASIFICATION    March, 1975    Osthaus    60/391.82
3957418    Method and an apparatus for performing closed combustion    May, 1976    Sata
3971211    Thermodynamic cycles with supercritical CO.sub.2 cycle topping    July, 1976    Wethe et al.    60/391.82
4154567    Method and apparatus for the combustion of waste gases    May, 1979    Dahmen    422/182
4271664    Turbine engine with exhaust gas recirculation    June, 1981    Earnest
4313300    NOx reduction in a combined gas-steam power plant    February, 1982    Wilkes et al.
4342192    Plant for producing power from solid fossil fuels, more particularly bituminous coal    August, 1982    Heyn et al.
4353206    Apparatus for removing NOx and for providing better plant efficiency in combined cycle plants    October, 1982    Lee
4362013    Method for operating a combined plant    December, 1982    Kuribayashi
4426842    System for heat recovery for combustion machine including compressor for combustion air    January, 1984    Collet
4468928    Altitude responsive turbocharger control system    September, 1984    Suzuki
4502277    Turbine power plant system    March, 1988    Papastavros    60/391.81
4519207    Combined plant having steam turbine and gas turbine connected by single shaft    May, 1985    Okabe et al.
4519993    Process of conversion for disposal of chemically bound nitrogen in industrial waste gas streams    May, 1985    McGill et al.    423/235
4539918    Multiannular swirl combustor providing particulate separation    September, 1985    Beer et al.    60/394.64
4569197    Method for producing energy from solid, fossil and ballast rich fuels    January, 1986    Adrian et al.
4845940    Low NOx rich-lean combustor especially useful in gas turbines    July, 1989    Beer
4875436    Waste heat recovery system    October, 1989    Smith et al.
4928635    Power plant and method of retrofitting existing power plants    May, 1990    Shelor
4936088    Low NOX cogeneration process    June, 1990    Bell
4974411    Supercharged coal-fired steam generator    December, 1990    Bruckner et al.
4996836    Combined gas and steam turbine process    March, 1991    Reh et al.    60/391.2
5044152    Method of operating a combined plant    September, 1991    Hoizumi et al.
5069685    Two-stage coal gasification and desulfurization apparatus    December, 1991    Bissett et al.    60/391.2
5078752    Coal gas productions coal-based combined cycle power production    January, 1992    Mach et al.
5139755    Advanced reburning for reduction of NO.sub.x emissions in combustion systems    August, 1922    Seeker et al.    423/235
5148668    Combined gas/steam turbine power station plant    September, 1992    Frutschi
5174107    Combined power generating plant    December, 1992    Ogawa et al.
5255507    Combined cycle power plant incorporating atmospheric circulating fluidized bed boiler and gasifier    October, 1993    Gounder    60/391.2
5265410    Power generation system    November, 1993    Hisatome    60/391.2
5339621    Waste treatment system and method utilizing pressurized fluid    August, 1994    Tolman    60/391.2
Foreign References:
JP0336409    March, 1991
JP0048804    April, 1992
Primary Examiner:
Thorpe, Timothy
Assistant Examiner:
Kim, Ted
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Weingarten, Schurgin, Gagnebin & Hayes LLP
Inventors:
Beer, Janos M. (Winchester, MA)
Toqan, Majed A. (Avon, CT)
{reading how this works and the background information available on this page is absolutely fascinating and inspires a lot of options – }

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

“The present invention provides a system for NO x emission reduction from boilers which burn fuels having a high nitrogen content, such as coal or a heavy fuel oil. An inverse combined steam-gas turbine cycle is provided. In the steam cycle, the fuel is burned in a boiler to raise steam to power a steam turbine. In the gas turbine cycle, a hydrocarbon fuel such as natural gas is burned in a gas combustor to power a gas turbine. The exhaust gas from the steam cycle combustion is introduced through a compressor into the gas combustor, where nitrogen oxides (NO x ) in the exhaust gas may be reduced through reactions with the hydrocarbon fuel. Thus, the combined cycle is the inverse of combined steam-gas turbine cycles known in the prior art, in which exhaust from the gas turbine cycle is introduced into the steam turbine cycle.”

