An order signed by President Dmitry Medvedev “bans the export from the Russian Federation to Libya as well as the sale, delivery and transfer… of all types of arms and related materials, including weapons and ammunition, combat vehicles and military hardware”, it said.
American taxpayer dollars, brutal dictatorships supported by US and International money, cricketdiane, Egypt, Gaddafi, Human Rights, Libya, Mubarak, Qaddafi, united nations, US foreign aid, US foreign military aid
As I was responding to this question, it was obvious that it would make a better post where I can expand it a bit with more links –
It is about what people can do to stop the flow of funds to Mubarak and Qaddafi (Gaddafi), find their hidden assets and wealth, what to do with the information once it is found and what American taxpayers can do to stop brutal, vicious dictators like them from being supported with American taxpayer money –
This is the question from Michelle that I had been answering –
Submitted on 2011/03/08 at 4:31 am
What can American taxpayers do to help them out?
Japan freezes assets of Libya’s Gaddafi, others | Reuters
Submitted on 2011/03/08 at 4:59 pm | In reply to michellefrommadison
Specific to Mr. Qaddafi and his sons – their financial wealth is being located and frozen. However, since the Qaddafi regime is still in place and intends to continue in the style to which they have become accustomed, there are actually some things that US citizens can do about that.
First, make sure that there is nowhere on this planet that doesn’t know what kind of human beings they are.
Second, make sure that the wealthy who have hosted them, fawned over them, treated them like gods, and partied with them understand that none of us think that is okay nor acceptable.
Third, let our government leaders know that trading off our principles in order to do business with those insatiably cruel, malicious regimes is unacceptable and that our tax dollars are not to be used to support any such thing.
And, fourth – make sure that the strength of our conviction about it is heard everywhere around the world including at the tables of the IMF, at the World Bank, at the European Parliament, at the tables of the United Kingdom leadership, at the United Nations, at the policy-making foundations and organizations throughout the US and around the world, at the treasuries of every national decision-making body and at the NGOs, Industries, Corporations, Businesses and Political Parties that have in the past, supported them. It is not “kind of okay.” It is not okay at all.
If there is anything that you find online about the Qaddafi regime, the Libya Investment Authority, the Qaddafi sons and their shenanigans or where they have met with anyone in the past – and you stumble over it while looking at something online in the news or in some investors’ information, or looking at some public relations or consulting firm or Wall Street firm that has bragged about it in the past – then ship it over to the UN Secretariat with the link and to the US State Department. It only takes a few minutes to do that and then if it is something they haven’t known already, they can find those resources and take charge of them for the Libyan people. The same thing is true for the Mabarak fortune which is still being tracked around the world. These things are simple enough.
It is time to say that we aren’t going to put up with it anymore.
And, if you find any photos online of Qaddafi and his regime members, family members, sons and daughter being worshiped by our business leaders, our political leaders, our industry members, our corporate CEOs, our wealthiest and powerful, our political party members – then publicly share those and the links where they can be found. If you find evidence in written materials from the past, and photos of the brutality, cruelties and torture of these regimes, publish it, forward it, blog about it and tell others where the information can be found.
The ICC and UN Secretariat among other international groups, including Interpol are working to locate some of these things and keeping them current information rather than lost in something from 1986 somewhere – will be helpful when they start to look for it as they build these cases against this brutality.
I had originally started with this part – in response to Michelle – (and turned it around when posting it here) –
The first thing American taxpayers can do is to say something. When our money goes to put sophisticated military hardware in the hands of the brutal regimes around the world that are known to be psychotic, authoritarian, abusive, torturing their own people, sponsoring terrorism around the world and denying basic universal human rights to their people, then the people of the world believe that we, as Americans are supporting those horrors in their lives and in their nation.
Saying something about it to our legislators, to the public, to fellow citizens, to our churches, to our NGOs, to our State Department, to our President, to our family members and to our communities of friends is first.
The second thing Americans can do is to tell legislators on the appropriations committee when those appropriations are being made and send emails or make phone calls to the Congressional and Senate members on the foreign relations and appropriations committees as well as the government oversight committee. (wait a minute and I’ll look it up.)
