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Welcome to the website of

The Cobb County Republican Party

There is another old poet whose name I do not now remember who said,  Truth is the daughter of Time.
Abraham Lincoln

Mail: PO Box 1542  Kennesaw, GA  30156
Office: 1234 Powers Ferry Road  Marietta, GA  770-421-1833

County Republican Breakfast, Saturday, September 5
Williamson Bros. BBQ

http://www.cobbgop2008.com/

***

My Note –
If you are angry about the BP, TransOcean, Halliburton Gulf of Mexico oil spill destroying the ocean waters, the coast and the communities of people and animals along the Gulf Coast right now – then call the Republican Party headquarters nearest you and explain it to them over the phone, by email – on their websites, on their contact us pages and on the comments sections to anything anywhere they write to put in the newspaper, locally, regionally, specialized information bases like financial pages, and in oil industry pages and websites, their blogs, their places where they are posting their way of seeing it.

But, especially call them and call the Republican Congressmen and Congressional leaders, committees and Party leadership in the Senate and Congress, at the State levels and at the Federal levels, Call the Republican Party headquarters at local offices, state offices and national headquarter offices including their policy making committee members, and the Conservative Political Action Committee – CPAX – (CPAC) – call and email and tell them what you think about our country being polluted by these oil producers with complete disregard for our economic and physical well-being. They caused it, they made the law such that it would allow it and they de-regulated at their insistence knowing this could happen as a result. They can’t hear it – if you don’t say it.

– cricketdiane, 05-23-10

Added note – right now and over that last month, the only things the Republican Party and conservatives have heard has been from the lobbyists for the oil industry and their partners, from people that agree with them and from conservatives who want to make sure they do keep drilling offshore and in Alaska.

They’ve also been hearing from those who want to insist that the Party members and conservative caucus protect the oil industry from any fallout that might result from the Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling and the resultant spill, leaking gusher problems they now have, my note – cd9

I say it is time for them to hear from the rest of us now.

***

(repeated from the middle of the last post – my apologies if you already enjoyed it the first time – or not.)

***********

Here is another one –

http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp123-c5.pdf

(TPH) Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon has been identified in 34 of the 1,519 current or former EPA National Priorities List (NPL) hazardous waste sites (ATSDR 1998a).

My note –

This seems odd now doesn’t it –

“Raw petroleum and refined petroleum products used as fuels or lubricants are generally excluded at the national level from the cradle-to-grave record-keeping associated with recognized toxics such as heavy metals or chlorinated solvents.”

“With an eye to the availability of petroleum as a source of energy, petroleum production is tracked by the federal government as well as industry trade associations. Statistics are available for wellhead production as well as for production of major bulk fuel types from domestic refineries. These primary production statistics have been summarized in Chapter 4.”

http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp123-c5.pdf

The movement of raw petroleum to automobile fuel tanks or fuel oil boilers is part of a complex bulk product distribution and storage system, providing many opportunities for accidents, spills, leaks, and losses from simple volatilization. Consistent national statistics are lacking for many stages in the overall oil distribution and storage system. The main exceptions involve larger leaks and spills, especially spills in coastal areas or on larger navigable rivers.

Data for the period from 1984 through 1993 (API 1996) show that most data reported to the U.S. Coast Guard occurred in inland bodies of water: rivers, lakes, and points on bays or estuaries. Spills from large ocean-going tankers and large spills in general (more than 1,000 gallons) are relatively infrequent, never more than 5% of the total number of reported spills in a year. The average number of spills during the 1984-93 period was just under 6,000 spills. The numbers in any given year can vary enormously, with a maximum of just under 9,600 spills reported in 1991.

pp. 59 – 60

***

Within the broad reporting categories of vessels (tankers and barges) and facilities (pipelines, tanks batteries, and other onshore facilities) in the period 1984-1993, numbers of reported spill incidents were roughly equivalent: 42,000 incidents from vessels and 38,000 from facilities. Over this period, the vessels spilled a much larger cumulative amount of oil: 45 million gallons from vessels versus 15 million gallons for facilities. Major incidents can dominate these totals. Two vessel spills account for around one-third of the vessel totals.

At the national level, virtually the only other regulatory program that provides broad-based statistics on petroleum product releases to the environment is EPA’s (leaking) Underground Storage Tank (UST) Program. In 1994, there were over a million underground storage tanks on more than 300,000 identified UST sites; about 91% of these involve tanks at gasoline stations, truck stops, vehicle repair shops, or convenience stores selling gasoline or diesel fuel (EPA 1998c). There were at least 119,000 confirmed instances of underground releases of gasoline or similar petroleum bulk fuels to soils or groundwater, with the total number of sites needing remediation likely to climb to over 176,000 by the turn of the century (EPA 1994a).

While tests to confirm contamination may involve (TPH) Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons or tests for surrogates of specific chemicals such as benzene, the UST program does not attempt to make detailed estimates of releases to environmental media.

pp. 60 and 65

(my note, Table  5 – 4 is a good one – )

Information Please: 1985

U.S. Statistics. President: Ronald W. Reagan Vice President: George Bush Grammys awarded in 1985. Record of the Year: “What’s Love Got to Do With It,”
http://www.infoplease.com/year/1985.html22 hours ago

The United States presidential election of 1992 had three major candidates: Incumbent Republican President George H. W. Bush;

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_1992

***

My Note –

The Presidents, Uncle George Sr. and the Uncle Ron of movie star fame were in place when these changes were made in how the statistics were constructed about toxic releases of petroleum and crude oil in particular. They were also the administrations in place when it was determined that total petroleum hydrocarbons as a group of toxic agents would not be included as a category in the hazards lists, and in the health hazards categories within other directories and databases of statistics.

It was changed from 1976 or sometime prior that intended this to be included and mandated it.

– cricketdiane

And, Thad Allen – just said there was no way for anybody to get down to the levels of 5,000 feet or one mile below the surface and it isn’t an accurate reflection of reality – although he probably didn’t intend that.

*** At the same time, we were stepping on the moon, in 1969 – the deepest bathyscaphe / bathysphere dive was made to two miles down, I think it was. So what happened between there and here that now there is a reason to get down there to get humans into that area – we can’t do it and don’t know how and its way too deep?

– cd9

***

A bathyscaphe (pronounced /ˈbæθɨskeɪf, ˈbæθɨskæf/) is a free-diving self-propelled deep-sea submersible, consisting of a crew cabin similar to a bathysphere, but suspended below a float rather than from a surface cable, as in the classic bathysphere design.[1]

The float is filled with gasoline because this is readily available, buoyant, and for all practical purposes, incompressible. The incompressibility of the gasoline means the tanks can be very lightly constructed as the pressure inside and outside of the tanks equalises and they are not required to withstand any pressure differential at all. By contrast the crew cabin must withstand a huge pressure differential and is massively built. Buoyancy can be trimmed easily by replacing gasoline with water, which is denser.

Auguste Piccard, inventor of the first bathyscaphe, composed the name bathyscaphe using the Ancient Greek words βαθύς bathys (“deep”) and σκάφη skaphē (“ship”).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bathyscaphe

The iron shot containers are in the form of one or more hoppers which are open at the bottom throughout the dive, the iron shot being held in place by an electromagnet at the neck. This is a fail-safe device as it requires no power to ascend; in fact, in the event of a power failure, shot runs out by gravity and ascent is automatic.

Internal arrangement of Trieste. Click to enlarge.

History of development

The first bathyscaphe was dubbed FNRS-2, named after the Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique, and built in Belgium between 1946-48 by Auguste Piccard. Propulsion was provided by battery-driven electric motors.[1]

Piccard’s second bathyscaphe was Trieste, which was purchased by the United States Navy from Italy in 1957.[1] It had two water ballast tanks and eleven buoyancy tanks holding 120,000 litres of gasoline.[2]

Accomplishments

In 1960 Trieste, carrying Piccard’s son Jacques Piccard and Lt. Don Walsh, reached the deepest point on the Earth’s surface, the Challenger Deep, in the Mariana Trench.[1] As of 2010, the two remain the only people to reach this extreme depth. No manned vessel has ever repeated this feat. In 1995, the Japanese sent an unmanned submersible to this depth, Kaikō, but it was later lost at sea. Most recently, in 2009, a team from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution sent a robotic submarine named Nereus to the bottom of the trench.[3]

The onboard systems indicated a depth of 37,800 ft (11,521 m) but this was later corrected to 35,813 ft (10,916 m) by taking into account variations arising from salinity and temperature. Later and more accurate measurements made in 1995 have found the Challenger Deep to be shallower at 35,798 ft (10,911 m).

The bathyscaphe was equipped with a powerful light, which illuminated a small flounder-like fish, putting to rest the question of whether or not there was life at such a depth in the complete absence of light. The crew of the Trieste noted that the floor consisted of diatomaceous ooze and reported observing “some type of flatfish, resembling a sole, about 1 foot long and 6 inches across” lying on the seabed.[4] The report has since been questioned, with suggestions that it may have been a sea cucumber.

See also

(from)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bathyscaphe

***

Again – I’m repeating this part right quick to have it here -(cd)

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hhe/default.html

Skip navigation links Search NIOSHNIOSH HomeNIOSH TopicsSite IndexDatabases and Information ResourcesNIOSH ProductsContact Us

Health Hazard Evaluations

My Note –

The fishermen whose boats have been hired and they have been hired by BP to help place booms in oil infested waters, anyone including them who are working out in the Gulf waters with the crude oil and dispersants in it and anyone who is involved in cleanup operations, etc. who has any problems physically from these environmental pollutants – can make a complaint officially with this office of NIOSH above and they are legally required to immediately do something about it.

There is also the possibility that communities and people in communities along the coast who have any ill health effects from this crude oil spill can also find help with it here, register the complaint about it and register what their symptoms are, because this is an industrial workplace health hazard and has been caused by an industrial accident.

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hhe/default.html

***

Mr. BP on CNN State of the Union show – rebroadcast from earlier today but playing now – he still thinks the ocean is going to clean up itself through biological processes that are naturally occurring in the ocean. To be redundant, there were things I posted on a previous post about the 1946 spill of Texaco products in bayous and lands in Louisiana which were found to still have those chemicals in higher concentrations than acceptable even today.

So, he is lying or lying or lying or lying. Or he might be lying because his lips are moving. – Mr. BP Dudley – managing director of BP doesn’t mind it, I guess cause there he is doing it again, knowing full well better.

– cricketdiane

***

I found this interesting –

National Center for Policy Analysis

People related to National Center for Policy Analysis:
W. Mike Baggett – director
Don A. Buchholz – director
Harlan R. Crow – director
Pierre S. du Pont – national policy chairman
William J. Gedwed – director
John Victor Lattimore Jr. – director
Frederick R. Meyer – director
Henry J. Smith – director
James Cleo Thompson Jr. – director
Jere W. Thompson Sr. – director
Michael L. Whalen – director
Raymond E. Wooldridge – director
Robert J. Wright – director
Other current National Center for Policy Analysis relationships:
Castle Rock Foundation – donor
National Center for Policy Analysis past relationships:
Bruce Bartlett – senior fellow

http://www.muckety.com/National-Center-for-Policy-Analysis/5010465.muckety

***
Minton report: Carter-Ruck give up bid to keep Trafigura study secret

• Guardian ‘released from restrictions forthwith’
• Report called firm’s oil waste ‘potentially toxic’
• Read the Trafigura study: the Minton report (pdf)

* David Leigh
* guardian.co.uk, Friday 16 October 2009 22.19 BST
* Article history

Lawyers for oil traders Trafigura finally abandoned attempts to keep secret a scientific report about toxic waste dumping in west Africa, that was shown to the Guardian.

Just after 7.30pm Carter-Ruck, libel lawyers for Trafigura, wrote a letter to the Guardian which said the newspaper should regard itself as  released forthwith  from any reporting restrictions. An MP revealed the report’s existence to parliament this week, after the Guardian was hit with a  super-injunction  banning all mention of it and other UK media were then subsequently notified of, and therefore bound by it.

The Minton report, commissioned in 2006 from the London-based firm’s scientific consultants, said that based on the  limited  information they had been given Trafigura’s oil waste, dumped cheaply the month before in a city in Ivory Coast, was potentially toxic, and  capable of causing severe human health effects .

The study said early reports of large scale medical problems among the inhabitants of Abidjan, were consistent with a release of a cloud of potentially lethal hydrogen sulphide gas over the city. The effects could have included severe burns to the skin and lungs, eye damage, permanent ulceration, coma and death.

The author of this initial draft study, John Minton, of consultants Minton, Treharne & Davies, said dumping the waste would have been illegal in Europe and the proper method of disposal should have been a specialist chemical treatment called wet air oxidation.

Although the report was cautious, pointing out that unreliable press reports and  mass hysteria  might have led to exaggeration of alleged ill effects, its contents were unwelcome.

Trafigura subsequently did not use the report in the personal injury report in the claim against them and did not dislcose the report’s existence.

It issued a series of public statements over the next three years saying the waste had been routinely disposed of and was harmless. Trafigura based this decision on other reports produced from an analysis of the slops obtained from the Probo Koala ship. Trafigura dismissed complaints of illness in a lawsuit brought by 30,000 inhabitants of Abidjan, before being forced last month to pay them £30m in compensation and legal costs in a confidential out of court settlement.

The oil firm then conceded in a public statement that the toxic fumes could have caused  flu-like symptoms  to the inhabitants. But it was accepted in an agreed statement by both sides that expert evidence did not back the more serious claims of deaths, miscarriages or serious injuries, made in previous official statements by the Ivory Coast and British governments and in a UN report.

