I was thrilled to find this last night, which I checked into today –
CERN unveils Open Hardware initiative
The CERN OHL was created to govern the use, copying, modification and distribution of hardware design documentation and the manufacture and distribution of products. Hardware design documentation includes schematic diagrams, designs, circuit or circuit board layouts, mechanical drawings, flow charts and descriptive texts, as well as other explanatory material.
That is truly amazing. What it means is that their research is available for anyone to study and understand better, among other things. It can be appropriately incorporated into different things following their guidelines. Truly amazing. And, wondrous news.
To explain briefly, for anyone who may not understand how fusion is different than fission –
Fusion puts together.
In this case, atoms (or molecules of atoms) – well, or parts of atoms even, are either divided such as with fission, or forced to fuse together as with fusion. In either approach, a broad spectrum of energy is given off as a result.
The idea is that, not whether it works because we can see that it does in every star across the universe, but rather – how can science make atomic fusion occur in a controlled and controllable manner. That is the real challenge our science community is fighting with fusion. They create hot systems that require a great deal of energy in order to generate the possibility of fusion occurring and literally force a type of high energy containment on the experimental materials to maintain control of them. And, it has a lot of very sophisticated equipment being used to do it. The question is, will the theories of what initiates the fusions to occur actually be proven or will something else be discovered as a result of the work they are doing. And, at each point our scientists, physicists, engineers and mathematicians are learning more about the nature of it.
So, a long time ago in my life, I thought things like this very important. And, I believe they are important now, even more so. We need new ways to capture, harness and generate electricity for today and future generations. We need new ways to move our cars and vehicles. We need new efficient and controllable ways of taking one form of energy to effectively make another that is desirable without harmful byproducts and unintended consequences of doing it. We all need that and every place on the planet needs that. It isn’t appropriate, given what we know – to go back to darkness, where lights don’t exist because we cannot power them. That doesn’t make sense when such progress for mankind can be offered by simple electricity being available to power a modernized integrated world.
Obviously, it is not enough for two atoms to simply get close to one another in order for fusion to occur. And, fusion isn’t exactly a chemical reaction as might be easily recognizable. Something else happens in fusion which generates a next higher order elemental atomic material from the original. Right now, our laboratories are using the largest atomic set possible in their experiments although to the naked eye, these would appear to be impossible to see or manipulate and obscenely small in comparison to the macro systems of stars, (or even our everyday world.) It would literally take thousands of these reactions occurring in a controlled manner to generate enough energy to be harnessed for any real purposes.
At this point, the theories are being tested still and the mathematics are being derived from the actual test results. There are things that happen when fusion even comes close to occurring which have required substantially more complex equations to understand because they are time dependent, non-linear, dynamic, dimensional and fluid, rather than static, “logical” or simply predictable. It is kind of like what happens when particles at the nano levels exhibit unusually complex characteristics dynamically different than the original materials would have at another scale. This is partly because the surface area of every single particle increases exponentially on the nano scale.
The same is true for the atomic scale of things. The same atom in a molecule within a stable configuration exhibits differing characteristics from an atom in an unstable system or configuration. And, an atom doesn’t get much more unstable anywhere in the universe than it would being bombarded at a collider facility or being forced into division in a nuclear armament or as it is being both bombarded and contained with electromagnetic and RF fields to maintain control of it. That is, except when stars are being made and those original fusions are occurring – atoms are extremely unstable at those points, too and they excite easily, they are fluid as are the particles that make up the atom and they are tangibly unstable with extreme characteristics to hear physicists explain it.
And, here is something I believe – and it may or may not be true, but it is observable – stars (and our sun) develop and exist within a cold system – in fact, they come to exist within the ultra cold vacuum of space. The heat and energy they generate are a result of fusion rather than the cause of the fusions themselves. It is evident. And fusion happens without any containment whatsoever. So what makes it happen? Why is there a gravitational pull to those spaces in the universe that exhibit the coming into being of a star or a planet or where a nebulae is forming? Why do those particles join rather than colliding with one another and causing a fission reaction? Why is that?
How does that same cosmic soup recreate even on the most microscopic scales here on earth such that we can see it when we get out an electron microscope to look at it?
Our physicists say these are exotic particles, exotic reactions, exotic and unusual systems – well, maybe they’re not exotic nor unusual at all. Maybe that is how they operate and our understanding of it is exotic and unusual in its basis.
It would have to be an “attractive force” that causes stars to form and fusion to begin occurring rather than an accidental combining of things or a hot system pressuring the elements to combine. There would be centrifugal forces at work, atomic excitement at the level of the proton and neutron, spinning powerful attractions within the elements themselves in order for these things to occur. And, there is proof that fusions occur and at some point, began occurring in a tandem series, integrated, fluctuating, plasmotic and ovaloidal – dimensionally more like fluid than electricity or the way we think of atoms behaving.