House of Representatives
Intelligence (Permanent Select)
Oversight and Government Reform
There are joint committees and subcommittees where these decisions are made which can be found here –
However, most of the real policy decisions are being made in the party policy-making committees at the Republican and Democratic Party using their networks of resources and through their headquarters eventually. Those policy decisions are then enacted through their Party representatives serving in the Congress, Senate or in state governments and local governments.
These policy-makers draw on information provided to them from their favored think-tanks and academics as well as from the policy-making industry which act as consultants to them all that have arisen over the years. There is actually a school or two within our universities who specialize in government and policy that are commonly consulted by both sides of these issues. And, the special interest groups, lobbyists and international serving consultant firms are also influencing the policies and the applications of those policies through their individual and collective efforts.
Overall, the staff of the Congressional and Senate offices are more likely to be involved in sorting out the varied approaches to different issues like this one which will tend to include information from other sources in the reports they provide to the Congressmen and Senators. That information can include information from the Energy Committee for instance, that may overwhelmingly support (as in the case of Libya) a trade-off in foreign policy principles in order to satisfy the desires of the petroleum industries who want to harvest the oil reserves in that country, engineering firms who want to do business there, equipment manufacturers who want their products to be used there, the Chamber of Commerce representing businesses generally and the Petroleum Institute who serves to promote the overall interests of their industry.
These reports and briefs are put together, sometimes by think-tanks and academic institutions for the legislators and the party policy-makers as well, or analyzed by the special interest groups and policy consultant firms that hover around Washington. Sometimes, these are provided in their entirety to the Congressional members and Senate offices, and sometimes (probably more often) they are offered as a bullet list focused brief with the analysis condensed and simplified with back-up charts and data which seem to support whatever position offered. Normally, these provide intellectual arguments and data to sully support for any other position at the same time intentionally swaying the reader to think in their desired terms – most are very one-sided supporting whatever position that is in their best interest.
So, the third thing that American taxpayers can do is to find these sources of policy online and discuss it with them. Let the academics, think-tanks, political party policy-makers, policy consulting firms and special interest groups understand what we want or don’t want our money to be doing. Or, to explain to these policy sources that we expect both the things to get done that need to get done while at the same time honoring those principles upon which our nation is founded. The policies set forth by legislators as well as by businesses, industries, special interest groups, and policy-makers in our political parties can be set up to do both. It appreciably gets lost in the mix if none of us are saying anything to them about it directly.
Fourth, the other thing that people can do in America is to put a stop to it entirely. We can solve problems in other ways which are allowing our nation to be put at the mercy of other nations whose brutality we don’t want to support. That means using something other than gasoline, for instance. Those political parties and specific legislators who trade off our national principles for the support of brutal dictators for any reason can be publicized for those decisions and voted out of the seat they are warming. The special interest groups and industry representatives that are supporting those kinds of trade-offs can be publicized in that light and then removed from the list of those places where our money is donated. And, if it turns out that money we are giving to one special interest group is going eventually into supporting another group whose influence intentionally supports denying our founding principles and social responsibilities – then we can publicize that fact and stop giving them our money, our churches’ money, our charitable moneys, and enter a discussion with the initial organization funneling money into another one about our concerns. And, tell others about it.
When people give to support veterans’ needs, that money should not end up going eventually into another pool of money that abrogates programs for the veterans whether it is the Tea Party, the conservatives, the Republican Party or whatever else they funneled that money to finally. Those trails can be located through their websites and tell others about it. If all else fails, and reasonable discussions are not making any difference, then suits can be filed against them to explain that money can’t be taken for one thing and then used to do exactly the opposite. For that, they are responsible in how those funds are used and where they end up going and what gets supported when the final analysis is done.
Fifth, as fun as it is as a way to meet others, supporting protests about these things if an extreme and questionable choice but certainly does feel better than sitting at a computer engaging in discussions about it with people who basically are getting paid to serve the support of whatever policy position in order to get paid for what they do.
