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Statue of Liberty@StatueLibrtyNPS

#365Days of #Liberty– 6/14 Happy Flag Day! The United States adopted the “Stars and Stripes” in 1777.

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A Brief History of Flag Day

By Betsy Ross House | National Constitution Center – 2 hrs 41 mins ago

On June 14, 1777, less than one year after Betsy Ross had received the order from General Washington to make the first flag, the Second Continental Congress passed a flag resolution stating:

Resolved, That the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation.

http://news.yahoo.com/brief-history-flag-day-100203961.html

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Celebrate Flag Day! 13 Colonies, 13 Stripes, 13% OFF EVERYTHING! One Day Only!   Use Code: FLAGDAYPROMO   (details – Offer is valid until June 14, 2012 at 11:59pm PT)

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Flag Day Celebrated
June 14, 1777
Today is Flag Day! On May 30, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson issued a presidential proclamation establishing a national Flag Day on June 14. Many Americans celebrate Flag Day by displaying the Red, White and Blue in front of homes and businesses. The day commemorates the adoption of the Stars and Stripes as the official flag of the United States. On June 14, 1777, John Adams spoke about the flag at a meeting of the Continental Congress in Philadelphia.

There have been twenty-seven official versions of the flag so far; stars have been added to it as states have entered the Union. The current version dates to July 4, 1960, when Hawaii became the 50th state.

(from)

http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/modern/jb_modern_birth_1.html

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On June 14th, 1885, Bernard J. Cigrand, a 19 year old teacher at Stony Hill School, placed a 10 inch, 38- star flag in a bottle on his desk then assigned essays on the flag and its significance. This observance, commemorated Congresses adoption of the Stars and Stripes as the flag of the United States on June 14, 1777. This observance was also the beginning of Cigrand’s long years of fervent and devoted effort to bring about national recognition and observance of Flag Day.

The crowning achievement of his life came at age fifty when President Wilson, on May 30, 1916, issued a proclamation calling for a nation wide observance of Flag Day. Then in 1949, President Truman signed an Act Of Congress designating the 14th day of June every year as National Flag Day.

On June 14th, 2004, the 108th U.S. Congress voted unanimously on H.R. 662 that Flag Day originated in Ozaukee County, Waubeka Wisconsin.

(from)

http://www.nationalflagday.com/default.asp

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I pledge allegiance to
the flag of the United
States of America and
to the Republic for
which it stands, one
nation under God,
indivisible, with
liberty and justice
for all.

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American Flag flies proudly at the site of the new world trade center Freedom Tower – or whatever they end up naming it . . . NYC 2011 (cricketdiane photography)

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According to legend, in 1776, George Washington commissioned Philadelphia seamstress Betsy Ross to create a flag for the new nation. Scholars debate this legend, but agree that Mrs. Ross most likely knew Washington and sewed flags. To date, there have been twenty-seven official versions of the flag, but the arrangement of the stars varied according to the flag-makers’ preferences until 1912 when President Taft standardized the then-new flag’s forty-eight stars into six rows of eight. The forty-nine-star flag (1959-60), as well as the fifty-star flag, also have standardized star patterns. The current version of the flag dates to July 4, 1960, after Hawaii became the fiftieth state on August 21, 1959.

Central High School
School Children at Central High III,
Prince George’s County, Maryland,
Theodor Horydczak, photographer,
circa 1920-50.
Washington as It Was: Photographs by Theodor Horydczak, 1923-1959

(from)

Today in History: June 14

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jun14.html

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“I do not salute the flag because I have promised to do the will of God,” wrote ten-year-old Billy Gobitas, a Jehovah’s Witness, to the board of the Minersville (Pennsylvania) School District in 1935. Like most public school students at that the time, Gobitas was required to salute and pledge allegiance to the flag daily. His refusal to do so touched off one of several constitutional battles over the authority of the state to require respect for national symbols and the right of individuals to freedom of speech.

(from)

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jun14.html

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Other patriotic groups, including the Colonial Dames and the Sons of the American Revolution, also spent years trying to convince Congress to make Flag Day official. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation stating that June 14 shall be National Flag Day, and in 1949, it was made official by an Act of Congress.

On June 14, 1891, the Betsy Ross House began publicly celebrating Flag Day, and has been celebrating Flag Day every year since 1911. Since 2008, the Betsy Ross House has revived the patriotic zeal of the earliest celebrations with Flag Fest – an all day, old-fashioned, family fun street fair with games, live entertainment, a patriotic pet contest, shopping and more, celebrated on the Saturday before Flag Day.

For more information: www.betsyrosshouse.org/hist_flag/day.html

(from)

http://news.yahoo.com/brief-history-flag-day-100203961.html

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The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag

I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God,2 indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

1. The original pledge was published in the Sept. 8, 1892, issue of The Youth’s Companion in Boston. For years, the authorship was in dispute between James B. Upham and Francis Bellamy of the magazine’s staff. In 1939, after a study of the controversy, the United States Flag Association decided that authorship be credited to Bellamy.
2. The phrase “under God” was added to the pledge on June 14, 1954.

