BBCWorld BBC Global News
Foreign Office says British nationals in #Tokyo and further north should consider leaving; it is chartering flights – details on FCO website
Bloomberg reported at 1.05 am that Britain, Norway, Germany, Norway (and it might have been France too) along with the US are working to get their citizens and diplomatic families out of Japan –
Reuters Reuters Top News
FLASH: China urges Japan to quickly and accurately report on crisis developments
And, important question and answers with military commander on NHK just now.
Either there is still smoke swirling out from the Reactor No.3 (kind of low and grey swirls in the middle of the video picture) right now or else that video is from some other time – but it looks current.
from IAEA – about the Fukushima Plant –
Injuries or Contamination at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant
Based on a press release from the Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary dated 16 March 2011, the IAEA can confirm the following information about human injuries or contamination at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.
- 2 TEPCO employees have minor injuries
- 2 subcontractor employees are injured, one person suffered broken legs and one person whose condition is unknown was transported to the hospital
- 2 people are missing
- 2 people were ‘suddenly taken ill’
- 2 TEPCO employees were transported to hospital during the time of donning respiratory protection in the control centre
- 4 people (2 TEPCO employees, 2 subcontractor employees) sustained minor injuries due to the explosion at unit 1 on 11 March and were transported to the hospital
- 11 people (4 TEPCO employees, 3 subcontractor employees and 4 Japanese civil defense workers) were injured due to the explosion at unit 3 on 14 March
- 17 people (9 TEPCO employees, 8 subcontractor employees) suffered from deposition of radioactive material to their faces, but were not taken to the hospital because of low levels of exposure
- One worker suffered from significant exposure during ‘vent work,’ and was transported to an offsite center
- 2 policemen who were exposed to radiation were decontaminated
- Firemen who were exposed to radiation are under investigation
The IAEA continues to seek information from Japanese authorities about all aspects of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.
Japanese Earthquake Update (16 March 22:00 UTC)
Temperature of Spent Fuel Pools at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant
Spent fuel that has been removed from a nuclear reactor generates intense heat and is typically stored in a water-filled spent fuel pool to cool it and provide protection from its radioactivity. Water in a spent fuel pool is continuously cooled to remove heat produced by spent fuel assemblies. According to IAEA experts, a typical spent fuel pool temperature is kept below 25 ˚C under normal operating conditions. The temperature of a spent fuel pool is maintained by constant cooling, which requires a constant power source.
Given the intense heat and radiation that spent fuel assemblies can generate, spent fuel pools must be constantly checked for water level and temperature. If fuel is no longer covered by water or temperatures reach a boiling point, fuel can become exposed and create a risk of radioactive release. The concern about the spent fuel pools at Fukushima Daiichi is that sources of power to cool the pools may have been compromised.
The IAEA can confirm the following information regarding the temperatures of the spent nuclear fuel pools at Units 4, 5 and 6 at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant:
|14 March, 10:08 UTC:||84 ˚C|
|15 March, 10:00 UTC:||84 ˚C|
|16 March, 05:00 UTC:||no data|
|14 March, 10:08 UTC:||59.7 ˚C|
|15 March, 10:00 UTC:||60.4 ˚C|
|16 March, 05:00 UTC:||62.7 ˚C|
|14 March, 10:08 UTC:||58.0 ˚C|
|15 March, 10:00 UTC:||58.5 ˚C|
|16 March, 05:00 UTC:||60.0 ˚C|
The IAEA is continuing to seek further information about the water levels, temperature and condition of all spent fuel pool facilities at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.
(Obviously doesn’t include Reactor No.s 1,2, and 3 which have had significant problems and it is Reactor No.4 where there was a fire yesterday on its fourth floor – the spent fuel rods appear to be kept in the containment building on the fourth floor according to diagrams on the official briefings at HNK.)
Also says –
RANET is a network of resources made available by IAEA Member States that can be offered in the event of a radiation incident or emergency. Coordination of RANET is done by the IAEA within the framework of the Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency.
There were four helicopter dumps of water and doggone if the news everywhere including the BBC America this morning continues to repeat the story as if there were 200 flights dumping water on the durn thing. How annoying.
And, they’ve reported that no one has been injured from the radiation and that just isn’t true. Of the several members of the public which were earlier taken to the hospital after over 160 people were checked for radiation (from the public near the plant) – there has been no report of what happened to those people or if they are okay. I don’t think they are in the report of injuries made by the IAEA above from the Japanese officials.