It would probably be easier to twitter that, “this jackass just voted to support including arms sales to psycho whomever that slaughtered 43,000 people last year. pass it on.”
I don’t know.
Specific to Mr. Qaddafi and his sons – their financial wealth is being located and frozen. However, since the Qaddafi regime is still in place and intends to continue in the style to which they have become accustomed, there are actually some things that US citizens can do about that. First, make sure that there is nowhere on this planet that doesn’t know what kind of human beings they are. Second, make sure that the wealthy who have hosted them, fawned over them, treated them like gods, and partied with them understand that none of us think that is okay nor acceptable. Third, let our government leaders know that trading off our principles in order to do business with those insatiably cruel, malicious regimes is unacceptable and that our tax dollars are not to be used to support any such thing. And, fourth – make sure that the strength of our conviction about it is heard everywhere around the world including at the tables of the IMF, at the World Bank, at the European Parliament, at the tables of the United Kingdom leadership, at the United Nations, at the policy-making foundations and organizations throughout the US and around the world, at the treasuries of every national decision-making body and at the NGOs, Industries, Corporations, Businesses and Political Parties that have in the past, supported them. It is not kind of okay. It is not okay at all.
If there is anything that you find online about the Qaddafi regime, the Libya Investment Authority, the Qaddafi sons and their shenanigans or where they have met with anyone in the past – and you stumble over it while looking at something online in the news or in some investors’ information, or looking at some public relations or consulting firm or Wall Street firm that has bragged about it in the past – then ship it over to the UN Secretariat with the link and to the US State Department. It only takes a few minutes to do that and then if it is something they haven’t known already, they can find those resources and take charge of them for the Libyan people. The same thing is true for the Mabarak fortune which is still being tracked around the world. These things are simple enough. It is time to say that we aren’t going to put up with it anymore.
And, if you find any photos online of Qaddafi and his regime members, family members, sons and daughter being worshiped by our business leaders, our political leaders, our industry members, our corporate CEOs, our wealthiest and powerful, our political party members – then publicly share those and the links where they can be found. If you find evidence in written materials from the past, and photos of the brutality, cruelties and torture of these regimes, publish it, forward it, blog about it and tell others where the information can be found. The ICC and UN Secretariat is working to locate some of these things and keeping them current information rather than lost in something from 1986 somewhere – will be helpful when they start to look for it as they build these cases against this brutality.
Ben Ali, Civil Rights, cricketdiane, Democracy, Egypt, Freedom, Gaddafi, Gadhafi, Human Rights, Libya, Libyan people, MidEast, Mubarak, Qaddafi, Saif Qaddafi, Tunisia, US foreign military aid, US foreign policy
“The enemy of yesterday is the friend of today….It was a real war, but those brothers are free men now.” Thus spoke Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi in March 2010, referring to the leaders of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group LIFG, an armed organisation that had attempted to assassinate his father, Muammar al-Gaddafi, three times in the mid-1990’s.
This may seem surprising. A few days ago, the very same man promised Libyans a “sea of blood” if his father’s regime was toppled. Indeed, Saif al-Islam, an elegant, soft-spoken graduate of the London School of Economics, has now become a prime suspect in massive crimes against humanity.
History in the making in the Arab world
By Omar Ashour/London
*** Omar Ashour is a lecturer in Middle East politics and director of the Middle East Graduate Studies Programme at the Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter. He is the author of The De-Radicalisation of Jihadists: Transforming Armed Islamist Movements.
This article is an amazing overview of what has kept Qaddafi and other brutal regimes in place at the cost of their citizens’ lives. Yes, amazing. It also states that Qaddafi’s son had tried to have him assassinated three times. This is certainly a good point to know that about him and their “family”. They are a real piece of work.
Why would the international community have ever put up with this?
The Press Association: Libya calls on UN to lift sanctions
Meanwhile, Gaddafi’s government asked the UN Security Council to suspend the sanctions it imposed against Libya a week ago, insisting that “no opposition has been raised to peaceful, unarmed demonstrators”.
From the UN Charter – (there’s more, of course – link follows it)
The Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with Articles 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security.
