Different types of ferrites are considered for
application in HOM absorbers. Therefore two types of
absorbers were made and measured. In one of them, as,,
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interesting explanation from Financial Times –
Preventing Nuclear Disaster – FT
Clive Cookson, science editor describes the gravity and hopes of the situation (cautiously optimistic)
My Note –
I keep thinking about the nuclear reactors that are in trouble. I keep thinking – an equal and opposite reaction. When the neutrons are stirred up and giving off heat – you either, a.) slow them down by cooling such as the water does; b.) encase them such as the methods used when spent fuel rods are sealed up with lead, concrete or some other encasing method; c.) neutralize them by focusing on the radioactive nature and excited neutrons rather than the heat being given off as a result – possibly the point of the boric acid or boron salts used; or d.)harness it – so how could it be intentionally harnessed and its direct energy harvested without allowing a build up?
What were those radio frequency experiments being done with radioactive decay? What and where was that? Did that allow a slowing down of the activity resulting a slowing (and cooling) of the material at certain focused frequencies? supercooled freon, argon, zenon, halogen, – not halogen, nitrogen, – carbon nano particles like sand around the fuel rods encased in water – no that won’t work. it won’t disperse the heat into the water and absorb it from the carbon spaces. But it could yield a buffer zone to prevent meltdown? Hmmm…… Just thinking.
How were the intentional releases of neutrons being harnessed for use in the little table top fusion generator? They were being used some way – what was it and how did they harness them once the energy was being sent off in every direction?
Condensed matter physics is the field of physics that deals with the macroscopic physical properties of matter. In particular, it is concerned with the “condensed” phase matter, phases that appear whenever the number of constituents in a system is extremely large and the interactions between the constituents are strong. The most familiar examples of condensed phases are solids and liquids; more exotic condensed phases include the superfluid and the Bose-Einstein condensate, the superconducting phase, and the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases of spins on atomic lattices.
A liquid below its standard freezing point will crystallize in the presence of a seed crystal or nucleus around which a crystal structure can form. However, lacking any such nucleus, the liquid phase can be maintained all the way down to the temperature at which crystal homogeneous nucleation occurs. The homogeneous nucleation can occur above the glass transition where the system is an amorphous (non-crystalline) solid.
Pure water normally freezes at 273.15 K (0 °C or 32 °F) but it can also be “supercooled” at standard pressure down to its crystal homogeneous nucleation at almost 231 K (−42 °C/−43.6 °F). If, however, it is cooled at a rate on the order of 106 K/s, the crystal nucleation can be avoided and water becomes a glass. Its glass transition temperature is much colder and harder to determine, but studies estimate it at about 165 K (−108 °C/−162.4 °F). Glassy water can be heated up to approximately 150 K (−123 °C/−189.4 °F). In the range of temperatures between 231 K (−42 °C/−43.6 °F) and 150 K (−123 °C/−189.4 °F) experiments find only crystal ice.
Droplets of supercooled water often exist in stratiform and cumulus clouds. Aircraft flying through these clouds seed an abrupt crystallization of these droplets, which can result in the formation of ice on the aircraft’s wings or blockage of its instruments and probes, unless the aircraft are equipped with an appropriate de-icing system. Freezing rain is also caused by supercooled droplets.
Gamma radiation, also known as gamma rays (denoted as γ), is electromagnetic radiation of high frequency (very short wavelength). They are produced by sub-atomic particle interactions such as electron-positron annihilation, neutral pion decay, fusion, fission or inverse Compton scattering in astrophysical processes. A classical gamma ray source is a type of radioactive decay called gamma decay where an excited nucleus emits a gamma ray almost immediately on formation. However, gamma decay may also describe isomeric transition which involves an inhibited gamma decay with a relatively much longer half life.
Gamma rays have frequencies above 10 exahertz (1019 Hz), and therefore have energies above 100 keV and wavelength less than 10 picometers, often smaller than an atom. Gamma rays from radioactive decay commonly have energies of a few hundred keV, and almost always less than 10 MeV. Energies from astronomical sources can be much higher, ranging over 10 TeV (this is far too large to result from radioactive decay). There is effectively no lower limit to gamma energy (though they are sometimes classed as X-rays if their frequencies are lower than 1019 Hz). Because gamma rays are a form of ionizing radiation, they pose a health hazard.
Neutron – harnessing – nuclear excitement and rapid ionization – deionization of the nucleii –
slowing it down is only one way to do it – collecting the options of other ways to do that – hmmm……… what is available today that was not available or not known when the nuclear facilities were built to boil water – more direct resonance and interactions with the actual physics that are occuring?