(from)
Facts Monster
http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0101053.html

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And, one of the tshirts that I did with the American flag –

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The Fourth of July was traditionally celebrated as America’s birthday, but the idea of an annual day specifically celebrating the Flag is believed to have first originated in 1885. BJ Cigrand, a schoolteacher, arranged for the pupils in the Fredonia, Wisconsin Public School, District 6, to observe June 14 (the 108th anniversary of the official adoption of The Stars and Stripes) as ‘Flag Birthday’. In numerous magazines and newspaper articles and public addresses over the following years, Cigrand continued to enthusiastically advocate the observance of June 14 as ‘Flag Birthday’, or ‘Flag Day’.

On June 14, 1889, George Balch, a kindergarten teacher in New York City, planned appropriate ceremonies for the children of his school, and his idea of observing Flag Day was later adopted by the State Board of Education of New York. On June 14, 1891, the Betsy Ross House in Philadelphia held a Flag Day celebration, and on June 14 of the following year, the New York Society of the Sons of the Revolution, celebrated Flag Day.

Following the suggestion of Colonel J Granville Leach (at the time historian of the Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the Revolution), the Pennsylvania Society of Colonial Dames of America on April 25, 1893 adopted a resolution requesting the mayor of Philadelphia and all others in authority and all private citizens to display the Flag on June 14th. Leach went on to recommend that thereafter the day be known as ‘Flag Day’, and on that day, school children be assembled for appropriate exercises, with each child being given a small Flag.

Two weeks later on May 8th, the Board of Managers of the Pennsylvania Society of Sons of the Revolution unanimously endorsed the action of the Pennsylvania Society of Colonial Dames. As a result of the resolution, Dr. Edward Brooks, then Superintendent of Public Schools of Philadelphia, directed that Flag Day exercises be held on June 14, 1893 in Independence Square. School children were assembled, each carrying a small Flag, and patriotic songs were sung and addresses delivered. [etc. . . .]

(from)

http://www.usflag.org/flag.day.html

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American Flag flying from a lampost along the main street of Landrum, S.C. (cricketdiane photography)

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American Flag proudly waves in the late fall breezes of Landrum, South Carolina as the sun peers through the clouds in the distance. (cricketdiane photography)

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Flag Day: Betsy Ross, her 3 husbands, and other facts about the US flag

By Associated Press, Updated: Thursday, June 14, 3:37 AM

Thursday is Flag Day, marking the date in 1777 when Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes. Some facts about the U.S. flag:

(among several other things – )

— The national anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner,” is based on a 15-star, 15-stripe flag sewn by Mary Pickersgill for Fort McHenry in Baltimore. Vermont and Kentucky had recently been added to the original 13 states.

(from)

http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/flag-day-betsy-ross-her-3-husbands-and-other-facts-about-the-us-flag/2012/06/14/gJQAvLFjbV_story.html

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campobello & landrum - cricketdiane 202 American Flag

Campobello & Landrum – American Flag and Fall Trees (cricketdiane photography 2011)

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Sunset and the American Flag at the crossroads in Campobello, South Carolina – (cricketdiane photography) – pronounced “Campabella” in the South

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Sitting in the sunshine of the New York skyscrapers that face the Staten Island Ferry Terminal in Battery Park, this American Flag gleams and strikes a pose into the glistening reflections as the breezes catch it. (cricketdiane photography)

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CIMG9581 - cricketdiane US Flag Moon Trees StreetLight NYC 2012

The American Flag is visible in the right foreground of this night photo done in NYC as the moon shown through the clouds beyond the buildings and the streetlight cast yellow rays on the trees nearby. There are American flags flying everywhere in New York City – it really is a “Sea to Shining Sea” thing. (cricketdiane photography)

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CIMG9670 - NYC auction from Space History USA - cricketdiane

Collection from the US Space Flights at a NYC auction house – 2012 including a photograph of the US Flag planted on the Moon’s surface (cricketdiane photography)

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Living flag, 1911
These children, dressed in different shades of clothing, posed to represent the U.S. flag, becoming a “Living flag” in 1911

(from)

http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/modern/jb_modern_birth_2.html

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A flag of this design was first carried into battle on September 11, 1777, in the Battle of the Brandywine. The American flag was first saluted by foreign naval vessels on February 14, 1778, when the Ranger, bearing the Stars and Stripes and under the command of Captain Paul Jones, arrived in a French port. The flag first flew over a foreign territory in early 1778 at Nassau, Bahama Islands, where Americans captured a British fort.
Observance of the adoption of the flag was not soon in coming, however. Although there are many claims to the first official observance of Flag Day, all but one took place more than an entire century after the flag’s adoption in 1777.