Before the settlement announcement, Trafigura’s lawyers Carter-Ruck obtained a super-injunction from a judge, banning the Guardian not only from revealing the existence of the Minton report, but also from telling anyone about the existence of the injunction.

They said the Minton report was confidential because it had been obtained for possible use in litigation. Trafigura said the report was only preliminary and had proved to be inaccurate. They said hydrogen sulphide in the waste could not have broken down into a dangerous gas after the dumping and that other experts had concluded:  no other chemicals were released in concentrations capable of causing significant harm to human health .

Carter-Ruck was unable to prevent the publication of internal company emails by the Guardian, which confirmed Trafigura executives had been aware in advance that their waste was hazardous, and knew that it ought to have received expensive specialist treatment. Company traders talked about making  serious dollars  from paying someone to take away their  shit .

Attempts by Carter-Ruck to suppress the Minton report led to a controversy about parliamentary privilege this week, when the law firm initially tried to prevent reporting of parliamentary questions tabled by the Labour MP Paul Farrelly. They later abandoned this attempt. Carter-Ruck was accused by MPs of potential contempt of parliament.

Tonight, Alan Rusbridger, the Guardian’s editor, said:  I welcome the climbdown by Trafigura and Carter-Ruck. Now people can read the Minton report they will realise why it was in the public interest for it to be published. It has taken a five-week legal battle – involving journalists, lawyers, bloggers and parliament itself – to force this information into the open. Never again should a newspaper be threatened with contempt of court for reporting parliament. And judges should think again about the use of super-injunctions which are themselves secret. This is a good day for parliament, open justice and free reporting.

Pierre Lorinet, Trafigura’s chief financial officer, told the Telegraph:  We decided that our best course of action at the time was to get the injunction, because we didn’t want more inaccurate reporting on things which are very clearly wrong effectively. It is a heavy-handed approach, absolutely. With hindsight, could it have been done differently? Possibly. The injunction was never intended to gag parliament or attack free speech.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/oct/16/carter-ruck-abandon-minton-injunction

***

http://www.imo.org/

Experts on dealing with maritime incidents involving hazardous and noxious substances to meet in France

IMO’s Fourth R&D Forum on Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS) in the Marine Environment, Parc Chanot, Marseille, France, 12 to 14 May 2009

Leading experts in dealing with maritime incidents involving hazardous and noxious substances, such as chemicals, will gather to exchange information and ideas at IMO’s Fourth R&D Forum on Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS) in the Marine Environment, which is to be held from 12 to 14 May 2009, in conjunction with INTERSPILL 2009, in Marseille, France.

The growth in marine transportation of chemicals, together with State and industry obligations arising from the entry into force, in 2007, of the Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances, 2000 (OPRC-HNS Protocol), have focused professional and public attention on the potential dangers of HNS at sea.

The R&D Forum will take an in-depth scientific, technical and legal look at the experience to date in planning for, and responding to, HNS incidents and the challenges that remain, and will define areas for new developments. The integration of the R&D Forum with the INTERSPILL conference underpins the conference theme of  Working Together  for the protection of the marine environment.

The Forum provides a platform for direct communication amongst senior researchers and Research and Development managers from recognized institutions around the world to promote and encourage co-operative activities including joint research, as well as to stimulate new ideas and studies related to preparedness and response to maritime incidents involving HNS. It will focus on impact assessment, the operational dimension of pollution-combating techniques and equipment, and health and safety issues. Compliance with, and enforcement of, international legislation related to HNS will be also analyzed.

It is anticipated that the Forum will bring together some 100 delegates from IMO Member States, other United Nations agencies, inter-Governmental agencies, non-governmental organizations and research institutions, in addition to providing an opportunity for participants to attend other events related to oil pollution response, organized as part of INTERSPILL 2009.

Previous IMO R&D Fora
The first and second International R&D Fora on oil spill response issues were held in McLean (USA, 1992) and London (1995).

The Third R&D Forum on High Density Oil Spill Response was held in Brest, France, in 2002.

The OPRC-HNS Protocol was adopted by IMO in 2000 and entered into force in 2007. It follows the principles of the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC), which was adopted in 1990 and entered into force in 1995.

Article 8 of the OPRC Convention and Article 6 of the OPRC-HNS Protocol call on Governments and IMO to play an active role in the promotion of R&D relating to the enhancement of state-of-the-art pollution preparedness and response, through the exchange of information, and to promote the holding, on a regular basis, of international symposia on relevant subjects, including technological advances in techniques and equipment for responding to pollution incidents.

Briefing 18, 8 May 2009

For further information please contact:
Lee Adamson, Head, Public Information Services on 020 7587 3153 (media@imo.org )
Natasha Brown, External Relations Officer on 020 7587 3274 (media@imo.org ).

http://www.imo.org/

***

To repeat once more –

Previous IMO R&D Fora
The first and second International R&D Fora on oil spill response issues were held in McLean (USA, 1992) and London (1995).

The Third R&D Forum on High Density Oil Spill Response was held in Brest, France, in 2002.

*********
http://www.iopcfund.org/

from their news / headlines page – about Interspill 2009 conference coming up in June – 2009

http://www.iopcfund.org/headlines.htm

Interspill 2009
Working Together
12-14 May 2009, Marseille, France

The Interspill 2009 Conference and Exhibition will take place at the Parc Chanot, Marseille, France, from
12-14 May 2009, in conjunction with the Fourth IMO R&D Forum on Hazardous & Noxious Substances in the Marine Environment. The theme of the conference is ‘Working Together’ to prevent, prepare for and respond to oil spills. The IOPC Funds’ Director, Mr Willem Oosterveen, will give a presentation entitled ‘The IOPC Funds: What has been achieved and what will be the main challenges for the future’ . The IOPC Funds will also run a short course on Oil Pollution Claims and Compensation as part of the educational programme and have a stand at the exhibition.

Click here for more information on Interspill 2009.

(http://www.interspill.com)

***

(from)

ABS 16855 Northchase Drive    Houston TX 77060 USA    Tel: 1-281-877-5800   |   2008 All Rights Reserved. Release 1.0.1.0024

Mission
The mission of ABS is to serve
the public interest as well as the
needs of our clients by promoting
the security of life, property and the
natural environment primarily through
the development and verifi cation of
standards for the design, construction
and operational maintenance of
marine-related facilities.

(from the ABS news)

EPA National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit
The US Environmental Protection Agency has published their final National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Vessel General Permit (VGP). Compliance within US waters is required from 6 February 2009. Read More

Latest News     Browse News
ABS Announces New Structural Requirements for FPSO Conversions and Newbuilds Leading offshore classification society ABS has adopted new structural requirements for the evaluation of converted floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) units. Read More
ABS Extends Offshore Structure Assessment Program To Tension Leg Platforms, Spars Classification society ABS unveiled its ABS Eagle Offshore Structure Assessment Program (OSAP) Version 2.0 at the Offshore Technology Conference in Houston, TX, this week. Read More

APRIL 2009
ABS
INTERNATIONAL DIRECTORY OF OFFICES

Directory-April2009.pdf

http://www.eagle.org/eagleExternalPortalWEB/ShowProperty/BEA%20Repository/News%20&%20Events/Publications/ABSInternationalDirectory

***

My apologies for repeating these parts but I thought it would be good to have them here in this part of the post – Yes, as stated in the State of the Union show on CNN – these oil platforms drilling in the Gulf of Mexico are flagged out of other nations and territories. But, there are international requirements and internationally criminal charges can be brought against them along with serious fines and their companies can be stripped of their rights, although they rarely ever do that.

– cricketdiane

***

Okay – these two entries are about hazardous waste generally – the Georgia site indicates the same thing that is available through every state out of the fifty United States and these resources are available to anyone.

Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet
Ohio State University Fact Sheet
Community Development
700 Ackerman Road, Suite 235, Columbus, OH 43202-1578
Disposal Of Household Hazardous Materials
CDFS-102

Joe E. Heimlich

One of the most controversial subjects of our time is hazardous waste. Where it goes has been central to many long legal battles. Often, people forget that every household contributes to hazardous waste.

Individually, the waste that is hazardous may seem insignificant, but in the aggregate….Picture, for example, a city of 50,000; if every household contributes an average of five gallons of hazardous material to the solid waste stream each year, there would be over 250,000 gallons of waste each year which would convert to roughly 41 1/3 tons of hazardous waste per year. Whether cleansers, paints, batteries, or motor oil, household hazardous waste should be of grave concern to all citizens.

Each person has options available to them for reducing their dependency on hazardous materials, using less, and careful disposal. This fact sheet will briefly discuss the current  best  means of disposing of household hazardous waste.
Step One: Read the Label

Some hazardous materials indicate proper disposal techniques on their labels. Unfortunately, these are in a minority and some of the containers that do indicate disposal techniques fail to go far enough. If disposal directions are not present on the label of a material known to be hazardous, the label will indicate contents, solubility, or corrosive/reactive potential through the warnings or cautions on the container.

These warnings could include the following:

*  Wear gloves  is a sign of corrosive or dermally toxic substances.

*  Do not store near heat or open flame  suggests ignitability.

*  Do not store near…  indicates reactive qualities of the material.

*  Use only in well ventilated room  is used for toxic fumes and reactive chemicals.

These and similar clues on the label will present a wise consumer with information necessary for proper disposal of the material.
An important note: Even when a container is  empty,  it is rarely  empty  of all chemicals. There is some liquid that the pump won’t spray and there is nearly always chemical residual on the sides and bottom of the container. Careful attention to disposal is imperative.
Step Two: Use and Reuse as Much as Possible

Often, there’s just that  little bit  left over from a job and it does not seem to be enough to bother saving. What to do? Attempt to use all of any hazardous material. If you don’t need it, perhaps a neighbor might.

Some solvents and cleaners (like paint thinner) can be reused–store the cleaner in a covered jar and when the paint has settled, strain and reuse (see below for the disposal of the sludge).

Some hazardous materials are recyclable; motor oil and fuel oils are often collected by service stations for filtering and reuse. Although the complete use of a product is wise, give leftover products to others only if the material is in its original container with the label intact. Any  precautionary  information that may have accompanied the container should also be given to the new user.


Step Three: Select Disposal Approach

* First and foremost, never burn or dump any hazardous wastes on the ground.

* Do not dispose of any hazardous material  down the sink  unless you are sure it can safely be disposed into the sewer system.  Down the sink  includes letting hazardous materials run down the sewer system (draining an auto’s oil into the gutter system or excessive water runoff from a pesticide treated yard) or down the toilet. If you have a septic tank, additional care must be taken.

* Avoid burying any containers or leftover chemicals.

* Do not mix hazardous wastes and do not collect containers and chemicals to dispose of them at one time.

* Solidify any liquid wastes. This involves using an absorbent material (sawdust, kitty litter, paper towels, rags) to soak up a liquid hazardous material. Do not solidify more than one chemical at a time. Using gloves, sweep or dispose of the material into a plastic bag, and then dispose of with other household garbage.

* Use this same process with any  empty  container other than an aerosol container. It is often good to  open  a non- aerosol container with wire cutters or scissors and air-dry; wearing gloves, swab the inside before disposal. Dispose of the rags or paper towels after they have aired outside.

* Latex paint can be solidified by exposing the paint to air. When dried, the paint and container can be disposed with household refuse. Wrap empty containers in several layers of newspaper prior to disposal. This prevents environmental contamination and reactive potential.

* With aerosol cans, turn the container upside down and depress spray button, with nozzle facing paper toweling, rags or any absorbent surface. When the spray has lost pressure, wrap the can in several layers of newspaper and dispose with household refuse.

* Some cleansers can be poured down a drain. If you have a septic tank, drain disposal should nearly always be avoided. If cleansers are designed to be used with water in a home or in sinks, showers, toilet bowls, and tubs, the material is probably drain disposable. Let the water run, rinse the container and slowly pour the water/chemical down the drain. Allow the water to continue running after the chemical is gone. Allow the container to air dry (or swab with paper towels), wrap in newspaper and dispose in household refuse.

* Antifreeze can be flushed down the toilet if connected to a sewer system.

* Pesticides, herbicides, oil paints, paint cleaners, and oil and transmission fluids should never be flushed into a water system or disposed of on ground or put into household refuse.

* Automobile batteries should never be added to a home’s garbage. Some communities have hazardous waste material collection systems for some of these wastes.

In many cases, disposal is difficult at best and the preferred solution is to

1. use an alternative material

2. recycle where possible (oil and batteries) or

3. use the material completely, then solidify residual and dispose of the container as described above.

In our society, hazardous waste is guaranteed. We use many chemicals daily at home, at play, and at work. Wise purchase, use, storage and disposal of necessary chemicals can greatly reduce the negative environmental impact of these chemicals. Finding effective alternatives to their use avoids the creation of hazardous wastes from the home.

All educational programs conducted by Ohio State University Extension are available to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basis without regard to race, color, creed, religion, sexual orientation, national origin, gender, age, disability or Vietnam-era veteran status.

Keith L. Smith, Associate Vice President for Ag. Adm. and Director, OSU Extension.