I kept looking for real-time images of the surface temperatures in the area of the Fukushima Daiichi plant – but found all kinds of other nifty stuff instead. And, if anyone in the world wanted to see the US – it would be easy. The rapidfire system which shows wildfires and other natural disasters of smoke, fire and something else – anyway – it’s satellite images are great but they are centered on Osaka – and the southern half of Japan. I don’t know why the northern part of Japan has no satellite images available through that.
Extraordinarily frustrating actually. And, I did find surface temperatures for the ocean except it only showed through March 9, 2011 – very annoying.
This is the satellite images of fire hazards, smoke, desertification, drought, etc. – wildfires – clearcut burning –
And, then I found this –
TEPCO list of reports and briefings for the press –
I translated the most recent one by taking the pdf of the briefing through the google translator –
At the bottom of the list are these entries which are interesting now –
04.06 Survey of foreign substances in the spent fuel pool Unit four
04.09 Survey results confirmed the contamination by radioactive materials in the walls and floor of the building waste treatment No.4
4.19 Interim Report of the seismic safety evaluation and [something] Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (revised) for submission to the Nuclear and Industrial Safety agency Ministry of Economy and partially revised and modified version
4.19 For discovery and recovery of foreign bodies in the Unit 2 spent fuel pool
4.20 Findings on the problems of water control equipment at Unit 2 of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in operation
04.21 Screws and washers for the loss of clamping device in the lid of the reactor pressure vessel during the periodic inspection of Unit 1
(and these two also – )
04.27 For reporting to the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency Ministry of Economy and efforts to reflect the continued collection and evaluation of scientific and technical knowledge pertaining to new seismic safety of nuclear facilities
04.28 Findings on the detection of trace amounts of radioactive material in the turbine building vent stack of four Unit
(also this one – )
05.21 During storage of fuel pool Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Unit 3. The results confirm the soundness of the MOX fuel.
(above from the TEPCO reports linked above the list – there’s more of course)
*** my note ***
Earlier there was a mention on CNN – about the fact that Reactor Unit No.3 has plutonium in it as well – (1.32 amEDT) – CNN weather guy I think it was when he was explaining the damage that has occurred in each of the reactors.
FCC The FCC
We’re thinking about the victims in Japan and working with radio stations to aid disaster relief fundraising efforts http://bit.ly/gsvtN0
And the World Association of Nuclear Operators –
So maybe its time to start demanding answers for the hard questions from them – they are the ones who should know better on a lot of these things.
Why were the backup generators where they could get damaged from water? Were they indeed “in the basement” or in another vulnerable place? Why is it that the backup batteries were only available for such a short period of time?
Is that how all these nuclear reactor plants are where it concerns the back up systems for them? Do none of them have a secondary cooling system in case something happens to the first one?
Is there some reason that there aren’t robotic types of fire fighting equipment in every area of these plants? Why would that be?
Yes, I have a lot of good questions that need answers and they need solutions to them worse than that for every single nuclear power plant that exists old or new everywhere in the world. And, that would include the United States especially since our plants average older than the ones in the rest of the world which means we probably have some in need of better backup systems despite the nuclear power company representatives assuring us all that it was all fixed after the 9/11 threats were considered. What year is it now? Wasn’t that ten years ago?
The IAEA Uranium Production Site Appraisal Team (UPSAT) programme is designed to assist Member States to improve the operational and safety performance of uranium production facilities through all phases of the uranium production cycle.
- Uranium Production Cycle
- Nuclear Fuel Engineering
- Spent Fuel Management
- Advanced Fuel Cycles
- Nuclear Fuel Databases
(part of the International Atomic Energy Agency)
On-the-Record Briefing with Under Secretary of State Kennedy, Deputy Secretary of Energy Poneman – March 17 at 4 p.m.
Thank you very much, everybody, for joining us this evening. As a result of the tragic earthquake and tsunami that struck northeastern Japan on March 11, the nuclear reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi plant were badly damaged and pose a serious hazard in the vicinity of the plant and a potential health hazard to a broader region … More »
The U.S. Embassy in Tokyo informs U.S. citizens in Japan who wish to depart that the Department of State is making arrangements to provide transportation to safehaven locations in Asia. Citizens who travel on U.S. government-arranged transport will be expected to make their own onward travel plans from the safehaven location. More »
The U.S. Department of State warns U.S citizens of the deteriorating situation at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. The United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) recommends that U.S. citizens who live within 50 miles (80 km) of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant evacuate the area or take shelter indoors if safe evacuation is not practical. More »
UK search and rescue team work in heavy snow in Kamaishi, Japan
Members of the UK International Search and Rescue team working in heavy snow, in the earthquake and tsunami-shattered residential streets of Kamaishi, in north-east Japan.
