Scientists create a living organism

By Clive Cookson, FT

Author – By Clive Cookson, FT
May 21, 2010 — Updated 0247 GMT (1047 HKT)

(FT) — Scientists have turned inanimate chemicals into a living organism in an experiment that raises profound questions about the essence of life.

Craig Venter, the U.S. genomics pioneer, announced on Thursday that scientists at his laboratories in Maryland and California had succeeded in their 15-year project to make the world’s first “synthetic cells” — bacteria called Mycoplasma mycoides.

“We have passed through a critical psychological barrier,” Dr. Venter told the FT. “It has changed my own thinking, both scientifically and philosophically, about life, and how it works.”

The bacteria’s genes were all constructed in the laboratory “from four bottles of chemicals on a chemical synthesizer, starting with information on a computer,” he said.

The research — published online by the journal Science — was hailed as a landmark by many independent scientists and philosophers.




Well that was fun – a two hour relaxing bath – warm and comfortable –

And I was just watching the cnbc show whatever it is – and they had a ticker note about Toyota buying into Tesla and Tesla getting a Toyota factory – wowsa – and wowsa!

That is the best news – I don’t know if it was about 5.44 am maybe or – I don’t know – but that is so nifty –

I have got to look that up – maybe a Google news moment –

Just a minute –

– cricketdiane


Toyota Buying Tesla Stake for Electric Car Tie-Up

BusinessWeek – Alan Ohnsman – ‎3 hours ago‎

The size of Toyota’s stake in Tesla hasn’t been fixed ahead of a share sale by Tesla, Musk said in an interview. Daimler AG in May 2009 invested about $50

Toyota and Tesla Partnering to Make Electric Cars Wall Street Journal

Tesla to build electric cars at Northern California plant Los Angeles Times

Toyota taking $50-million Tesla stake in electric-car deal USA Today

New York Times (blog)

all 643 news articles »


Tesla lassoes herd of electric roadsters for big road rally

USA Today – ‎13 hours ago‎

What happens when you gather 65 electric Tesla Roadsters in one spot and turn them all on at the same time? Well, nothing really.


very nifty –

and earlier I had seen the stuff about the Senate passing something like financial reform – probably yesterday sometime, although I saw it in the middle of the night somewhere – and I think I’ll look up what they did with that right quick too –

– cd9


FinFacts Ireland

Markets News Friday: European shares fall to a 6-month low; BA reports record loss

FinFacts Ireland – ‎10 minutes ago

US financial reform adds to market woes: Davy’s Stephen Lyons commented; “Concern over US financial reform yesterday added to market woes after the US

Hmmm ………

They are already at it.
Too late –
Spin, spin, spin, spin, spin

– cricketdiane


They are talking about it right this minute on bloomberg – 5.55 am

Well alrighty then – they promised to say something about the Senate passing the US financial reform package in whatever measure they passed it and then didn’t barely say a sentence about it – Okay then.

I’ll go back to the search for it on the Google news – I put in

Senate financial reform

and then put (by date) in the left hand sidebar – rather than the other one –

Here’s the Guardian story about it –

The Guardian

Wall Street reform: Barack Obama celebrates biggest banking shakeup since the

The Guardian – ‎12 minutes ago‎

Wall Street banks face their toughest clampdown since the Great Depression after the US Senate passed Barack Obama’s banking reform bill.

My Note –

I don’t want to read that – you read it if you feel like listening to the stuff –

Going back to the search –
– cricketdiane


Had to go to second page to find this one – and it is the one I’m going to go read –

a big step closer to the most comprehensive overhaul of Wall Street rules since the 1930s after a financial reform bill cleared a final Senate vote.


My Note – on my other computer – but there is a storm here – so I don’t know how long that connection will last –

I was looking at the search for news in Spain on the EMM Explorer and found the IHT article about the “Stocks Flat in Europe After Declines in Asia and US – it says Friday, May 21 – but that can’t be right – the DAX was down and FTSE was down – so the IHT isn’t right for some reason.