“In the present invention, substantially all of the steam cycle flue gas may be introduced into the gas-turbine cycle. A compressor for the flue gas is provided to compress the flue gas to the predetermined input pressure for the gas combustor. The size of the compressor and gas combustor are determined by the amount of flue gas generated. Prior to entry into the compressor, the flue gas is preferably cooled to maximize its density, thereby minimizing the work input to the compressor, and any liquid droplets are removed. A scrubber to remove sulfur compounds and an electrostatic precipitator to remove particulates are also provided in the flue gas exhaust line upstream of the compressor. In this manner, the present invention effectively reduces the NO x emissions from a fossil fuel exhaust gas. If desired, the exhaust gas from the gas turbine may be utilized in the steam-turbine cycle.”

***

Titre du document / Document title

Design optimization of axial flow hydraulic turbine runner. 1: An improved Q3D inverse method

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

GUOYI PENG (1) ; SHULIANG CAO (2) ; ISHIZUKA Masaru (1) ; HAYAMA Shinji (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Toyama Prefectural University, 5180 Kurukawa, Kosugi-machi, Imizu-gun, Toyama 939-0398, JAPON
(2) Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, CHINE

Résumé / Abstract

With the aim of constructing a comprehensive design optimization procedure of axial flow hydraulic turbine, an improved quasi-three-dimensional inverse method has been proposed from the viewpoint of system and a set of rotational flow governing equations as well as a blade geometry design equation has been derived. The computation domain is firstly taken from the inlet of guide vane to the far outlet of runner blade in the inverse method and flows in different regions are solved simultaneously. So the influence of wicket gate parameters on the runner blade design can be considered and the difficulty to define the flow condition at the runner blade inlet is surmounted. As a pre-computation of initial blade design on S2m surface is newly adopted, the iteration of S1 and S2m surfaces has been reduced greatly and the convergence of inverse computation has been improved. The present model has been applied to the inverse computation of a Kaplan turbine runner. Experimental results and the direct flow analysis have proved the validation of inverse computation

Revue / Journal Title

International journal for numerical methods in fluids   ISSN 0271-2091   CODEN IJNFDW

Source / Source

2002, vol. 39, no6, pp. 517-531 (18 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Wiley, Chichester, ROYAUME-UNI  (1981) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Iterative method ; Numerical convergence ; Numerical simulation ; Modeling ; Three dimensional flow ; Kaplan turbine ; Velocity distribution ; Runner ; Axial flow ; Optimization method ; Computational fluid dynamics ; Geometrical shape ; Optimal design ; Turbine blade ; Inverse problem ; Hydraulic turbine ;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Méthode itérative ; Convergence numérique ; Simulation numérique ; Modélisation ; Ecoulement tridimensionnel ; Turbine Kaplan ; Distribution vitesse ; Canal injection ; Ecoulement axial ; Méthode optimisation ; Mécanique fluide numérique ; Forme géométrique ; Conception optimale ; Aube turbine ; Problème inverse ; Turbine hydraulique ;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Método iterativo ; Convergencia numérica ; Simulación numérica ; Modelización ; Flujo tridimensional ; Turbina Kaplán ; Distribución velocidad ; Canal inyección ; Flujo axial ; Método optimización ; Mecánica fluido numérica ; Forma geométrica ; Concepción optimal ; Paleta turbina ; Problema inverso ; Turbina hidraúlica ;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 19291, 35400010167402.0040

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 13729663

http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=13729663

**

http://www.newmillshydro.com/products/item/4/kaplan-turbines

The Kaplan turbine was developed by Austrian engineer Viktor Kaplan around 1915. Kaplans are generally considered for low head high flow applications.

The Kaplan is an inward radial flow type reaction turbine similar to a Francis turbine. The turbine is usually placed in a spiral volute. Like a Francis turbine the Kaplan has a series of adjustable wicket gates. However the turbine runner (looking somewhat like a ship’s propeller) has adjustable blades. By changing the angle of the blades in tandem with the angle of the turbines the Kaplan can maintain a high efficiency even at very low flows.

Reaction Turbines like the Kaplan have a change in water pressure as the water passes through the turbine. There is pressure on the upstream side of the turbine runner and suction on the downstream side. On the downstream or outlet side of the turbine is the drafttube which slows the water as it exits the turbine. The draftube has a unique curved horn like shape.

Because Kaplans have a very flat flow to efficiency curve they are particularly suited to sites on rivers where the amount of available water varies greatly.