How could that fix it safely?
google searched this –
experiment gamma radiation excited nucleii ionizing radiation carbon nanospheres
… frequency than gamma rays. C) gamma rays have higher frequency than infrared waves … Carbon nanoparticles and nanotubes are used in sporting goods because they: … A) absorbing and dissipating the harmful ultraviolet radiation … C) would spiral, if not constantly excited, into the nucleus of the atom …
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat – Quick View
Jun 24, 2010 … NUCLEAR PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS AT STORAGE RINGS. – 20 min. … FRAGMENTATION OF CARBON IONS AT TWA ITEP. – 15 min. ….. POPULATION OF EXCITED STATES IN 6He AND 6Li NUCLEI IN THE ….. INTERACTION OF AN IONIZING RADIATION WITH SUBSTANCE. … STUDYING THE INFLUENCE OF GAMMA RADIATION ON NANO- …
But, that would be going the other way around on it looking for the possibility and potential of stopping the radioactive decay, ionization, excitement and slowing the process down or successfully interacting with it in order to neutralize and / or contain it –
graphite nano properties? carbon nano extraordinary surface properties?
Radio frequencies? – need to look up those experiments that were done –
Wait – some of those were done in Japan. . . .
Think durn it – think
Where did I see that?
In the Motorola database of physics papers? no – in the physics and lab universities Japan – wait – I have it on a document or in my bookmarks . . .
this was also in those last search results – about to change the search terms –
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
materials with ionizing radiation (gamma rays, X rays, …. in hydrogels, carbon fiber composites, heterogeneous mixtures based on material by- …… The particles are completely stopped in these experiments because of … involve contributions by excited states, electrons, and holes, making it difficult to …
Just thinking – have nothing better to do – need solutions and options for the nuclear reactors in Japan to be secured and made safe immediately – what could do it?
I popped over to this bit of an abstract – this is intended to identify a target substance but the same science could be used to harness the power of the fuel rods temporarily and exchange them for electron energy – a conversion mechanism. Not practical though and the immediacy of the design is not available on that scale. The same thing could be used though for direct conversion of the by-products from the fuel rods to be used instead of heating water and making steam with them . . .
Just a thought.
The different nanoparticles used convert differing radiation species into electrons through independent physical mechanisms, including charge conversion (alpha), secondary electron (beta), photoelectron (gamma/X-rays), and an on-chip thermonuclear fusion reaction (neutron) to evaluate the specific isotope radiation signature. The four different detectors use four different methods to convert four different types of radiation into electrons; as a consequence, the measured pulses are characteristic to the radiation, allowing pulse height spectroscopy to be used.
from Sept 30, 2010
gold nanospheres give off heat – is there a correlating material that is an uptake material in nanoparticles for heat, for the dissipation of heat or as part of a supercooled liquid complex
|contributed to theoretical understanding of high-energy collisions and the fundamental interactions of elementary particles|
The Specific Ionization and Energy Loss of a Fast Charged Particle
JR Allen – Physical Review, 1954 – prola.aps.org
… 7 We observe (capture) gamma radiation with energies greater than 4 Mev from most medium-heavy … The Cerenkov radiation may be shown to contribute a very small proportion of the energy … H. Compton and SK Allison, X-Rays in Theory and Experiment (D. Van Nostrand Co …
Cited by 3 – Related articles – All 2 versions
DIVISION OF NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY NEW YORK, NEW YORK
Just thinking . . .
Japan nuclear physics radioactive dampening – google search
… Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Oh-okayama 2-12-1, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan. …
The spin precession sometimes serves as an exclusive tool in fundamental physics studies such as the … 2. Experimental setup for an artificial feedback nuclear spin maser operation …
Cited by 11 – Related articles – All 4 versions
Higher order modes of the CESR-B superconducting RF cavities must have low R/Q and low Q values to avoid single and multibunch instabilities. Large beam pipes with internal ferrite absorbers have been proposed for this purpose.
Different types of ferrites are considered for
application in HOM absorbers. Therefore two types of
absorbers were made and measured. In one of them, as
it has been mentioned, the Ferrite-50 was used. In
another one the m-111 ferrite was tried. Since the
number of ‘IT2-111 tiles available was not sufficient
for filling two absorbers completely. only
measurements with partially filled absorb ers have been
(above) Used for something else – but has potential . . .