Oh well – what fun

Spain Approves first wage cuts – in the bloomberg ticker – that is probably with the new financial modifications they are struggling to do – okay – let me get this one up and then the IHT article to see why its headline is off –

– cricketdiane



(Reuters) – Stocks slid further around the world on Friday on fears Europe’s debt crisis and tougher financial regulation will hurt a global economic recovery, as Germany prepared to vote on a massive standby package to stabilize the euro.


European shares fell 1 percent in early trade after Asian stock markets slid again. Japan’s Nikkei average closed 2.5 percent down for a loss of 6.5 percent on the week, mostly driven by worries about the euro zone.

The German parliament was poised to approve the lion’s share of a $1 trillion safety net for troubled euro zone nations and an EU task force of policymakers in Brussels will look to toughen regulations within the bloc blighted by a debt crisis.

(etc., etc., etc., – and that is not exactly true – that first group of information is making a connection that isn’t exactly there. – I think it is something that is evident – people who play in those markets are making the rounds with the money around in that big international circle again trying to offset any open losses they took the other day when the Euro dropped to $1.24 or what ever it ended up being – just my opinion, my note – cricketdiane)

Going over to the IHT site –

They just had a cute winners and losers segment on cnbc – maybe they have it all the time and I managed to miss it – with the comments going on in the audio of “its great” etc. and then the other “its terrible” etc. – that’s a nice way to express it . . .

And, they’ve gone to having “task force” to explain everything to us in the audience world now – isn’t that nice – just what I need –

This is the IHT article from the entries about Spain on the EMM Explorer –


Stocks Flat in Europe After Declines in Asia and U.S.

Published: May 21, 2010
PARIS — Stocks were mostly unchanged in choppy trading in Europe on Friday following declines in Asia and on Wall Street and amid continued fears that the debt crisis in the euro zone could soon threaten economic recovery globally.
( . . . )

Mr. Savary said the actions of euro-zone politicians — notably Angela Merkel of Germany — “have destroyed, partly, confidence in financial markets and also in the recovery.”

He was referring to the decision in Berlin this week to curb naked short selling of euro-zone sovereign debt and related transactions in credit default swaps, as well as certain financial stocks. In addition, she warned this week that the existence of the euro was under threat from speculative attacks.

Offsetting that, there was some confidence that German lawmakers would vote late Friday on Berlin’s contribution to the €750 billion, or nearly $1 trillion, E.U.-I.M.F. bail-out package. Also Friday, finance ministers from the euro zone will meet in Brussels to discuss their strategy to support the most beleaguered countries on Europe’s fringe.



My Note – okay that makes more sense –

This part –

Also Friday, finance ministers from the euro zone will meet in Brussels to discuss their strategy to support the most beleaguered countries on Europe’s fringe.- cricketdiane

I’ve got to stop watching the Squawk Box and see what is over on something else – like anywhere else right now –


Bundstag has passed the $1 Trillion package – yeah – that is good hope – maybe it will all get better now. The folks on the Squawk box (cnbc) also said so – we’ll see. Depends on Brussels today

– cricketdiane


On my other computer – I’ve brought up the EMM News Brief – it is updated every 10 minutes, 24 hours a day and it has the S. Korea story – I wish N. Korea would just apologize for doing something that was in all likelihood an accident rather than intention – it all depends on China now.

my opinion – take it or leave it.


And the US Senate thing –

And the BA mess – between the volcano grounding them and the threats of strike that seem beyond their measure to assimilate – it is recording annual losses of a record 531 million – pounds – there is no key for it on this new keyboard – that’s what I get for spending $6.00 on it instead of $30

Well, there hasn’t been much on the news explorer about the oil spill – but there is now – about 17 stories – the first says Oil fouls Louisiana, BP scrambles to contain spill –

I have CNN on the CNN Live American Morning show for a few minutes now – and I said earlier in a previous post – that I would say a thing or two about Dennis Blair leaving the Director of National Intel spot where had he not been there – many things would’ve been done better – sorry but that is the truth.

The EMM News Brief has about 74 stories about it – must be something everybody has something to say – I guess it is a big deal but I still can’t believe it took them that long to realize where the problem has been.

And Japan launches Venus probe and solar-sailed ‘space yacht’ – summary on earthtimes – 9 other articles are available

– there were 23 deaths in South India from the cyclone Laila over the last several days of torrential rain –

Now back to the Dennis Blair thing –

– cricketdiane

Oh yeah and where the futures had been holding and moving slightly up and then slightly down all night – they are now moving slightly down again – I’m watching bloomberg with its little ticker thing and then I’ll pop back over to the CNN coverage again.