In order to prevent an aggravation of the situation, the Security Council may, before making the recommendations or deciding upon the measures provided for in Article 39, call upon the parties concerned to comply with such provisional measures as it deems necessary or desirable. Such provisional measures shall be without prejudice to the rights, claims, or position of the parties concerned. The Security Council shall duly take account of failure to comply with such provisional measures.
The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.
Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.
My Note –
I’d say running through the country killing the people who live there would qualify for at the very least cutting off the jackasses’ communications.
Among other things . . .
Although this chapter doesn’t explicitly apply to Libya – it actually does –
and the intentions it covers are inherent in all the charter’s underlying foundations for its purposes –
And, Libya is not, nor has it been “self-governing” –
CHAPTER XI: DECLARATION REGARDING NON-SELF-GOVERNING TERRITORIES
Members of the United Nations which have or assume responsibilities for the administration of territories whose peoples have not yet attained a full measure of self-government recognize the principle that the interests of the inhabitants of these territories are paramount, and accept as a sacred trust the obligation to promote to the utmost, within the system of international peace and security established by the present Charter, the well-being of the inhabitants of these territories, and, to this end:
- to ensure, with due respect for the culture of the peoples concerned, their political, economic, social, and educational advancement, their just treatment, and their protection against abuses;
- to develop self-government, to take due account of the political aspirations of the peoples, and to assist them in the progressive development of their free political institutions, according to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and their varying stages of advancement;
- to further international peace and security;
- to promote constructive measures of development, to encourage research, and to co-operate with one another and, when and where appropriate, with specialized international bodies with a view to the practical achievement of the social, economic, and scientific purposes set forth in this Article; and
- to transmit regularly to the Secretary-General for information purposes, subject to such limitation as security and constitutional considerations may require, statistical and other information of a technical nature relating to economic, social, and educational conditions in the territories for which they are respectively responsible other than those territories to which Chapters XII and XIII apply.
Members of the United Nations also agree that their policy in respect of the territories to which this Chapter applies, no less than in respect of their metropolitan areas, must be based on the general principle of good-neighbourliness, due account being taken of the interests and well-being of the rest of the world, in social, economic, and commercial matters.
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi called for the creation of a southern hemisphere alliance mirroring the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, to counteract the influence of the U.S. and Europe.
They spoke yesterday at the second South America-Africa Summit in Venezuela, where Chavez brought together 30 heads of state including Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva of Brazil, Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe and Algeria’s long-time leader Abdelaziz Bouteflika.
“For African countries it’s closer to visit our brothers in South America and we share the same interests of liberation and revolutionary ideals,” Qaddafi said. “Colonialism humiliated us, insulted us and robbed us of our riches.”
My Note – (as I posted on facebook a few minutes ago about this – )
[The above article] is from 2009 – as Qaddafi has been trying for a number of years to create a southern hemisphere NATO like coalition to engage equal force against what he has considered “imperialism” of the northern hemisphere nations. Now he demands that the UN sanctions be lifted despite killing thousands of unarmed protesters (who are now poorly armed with Qaddafi’s own stores of old equipment) – and continuing to have his troops drag people out of their homes to be beaten and arrested in Tripoli.
And, his friend Chavez is gathering other Latin American leaders to form a coalition backing Qaddafi to fight for a “peace process” as defined by Qaddafi and Chavez which intends no real consequences for his actions. That would not serve the people of Libya very well, not the nations of the world, nor the rest of the world’s populations that have been terrorized by this man and his evil crew of criminals and terrorists.
About the International Court – (from the UN Charter) – ChapterXIV
from the UN Charter –
This is the part in Chapter II – that Libya’s leadership defiled, defied and consummately refused to adhere to –
- Membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations.
- The admission of any such state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.
A Member of the United Nations against which preventive or enforcement action has been taken by the Security Council may be suspended from the exercise of the rights and privileges of membership by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council. The exercise of these rights and privileges may be restored by the Security Council.
A Member of the United Nations which has persistently violated the Principles contained in the present Charter may be expelled from the Organization by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.