TDD No. 800-589-8292 (Ohio only) or 614-292-1868

| Ohioline | Search | Fact Sheets | Bulletins |

http://ohioline.osu.edu/cd-fact/0102.html

***

Government and businesses that generate or store hazardous waste are regulated through the Hazardous Waste Management Branch. This Branch also investigates spills and releases involving hazardous waste, and determines the impact to soil and water. The Branch administers the Hazardous Waste Trust Fund, also called the State Superfund, which is used to pay for the cleanup of some contaminated sites. Please click on the Branch title for detailed program information and contact information.

Hazardous Waste Management Branch links of interest:

* Georgia Industrial Materials Exchange
* Rules and Laws
o Existing Rules
o Proposed Rules
* Technical Guidance
* Forms
o Hazardous Site Cleanups
o Hazardous Waste Management
o Brownfields
* Hazardous Site Inventory

http://www.gaepd.org/Documents/hazsiteinv.html

* Hazardous Site Response Notifications
* Georgia Toxics Release Inventory Report
http://www.gaepd.org/Files_PDF/gaenviron/ertspill/gatri_rpt_2004.pdf

* Brownfields
* Voluntary Remediation Program

Georgia Environmental Protection Division
Georgia Department of Natural Resources
2 Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, Suite 1152 East Tower
Atlanta, GA 30334
Telephone: 404.657.5947 or 888.373.5947 (toll-free throughout Georgia)
Copyright 2009 by the Georgia Environmental Protection Division. All rights reserved.

http://www.gaepd.org/Documents/index_haz.html

***

As I said – every state has one of these divisions and can have many answers about the toxic nature, health hazards and necessary protection needed when cleaning up a spill – and other dangers, especially of petroleum based spills and similar toxic petroleum product releases.

– cricketdiane

This is the one for the county where I live. Among other documents available for the State offices, indications are somewhere on the page for county references as well, and often for national databases and related information.

***

hsimaps_c.pdf
http://www.gaepd.org/Files_PDF/gaenviron/hazwaste/hsimaps_c.pdf

Cobb County Hazardous Chemicals Sites Inventory

***

Starting from the NIOSH Health Hazards page there is a link on the top bar just above the banner which says –

Databases and Information Resources

This definitely will help and everybody needs to know where to find this –

Absolutively.

– cricketdiane

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/idlh/intridl4.html

It came from the last item in the right hand side bar on this NIOSH page –

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/idlh/idlh-1.html

— So, now from this page – –

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/idlh/intridl4.html

Please notice – Petroleum, crude oil and total petroleum hydrocarbons are not on the list – but it is not because they don’t belong there – note earlier post and discussion earlier in this one –

Substance Original IDLH
Value
Revised IDLH
Value
Acetaldehyde 10,000 ppm 2,000 ppm
Acetic acid 1,000 ppm 50 ppm
Acetic anhydride 1,000 ppm 200 ppm
Acetone 20,000 ppm 2,500 ppm [LEL]
Acetonitrile 4,000 ppm 500 ppm
Acetylene tetrabromide 10 ppm 8 ppm
Acrolein 5 ppm 2 ppm
Acrylamide Unknown 60 mg/m3
Acrylonitrile 500 ppm 85 ppm
Aldrin 100 mg/m3 25 mg/m3
Allyl alcohol 150 ppm 20 ppm
Allyl chloride 300 ppm 250 ppm
Allyl glycidyl ether 270 ppm 50 ppm
2 Aminopyridine 5 ppm 5 ppm [Unch]
Ammonia 500 ppm 300 ppm
Ammonium sulfamate 5,000 mg/m3 1,500 mg/m3
n-Amyl acetate 4,000 ppm 1,000 ppm
sec-Amyl acetate 9,000 ppm 1,000 ppm
Aniline 100 ppm 100 ppm [Unch]
o-Anisidine 50 mg/m3 50 mg/m3 [Unch]
p-Anisidine 50 mg/m3 50 mg/m3 [Unch]
Antimony compounds (as Sb) 80 mg Sb/m3 50 mg Sb/m3
ANTU 100 mg/m3 100 mg/m3 [Unch]
Arsenic (inorganic compounds, as As) 100 mg As/m3 5 mg As/m3
Arsine 6 ppm 3 ppm
Azinphosmethyl 20 mg/m3 10 mg/m3
Barium (soluble compounds, as Ba) 1,100 mg Ba/m3 50 mg Ba/m3
Benzene 3,000 ppm 500 ppm
Benzoyl peroxide 7,000 mg/m3 1,500 mg/m3
Benzyl chloride 10 ppm 10 ppm [Unch]
Beryllium compounds (as Be) 10 mg Be/m3 4 mg Be/m3
Boron oxide N.E. 2,000 mg/m3
Boron trifluoride 100 ppm 25 ppm
Bromine 10 ppm 3 ppm
Bromoform Unknown 850 ppm
1,3-Butadiene 20,000 ppm [LEL] 2,000 ppm [LEL]
2-Butanone 3,000 ppm 3,000 ppm [Unch]
2-Butoxyethanol 700 ppm 700 ppm [Unch]
n-Butyl acetate 10,000 ppm 1,700 ppm [LEL]
sec-Butyl acetate 10,000 ppm 1,700 ppm [LEL]
tert-Butyl acetate 10,000 ppm 1,500 ppm [LEL]
n-Butyl alcohol 8,000 ppm 1,400 ppm [LEL]
sec-Butyl alcohol 10,000 ppm 2,000 ppm
tert-Butyl alcohol 8,000 ppm 1,600 ppm
n-Butylamine 2,000 ppm 300 ppm
tert-Butyl chromate 30 mg/m3 (as CrO3) 15 mg Cr(VI)/m3
n-Butyl glycidyl ether 3,500 ppm 250 ppm
n-Butyl mercaptan 2,500 ppm 500 ppm
p-tert-Butyltoluene 1,000 ppm 100 ppm
Cadmium dust (as Cd) 50 mg Cd/m3 9 mg Cd/m3
Cadmium fume (as Cd) 9 mg Cd/m3 9 mg Cd/m3[Unc h]
Calcium arsenate (as As) 100 mg As/m3 5 mg As/m3
Calcium oxide Unknown 25 mg/m3
Camphor (synthetic) 200 mg/m3 200 mg/m3 [Unch]
Carbaryl 600 mg/m3 100 mg/m3
Carbon black N.E. 1,750 mg/m3
Carbon dioxide 50,000 ppm 40,000 ppm
Carbon disulfide 500 ppm 500 ppm [Unch]
Carbon monoxide 1,500 ppm 1,200 ppm
Carbon tetrachloride 300 ppm 200 ppm
Chlordane 500 mg/m3 100 mg/m3
Chlorinated camphene 200 mg/m3 200 mg/m3 [Unch]
Chlorinated diphenyl oxide Unknown 5 mg/m3
Chlorine 30 ppm 10 ppm
Chlorine dioxide 10 ppm 5 ppm
Chlorine trifluoride 20 ppm 20 ppm [Unch]
Chloroacetaldehyde 100 ppm 45 ppm
alpha-Chloroacetophenone 100 mg/m3 15 mg/m3
Chlorobenzene 2,400 ppm 1,000 ppm
o-Chlorobenzylidene malononitrile 2 mg/m3 2 mg/m3 [Unch]
Chlorobromomethane 5,000 ppm 2,000 ppm
Chlorodiphenyl (42% chlorine) 10 mg/m3 5 mg/m3
Chlorodiphenyl (54% chlorine) 5 mg/m3 5 mg/m3 [Unch]
Chloroform 1,000 ppm 500 ppm
1-Chloro-1-nitropropane 2,000 ppm 100 ppm
Chloropicrin 4 ppm 2 ppm
beta-Chloroprene 400 ppm 300 ppm
Chromic acid and chromates 30 mg/m3 (as CrO3) 15 mg Cr(VI)/m3
Chromium (II) compounds [as Cr(II)] N.E. 250 mg Cr(II)/m3
Chromium (III) compounds [as Cr(III)] N.E. 25 mg Cr(III)/m3
Chromium metal (as Cr) N.E. 250 mg Cr/m3
Coal tar pitch volatiles 700 mg/m3 80 mg/m3
Cobalt metal, dust and fume (as Co) 20 mg Co/m3 20 mg Co/m3 [Unch]
Copper (dusts and mists, as Cu) N.E. 100 mg Cu/m3
Copper fume (as Cu) N.E. 100 mg Cu/m3
Cotton dust (raw) N.E. 100 mg/m3
Crag (r) herbicide 5,000 mg/m3 500 mg/m3
Cresol (o, m, p isomers) 250 ppm 250 ppm [Unch]
Crotonaldehyde 400 ppm 50 ppm
Cumene 8,000 ppm 900 ppm [LEL]
Cyanides (as CN) 50 mg/m3 (as CN) 25 mg/m3 (as CN)
Cyclohexane 10,000 ppm 1,300 ppm [LEL]
Cyclohexanol 3,500 ppm 400 ppm
Cyclohexanone 5,000 ppm 700 ppm
Cyclohexene 10,000 ppm 2,000 ppm
Cyclopentadiene 2,000 ppm 750 ppm
2,4-D 500 mg/m3 100 mg/m3
DDT N.E. 500 mg/m3
Decaborane 100 mg/m3 15 mg/m3
Demeton 20 mg/m3 10 mg/m3
Diacetone alcohol 2,100 ppm 1,800 ppm [LEL]
Diazomethane 2 ppm 2 ppm [Unch]
Diborane 40 ppm 15 ppm
Dibutyl phosphate 125 ppm 30 ppm
Dibutyl phthalate 9,300 mg/m3 4,000 mg/m3
o-Dichlorobenzene 1,000 ppm 200 ppm
p-Dichlorobenzene 1,000 ppm 150 ppm
Dichlorodifluoromethane 50,000 ppm 15,000 ppm
1,3-Dichloro 5,5-dimethylhydantoin Unknown 5 mg/m3
1,1-Dichloroethane 4,000 ppm 3,000 ppm
1,2-Dichloroethylene 4,000 ppm 1,000 ppm
Dichloroethyl ether 250 ppm 100 ppm
Dichloromonofluoromethane 50,000 ppm 5,000 ppm
1,1-Dichloro 1-nitroethane 150 ppm 25 ppm
Dichlorotetrafluoroethane 50,000 ppm 15,000 ppm
Dichlorvos 200 mg/m3 100 mg/m3
Dieldrin 450 mg/m3 50 mg/m3
Diethylamine 2,000 ppm 200 ppm
2-Diethylaminoethanol 500 ppm 100 ppm
Difluorodibromomethane 2,500 ppm 2,000 ppm
Diglycidyl ether 25 ppm 10 ppm
Diisobutyl ketone 2,000 ppm 500 ppm
Diisopropylamine 1,000 ppm 200 ppm
Dimethyl acetamide 400 ppm 300 ppm
Dimethylamine 2,000 ppm 500 ppm
N,N-Dimethylaniline 100 ppm 100 ppm [Unch]
Dimethyl 1,2-dibromo 2,2-dichlorethyl phosphate 1,800 mg/m3 200 mg/m3
Dimethylformamide 3,500 ppm 500 ppm
1,1-Dimethylhydrazine 50 ppm 15 ppm
Dimethylphthalate 9,300 mg/m3 2,000 mg/m3
Dimethyl sulfate 10 ppm 7 ppm
Dinitrobenzene (o, m, p isomers) 200 mg/m3 50 mg/m3
Dinitroocresol 5 mg/m3 5 mg/m3 [Unch]
Dinitrotoluene 200 mg/m3 50 mg/m3
Di sec-octyl phthalate Unknown 5,000 mg/m3
Dioxane 2,000 ppm 500 ppm
Diphenyl 300 mg/m3 100 mg/m3
Dipropylene glycol methyl ether Unknown 600 ppm
Endrin 2,000 mg/m3 2 mg/m3
Epichlorohydrin 250 ppm 75 ppm
EPN 50 mg/m3 5 mg/m3
Ethanolamine 1,000 ppm 30 ppm
2-Ethoxyethanol 6,000 ppm 500 ppm
2-Ethoxyethyl acetate 2,500 ppm 500 ppm
Ethyl acetate 10,000 ppm 2,000 ppm [LEL]
Ethyl acrylate 2,000 ppm 300 ppm
Ethyl alcohol 15,000 ppm 3,300 ppm [LEL]
Ethylamine 4,000 ppm 600 ppm
Ethyl benzene 2,000 ppm 800 ppm [LEL]
Ethyl bromide 3,500 ppm 2,000 ppm
Ethyl butyl ketone 3,000 ppm 1,000 ppm
Ethyl chloride 20,000 ppm 3,800 ppm [LEL]
Ethylene chlorohydrin 10 ppm 7 ppm
Ethylenediamine 2,000 ppm 1,000 ppm
Ethylene dibromide 400 ppm 100 ppm
Ethylene dichloride 1,000 ppm 50 ppm
Ethylene glycol dinitrate 500 mg/m3 75 mg/m3
Ethyleneimine 100 ppm 100 ppm [Unch]
Ethylene oxide 800 ppm 800 ppm [Unch]
Ethyl ether 19,000 ppm [LEL] 1,900 ppm [LEL]
Ethyl formate 8,000 ppm 1,500 ppm
Ethyl mercaptan 2,500 ppm 500 ppm
N-Ethylmorpholine 2,000 ppm 100 ppm
Ethyl silicate 1,000 ppm 700 ppm
Ferbam N.E. 800 mg/m3
Ferrovanadium dust N.E. 500 mg/m3
Fluorides (as F) 500 mg F/m3 250 mg F/m3
Fluorine 25 ppm 25 ppm [Unch]
Fluorotrichloromethane 10,000 ppm 2,000 ppm
Formaldehyde 30 ppm 20 ppm
Formic acid 30 ppm 30 ppm [Unch]
Furfural 250 ppm 100 ppm
Furfuryl alcohol 250 ppm 75 ppm
Glycidol 500 ppm 150 ppm
Graphite (natural) N.E. 1,250 mg/m3
Hafnium compounds (as Hf) Unknown 50 mg Hf/m3
Heptachlor 700 mg/m3 35 mg/m3
n-Heptane 5,000 ppm 750 ppm
Hexachloroethane 300 ppm 300 ppm [Unch]
Hexachloronaphthalene 2 mg/m3 2 mg/m3 [Unch]
n-Hexane 5,000 ppm 1,100 ppm [LEL]
2-Hexanone 5,000 ppm 1,600 ppm
Hexone 3,000 ppm 500 ppm
sec Hexyl acetate 4,000 ppm 500 ppm
Hydrazine 80 ppm 50 ppm
Hydrogen bromide 50 ppm 30 ppm
Hydrogen chloride 100 ppm 50 ppm
Hydrogen cyanide 50 ppm 50 ppm [Unch]
Hydrogen fluoride (as F) 30 ppm 30 ppm [Unch]
Hydrogen peroxide 75 ppm 75 ppm [Unch]
Hydrogen selenide (as Se) 2 ppm 1 ppm
Hydrogen sulfide 300 ppm 100 ppm
Hydroquinone Unknown 50 mg/m3
Iodine 10 ppm 2 ppm
Iron oxide dust and fume (as Fe) N.E. 2,500 mg Fe/m3
Isoamyl acetate 3,000 ppm 1,000 ppm
Isoamyl alcohol (primary and secondary) 10,000 ppm 500 ppm
Isobutyl acetate 7,500 ppm 1,300 ppm [LEL]
Isobutyl alcohol 8,000 ppm 1,600 ppm
Isophorone 800 ppm 200 ppm
Isopropyl acetate 16,000 ppm 1,800 ppm
Isopropyl alcohol 12,000 ppm 2,000 ppm [LEL]
Isopropylamine 4,000 ppm 750 ppm
Isopropyl ether 10,000 ppm 1,400 ppm [LEL]
Isopropyl glycidyl ether 1,000 ppm 400 ppm
Ketene Unknown 5 ppm
Lead compounds (as Pb) 700 mg Pb/m3 100 mg Pb/m3
Lindane 1,000 mg/m3 50 mg/m3
Lithium hydride 55 mg/m3 0.5 mg/m3
L.P.G. 19,000 ppm [LEL] 2,000 ppm [LEL]
Magnesium oxide fume N.E. 750 mg/m3
Malathion 5,000 mg/m3 250 mg/m3
Maleic anhydride Unknown 10 mg/m3
Manganese compounds (as Mn) N.E. 500 mg Mn/m3
Mercury compounds [except (organo) alkyls, as Hg] 28 mg Hg/m3 10 mg Hg/m3
Mercury (organo) alkyl compounds(as Hg) 10 mg Hg/m3 2 mg Hg/m3
Mesityl oxide 5,000 ppm 1,400 ppm [LEL]
Methoxychlor N.E. 5,000 mg/m3
Methyl acetate 10,000 ppm 3,100 ppm [LEL]
Methyl acetylene 15,000 ppm [LEL] 1,700 ppm [LEL]
Methyl acetylenepropadiene mixture 15,000 ppm 3,400 ppm [LEL]
Methyl acrylate 1,000 ppm 250 ppm
Methylal 15,000 ppm [LEL] 2,200 ppm [LEL]
Methyl alcohol 25,000 ppm 6,000 ppm
Methylamine 100 ppm 100 ppm [Unch]
Methyl (namyl) ketone 4,000 ppm 800 ppm
Methyl bromide 2,000 ppm 250 ppm
Methyl Cellosolve (r) 2,000 ppm 200 ppm
Methyl Cellosolve (r) acetate 4,000 ppm 200 ppm
Methyl chloride 10,000 ppm 2,000 ppm
Methyl chloroform 1,000 ppm 700 ppm
Methylcyclohexane 10,000 ppm 1,200 ppm [LEL]
Methylcyclohexanol 10,000 ppm 500 ppm
o-Methylcyclohexanone 2,500 ppm 600 ppm
Methylene bisphenyl isocyanate 100 mg/m3 75 mg/m3
Methylene chloride 5,000 ppm 2,300 ppm
Methyl formate 5,000 ppm 4,500 ppm
5-Methyl 3-heptanone 3,000 ppm 100 ppm
Methyl hydrazine 50 ppm 20 ppm
Methyl iodide 800 ppm 100 ppm
Methyl isobutyl carbinol 2,000 ppm 400 ppm
Methyl isocyanate 20 ppm 3 ppm
Methyl mercaptan 400 ppm 150 ppm
Methyl methacrylate 4,000 ppm 1,000 ppm
Methyl styrene 5,000 ppm 700 ppm
Mica N.E. 1,500 mg/m3
Molybdenum (insoluble compounds, as Mo) N.E. 5,000 mg Mo/m3
Molybdenum (soluble compounds, as Mo) N.E. 1,000 mg Mo/m3
Monomethyl aniline 100 ppm 100 ppm [Unch]
Morpholine 8,000 ppm 1,400 ppm [LEL]
Naphtha (coal tar) 10,000 ppm [LEL] 1,000 ppm [LEL]
Naphthalene 500 ppm 250 ppm
Nickel carbonyl (as Ni) 7 ppm 2 ppm
Nickel metal and other compounds (as Ni) N.E. 10 mg Ni/m3
Nicotine 35 mg/m3 5 mg/m3
Nitric acid 100 ppm 25 ppm
Nitric oxide 100 ppm 100 ppm [Unch]
p-Nitroaniline 300 mg/m3 300 mg/m3 [Unch]
Nitrobenzene 200 ppm 200 ppm [Unch]
p-Nitrochlorobenzene 1,000 mg/m3 100 mg/m3
Nitroethane 1,000 ppm 1,000 ppm [Unch]
Nitrogen dioxide 50 ppm 20 ppm
Nitrogen trifluoride 2,000 ppm 1,000 ppm
Nitroglycerine 500 mg/m3 75 mg/m3
Nitromethane 1,000 ppm 750 ppm
1-Nitropropane 2,300 ppm 1,000 ppm
2-Nitropropane 2,300 ppm 100 ppm
Nitrotoluene (o, m, p isomers) 200 ppm 200 ppm [Unch]
Octachloronaphthalene Unknown Unknown [Unch]
Octane 5,000 ppm 1,000 ppm [LEL]
Oil mist (mineral) N.E. 2,500 mg/m3
Osmium tetroxide (as Os) 1 mg Os/m3 1 mg Os/m3 [Unch]
Oxalic acid 500 mg/m3 500 mg/m3 [Unch]
Oxygen difluoride 0.5 ppm 0.5 ppm [Unch]
Ozone 10 ppm 5 ppm
Paraquat 1.5 mg/m3 1 mg/m3
Parathion 20 mg/m3 10 mg/m3
Pentaborane 3 ppm 1 ppm
Pentachloronaphthalene Unknown Unknown [Unch]
Pentachlorophenol 150 mg/m3 2.5 mg/m3
n-Pentane 15,000 ppm [LEL] 1,500 ppm [LEL]
2-Pentanone 5,000 ppm 1,500 ppm
Perchloromethyl mercaptan 10 ppm 10 ppm [Unch]
Perchloryl fluoride 385 ppm 100 ppm
Petroleum distillates (naphtha) 10,000 ppm 1,100 ppm [LEL]
Phenol 250 ppm 250 ppm [Unch]
p-Phenylene diamine Unknown 25 mg/m3
Phenyl ether (vapor) N.E. 100 ppm
Phenyl etherbiphenyl mixture (vapor) N.E. 10 ppm
Phenyl glycidyl ether Unknown 100 ppm
Phenylhydrazine 295 ppm 15 ppm
Phosdrin 4 ppm 4 ppm [Unch]
Phosgene 2 ppm 2 ppm [Unch]
Phosphine 200 ppm 50 ppm
Phosphoric acid 10,000 mg/m3 1,000 mg/m3
Phosphorus (yellow) N.E. 5 mg/m3
Phosphorus pentachloride 200 mg/m3 70 mg/m3
Phosphorus pentasulfide 750 mg/m3 250 mg/m3
Phosphorus trichloride 50 ppm 25 ppm
Phthalic anhydride 10,000 mg/m3 60 mg/m3
Picric acid 100 mg/m3 75 mg/m3
Pindone 200 mg/m3 100 mg/m3
Platinum (soluble salts, as Pt) N.E. 4 mg Pt/m3
Portland cement N.E. 5,000 mg/m3
Propane 20,000 ppm [LEL] 2,100 ppm [LEL]
n-Propyl acetate 8,000 ppm 1,700 ppm
n-Propyl alcohol 4,000 ppm 800 ppm
Propylene dichloride 2,000 ppm 400 ppm
Propylene imine 500 ppm 100 ppm
Propylene oxide 2,000 ppm 400 ppm
n-Propyl nitrate 2,000 ppm 500 ppm
Pyrethrum 5,000 mg/m3 5,000 mg/m3 [Unch]
Pyridine 3,600 ppm 1,000 ppm
Quinone 300 mg/m3 100 mg/m3
Rhodium (metal fume and insoluble compounds, as Rh) N.E. 100 mg Rh/m3
Rhodium (soluble compounds, as Rh) N.E. 2 mg Rh/m3
Ronnel 5,000 mg/m3 300 mg/m3
Rotenone Unknown 2,500 mg/m3
Selenium compounds (as Se) Unknown 1 mg Se/m3
Selenium hexafluoride 5 ppm 2 ppm
Silica, amorphous N.E. 3,000 mg/m3
Silica, crystalline (respirable dust) N.E.