Note – I already checked the local Channel ABC news – it is raining here and people are still shooting each other about as usual.


Quickly over on the IHT –

“Questions have been raised that go to the heart of this institution’s most fundamental value: how we treat our clients.” — Lloyd C. Blankfein, Goldman Sachs’s C.E.O., at the firm’s annual meeting in May

Note – I bumped over to the New York Times article from the Most Emailed group on the right hand side of the first page I had open – to go here –


Clients Worried About Goldman’s Dueling Goals

Published: May 18, 2010

As the housing crisis mounted in early 2007, Goldman Sachs was busy selling risky, mortgage-related securities issued by its longtime client, Washington Mutual, a major bank based in Seattle.

Although Goldman had decided months earlier that the mortgage market was headed for a fall, it continued to sell the WaMu securities to investors. While Goldman put its imprimatur on that offering, traders in the same Goldman unit were not so sanguine about WaMu’s prospects: they were betting that the value of WaMu’s stock and other securities would decline.

Goldman’s wager against its customer’s stock — a position known as a “short” — was large enough that it would have generated at least $10 million in profits if WaMu collapsed, according to documents recently released by Congress. And by mid-May, Goldman’s bet against other WaMu securities had made Goldman $2.5 million, the documents show.

WaMu eventually did collapse under the weight of souring mortgage loans; federal regulators seized it in September 2008, making it the biggest bank failure in American history.

Goldman’s bets against WaMu, wagers that took place even as it helped WaMu feed a housing frenzy that Goldman had already lost faith in, are examples of conflicting roles that trouble its critics and some former clients.

(etc. – I’m sure there is more good stuff here – will come back to it in a minute and add it here – )

WaMu is not the only Goldman client the firm bet against as the mortgage disaster gained steam. Documents released by the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations show that Goldman’s mortgage unit also wagered against Bear Stearns and Countrywide Financial, two longstanding clients of the firm. These documents are only related to the mortgage unit and it is unknown what other bets the rest of the firm made.

Goldman also bet against the American International Group, which insured Goldman’s mortgage bonds, and National City, a Cleveland bank the firm had advised on a sale of a big subprime mortgage lender to Merrill Lynch.

While no one has accused Goldman of anything illegal involving WaMu, National City, A.I.G. or the other clients it bet against, potential conflicts inherent in Wall Street’s business model are at the core of many of the investigations that state and federal authorities are conducting. Transactions entered into as the mortgage market fizzled may turn out to have been perfectly legal. Nevertheless, they have raised concerns among investors and analysts about the extent to which a variety of Wall Street firms put their own interests ahead of their clients’.

“Now it’s all about the score. Just make the score, do the deal. Move on to the next one. That’s the trader culture,” said Cornelius Hurley, director of the Morin Center for Banking and Financial Law at Boston University and former counsel to the Federal Reserve Board. “Their business model has completely blurred the difference between executing trades on behalf of customers versus executing trades for themselves. It’s a huge problem.”




(from Kuwait News Agency)
Dennis Blair steps down as US National Intelligence Director
Politics    5/21/2010 9:00:00 AM

WASHINGTON, May 21 (KUNA)– US National Intelligence Director Dennis Blair announced late on Thursday that he will step down after a 16-month tenure marked by intelligence failures.
Blair, a retired Navy Admiral, said in a message to his staff that he will step down on May 28. He is the third director of national intelligence, a position that was created after the failure to prevent the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

“Dennis Blair has a remarkable record of service to the United States, and I am grateful for his leadership as Director of National Intelligence. Over the course of many decades, Admiral Blair has served with great integrity, intellect, and commitment to our country and the values that we hold dear,” said President Barack Obama in a statement released by the White House.

His resignation comes two days after a Senate report criticizing the national intelligence and other intelligence agencies for failing to detect ahead Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab’s attempt to board a Detroit-bound airliner on Christmas Day.