Chapter II, UN Charter
Not only are there thousands of eyewitness accounts, there is also video recordings from the journalists and cameras there along with cellphone videos and evidence of the harms done, maiming and killing of the Libyan people through the facts determined by doctors who treated them and the people who buried their loved ones after being slaughtered by Qaddafi’s forces. So, it appears that the only one who does not know this is Senior Qaddafi, King of the Southern Hemisphere and all of Africa as he thinks he is.
Or, maybe he has just been hanging around with liars for too long. It probably doesn’t pay to tell him that there are people in his country that don’t like him and despise the barbarity of his wealth mongering brutality.
It was written in the information about Qaddafi’s daughter that she served as a defense attorney for Saddam Hussein. I’m not sure if that is true or not.
It is interesting though.
Qaddafi is going to stop. He’s going to stop because it is in his nature, not because he cares about Libya nor the people of Libya. He is going to stop because someone is going to be intelligent enough to stop him and to stop his regime. And, he is going to stop because his nature is human, not some invincible demigod. That being so, he will stop or be permanently defused, disarmed. and his ability to cause harm utterly destroyed.
Freedom is not a four-letter word. “Kill” is a four-letter word. That seems to be the only word Qaddafi knows to tell his people to do, not prosper, not to share the wealth of his nation with his nation’s people, his intention is to “kill” the West, “kill” what he considers imperialists, “kill” the people who disagree with him, and “kill” his nation’s future.
Why should ten people be allowed to do that?
Qaddafi and his top ten to twenty people are the only ones running this horror upon Libya, and after drawing mercenaries from Africa’s neighboring citizenry those horrors are being perpetrated upon them as well. He has drawn the entire world in this and won’t be happy until the entire Southern Hemisphere Coalition he believes he heads up is engaged in a civil war with the rest of the world. (with him at the center of it.)
That is way too much power for any one man to wield and his family has apparently never learned the word, “no,” except when they are using it. Now is time they learn what “no” means in the hands of others.
One other item from the UN site of interest particularly – (and this includes the oil companies, engineering companies and others doing business in Libya and other firms) –
It is called the Global Compact –
From their page –
What is the Global Compact?
The United Nations Global Compact is a strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption.
My Note –
Our international businesses have agreed to do the best they could do on these things and they know how important it is. They have sent decision-makers to learn more about it and have agreed that the costliness of not doing the right thing in these matters is far more expensive, far more unfair to their own business goals and far more unpredictable in the long run.
Business assets are put at risk, human lives are put at risk, opportunities to do business are put at risk and business investments are undermined when human rights violations are rampant, the environment destroyed and corrupt governments are let run without consequences.
I would hope that businesses will cooperate fully with the UN and world leaders as they work to support the goals of the Global Compact, the UN Charter and their underlying principles, both in Libya and elsewhere. It will make the world safer for people and better for business at the same time.
Our goals are the same. Together we can make a difference.
The New UN Business Partnership Gateway
There is no sense in this situation coming to this – there were options which could have been done long before today.
Interpol’s alert covers members of Gaddafi’s family including seven of his sons, among them Saif, and his daughter Aisha, as well the defence minister, the head of external security, the director of military intelligence and Gaddafi’s head bodyguard.
The alert is intended to help ensure police authorities in Interpol’s 188 member states enforce the international travel bans and asset freezes imposed by the United Nations Security Council.
This report from Financial Times states that the Qaddafi regime has continued to receive money from oil exports – including $770 million in the last two weeks. It is also clear from this article that nations who signed agreement to the Security Council resolution to freeze assets have failed to hold those oil income revenues for the people of Libya after Qaddafi’s regime has ended, which is what they are supposed to do and what the companies involved are supposed to do legally.
That is one article of interest –
and this is another about the efforts to put pressure on the international community in the ways that it suits Qaddafi, his sons, his daughter and their government ministers involved in decision-making. It looks a lot like they have a lobbying firm/ pr / and some consulting firm working with them to strategically interact with their efforts to sway public opinion and international options that have been already taken.