What if the naturally occurring forms for atoms and atomic structures do not fit our pretty little atomic models and are not naturally symmetric and stable? Looking at the dynamic system a little differently – what if fusion is asynchronous with an accelerated unstable internal gravitational field and excitement levels that simply defy our models because our models do not exemplify reality? What if the natural organically occurring atomic instability is a contributing factor to fusion being possible? What then would we do setting up the conditions for that attractive force to occur?
Cold systems – (from a card I wrote the other day) –
The stars and our sun are actually accomplished as “cold systems” within a cold external environment, rather than in a hot one as our scientists are trying to do. The heat that is being manufactured in them and the pressures of the system within these stars are from the fusions occurring within the system, which is both dimensionally active and as an asymmetric equilibrium is being maintained throughout the system. Externally, these systems sit in near zero pressure, in an ultra-cold environ.
What sets up the initial spin unless that spin is already inherent in the system’s components, even at the atomic levels? Is the sun proton heavy as suggested in measurements? Is it a purely electro-chemical reaction with by-products that yield heat and light? No. It is an integrated, dynamic system with fluctuations that create the conditions for new fusion reactions which set up new parameters of unbalanced equilibrium within the system to manufacture other high density zones of plasma and electro-chemical activity which set up the conditions for other fusions to occur. (Or something fairly close to that.)
How could we look at that using a slice of the pie style of mathematics, when in all the facts displayed, it is an integrated system within slices of time, fully dimensional and in some measure, ever setting up the unbalanced conditions that seek equilibrium and balance producing fusion among atomic components as a result? And, wouldn’t the systems we use to create fusion need to be the same – where in one moment of time the conditions are being created for the later elemental chaos of the system to seek equilibrium and produce atomic fusion in order to do so? Wouldn’t that do it for us just as the system does it for our sun (and other stars)?
Rather than stripping components and bombarding them with high pressures, high energy particles, high heat, and extreme containment measures, wouldn’t we need to look at fusions as a possibility from an integrated dynamic and fluid system within a matrix in flux, in instability, in dynamic fractional chaos, in asymmetric and asynchronous equilibrium as a whole system? And then the confinement and containment questions could be answered with the parameters of that system organically describing what would work to harness, contain and maintain control for the energy we want to derive from it? After all, our only real goal in producing fission or fusion, either one – is to derive the useful work energy of those reactions. That is the goal. If it can’t be used to power anything, then it is nothing more than nice to know scientific field work. And, it is definitely capable of so much more than that.
When fission occurs, we can see the devastating power it has had to decimate everything for miles upon miles around it. We can see the resultant energy, powerful radiation of various types, electromagnetic forces, electron activity, heat and light that the atomic fusions in our sun and other stars are manufacturing constantly many times a microsecond. We can measure these things. We can see them. The energy available to be harnessed is definitely there by forcing the atomic level constituents to divide unnaturally as in atomic fission or by fulfilling the conditions for the atoms to fuse in a fusion reaction and give off power as a result.
It has been said that the atomic power contained in one single drop of sea water could power our world for generations, if we were able to release it properly in an atomic fusion reactor. And, that is likely true. The dual hydrogen atoms do exist in the drop of seawater, as with many other forms of water. There are a multitude of atoms in a drop of seawater and thus a multitude of materials for fusion to utilize. And, then we would have helium and a whole lot of light and sound and energy all at the same time going everywhere outwards at once simultaneously. Or at least, that’s the theory.
So, what if you wanted to know more about this and make your own calculations concerning it? Where could that be found online?
Well – hmmmm……….
What if, we do a google search using these terms –
macroscopic energy systems
which yes, yields this page – of google results –
That is a good place to start.
Any and all of the entries on the first page of these search results will give a better understanding and very interesting reading in light of quantum physics, dynamic non-linear system characteristics and asymmetrically “balanced” system configurations (and principles) – it is very interesting in light of fusion occurring at the atomic scale and what happens when that occurs, what could “cause” it to occur and both, the conditions that could potentially provide for it and the possibilities for harnessing the power from the fusion reactions once they are occurring. Rather than looking at fusion as a mechanically separate phenomenon – thermodynamic approaches yield a more integrated holistic approach to the problem and it is easier to find the calculations that need to be made for it, (most of the equations to use.) It gives a way to look at dynamic, changing systems within the context that they seek equilibrium creating new constituents in the system as a result of the process. (My note, it is less like rocket science, although it is – and more like baking a cake in how it approaches the changes occurring in the system.)
(and then check out the google results of page three of the search from macroscopic energy systems)
For these results –
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Macroscopic and microscopic quantities. Macroscopic state variables such as the internal energy and the pressure of a system have …
by M Robèrt – 2007 – Cited by 9 – Related articles
Jump to Macroscopic modelling system of vehicle efficiency and urban mobility: The SAMPERS and EMME/2 combination is well suited for energy and …
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by M JIRASEK – 1995 – Cited by 35 – Related articles
macroscopic fracture energy and the mean etfective process zone size of two-dimensional particle systems on the basic microscopic characteristics such as …
by J Neugebauer – 1990 – Cited by 2 – Related articles
Sep 20, 2002 – Total energies of macroscopic polar electron-core systems are calculated by means of a new post initio method. The ground state statistical …