cristobalite/tridymite:

25 mg/m3

quartz/tripoli:

50 mg/m3
Silver (metal dust and soluble compounds, as Ag) N.E. 10 mg Ag/m3
Soapstone N.E. 3,000 mg/m3
Sodium fluoroacetate 5 mg/m3 2.5 mg/m3
Sodium hydroxide 250 mg/m3 10 mg/m3
Stibine 40 ppm 5 ppm
Stoddard solvent 29,500 mg/m3 20,000 mg/m3
Strychnine 3 mg/m3 3 mg/m3 [Unch]
Styrene 5,000 ppm 700 ppm
Sulfur dioxide 100 ppm 100 ppm [Unch]
Sulfuric acid 80 mg/m3 15 mg/m3
Sulfur monochloride 10 ppm 5 ppm
Sulfur pentafluoride 1 ppm 1 ppm [Unch]
Sulfuryl fluoride 1,000 ppm 200 ppm
2,4,5-T Unknown 250 mg/m3
Talc N.E. 1,000 mg/m3
Tantalum (metal and oxide dust, as Ta) N.E. 2,500 mg Ta/m3
TEDP 35 mg/m3 10 mg/m3
Tellurium compounds (as Te) N.E. 25 mg Te/m3
Tellurium hexafluoride 1 ppm 1 ppm [Unch]
TEPP 10 mg/m3 5 mg/m3
Terphenyl (o, m, p isomers) Unknown 500 mg/m3
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloro 2,2-difluoroethane 15,000 ppm 2,000 ppm
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloro 1,2-difluoroethane 15,000 ppm 2,000 ppm
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 150 ppm 100 ppm
Tetrachloroethylene 500 ppm 150 ppm
Tetrachloronaphthalene Unknown Unknown [Unch]
Tetraethyl lead (as Pb) 40 mg Pb/m3 40 mg Pb/m3 [Unch]
Tetrahydrofuran 20,000 ppm [LEL] 2,000 ppm [LEL]
Tetramethyl lead (as Pb) 40 mg Pb/m3 40 mg Pb/m3 [Unch]
Tetramethyl succinonitrile 5 ppm 5 ppm [Unch]
Tetranitromethane 5 ppm 4 ppm
Tetryl N.E. 750 mg/m3
Thallium (soluble compounds, as Tl) 20 mg Tl/m3 15 mg Tl/m3
Thiram 1,500 mg/m3 100 mg/m3
Tin (inorganic compounds, as Sn) 400 mg Sn/m3 100 mg Sn/m3
Tin (organic compounds, as Sn) Unknown 25 mg Sn/m3
Titanium dioxide N.E. 5,000 mg/m3
Toluene 2,000 ppm 500 ppm
Toluene 2,4-diisocyanate 10 ppm 2.5 ppm
o-Toluidine 100 ppm 50 ppm
Tributyl phosphate 125 ppm 30 ppm
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 500 ppm 100 ppm
Trichloroethylene 1,000 ppm 1,000 ppm [Unch]
Trichloronaphthalene Unknown Unknown [Unch]
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 1,000 ppm 100 ppm
1,1,2-Trichloro 1,2,2-trifluoroethane 4,500 ppm 2,000 ppm
Triethylamine 1,000 ppm 200 ppm
Trifluorobromomethane 50,000 ppm 40,000 ppm
2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene 1,000 mg/m3 500 mg/m3
Triorthocresyl phosphate 40 mg/m3 40 mg/m3 [Unch]
Triphenyl phosphate N.E. 1,000 mg/m3
Turpentine 1,500 ppm 800 ppm
Uranium (insoluble compounds, as U) 30 mg U/m3 10 mg U/m3
Uranium (soluble compounds, as U) 20 mg U/m3 10 mg U/m3
Vanadium dust 70 mg/m3 (as V2O5) 35 mg V/m3
Vanadium fume 70 mg/m3 (as V2O5) 35 mg V/m3
Vinyl toluene 5,000 ppm 400 ppm
Warfarin 350 mg/m3 100 mg/m3
Xylene (o, m, p isomers) 1,000 ppm 900 ppm
Xylidine 150 ppm 50 ppm
Yttrium compounds (as Y) N.E. 500 mg Y/m3
Zinc chloride fume 4,800 mg/m3 50 mg/m3
Zinc oxide 2,500 mg/m3 500 mg/m3
Zirconium compounds (as Zr) 500 mg Zr/m3 25 mg Zr/m3