(from)

http://www.va.gov/opa/publications/celebrate/flagday.pdf

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US & Red Cross Flags - Atlanta GA - cricketdiane 09-06-11 080

US & Red Cross Flags – Atlanta GA – (cricketdiane photography 09-06-11) American Flag and the Red Cross flag spinning in the wind as a thunderstorm moves through the city.

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Flags flying in New York City breeze between the buildings (cricketdiane photography 2012)

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Flags of the World with the US Flag flying high above from a building nearby in New York City – (cricketdiane photography 2012)

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When I think of the Flag and the Pledge of Allegiance, I am reminded of trying to understand what “indivisible” means. Maybe I was six or seven years old and asked my Dad, at first I thought the word was “invisible” and when I asked, why do we say America is invisible in the pledge of allegiance, he corrected me and explained that the word is “indivisible”. That seemed odd to me at the time and there was nothing that could come close to explain in my mind what that could be. So, I asked what indivisible is . . .
And my Dad said, “that which cannot be divided.” Which of course, is the answer but I still didn’t get it. How could anything not be divided up in some way or another, I asked. Everything can become parts . . .
And yet, he was right. America is indivisible – we pledge allegiance to that very thing every time we salute the flag, live as an American, vote, work, build a business, sing a patriotic song, wave a flag or tell our children what America means. Each generation, each day, we are Americans – indivisible, and with the intention of providing Liberty and Justice for all – even if that doesn’t always happen that way. It is what we want and what our nation means to be American and to honor our flag and our forefathers and our nation.

Over time, there have been many attempts to divide America. The most recent efforts to make the United States into 50 sovereign nation states each with complete independence from the whole to make their own decisions has been one of the most insidious and heinous efforts to divide the United States beyond the Civil War of the 1800s. Those 50 states are one nation indivisible and each one along with their citizens have pledged to maintain that indivisibility to stay as one nation, and to honor the Constitutional guarantees of Liberty and Justice for All as well as protecting other inalienable human rights for individuals, (not just for the rich, not just for the land owners, not just for those citizens born in America, not just for the bankers, lawyers and politicians, not just for the upper classes, and not just for those that fill a seat of power.) This nation is One made of many whose hunger for freedoms and human rights, equality and justice, decency and dignity, democracy and capitalism all go hand in hand. There is no separation in it. We each stand up for those things everyday because to be without them is a living hell on earth and horrors beyond the imagination.

Together – Indivisible.

– cricketdiane

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SV105870 NYC cricketdiane US and NY flags 2012

American flag in New York City (cricketdiane photography)

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Maryland House Travel Center (visitors center) and Historic US Flag depiction along with history of Maryland and America (cricketdiane photography 2011)

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American Flag flying from New York City buildings during the Christmas season (cricketdiane photography).

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03-22-12 NYC Times Square Walkabout cricketdiane American flags reflection 373

The reflections of the American Flag from the Recruiting Station on Times’ Square. (cricketdiane photography 2012)

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Statue of Liberty in the New York Harbor at Sunset seen from the Staten Island Ferry (cricketdiane photography 2011)

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CIMG0304 American flag Staten Island near Alice Austen House and Manhattan across NY Waterway - cricketdiane 2012

American flag posting in the breeze next to the New York Harbor Waterway near the Alice Austen House Museum on Staten Island. Manhattan can be seen in the distance – (cricketdiane photography 2012)

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Inscription on a public building in Hendersonville, NC – it reads, “Erected by the People. Dedicated to the Perpetuation of Civic Progress, Liberty and The Security of Public Honor” (cricketdiane photography 2011)

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Jan 2012 - First Walkabout NYC to stay cricketdiane American Flag at The League for Political Education NYC 176

The US Flag on the building originally used by The League for Political Education in New York City – (cricketdiane photography 2012)

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NYC Nightwalk cricketdiane American Flag 03-14-12 075

American Flags flying in the night city of New York – (cricketdiane photography 2012)

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Very nifty . . .

Happy Flag Day

– cricketdiane

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The American Flag and the Christian Flag flying over a church parking lot in North Carolina – (cricketdiane photography 2011)

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American Flag on the Fireplace Mantle at my house – (cricketdiane photography 2011)

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American Flags lining the street – suburban Atlanta – (cricketdiane photography 2010)

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CIMG0013 - cricketdiane American Flag on Fire Station House Staten Island NYC

Engine Company 152 Staten Island Fire Station proudly flying the American Flag, (cricketdiane photography)

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Three American Flags spinning in the breeze at Madison Square Garden, New York City – (cricketdiane photography 2011)

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Looking up at the US Flag proudly waving from a monumental New York City building with stunning, massive columns – (cricketdiane photography 2011)

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American Flag at Staten Island Ferry Terminal cricketdiane photography 2011

One of the most photographed flags in America – American Flag at Staten Island Ferry Terminal (cricketdiane photography 2011)

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09-02-11 Flags Skies Flowers 013_cricketdiane American Flag and Sunshine 2011

American Flag with the sun gleaming through the clouds behind it. (cricketdiane photography 2011)

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