To find out more about how the UK is helping respond to the earthquake in Japan, please visit www.dfid.gov.uk/japanearthquake
Also this note from Secretary of State Clinton –
Japan’s Earthquake and Tsunamis
Secretary Clinton (Mar. 15, 2011): ” I want to, on behalf of the United States, express both our condolence and our solidarity with the government and people of Japan. Japan is always a very generous donor to any disaster anywhere in the world, and today, the world comes together to support Japan in its hour of need. ” Full Text» Contact and Travel Information»Contact and Travel Information»
|For calls from within the U.S.||1-888-407-4747|
|For calls from outside the U.S.||1-202-501-4444|
|For concerns about a specific U.S. citizen in Japan||JapanEmergencyUSC@state.gov|
I was listing this on my blog about Yucca Mountain and thought maybe people reading this blog would like to see some of the mess that South Carolina has concerning radioactive waste, radioactive materials and radioactive pollutants found in the well-water in various areas of the state that just about no one would think could have it –
google search using these terms –
and google search this one – (using these terms)
radioactive water South Carolina
radioactive wellwater South Carolina
(yes, wellwater is one word)
Here is the current article listed on the post just before this one about the Republicans pushing for the Yucca Mountain site again –
JANUARY 28, 2011
Here is a good one – without looking at it – my bet is that it gives some interesting information about it because of the sources for the site . . . and do note that the state government of South Carolina is run by a Republican conservative administration which has for some period of time, used waste disposal of various industrial wastes, radioactive wastes and general trash from New York and other states as a way of generating revenues for the state. (my note)
Sep 20, 2010 … Charleston, South Carolina … from radioactive progeny that result from the decay of uranium, and this prompts additional consideration. …
My Note –
While this site above, suggests that the bedrock could contain uranium – and that is possibly true, it also true that seepage from a number of sources have caused high geiger readings and unacceptably high levels of radioactivity, and dangerous industrial wastes in a number of water sources, including well water in South Carolina.
There was actually a bomb dropped in South Carolina, about the time that my mother and daddy were growing up there in South Carolina, which was nuclear in type – didn’t go off, but not as a result of any appropriate care being taken for that to be the case. It is online somewhere about it – I’ll see if I can find it, very interesting story
DARLINGTON—The Darlington County Water and Sewer Authority has taken a well that supplies drinking water to some county residents out of service after tests by state health officials found levels of naturally occurring radioactive contaminants that exceeded the maximum level allowed by the state.
But officials with the agency say the water is still safe to drink.
( you’d just have to read the rest of it – they mixed it with some other water and etc., etc., etc., for drinking water, etc., etc.,)
The average level of the two elements found in the tests was 6.1 picocuries per liter. The maximum allowable level is 5.0 picocuries per liter, Stutts said.
Tritium, a radioactive form of hydrogen, is the “speed demon” of radioactive material in groundwater, and it is an early indicator of any leakage from a nuclear facility, Nguyen Bright said.
It occurs naturally and also is man-made, as a byproduct of power generation, and is not harmful in small amounts, she said.
“Tritium is what makes your watch glow in the dark. Tritium is what makes exit lights glow without a power source,” she said.
The tests are being conducted on wells near nuclear plants in the state and around the county, Nguyen Bright said.
(that was from 2008 before the results)
Water and soil contaminated with actinides, such as uranium and plutonium, are an
environmental concern at most U.S. Department of Energy sites, as well as other loca-
tions in the world. Remediation actions are on going at many sites, and plans for
cleanup are underway at other locations. This paper will review work underway at
Clemson University in the area of treatment and remediation of soil and water contam-
inated with actinide elements.
In the United States, the Nevada Test Site (NTS) possesses wide-
spread soil contamination caused by deposition of uranium, plu-
tonium and other radionuclides from defense related nuclear test
In Simpsonville-Greenville, South Carolina, high amounts of ura-
nium (30 to 9900 ug/L) were found in 31 drinking water wells.