(from)

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/idlh/intridl4.html

***

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/import/36455_einterimfinancialperformancereport

36455_einterimfinancialperformancereport.pdf

United Nations Industrial Development Organization
Distr.
GENERAL
IDB.30/9
PBC.21/9
30 March 2005
ORIGINAL: ENGLISH
Industrial Development Board
Thirtieth session
Vienna, 20-23 June 2005
Item 4 (a) of the provisional agenda
Programme and Budget Committee
Twenty-first session
Vienna, 10-12 May 2005
Item 3 of the provisional agenda
PERFORMANCE REPORT AND PROGRAMME PERFORMANCE
REPORT FOR THE BIENNIUM 2004-2005
Interim financial performance report for the biennium 2004-2005
Submitted by the Director-General
CONTENTS
Page
Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3
Chapter
I. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR THE 12-MONTH PERIOD OF THE
BIENNIUM 2004-2005 ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2004 ……………………………………………………… 3
Statement I Statement of income and expenditure and changes in reserves and fund
balances for the year ended 31 December 2004…………………………………………. 4
Statement II Statement of assets, liabilities, and reserves and fund balances as at
31 December 2004 ………………………………………………………………………………… 5
Schedule 2.1 Status of assessed contributions to the regular budget as at 31 December 2004 6
Schedule 2.2 Status of advances to the Working Capital Fund as at 31 December 2004 …….. 12
Itemizes the utilization of financial resources during the period 1 January – 31 December 2004 in accordance
with Programme and Budget Committee conclusion 1987/19.

***

V.05-82685 (E)
For reasons of economy, this document has been printed in a limited number. Delegates are kindly requested to bring
their copies of documents to meetings.
United Nations Industrial Development Organization
Distr.
GENERAL
IDB.30/9
PBC.21/9
30 March 2005
ORIGINAL: ENGLISH
Industrial Development Board
Thirtieth session
Vienna, 20-23 June 2005
Item 4 (a) of the provisional agenda

(k) Commitments
Commitments, representing legal obligations for which disbursements will be made in future years, were entered
into prior to 31 December 2004, as below:
US$ 000’s  000’s
Industrial Development Fund 3,232.3 2,515.3
Montreal Protocol 5,651.7 4,452.3

Global Environment Facility 4,033.8 3,262.7
Trust funds 5,738.0 4,474.4
Regular Programme of Technical Cooperation 784.1 618.9
Inter-organization arrangements 1,345.1 1,065.6

20,785.0 16,389.2

****

My Note –

Believe it or not – the people above and their budgets have something to do with this and their funding has been accessed by a number of these companies to provide for the operating costs associated with the drilling platforms and asundry operations that go along with them, including help paying the liability insurance, if I remember correctly. I thought I saw something about it in the IMO stuff one time and the UN international accords about the shipping and movement of petroleum products along with the drilling and terminal operations. It might be part of the reason that these platforms are flagged under the flags of other nations, especially those considered to be candidates for these moneys and UNIDO subsidies (among others).

– cricketdiane

***

(k) Borrowings
At the time UNIDO became a specialized agency, an interest-free loan of $16,000,000 was received from the
United Nations. The loan is repayable at the rate of $1,000,000 a year, commencing in 1990. The total amount due as at
31 December 2004 amounts to $1,000,000 ( 737,000 at the United Nations operational rate of exchange as at
31 December 2004).
IDB.30/9
PBC.21/9
Page 27
(b) Expenditure of  5,106,636 on RPTC and SRA activities is re-analysed into its component parts.
(r) Long-term contracts
Long-term contracts awarded for the operation of the VIC are not reported as commitments, as they may be
terminated at any time without penalty.
(s) Commitments
Commitments of  420,038 representing legal obligations for which disbursements will be made in future years
were entered into prior to 31 December 2004.
IDB.30/9
PBC.21/9
Page 29

Note 3. Other Headquarters funds
(a) Funds reported under this heading comprise:
(i) Special Account for Programme Support Costs;
(ii) Computer Model for Feasibility Analysis and Reporting (COMFAR);
(iii) Buildings Management Services (BMS).

During the year 2004, the Organization’s contribution to the scheme amounted to  1,659,567. The contributions
against the Buildings Management Services amounted to  57,538, which were cost-shared with other Vienna-based
organizations. In accordance with Programme and Budget Committee conclusion 2000/2, a detailed actuarial study to
determine the financial impact of the after-service health insurance was carried out, which showed the level of unfunded
liabilities as at December 2004 to be  35.2 million ($47.7 million based on the year-end exchange rate). A United
Nations system-wide solution is being sought to address the issue of unfunded liabilities. The lead agency on this issue,
established by the High-Level Committee on Management, Financial and Budget Network, is the United Nations who
are scheduled to submit a report to the General Assembly in 2005.
(x) Common Fund for Major Repairs and Replacements
On 1 January 1981, an agreement between the Republic of Austria, the United Nations and the IAEA went into
effect to establish a common fund for the purpose of financing the cost of major repairs and replacements of buildings,
facilities and technical installations, which are the property of the Republic of Austria and form part of the Headquarters
areas of the United Nations and IAEA at the Vienna International Centre. This agreement has also applied to UNIDO
since 1986, when it became a specialized agency. The Fund is administered by UNIDO through a joint committee.
Annual financial statements are prepared by UNIDO and audited by its Internal Oversight Group.
In 2002, an agreement was reached between the Vienna-based organizations and the Republic of Austria under
which reimbursement of the disbursements made during the year 2001 ($988,626) was not required. Under this
agreement, there will only be annual assessed contributions to the Fund as follows: the Republic of Austria
( 1,235,300) and the Vienna-based organizations ( 1,235,300). Furthermore, unexpected major repairs and
replacements, which are not included in the agreed investment plan, will have to be shared by all parties. In the past,
such costs were fully absorbed by the Austrian Government.
The fund balance as at 31 December 2004 is  1,936,547.

The ninth session of
the General Conference (GC.9/Dec.14), established with effect from January 2002, a special account
for BMS (for other than staff costs), which is not subject to financial regulations 4.2(b) and 4.2(c).
Thus the budgetary surplus, if any, will not require distribution to Member States. Each Vienna-based
organization (UNIDO, IAEA, UNOV and CTBTO) is required to pay its share into this account.
Interest income is credited to the account. This amount is then prorated to each Vienna-based
organization taking into account the funds contributed by it and the date of receipt of such funds in the
special account.
Additional analysis of BMS operations is provided in schedule 4.1 (supplementary) and the analysis on the special
account is provided in annex III. The surplus on the special account for BMS costs of  10,532,077 does not form part of
the unencumbered balances of the appropriations due to Member States at the end of the biennium; this amount includes
4,815,676 due from the Vienna-based organizations. The accumulation of funds under the special account is primarily
caused by the delay experienced in the removal of asbestos from the VIC complex and related maintenance work.
(c) Currency adjustment
The  415,683 exchange difference results primarily from the revaluation of the United States dollar cash and term
deposits held by the special account for programme support costs.

(k) Commitments
Commitments, representing legal obligations for which disbursements will be made in future years, were entered
into prior to 31 December 2004, as below:
US$ 000’s  000’s
Industrial Development Fund 3,232.3 2,515.3
Montreal Protocol 5,651.7 4,452.3
Global Environment Facility 4,033.8 3,262.7
Trust funds 5,738.0 4,474.4
Regular Programme of Technical Cooperation 784.1 618.9
Inter-organization arrangements 1,345.1 1,065.6

20,785.0 16,389.2

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/import/36455_einterimfinancialperformancereport

***

Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization

http://www.ctbto.org/

The Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer (a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer) is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of a number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion. The treaty was opened for signature on September 16, 1987, and entered into force on January 1, 1989, followed by a first meeting in Helsinki, May 1989. Since then, it has undergone seven revisions, in 1990 (London), 1991 (Nairobi), 1992 (Copenhagen), 1993 (Bangkok), 1995 (Vienna), 1997 (Montreal), and 1999 (Beijing). It is believed that if the international agreement is adhered to, the ozone layer is expected to recover by 2050 [1]. Due to its widespread adoption and implementation it has been hailed as an example of exceptional international co-operation with Kofi Annan quoted as saying that “perhaps the single most successful international agreement to date has been the Montreal Protocol”.[2] It has been ratified by 196 states.[3]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montreal_Protocol

***

Vienna calendar of United Nations, UNIDO and CTBTO Prepcom meetings for the year 2010

The United Nations Office at Vienna (UNOV) was established on 1 January 1980 as the third United Nations Headquarters after New York and Geneva (and before Nairobi). It performs representation and liaison functions with permanent missions to the United Nations (Vienna), the host Government and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations in Vienna.

***

International Day for Biological Diversity
(22 May 2010)

(from UN portal – on right hand side under recent additions – )

http://www.un.org/en/

***

Going back to the Vienna office – the Environmental Group is here – cricketdiane

***

***
So, from this list gives me this – and this –

(and thankfully – this – isn’t that amazing?)

International Trade Law Division of the United Nations Secretariat / United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)

My note –

BP – British Petroleum – working in American waters using TrasOcean with a sea-based platform also operating in American waters flagged from the Marshal Islands – (and their other floating semi-permanent movable drilling rigs are what – Panama and Tanzania or something?)

That makes also marketplaces which are international trading partners as well, who are using these companies’ services and products. Obviously BP isn’t only consuming products from trading partners in America but is also selling consumer products in America – and around the world (among other things involved in their businesses. Along with the fact that the massive oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico risks great environmental catastrophe and economic repercussions throughout international business / industrial  and trading communities, my note ).

– cricketdiane, 05-23-10

***

The IAEA also combines with these offices and the BP oil spill in the Gulf – there are lots of nifty things available on their site about energy resources including petroleum. I won’t go back into the notes I have rather I’ll just quickly go get the stuff directly right now – it’s faster.

– cd

IAEA – International Atomic Energy Agency

http://www.iaea.org/

and then on google –

using this search –

international chemical ISa IEA

XML – ACP – Volumes and Issues

May 17, 2010 In this study, we compare results from two different chemical transport models Berntsen, T. K. and Isaksen, I. S. A.: A global three-dimensional chemical IEA (International Energy Agency): Oil Information 2006, …
http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/4477/2010/acp-10-4477-2010.xml

(and this one just caught my fancy – looks pretty nifty – )

[PDF]

IEA Implementing Agreement Hybrid&Electric Vehicles

File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat – Quick View
May 13, 2009 Vehicle Technologies and Programmes of the International Energy Agency (IEA) has …. alternator and a li-ion battery (project CV-ISA by Zytec), vehicles, advanced electro-chemical storage systems, market deployment
http://www.evs24.org/docs/ieaward.pdf

***

My Note –

I almost forgot you might want to see this part –

II. NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Preface
UNIDO MISSION STATEMENT
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is a specialized United Nations agency dedicated to promoting sustainable industrial development in countries with developing and transition economies.

UNIDO draws on the wide industrial expertise of its staff and the resources of government, the private sector and other United Nations multilateral and national institutions to create productive employment, competitive economies and a sound environment.

Fostering growth and productivity is central to UNIDO’s highly focused sectoral, regional and country-specific programmes. UNIDO is committed to maintaining excellent standards in the implementation of these programmes with the ultimate aim of assisting the developing countries and transition economies in their struggle against poverty and marginalization.

***
(r) Technical cooperation accounts:
(i) The appropriations for the Regular Programme of Technical Cooperation (RPTC) are administered in accordance with the financial regulations of UNIDO, and in accordance with the General Conference decision mentioned in paragraph (o) above;
(ii) Allocation income—UNDP. The figures for allocation income from UNDP and UNDP trust funds are the same as reported for total expenditure in line with UNDP procedures, which require that allocations be adjusted to equal actual expenditure;
(iii) Contributions income—trust funds and Industrial Development Fund (IDF). Voluntary contributions from Governments or other donors are recorded upon receipt of cash. The use of such contributions is governed by agreements between UNIDO and the Government/donor. Upon termination, expiration, or revision of an agreement or receipt of other instructions from the Government/donor, any surplus remaining in a trust/other funds is returned to the Government/donor or disposed of as requested by the Government/donor;
(iv) Interest and miscellaneous income. Interest income arising from the RPTC is credited to the General Fund; however, the miscellaneous income relating to the RPTC is credited to the special account.

Interest income arising from the special account for Buildings Management is credited to that account, and finally prorated to the Vienna-based organizations taking into account the funds contributed by them and the date of receipt of such funds in the account. Interest income arising from UNDP activities is credited to the operating fund account maintained with that organization. Interest income arising from the Industrial Development Fund, other than the general-purpose segment, as well as the trust funds relating to the technical cooperation activities is credited to accounts payable until instructions regarding its disposal are received from the donor. Interest accrued under the General Purpose segment of the Industrial Development Fund is credited to that Fund. Interest income
IDB.30/9
PBC.21/9
Page 24
attributable to the Montreal Protocol is treated immediately as an additional programmable balance.