Wouldn’t it just be easier for the Qaddafi regime to simply stop killing their own people, not hinder the exodus of international citizens who wish to leave, not brutalize any more of the people within their range and make some more reasonable choices?
If it turns out that some consulting firm from Washington or the UK is helping these bastards of the Qaddafi regime, I do hope they understand that they are breaking the international sanctions that have been brought to bear on the criminal behavior and human rights violations that are being perpetrated by the Qaddafi family. And, it will be discovered before everything is done – regardless of how much money the firm has been paid. I was thinking of some of those kinds of firms which have helped the Qaddafi regime in the past which brought us to this nightmare in the first place.
Here is one of the other articles I found in the last little bit –
Libya unrest: Eyewitness accounts
Libyan leader Col Muammar Gaddafi has played down protests in the country and insisted that all his people love him.
(from March 1, 2011 – BBC)
it includes notes from each region down the page. It is three days ago. Here is an entry for today –
A note about Egypt –
4 March 2011 Last updated at 07:00 ET
Libya TV shows captured Dutch navy helicopter crew
A Dutch navy helicopter crew have been shown on Libyan state TV after being captured while attempting to evacuate two foreign citizens.
My Note –
This is a situation which should have had Saudi’s attention – their planes could’ve already taken Qaddafi and his vile sons off the planet, but no – why not? Qaddafi tried to assassinate their leadership in Saudi Arabia – they have planes and well-trained military assets. It is in their best interest to protect the people of Libya – why aren’t they doing something to resolve this mess?
And, the Saudi Arabians know that Qaddafi and his sons are vile atrocities of mankind. They’ve screwed over just about the entire world. He tried to make a civil war for power between the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere of the entire planet.
What kind of international leadership of any kind would leave a man and his regime that is that foul in a position to do anything else?
Surely, the oil companies know it is also in their best interest to get this corrupt, sadistic and psychotic man out of any position of power anywhere – along with the rest of his family that have ordered torture, maiming of citizens, arbitrary seizures of citizens and bribes, stolen, killed, murdered all over the world, terrorized the world’s nations, supported horrendous suffering in Zimbabwe and Sierra Leone – (among other places in Africa and throughout the world) and has stolen the riches, wealth and economic opportunities from four generations of Libya’s people.
This is absolutely insane. Qaddafi’s daughter may have a law degree, but her ability to resolve this by “standing” is not going to solve the real issues of their illegitimate, brutal and vile regime. She needs to get off that boat. Right now, not only is there no exit strategy to bring the members of the internal guard away from supporting this horrific man and his sons, but there is also not a good answer for the massive military assets they control against an unequally armed population. The people of Tripoli serve as a defence for Qaddafi and his compound, but are not being served by it. There are any of a number of nations whose interests would be protected by ending this situation with Qaddafi and his regime removed from power of any kind anywhere on this earth. And every day he perpetrates new nightmares with his family and decision-makers.
It would take one single guided missile to be done with this. And, for what reason do we all stand by and let him continue to brutalize his people and keep the world at bay while he terrorizes at will?
Enough was enough in 1987.
* A nation’s leadership cannot be considered legal by international standards when it is known to have committed atrocities against innocent populations of the world community and further, when it is publicly confirmed that its regime has committed ongoing atrocities against its own citizens without cause.
Further, when a nation’s leaders have lost the legitimacy of the major stakeholders in the region including that of its own citizens, was never elected by its people in the first place, has oppressed, brutalized, committed terror, backed terrorists and terrorism, funded terrorism, supported other brutal dictatorships in brutalizing their people and supported denial of basic human rights in far-reaching perpetration of their own brutalities on humanity – then that government regime is neither legitimate nor legal in any international terms of law.
– my note
In fact, when the Qaddafi regime was given its “free pass” by the US, the UK, the UN and the international community – that, in all likelihood, given the other things that were known about it at that time – was not a legal, nor legitimate international decision. Its basis was afoul of the law at the point at which arms sales, military assets and sophisticated military training programs were made available to such a regime of known brutality against its own people and as a supporter of terrorism.