The contamination of uranium in the well water was most likely
the result of vains of pegmatite, running east of Greenville to
southwest of Simpsonville. In addition to the elevated uranium
concentration, elevated radon levels have also been discovered.
All the wells that have been tested (currently 111) are above 300
pCi/L in radon. The South Carolina Department of Health and
Environmental Control (SC DEHC) requested homeowners to dis-
continue the use of the well water since chronic ingestion of this
water may result in an increased risk of cancer. In addition, SC
DEHC is beginning a program to test the levels of radon in air in
(2001 document – Clemson)
this is another good google search to make (using these terms)
radioactive waste South Carolina Yucca
Yielding this among other things –
The repository is to be on federal land adjacent to the Nevada Test Site in Nye County, Nevada, about 80 mi (130 km) northwest of the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The repository was within Yucca Mountain, a ridge line in the south-central part of Nevada. The ridge is composed of volcanic material (mostly tuff) ejected from a now extinct caldera-forming supervolcano.
The Department of Energy began studying Yucca Mountain in 1978 to determine whether it would be suitable for the nation’s first long-term geologic repository for over 70,000 metric tons (69,000 LT; 77,000 ST) (150 million pounds) of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste currently stored at 121 sites around the nation. An estimated 10,000 metric tons (9,800 LT; 11,000 ST) of the waste would be from America’s military nuclear programs.
The Department of Energy (DOE) estimates that it has over 100 million U.S. gallons of highly radioactive waste and 2,500 metric tons (2,800 short tons) of spent fuel from the production of nuclear weapons and from research activities in temporary storage.
Based on the 2001 cost estimate, approximately 73 percent is funded from consumers of nuclear powered electricity and 27 percent by the taxpayers. The latest Total System Life Cycle Cost presented to Congress on July 15, 2008 by Director Sproat is $90 billion. This cost, however, cannot be compared to previous estimates since it includes a repository capacity about twice as large as previously estimated over a much longer period of time (100 years vs 30 years).
In 2007, the DOE announced it was seeking to double the size of the Yucca Mountain repository to a capacity of 135,000 metric tons (149,000 short tons), or 300 million pounds.
Google search this one – for the bomb that was accidentally dropped on South Carolina –
nuclear accident South Carolina
(and this one – looks interesting)
… and tomato plants were shipped to a nuclear dump in Aiken, South Carolina. …. This is the worst commercial nuclear accident in the United States to date. …. South African and Israeli nuclear programs, and radioactive emissions. …
plus the crap that was dropped in Spain accidentally – well, not interesting, actually horrifying . . . I think they are still cleaning it up or paying for it or both – well, wait – I mean we, as American citizens are still paying for it to be dealt with – through the government.
Here is the listing of the South Carolina event from 1958 – from wikipedia –
March 11, 1958 – Florence, South Carolina, USA – Non-nuclear detonation of a nuclear bomb
A USAF B-47 bomber flying from Hunter Air Force Base in Savannah, Georgia accidentally released a nuclear bomb after the bomb lock failed. The chemical explosives detonated on impact in the suburban neighborhood of Florence, South Carolina. Radioactive substances were flung across the area. Several minor injuries resulted and the house on which the bomb fell was destroyed. No radiation sickness occurred.
I had found more info on this somewhere else – and on the water supplies / wellwater and soils contaminated with radioactive materials and industrial waste in South Carolina, too. Hmmm…….
Where was that?
I’ll find it and post it some other time . . . it’s on a document somewhere.
My Other Note –
Three things –
1. it is going to take all of us and all of what we can all do.
2. the mess has already existed for over twenty years in every arena – in most cases, for over thirty years across the US.
3. there is nowhere to hide from it – not by pretending it doesn’t exist, not by hiring some single group to get their way over all others, and not by doing nothing.
That is what I was wanting to say, that our government and leaders have not always had things wisely in hand, nor could they and in this day and age, we can no longer afford to pretend that they can do it alone effectively, nor by one party’s ideas over another – we need the best of all of it worked together to create and appropriately apply what works and change it to what works when needed. It is not one way over all other ways that is going to work, and neither is telling people whatever they want to hear. We are living in the mess that has made and it will either get dealt with by all of us using the best of our ideas coming together and getting the job done, or the mess will work to damage us all indiscriminately – whether it is the economic crisis, the pollution left from radioactive waste, the intolerance for one another or whatever else it is.
Our grandparents may not have been bothered by it all so long as they didn’t know about it and may have bought into the idea that it was none of their business since it was the “government’s” problem. That has managed to leave all of us with the results of them not running roughshod over a lot of this and has left us with the results as well.