Interest income credited to the Global Environmental Facility, excluding interest income earned on funds transferred as UNIDO fees, is set aside as accounts payable pending instructions to its return to the trustee;

(etc)

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/import/36455_einterimfinancialperformancereport

***

and this from today’s UN site –

IAEA – International Atomic Energy Agency

http://www.iaea.org/

http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/4477/2010/acp-10-4477-2010.xml

or

http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/4477/2010/acp-10-4477-2010.html

Aerosols and their precursors are emitted abundantly by transport activities.
Transportation constitutes one of the fastest growing activities and its
growth is predicted to increase significantly in the future. Previous studies
have estimated the aerosol direct radiative forcing from one transport
sub-sector, but only one study to our knowledge estimated the range of
radiative forcing from the main aerosol components (sulphate, black carbon
(BC) and organic carbon) for the whole transportation sector. In this study,
we compare results from two different chemical transport models and three
radiation codes under different hypothesis of mixing: internal and external
mixing using emission inventories for the year 2000.

The main results from this study consist of a positive direct radiative forcing for aerosols emitted by road traffic of +2011 mW m−2 for an externally mixed aerosol, and of +32;13 mW m−2 when BC is internally mixed. These direct radiative forcings are much higher than the previously published estimate of +3;11 mW m−2>. For transport activities from shipping, the net direct aerosol radiative forcing is negative. This forcing is dominated by the contribution of the sulphate. For both an external and an internal mixture, the radiative forcing from shipping is estimated at −26]4 mW m]−2]. These estimates are in very good agreement with the range of a previously published one (from −46 to −13 mW m]) but with a much narrower range. By contrast, the direct aerosol forcing from aviation is estimated to be small, and in the range −0.9 to +0.3 mW m.

(And a ton of references they used as resources – very nifty.)

***

continuing then on google –

using this search –

international chemical ISa IEA

My note –

Yes, this one on the IEA Style Guide is important but not for the same reasons and this is one place to find it – so I’m adding it here just in case you ever wanted to know . . .

I’ve looked up things on it a time or two and it is really easy.

Most of it is common sense but it isn’t the same style used in news reporting or other journal types of articles – but the differences are not that great, honestly. And, like I said – mostly it is common sense, kind of like the St.Martin’s Handbook.

Not the same as technical writing either though and this is the best lookup when I have a quick question.

– cricketdiane

*Talking about this one below –

[PDF]

IEA Style Guide

File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat – Quick View
IEA STYLE GUIDE. INTERNATIONAL. International Association for the ….. Note: *

If ise/isa forms part of an actual name, keep the original …… Chemical terms (H2O), trigonometric terms (tan, log), non-statistical subscripts to
www.iea.nl/fileadmin/user_upload/docs/IEA_Style_Guide.pdf

[PDF]

World Energy Outlook 2000

File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
This edition of the World Energy Outlook provides the IEA’s latest …. of the increase in international trade. The Outlook assumes that it will be …… 2005 is implemented by the European chemical industry. The …… pipeline linking south-west Queensland to the Mount Isa region provides
www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2000/weo2000.pdf

***
My Note –
More from the UNIDO that might be of interest – (from my notes)

FOREWORD
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) has a special place in the United Nations system: it is the only organization specifically targeting the creation of wealth through manufacturing, in which it mainly focuses on promoting growth in the small and medium enterprise sector, the key generator of wealth in most developing countries. To improve standards of living through industries that are both internationally competitive and environmentally sustainable, the Organization has created the largest portfolio of projects related to trade capacity-building in the United Nations system, and the Organization plays a lead role in, among others, the implementation of the Montreal Protocol for the elimination of ozone depleting substances (ODS) and the Stockholm Convention for the elimination of persistent organic pollutants (POPs).
The reforms that are underway to make the United Nations system an even more relevant force for development, humanitarian assistance and environmental sustainability, also require that the United Nations delivers its message better to build up broad-based support among the many stakeholders in development. UNIDO, as this document will show, is in the vanguard when it comes to reforms. One measure to raise the Organization’s profile is to make the Annual Report of UNIDO, a legislative document on UNIDO’s performance, accessible to a wider public. In this way, it will help to highlight the contribution of UNIDO’s core activities to international development objectives, which—although evident to those who work in the Organization—is often not recognized by the outside world.
The Annual Report opens with an introductory message by the Director-General of UNIDO, Kandeh K. Yumkella. Chapter 2 reviews the year in brief, starting with a major event, the celebration of UNIDO’s fortieth anniversary as a United Nations organization. This is followed by an overview of technical cooperation management, funds mobilization, managerial reforms, advocacy activities to raise UNIDO’s profile and efforts to strengthen cooperation in the field with other United Nations agencies as well as partners outside the United Nations system. Chapter 3 discusses the broader framework within which the Organization pursues cooperation with other United Nations agencies: the reform of the United Nations and the very active role UNIDO plays in that context.

Chapters 4 to 8 present an overview of UNIDO’s operations in the field. The CD-ROM attached to this report includes appendices that provide detailed figures on UNIDO’s technical cooperation activities. For those who are unfamiliar with the Organization’s activities a brief description of the principles guiding these operations may be useful.
The Organization’s assistance is based on two core functions and three thematic priorities.
Core functions:
Serving as a global forum which generates and disseminates industry-related knowledge and provides a platform for all actors in the public and private sectors;
Designing and implementing technical cooperation programmes that support the industrial development efforts of its clients.
Page 6
Thematic priorities:
Poverty reduction through productive activities, by promoting industry, especially through small and medium enterprises, in less developed areas, with a focus on employment creation, income generation and institutional capacity-building;
Trade capacity-building, by helping countries to develop both production and trade-related capacities, including the capacity to conform to the standards of international markets;
Environment and energy, by promoting industrial energy efficiency and renewable sources of energy, particularly in rural areas, and supporting other activities for sustainable industrial development.
The two core functions complement and support each other: technical cooperation experiences can be shared with policy makers and other actors; both analytical work helps to identify areas of maximum impact for technical cooperation. Because of the complex interrelations among development issues, programmes and projects often spill over thematic borders.
Eight service modules translate the core functions and thematic priorities into action:
1. Industrial governance and statistics
2. Investment and technology promotion
3. Industrial competitiveness and trade
4. Private sector development
5. Agro-industry
6. Sustainable energy and climate change
7. Montreal Protocol
8. Environmental management
The services can be combined in integrated programmes (IPs) or country service frame-
works (CSFs), or be used in stand-alone projects

(above from my previous research documents on my computer – )

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/import/36455_einterimfinancialperformancereport

***

[PDF]

World Energy Outlook 2000

File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
This edition of the World Energy Outlook provides the IEA’s latest …. of the increase in international trade. The Outlook assumes that it will be …… 2005 is implemented by the European chemical industry. The …… pipeline linking south-west Queensland to the Mount Isa region provides
www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2000/weo2000.pdf

My note –

That might be of interest sometime – I’ve already read it several years ago. It is interesting now, I suppose. But this is what I want to add here –

And it is far more important right now.

– cricketdiane

***

putting in a google search with these terms –

international chemical chemistry

NIST Chemistry Webbook and IUPAC International Chemical Identifier

NIST Chemistry Webbook and IUPAC International Chemical Identifier. The IUPAC International Chemical Identifier (InChI) is a tool that has been
http://www.nist.gov › … › Chemical Reference Data

***

(and)

InChI – International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

The IUPAC International Chemical Identifier (InChITM) is a Abstract : The central token of information in Chemistry is a chemical substance,
http://www.iupac.org/inchi/

The International Council of Chemical Associations Home

The ICCA represents the global chemical industry and highlights its economic, International Year of Chemistry – 01 January 2011. Worldwide (year 2011)
http://www.icca-chem.org/

  1. International Chemical Identifier – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    “The IUPAC International Chemical Identifier:InChl”. Chemistry International (IUPAC) 28 (6). http://www.iupac.org/publications/ci/2006/2806/4_tools.html.
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Chemical_IdentifierCachedSimilar

  2. Chemistry Societies, Groups and Organizations

    The Institution of Chemical Engineers, an international body of chemical and process engineers based in Rugby, UK. Information on education & development,
    chemistry.about.com/…/Chemistry_Societies_Organizations.htm

(from the wikip; entry)

The format was originally called IChI (IUPAC Chemical Identifier), then renamed in July 2004 to INChI (IUPAC-NIST Chemical Identifier), and renamed again in November 2004 to InChI (IUPAC International Chemical Identifier), a trademark of IUPAC.

See also

References

  1. ^ McNaught, Alan (2006). “The IUPAC International Chemical Identifier:InChl”. Chemistry International (IUPAC) 28 (6). http://www.iupac.org/publications/ci/2006/2806/4_tools.html. Retrieved 2007-09-18.
  2. ^ a b “The IUPAC International Chemical Identifier (InChI)”. IUPAC. 5 September 2007. http://www.iupac.org/inchi/release102.html. Retrieved 2007-09-18.
  3. ^ “InChI=1/C17H19NO3/c1-18…”. Chemspider. http://www.chemspider.com/RecordView.aspx?id=5760. Retrieved 2007-09-18.

External links

Documentation and presentations

(from)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Chemical_Identifier

http://comtrade.un.org/

International Merchandise Trade Statistics (IMTS) – United Nations Statistics Division
This web site provides access to information and data on International Merchandise Trade Statistics (IMTS) and the work of the International Merchandise Trade Statistics Section (IMTSS) of the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD). The work program of the IMTSS has four parts:

http://comtrade.un.org/

***

C. Eliminating the use of hazardous and toxic materialsThe Organization’s CP programme and activities, such as the elimination or reduction ofthe use of mercury by artisanal gold miners, help to minimize the role and impact ofhazardous and toxic materials in industry. The Montreal Protocol programme, which started14 years ago, is UNIDO’s flagship programme in this particular area. It eliminates ozonedepletingsubstances (ODSs)—chemicals that destroy the Earth’s protective ozone layer.

The Montreal Protocol has been very successful. The bulk of the activities under theProtocol will be completed by 2010, and the parties to the Protocol are turning their attentionto ODS uses that have been exempted to date. One of these is the use of ODSs inaerosol metered dose inhalers (MDIs), widely used to treat asthma and other respiratoryillnesses. UNIDO has started a project in Egypt with the objective of managing the transitionto ODS-free MDIs.

It helps companies to convert to ODS-free manufacturing technologyand assists the Government in implementing a national MDI transition strategy,an important part of which is an awareness campaign to educate doctors prescribing MDIs on the timing and reasons for the transition to ODS-free MDIs. This will be the first of a number of such projects. The production of ODS-free aerosols inthe United Republic of Tanzania wasa pioneering project in the Montreal Protocol programme.

E. Promoting renewable sources of energy
UNIDO mainly promotes the adoption of renewable energy sources through its rural and renewable energy programmes, which particularly target rural areas without connections to the national electricity grid. Activities during 2006 under this programme are described in more detail in chapter 4.
There was an important development with regard to biofuels this year, reflecting the rapidly growing global interest in their potential contribution to the energy mix of countries. Since biofuels can replace fuels from non-renewable sources and thus present a possible response to climate change, and in view of the high price of traditional hydrocarbon-based fuels, UNIDO has initiated the development of a strategy for biofuels with the following areas of emphasis:

 The creation of profiles of sustainable biofuel provision and use, emphasizing that fuel use comprises far more than transport;
 South-South transfer and market introduction of technology for the gasification of solid biomass, building on the successful establishment of UNIDO’s Centre of Excellence for biomass gasification in Bangalore, India;
 The conversion of waste residues, especially from the food industry, into ethanol as a short-term priority;
 The promotion of decentralized biodiesel production and links between local rural biofuel developments and global trade and markets;
 Setting up a clearinghouse service on biorefineries as a contribution to global knowledge platforms within the United Nations system.
F. From selling products to selling product services
This comparatively new activity for UNIDO, which was launched in 2005, has primarily been undertaken within the context of the CP programme. The new business model of selling the services of products rather than the products themselves, which is now being adopted in the developed countries, is being introduced by UNIDO to developing countries and economies in transition. It can lead to dramatic reductions in the environmental impacts of products throughout their life cycle, from manufacture to final disposal.
The Organization has focused its initial work on the chemical industry. A more detailed description of these activities during 2006 can be found in chapter 8.
G. Abatement of industrial pollution and waste management
While promoting more sustainable production and consumption patterns, UNIDO recognizes that industrial pollution and wastes cannot be eliminated fully. To minimize their impact, UNIDO promotes environmentally sound abatement practices through the TEST programme and its sector-specific programmes for textiles and leather.
In the context of the Stockholm Convention, UNIDO focuses on the elimination of old stocks of POPs. Often these are obsolete pesticides, but stocks of industrial POPs, such as polychlorinated biphenyls, which have seen heavy use as oils in electrical transformers and other equipment, must also be eliminated.
In Slovakia, full-sized demonstration projects for various technologies that destroy POPs without using combustion were launched. In the past, POPs were usually burned, but because of controversies surrounding the use of incinerators the Stockholm Convention proposed to explore whether non-combustion technologies can offer an effective, or more effective, way of destroying these compounds. The project in Slovakia builds on several years of assessments and evaluations, as well as the identification of stockpiles of POPs that could be the subject of a demonstration project. UNIDO’s first step was to set up the management structure of the project. The Organization then invited nine technology suppliers to make presentations of various technologies. In 2007, technology suppliers will be chosen on the basis of their bids, and demonstration projects will be set up.