Kaplan Turbine

Kaplan Turbine

NHT Engineering
Mill Lane
CarrickfergusBT38 9JWNorthern Ireland

http://www.newmillshydro.com/products/item/4/kaplan-turbines

***

Radical Polymers for Organic Electronic Devices: A Radical Departure from Conjugated Polymers? (p NA)
Kenichi Oyaizu, Hiroyuki Nishide
Published Online: Mar 26 2009 3:55AM
DOI: 10.1002/adma.200803554

Click for full size image

Radical polymers are aliphatic or nonconjugated polymers bearing organic robust radicals as pendant groups per repeating unit. A large population of the radical redox sites allows efficient redox gradient-driven and/or electric-field-driven electron transport through the polymer layer. Radical polymers are emerging as a new class of materials useful for energy storage, transport, and conversion devices.

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Photocatalytic Carbon-Nanotube-TiO2 Composites (p NA)
Karran Woan, Georgios Pyrgiotakis, Wolfgang Sigmund
Published Online: Mar 13 2009 6:11AM
DOI: 10.1002/adma.200802738

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Carbon-nanotube-titania composites exhibit enhanced photocatalytic properties over titania. The proposed mechanisms of catalytic enhancement resulting from the pairing of the titania semiconductor with either metallic, semiconducting, or defect-rich carbon nanotubes is discussed. The recent advances in the synthesis techniques for these composites and their photocatalytic reactions with organic, inorganic, and biological agents are also highlighted.

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On the Fracture Toughness of Advanced Materials (p NA)
Maximilien E. Launey, Robert O. Ritchie
Published Online: Mar 4 2009 5:29AM
DOI: 10.1002/adma.200803322

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Few engineering materials are limited by their strength; rather they are limited by their fracture toughness. The resistance to fracture of a given material is intimately related to its microstructure. Perfect examples of this are biological materials that offer design strategies for the development of new composites that will open new possibilities in many structural applications demanding combinations of both strength and toughness.

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HOT TOPICS

Sustainable sources of energy are a hot topic in the 21st century. The most cited papers about solar cells were published in Adv. Funct. Mater.—stay on top with our materials science journals!
See the latest articles on solar cells and photovoltaics …

Electrocaloric Materials for Solid-State Refrigeration (p NA)
Sheng-Guo Lu, Qiming Zhang
Published Online: Feb 27 2009 6:21AM
DOI: 10.1002/adma.200802902

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Applying an electrical field to a dielectric may induce a large entropy and temperature change which is attractive for solid-state cooling. We present the general considerations and review the experimental efforts to achieve large electrocaloric effect (ECE) in dielectrics. We show that by operating above the order-disorder transitions, a large ECE can be achieved in a ferroelectric polymer.

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Formation of Network and Cellular Structures by Viscoelastic Phase Separation (p NA)
Hajime Tanaka
Published Online: Feb 23 2009 7:31AM
DOI: 10.1002/adma.200802763

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A physical principle for producing network and cellular structures using viscoelastic phase separation is described. Its potential applications to the morphological control of materials spanning from soft to hard matter is detailed. Network (sponge) and cellular structures are often seen in various types of materials that are generally characterized by light weight and high mechanical strength.

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Metal Chalcogenide Clusters on the Border between Molecules and Materials (p NA)
John F. Corrigan, Olaf Fuhr, Dieter Fenske
Published Online: Feb 19 2009 8:28AM
DOI: 10.1002/adma.200802897

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Nanoclusters containing up to several hundred transition metal atoms can be understood as intermediates between mononuclear complexes and binary solid-state phases. In contrast to conventional nanoparticles, these species are precisely monodisperse, and therefore their molecular structures can be determined by single crystal X-ray analysis. The figure shows the packing of the [Ag344S124(StBu)96] clusters in their 3D crystal lattice.

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Observation of Unusual Homoepitaxy in Ultrathin Pentacene Films and Correlation with Surface Electrostatic Potential (p NA)
Vivek Kalihari, David J. Ellison, Greg Haugstad, C. Daniel Frisbie
Published Online: Apr 22 2009 11:43AM
DOI: 10.1002/adma.200900362

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Pentacene second layer grows with a twist (76 °) on the first layer, while the third and subsequent layers show commensurism with their respective underlayers. The preferred twisting of the second layer on the first layer gives rise to epitaxial and non-epitaxial domains which also reflect in the surface electrostatic potential measurements.

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http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/10008336/home?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0

&***&

Maybe it isn’t so bad being “askew” of normal . . . it might be what it takes to create applications that are economically and market viable – just a little .

– cricketdiane, 04-25-09

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