And, it does affect us all – as I mentioned a couple post entries ago, the 200 conservatives meeting at Rancho Las Palmas Resort recently, can think they are in a game to win against those that disagree with them, but in fact, across the multitude of years in which it has only been done their way – their way has left us with the results we have today and throughout that time. It wasn’t good.
And, the problems that these conservatives have left for us – have yet to be solved. The problems they created are yet to be solved and they’re still in a war to have it done their way and no other way. It would’ve been best, had their ideas and everyone else’s ideas been incorporated together with all of both – but, that is not what was done.
I found this – apparently for the next meeting at that location (at Rancho Las Palmas Resort), they are wanting to sail up to it on a cruise ship and get off right there –
I don’t know . . .
Some project listed on a plasma reactor site –
The Channel coming out of the Sea Of Cortez will be one mile wide and over 200 feet deep. This width and depth will be maintained up to the El Centro Harbor, which will be half in the US and half in Mexico.
It will be approximately two miles in diameter to allow large ocean going container ships to maneuver, to dock, and off load cargo in this area. Interstate 8 runs through this area and access to shipping routes will be of prime importance.
Along the two miles on either side of the channel on the Mexican side, which is being reserved for the development of industrial and commercial business, there is expected to me a migration of manufacturing businesses needing access to better shipping routes than can be obtained within the interior of Mexico.
Another user of the channel will be the cruise line companies who will be able to bring their ships all the way up the channel to the area around Indio and Palm Springs California where their compliment of passengers will be able to disembark and go to the Indian Casinos of this area. It is anticipated that a few cruise lines will utilize this area as a starting point for cruises into the Pacific.
Interstate 10 passes through this area and container ships are anticipated to utilize the Harbor located in the Indio Area to offload cargo which will open up the area for more jobs and will relieve the pressure currently being experienced at ports along the west coast of California.
They’ve been busy . . .
Just had to add this – since the ocean has no respect for boundaries –
The Farallon Islands, or Farallones (Spanish for the pillars), are a group of islands and sea stacks in the Gulf of the Farallones, off the coast of San Francisco, California, USA. They lie 27 miles (43 km) outside the Golden Gate and 20 miles (32 km) south of Point Reyes, and are visible from the mainland on clear days. The islands are officially part of the City and County of San Francisco, California. The only inhabited portion of the islands are on Southeast Farallon Islands (SEFI), where research residents (PRBO) stay.
The Farallon National Wildlife Refuge is one of 66 National Wildlife Refuges that have congressionally designated wilderness status. In 1974 the Farallon Wilderness was established (Public Law 93-550) and includes all islands except the Southeast Island for a total of 141 acres (57 ha).
From 1946 to 1970, the sea around the Farallones was used as a nuclear dumping site for radioactive waste under the authority of the Atomic Energy Commission at a site known as the Farallon Island Nuclear Waste Dump. Most of the dumping took place before 1960, and all dumping of radioactive wastes by the United States was terminated in 1970. By then, 47,500 55 gallon steel drum containers had been dumped in the vicinity, with a total estimated radioactive activity of 14,500 Ci. The materials dumped were mostly laboratory materials containing traces of contamination. Much of the radioactivity had decayed by 1980.
44,000 containers were dumped at 37°37′N 123°17′W / 37.617°N 123.283°W / 37.617; -123.283, and another 3,500 at 37°38′N 123°08′W / 37.633°N 123.133°W / 37.633; -123.133.
The exact location of the containers and the potential hazard the containers pose to the environment are unknown. Attempts to remove the barrels would likely produce more of a risk than leaving them undisturbed.
Waste containers were shipped to Hunters Point Shipyard, then loaded onto barges for transportation to the Farallons. Containers were weighted with concrete. Those that floated were sometimes shot with rifles to sink them.
Whether Yucca Mountain, South Carolina, the Farallon Islands off San Francisco – or out in a farmer’s field, or, in what had been a desert and is now a resort, or wherever else – it is a fact, that the problems created by how these radioactive and industrial waste products have been handled affect us all. As with many things, saying it is all okay – makes it no more okay than insisting the world is flat when in fact, it is not.
This one from 2001, is well worth reading. It has some information about re-processing of nuclear materials in Russia that is very interesting, more about the dumped materials off the coast of California and the disasters both have already caused.
well worth reading . . .