UNIDO ANNUAL REPORT 2006

***

TRADE STATISTICS BRANCH

The Trade Statistics Branch (TSB) of the United Nations Statistics Division is responsible for International Merchandise Trade Statistics (IMTS) and Statistics of International Trade in Services (SITS). Additional activities include Tourism Statistics, Distributive Trade Statistics (DTS) and the Compilation of Basic Economic Statistics.

For each of these statistical areas TSB develops or is involved in the development of the international methodology and cooperates with countries and international organizations to strengthen statistical capacity. For merchandise trade (IMTS) and trade in services (SITS) TSB collects and disseminates detailed data. For merchadise trade additional outputs such as a yearbook are available. Further details are given via the links on the left-hand menu. Latest news on IMTS, SITS and additional activities are provided on the right.

http://unstats.un.org/unsd/trade/default.htm

***

My Note –

Well, you might want to see this – I did – not today but once upon a time and it is interesting to know how they are accumulating data now –

10 May 2010

Distributive Trade Statistics

Methodology

International Recommendations for
Distributive Trade Statistics 2008 (IRDTS 2008)

The United Nations Statistical Commission, at its thirty-ninth session held in New York on 26-29 February 2008, adopted the International Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 2008 (IRDTS 2008) as the new standard in this area of statistics.

International Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 2008

IRDTS 2008 was prepared in accordance with the decision of the Commission, during its thirty-seventh session in March 2006, to endorse the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) initiative of revising the existing International Recommendations on Statistics of the Distributive Trades and Services (Statistical papers, series M, No.57) and Organization and Conduct of Distributive Trade Surveys (Statistical Papers, Series F, No.19). The Commission advised that the revision should fully reflect the specific needs and circumstances of various groups of countries particularly those with a substantial informal sector. Preparation of IRDTS 2008 was undertaken by UNSD following the conclusions of the UN Expert Group on Distributive Trade Statistics. It incorporates inputs from national statistical offices and international organizations received during global consultations on its contents from November 2006 through December 2007.

IRDTS 2008 is part of UNSD’s efforts to strengthen countries’ methodological and operational foundations of basic economic statistics in an integrated manner, including enhancement of their coherence across different sectors of an economy, conceptual consistency with macroeconomic statistics and production of official distributive trade statistics in the most cost efficient way.

IRDTS 2008 provides the comprehensive methodological framework for collection and compilation of distributive trade statistics in all countries irrespective of the level of development of their statistical systems. Its primary audience is the staff of national statistical offices involved in the compilation of these statistics. IRDTS 2008 also contains a wealth of information which might be of interest to data users who would like to better understand the nature of distributive trade data.

Distributive Trade Indices

Indices of Distributive Trade: Handbook on Good Practices

While adopting the IRDTS 2008, the Statistical Commission also agreed to its implementation programme and requested UNSD to develop practical guidance on the compilation of distributive trade statistics, including a description of good practices in compilation of distributive trade indices. The Indices of Distributive Trade: Handbook on Good Practices has been prepared in response to this Commission’s request. Its general objective is to support compilers of distributive trade statistics by collecting experiences in compilation of distributive trade indices in one document. The Handbook contains explanations of the challenges and good practices in compilation experience of several countries with different statistical background. The decision for a good practice in a country should always be based on national circumstances. By providing readers with a description of various country experiences, the present Handbook could be a useful tool in this decision process.

Indices of Distributive Trade: Handbook on Good Practices

The distributive trade has long been of great interest for analysts and forecasters as the changes in value and volume of trade turnover, in particular the retail turnover, is regarded as an important short-term indicator of consumer confidence and economic activity in general. Chapters 2 to 6 of the Handbook describe both general issues relevant to the compilation of value and volume indices of retail trade turnover and experiences of several countries in this area. The output of distributive trade is a significant component in the compilation of the GDP and, in this context, deflation of its value is of a special interest for national accounts. Chapter 7 is devoted to a discussion of conceptual issues and practices of the European countries relevant in this regard.

Other information

http://unstats.un.org/unsd/trade/methodology%20DTS.htm

My Note –

Along the left hand sidebar the information goodies are easily located about nearly any trade group category from services to petroleum and fuels, merchandise, texitles – I don’t think financials are considered an export or a product group – but it should be – it really is a product category. I’ve also thought that if it were included our national GDP (and GNP) depending on where I’m reading – would be much improved. As would the UK’s.

– cricketdiane

***

Sometime – when you want to know – here is where to find these –

Related Links


Methodologies

Meetings and Workshops

(from)

http://unstats.un.org/unsd/distributive_trade/distributive_trade_related%20links.htm

***

My Note –

When you want to know something about chemicals, chemical hazards, health hazards and environmental hazards from chemicals – this is the only one of three best sites to find that information especially when it involves petroleum and other fuel products -(cricketdiane)

http://www.nist.gov/index.html

On the right hand side bar – top square window links –

Sorry about that – I almost forgot to put this one, now its out of order – Oh well – you know it is from the House in Vienna (UN) and this appears among those on its list of assets –

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

***

from the first page of the Chemistry WebBook – at the bottom of the page –

Species List

NIST Chemistry WebBook

Species List

A list of all of the chemical species in this release of the NIST Chemistry WebBook can be downloaded from this page. The list is in tab-delimited format can contains the following information:

  • Species name
  • Species formula
  • CAS registry number (if known)

Due to the size of the file, it is only available in compressed formats. Please select one of the following downloads:


The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database.

CAS registry numbers are copyrighted by the American Chemical Society. Redistribution rights for CAS registry numbers are reserved by the American Chemical Society. “CAS registry” is a registered trademark of the American Chemical society.

http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/download/

***

gone to make chicken sandwich and eat it –

but you might want to do this right quick – its faster –

put in the top window – (firefox browser) – these terms –

CAS petroleum

and it will bring you to this page –

http://www.chemindustry.com/chemicals/17617.html

which allows you to look up all or part of the chemical components of petroleum and raw crude specifically – then I should be back and well, never mind – here is the lookup page on the NIST –

http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/name-ser.html

make sure and mark all the little rondelle (circles) to get all of the aspects

– cricketdiane

***

United States House of Representatives

111th Congress, 1st Session
Washington, DC 20515 | (202) 224-3121 | TTY: (202) 225-1904

House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming

Committee on Natural Resources

Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure

Committee on Energy and Commerce

Committee on Science and Technology

http://www.house.gov/house/CommitteeWWW.shtml

***

My Note –

Got tired of trying to find my notes – finally did a search on my other computer for the documents with toxic whatevers in them and then on this computer, the above pieces came from another composite document and there is a group of information about money that went to Haiti over a period of time prior to the earthquake – which I’ll bring up later with the information from the new donations made to the Haitians affected by the earthquake and Port-au-Prince. This is just to remind me later to post it – I’m keeping that document open. Then I made a quick search with google on the tab I had the IAEA open – rather than using their site index or site search window. These terms yield these documents online that I was trying to find in my notes – and they are there somewhere –

In Google search using the terms –

IAEA petroleum

yields these among others –

IAEA-MEL – Reference Materials Reports

IAEA/AL/125 IAEA/MEL/69, Wold-wide and regional intercomparison for the determination of organochlorine compound and petroleum hydrocarbons in fish
www-naweb.iaea.org/naml/page.php?page=2090

[PDF]

MEL Newsletter 2-2

File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
IAEA-432. Petroleum hydrocarbons and organochlorinated compounds in mussels Report issued July 2004. IAEA-433. Trace elements and methylmercury in marine
www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/…/MEL_NL_02-2.pdf

  1. [PDF]

    Determination of organochlorinated compounds and petroleum

    File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat – Quick View
    by JP Villeneuve – 2000 – Cited by 10Related articles
    Determination of organochlorinated compounds and petroleum hydrocarbons in sediment sample IAEA-408. Results from a world- wide intercalibration exercise{
    http://www.rsc.org/delivery/_ArticleLinking/DisplayArticleForFree.cfm?doi…

  2. [PDF]

    REFERENCE SHEET REFERENCE SHEET

    File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat – Quick View
    Intercomparison for Determination of Organochlorine Compounds and Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Fish Homogenate IAEA-406” [1]. This report is available free of
    nucleus.iaea.org/rpst/Documents/rs_iaea-406.pdf

***

and this one –

HR 1985 – www.thomas.gov

Apr 21, 2009 (13) According to the IAEA, Iran has installed 2 or 3 types of while Reliance Industries and British Petroleum reportedly did not supply
http://www.thomas.gov/home/gpoxmlc111/h1985_ih.xml

Yes, you’ll like this one immediately above – it won’t open on this computer but it is open on the other one – and number (21) and (22) in the document says –

(21)  Up to 40 percent of Iranian gasoline comes from imports.

– and –

(22)  Over the course of the past year, Iran purchased nearly all of this gasoline from just six companies, five of them European (the Swiss firm Vitol; the Swiss/Dutch firm Trafigura, [see earlier note about them]; the French firm Total; the Swiss firm Glencore; British Petroleum) and one Indian company, Reliance Industries.

– and maybe –

(23)  In February 2009, Vitol and Trafigura supplied some 80 percent of Iran’s gasoline imports, while Reliance Industries and British Petroleum reportedly did not supply gasoline to Iran that month.

from –

www.thomas.gov/home/gpoxmlc111/h1985_ih.xml

***

(and)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._sanctions_against_Iran

U.S. sanctions against Iran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The US imposed sanction of 1995 bans aviation companies from selling aircraft and repair parts to Iranian airlines directly.

This article outlines economic, trade, scientific and military sanctions against Iran, which have been imposed by the U.S. government, or under U.S. pressure by the international community through the United Nations Security Council. Currently the sanctions include an embargo on dealings with Iran by the United States, and a ban on selling aircraft and repair parts to Iranian aviation companies. One exception is that US-made goods can be supplied to Iran under certain circumstances as long as they are shipped to Iran from another country. This exception was a result of the original Executive Order restricting trade with Iran.

Contents

// <![CDATA[//

History

Hostage crisis

In 1979, after the U.S. permitted the exiled Shah of Iran to enter the United States for medical treatment, and after rumors of another U.S. backed coup and re-installation of the Shah, a group of radical students took action in Tehran by seizing the American Embassy and taking hostage the people inside.[1] The United States responded by freezing about $12 billion in Iranian assets, including bank deposits, gold and other properties. Some assets — Iranian officials say $10 billion, U.S. officials say much less — still remain frozen pending resolution of legal claims arising from the revolution.

Iran–Iraq War

After the invasion of Iran by Iraq, the United States increased sanctions against Iran. In 1984, sanctions were approved prohibit weapons sales all U.S. assistance to Iran; the U.S. also opposed all loans to Iran from international financial institutions. In 1987, the U.S. further prohibited the importation and exportation of any goods or services from Iran.

Rafsanjani and Khatami governments

The term of President Rafsanjani, who has said that he had tried to reduce tensions between Iran and the West,[citation needed] was marked by some of the toughest sanctions against Iran. In April 1995, President Bill Clinton issued a total embargo on U.S. dealings with Iran, prohibiting all commercial and financial transactions with Iran. Trade with the U.S., which had been growing following the end of the Iran–Iraq War, ended abruptly. One exception is that US-made goods can be supplied to Iran under certain circumstances as long as they are shipped to Iran from another country. This exception was a result of the original Executive Order restricting trade with Iran.

In 1996, the United States Congress passed the Iran–Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA). Under ILSA, all foreign companies that provide investments over $20 million for the development of petroleum resources in Iran will have imposed against them two out of seven possible penalties by the U.S.:[2]

  • denial of Export-Import Bank assistance;
  • denial of export licenses for exports to the violating company;
  • prohibition on loans or credits from U.S. financial institutions of over $10 million in any 12-month period;
  • prohibition on designation as a primary dealer for U.S. government debt instruments;
  • prohibition on serving as an agent of the United States or as a repository for U.S. government funds;
  • denial of U.S. government procurement opportunities (consistent with WTO obligations); and
  • a ban on all or some imports of the violating company.

In response to the election of Iranian reformist President Mohammad Khatami, President Clinton eased sanctions on Iran. A debate in the US Congress on whether to allow the expiration of ILSA, which some legislators argued hindered bilateral relations, and others argued would be seen as a concession on an effective program, ended on August 5, 2001, with its renewal by the Congress and signing into law by President George W. Bush.[3]

In 2000 the Khatami government managed to reduce the sanctions for some items like pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, caviar or Persian rugs. In February 2004, during the final year of Khatami’s presidency, the U.S. Department of the Treasury ruled against editing or publishing scientific manuscripts from Iran, and stated that U.S. scientists collaborating with Iranians could be prosecuted. In response, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) stopped accepting manuscripts from researchers. On the other hand, the American Institute of Physics (AIP), the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, which publishes Science, refused to comply, saying that the prohibition on publishing goes against freedom of speech.[4]

Ahmadinejad government

In December 2008 the U.S. government sought 40 percent interest in 650 Fifth Avenue on the edge of Rockefeller Center which it said was co-owned by Bank Melli.[5]

After being elected president in 2005 Ahmadinejad reversed the retroactive nuclear policy and lifted the suspension of uranium enrichment, that had been put in place by the reformists. This raised red flags in the United States government, which began pushing for international sanctions against Iran over its atomic ambitions.[6]

Iranian financial institutions are barred from directly accessing the U.S. financial system, but they are permitted to do so indirectly through banks in other countries. In September 2006, the U.S. government imposed sanctions on Bank Saderat Iran, barring it from dealing with U.S. financial institutions, even indirectly. The move was announced by Stuart Levey, the undersecretary for treasury, who accused the major state-owned bank in Iran of transferring funds for certain groups, including Hezbollah. Levey said that since 2001 a Hezbollah-controlled organization had received 50 million U.S. dollars directly from Iran through Bank Saderat. He said the U.S. government will also persuade European banks and financial institutions not to deal with Iran.[7]

In June 2007, the U.S. state of Florida enacted a boycott on companies trading with Iran and Sudan, while New Jersey‘s state legislature was considering similar action.[8]

As of November 2007, the following Iranian banks were prohibited from transferring money to or from United States banks:[9]

For individuals and small businesses, these banking restrictions have created a large opportunity for the hawala market, which allows Iranians to transfer money to and from foreign countries using an underground unregulated exchange system.[10]

As of early 2008, the targeted banks, such as Bank Mellat, had been able to replace banking relationships with a few large sanction-compliant banks with relationships with a larger number of smaller non-compliant banks.[11] The total assets frozen in Britain under the EU (European Union) and UN sanctions against Iran are approximately 976,110,000 pounds ($1.64 billion).[12] In 2008, the US Treasury ordered Citigroup Inc. to freeze over $2 billion allegedly held for Iran in Citigroup accounts.[13]

Effects and criticism

According to a Iranian journalist, the effects of sanctions in Iran include expensive basic goods and an aging and increasingly unsafe aircraft fleet. “According to reports from Iranian news agencies, 17 planes have crashed over the past 25 years, killing approximately 1,500 people.”[14]

The U.S. forbids aircraft manufacturer Boeing to sell aircraft to Iranian aviation companies.[15]

A 2005 report, presented at the 36th session of the International Civil Aviation Organization, reported that the U.S. sanctions had endangered the safety of civil aviation in Iran because it prevented Iran from acquiring parts and support essential for aviation safety. It also stated that the sanctions were contrary to article 44 of the Chicago convention (to which the US is a member). The ICAO report said aviation safety affects human lives and human rights, stands above political differences, and that the assembly should bring international public pressure on the United States to lift the sanctions against Iran.[16]

The European Union has been critical of most of the U.S. trade sanctions against Iran. Some EU Member States have criticized ILSA as a “double standard” in U.S. foreign policy, in which the United States vigorously worked against the Arab League boycott of Israel while at the same time promoted a worldwide boycott of Iran. The EU Member States have threatened formal counter-action in the World Trade Organization.[3]

According to a study by Akbar E. Torbat, “overall, the sanctions’ economic effect” on Iran “has been significant, while its political effect has been minimal.”[17]

According to the U.S. National Foreign Trade Council, in the medium-term, lifting US sanctions and liberalizing Iran’s economic regime would increase Iran’s total trade annually by as much as $61 billion (at the 2005 world oil price of $50/bbl), adding 32 percent to Iran’s GDP. In the oil-and-gas sector, output and exports would expand by 25-to-50 percent (adding 3 percent to world crude oil production).

Iran could reduce the world price of crude petroleum by 10 percent, saving the United States annually between $38 billion (at the 2005 world oil price of $50/bbl) and $76 billion (at the proximate 2008 world oil price of $100/bbl). Opening Iran’s market place to foreign investment could also be a boon to competitive US multinational firms operating in a variety of manufacturing and service sectors.[18]

In 2009, there was discussion in the U.S. of implementing “crippling sanctions” against Iran, such as the Iran Refined Petroleum Sanctions Act of 2009, “if diplomatic overture did not show signs of success by the autumn”. Professor Hamid Dabashi, of Columbia University, said in August 2009 that this was likely to bring “catastrophic humanitarian consequences”, while enriching and strengthening the “security and military apparatus” of “the Pasdaran and the Basij,” and having absolutely no support from “any major or even minor opposition leader” in Iran.[19] According to Bloomberg News, Boeing and Exxon have said that new Iran sanctions would cost $25 billion in U.S. exports.[20]

It has also been argued the sanctions have had the counter effect of protecting Iran in some ways, for example the 2007 imposition of US sanctions against Iranian financial institutions to a high degree made Iran immune to the then emerging global recession.[21]

See also

References

  1. ^ Moin Khomeini, (2000), p.220
  2. ^ Wright, Steven. The United States and Persian Gulf Security: The Foundations of the War on Terror, Ithaca Press, 2007 ISBN 978-0863723216
  3. ^ a b ILSA – CRS Report for Congress
  4. ^ “Publishers split over response to US trade embargo ruling”, Nature, February 19, 2004
  5. ^ “U.S. Links Iranian Bank To Fifth Avenue Building”. Washington Post. December 18, 2008. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/12/17/AR2008121703844_pf.html.
  6. ^ “Iraq prime minister to visit Iran”. Al Jazeera. September 9, 2006. http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/D890900D-A483-4C19-86C8-41F35135090D.htm.
  7. ^ U.S. imposes sanctions on Iranian bank, People’s Daily, September 9, 2006
  8. ^ “New Jersey mulls banning Iran investments”. The Jerusalem Post (Associated Press). June 14, 2007. http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1181813036172&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull.
  9. ^ John B. Reynolds, III, Amy E. Worlton and Cari N. Stinebower, “U.S. Dollar Transactions with Iran are Subject to New Restrictions – Tough Policy Decisions Face International Financial Institutions”, Wiley Rein LLP, November 28, 2007
  10. ^ Farnaz Fassihi and Chip Cummins, “Iranians scheme to elude sanctions”, Wall Street Journal, February 13, 2008
  11. ^ “Iran gets around US bank sanctions”, By Najmeh Bozorgmehr in Tehran, Financial Times, August 21, 2008
  12. ^ “Over $1.6 bn of Iranian assets frozen in Britain”, PressTV.com, June 18, 2009
  13. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE5BB0ID20091212
  14. ^ Sara Shams | Tehran | 29 January 2009
  15. ^ Aircraft, November 2001, Iran Air Rare and Exclusive, Kian Noush, p.68
  16. ^ THE SAFETY DEFICIENCIES ARISING OUT OF THE UNITED STATES SANCTIONS AGAINST THE CIVIL AVIATION OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN, International Civil Aviation Organization, September 20th, 2007.
  17. ^ Akbar E. Torbat, “Impacts of the US Trade and Financial Sanctions on Iran”, The World Economy, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 407-434, March 2005.
  18. ^ Dean A. DeRosa & Gary Clyde Hufbauer, “Normalization of Econmic Relations”, National Foreign Trade Council, November 21, 2008
  19. ^ Hamid Dabashi, Commentary: Huge risks in Iran sanctions, August 5, 2009, CNN.com
  20. ^ http://www.payvand.com/news/10/may/1156.html
  21. ^ http://english.aljazeera.net/focus/2010/05/201052271814825709.html

External links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._sanctions_against_Iran

***

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum

http://www.chemindustry.com/chemicals/17617.html

http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/name-ser.html

***

Search for:

Petroleum

IUPAC Name:

benzene

CAS Number:

9072-35-9

Chemical Formula:

C6H6
*********
(Note – next to the word “synonyms” below the CAS window – click “more”)

Synonyms:   [fewer]

1120-89-4121448-83-712197-22-712540_FLUKA12552_FLUKA12553_FLUKA154628_SIAL174973-66-11hyz1l831swi220l223l26181-88-4270709_ALDRICH27271-55-22z9g311855_SIGMA319953_SIAL32212_RIEDEL322644_SIGMA401765_ALDRICH48503_SUPELCO50813-73-550922-30-054682-86-954847-97-161789-95-5676985_ALDRICH68956-52-5(6)Annulene[6]Annulene71-43-28002-05-98030-30-68030-31-78031-06-98032-32-48052-41-38052-42-49072-35-9AI3-00808Amsco H-JAmsco H-SBAromatic alkaneAromatic solventASPHALTAsphalt, at or above its flashpoint [NA1999] [Flammable liquid]Asphalt, at or above its flashpoint [NA1999] [Flammable liquid]Asphalt (Bitumen)fume as benzene-soluble aerosolAsphalt [Bitumens]Asphalt cementsAsphalt (cut)Asphalt (cutback)Asphalt fumesAsphaltic bitumenAsphalt, liquid medium-curingAsphalt, liquid rapid-curingAsphalt, liquid slow-curingAsphalt (petroleum)AsphaltumBASE oilBenzeenBenzeen [Dutch]Benzenbenzene:benzeneBenzene + aniline comboBenzene (including benzene from gasoline)Benzene, labeled with carbon-14Benzene, labeled with carbon-14 and tritiumBenzene, pureBenzene-U-14CBenzene-UL-14CBenzene [UN1114] [Flammable liquid]Benzene [UN1114] [Flammable liquid]Benzen [Polish]BenzinBenzin B70BenzineBenzine (light petroleum distillate)Benzine (Obs.)Benzin (Obs.)benzolBenzol 90Benzol diluentbenzoleBenzoleneBenzolineBenzoloBenzolo [Italian]Benzyna DO lakierow C [Polish]Bicarburet of hydrogenBitumenBitumens, asphaltBituminous materials, asphaltBNZBP 2BP 2 (solvent)C01407c0142C6H6CanadolCarbon oilCaswell No. 062Caswell No. 077Caswell No. 106Caswell No. 632ACaswell No. 802CCRIS 70CHEBI:16716Coal naphthaCoal oil [Oil, misc.]COAL TARCrankcase Oil, UsedCrankcase oil, used mineral-basedCrude oilCrude oil [Oil, misc.]Crude oil, petroleumCrude oilsCrude petroleumCyclohexatrieneD001554D05260DEUTERO BENZENEEINECS 200-753-7EINECS 232-298-5EINECS 232-443-2EINECS 232-453-7EINECS 232-489-3EINECS 232-490-9EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 008801EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 022001EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 022002EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 063503EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 063504FenzenFenzen [Czech]ghl.PD_Mitscher_leg0.503HerbitoxHI-Flash naphthaHi-flash naphthayethylenHSDB 2892HSDB 35HSDB 5075HSDB 7171HSDB 7177Hydrocarbons, C4-8Hydrotreated naphthaIsoparaffinic hydrocarbonsJudean pitchLight ligroinLIGROINLigroineLS-102513LS-1605LS-2216LS-2313LS-33405LS-87977Mineral naphthaMineral oils, highly-refined oils [Mineral oils]Mineral pitchMineral rubber (VAN)Mineral spiritsMineral spirits No. 10Mineral thinnerMineral turpentineMotor benzolNA1999NaphthaNaphtha 49 degree be-coal tar typeNaphtha, hydrotreatedNaphtha, ligroineNaphtha, petroleumNaphtha, solventNaphtha, stoddard solventNaphtha, varnish makers’ and painters’Naphtha VM & PNaphtha VM & P, 50 degree flashNaphtha VM & P, high flashNaphtha VM & P, regularNCGC00090744-01NCGC00090744-02NCGC00163890-01NCGC00163890-02NCI-C55276Nitration benzeneNSC67315NSC 67315Oil, crudeOrganic slvents, Stoddard solventPainters’ naphthaParaffinic oilPetroleumPetroleum asphaltPetroleum benzinPetroleum Benzin (JP15)Petroleum bitumenPetroleum crudePetroleum crude oil [UN1267] [Flammable liquid]Petroleum crude oil [UN1267] [Flammable liquid]Petroleum-derived naphthaPETROLEUM DISTILLATEPetroleum distillatesPetroleum distillates (naphtha)Petroleum distillates Naphtha, Rubber SolventPetroleum distillates, n.o.s. or petroleum products, n.o.s. [UN1268] [Flammable liquid]Petroleum distillates, n.o.s. or petroleum products, n.o.s. [UN1268] [Flammable liquid]PETROLEUM ETHERPetroleum, lightPetroleum naphthaPetroleum pitchPetroleum refining residues, asphaltsPetroleum roofing tarPetroleum [Waxes]PhenePhenyl hydridePL9PolystreamPyrobenzolPyrobenzoleRCRA waste no. U109Rcra waste number U019Refined solvent naphthaRNGRoad asphaltRoad tarRock oilRubber solventRubber solvent (Naphtha)Seneca oilSkellysolve FSkellysolve GSkelly-solve HSkelly-solve RSkelly-solve SSkelly-solve S-66Solvent naphthaSolvents, naphthasST5214351STODDARD SOLVENTStoddard solvent (naphtha)Super VMPTRANSGENIC MODEL EVALUATION II (BENZENE)Trinidad pitchUN1114UN 1114UN1267UN1268Unleaded gasolineUsed Mineral-based Crankcase OilVarnish makers’ and painters naphthaVarnish makers’ naphthaVarnish makers’ naphtha and painters’ naphthaVarnish marker’s naphthaVarsolVirolV.M. and P. naphthaVM and P NaphthaVM & P NaphthaWhite spiritWhite spiritsWLN: RHZC3850000
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My Note – on my other computer I have a search open for aliphatic hydrocarbons petroleum on google.
I’ve gotta change computers because theis one is totally buggared.
– cricketdiane
Besides I did a doc search through the computer files there and found a whole lot of very nifty documents that I had been trying to find.

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It’ll take a minute.