“During his time as DNI, our intelligence community has performed admirably and effectively at a time of great challenges to our security, and I have valued his sense of purpose and patriotism. He and I both share a deep admiration for the men and women of our intelligence community, who are performing extraordinary and indispensable service to our nation,” concluded Obama. (end) jm.ema KUNA 210900 May 10NNNN


My Note –

How great – the CNN crew gave me a good view of the Statue of Liberty this morning just a couple minutes ago – way nifty – And she’s beautiful . . . and so is New York this morning – that’s great.

– cricketdiane


I was on my other computer looking at this Telegraph UK story and noticed the cutest little boo-boo – so I just have to share it and no I didn’t change it any –

“But the oversights that allowed Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab to board a plane to Detroit and attempt to detonate explosives hidden in his explosives on Dec 25 prompted sharp criticisms of the department for failing to “join the dots”. Its work was back under the spotlight following the recent Times Square bombing attempt.:



Now – isn’t that cute – “explosives hidden in his explosives.” That really does describe it well although I doubt it was intentional.

– cricketdiane

I was taking a popcorn break – watching CNN’s story about CBRAT4 dispersant sitting in the Houston sun not being used that was ordered by BP on May 4 – 100,000 gallons of it apparently and more could’ve been being made every single day – but there it sits.

And, my thought I had earlier about why would these men from BP be willing to lie to Congress even though they were under oath. Who do they work for? Who can fire them? Who do they answer to that is so powerful in their lives that they would lie to the American people (well, maybe I could see that) – but that they would lie to Congress and other government agencies and authorities? Would the board of directors at BP be that powerful? Would old Chairmen and large shareholders be that strong still – would the petroleum industry organizations for the trade be that strong in these men’s lives – what would cause that? Any other questions, I could just about answer better.

Hey bloomberg guy over in Brussels didn’t say the truth – the other Euro ministres of finance were consulted about naked short selling – he said they weren’t – and the Financial Stability Forum Board, the G-20 has talked about it – and it has been on the plans the whole time – all of them have been consulted about it – even as recently as last week before the day they did it – he said things that weren’t true.

I wish they wouldn’t do that on the news channels – and now I want to know who that jackass talked to in Brussels who told him that – and kick their butt.

Oh well.

While taking my popcorn break and watching the CNN story about the safer dispersants that BP saved to use later – after killing every last bit of marine life in the Gulf of Mexico while not doing as much about dispersing the oil as anything would do that wasn’t that, I pulled up on my other computer one of the documents about the time I was researching the DNI – in this case Blair – but I found some stuff that might be very interesting to add here, under the circumstances.

– cricketdiane


I’m changing computers to post it over without as much bother as using this one –

just a minute –

Geithner is going to Europe and China next week – I guess that should be interesting – maybe something will get done this time. At least there are more facts available to work with now – that is a combination of my note on the end and the info about Secretary Geithner on the front from bloomberg just now.

Here is some of the start of the info from my document – it is being posted from the middle so please forgive me – it has things that are important parts of it starting at this part – and then there’s more – this is from parts of one doc out of several – well, a number of them, you are probably already figuring that out by now –

Startup right here –


In January 2001, Daniels accepted President George W. Bush’s (that’s George, Jr. – my note), invitation to serve as director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). He served as Director from January 2001 through June 2003. In this role he was also a member of the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council.

During his time as the director of the OMB, President Bush admiringly called him the Blade, for his noted acumen at budget cutting.[8] Daniels instituted a first-of-its-kind accountability system for all governmental entities. Daniels came under fire for overseeing a $236 billion annual surplus turn into a $400 billion deficit during his 29-month tenure.

Daniels served as Lugar’s chief of staff during his first term from 1977 to 1982. When Lugar was elected chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee, Daniels was appointed its executive director. He served in that position in 1983 and 1984, playing a major role in the successful effort to keep the GOP in control of the U.S. Senate. Daniels was also manager of three successful Senate campaigns for Lugar. Daniels was part of the Reagan Administration when he became chief political advisor and liaison to President Ronald Reagan in August 1985.[3]

Private sector work

In 1987, Daniels returned to Indiana as chief executive of the Hudson Institute, restoring the organization back to financial health. He then left Hudson in 1990 for the pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly and Company. From 1993 until 1997, Daniels was President of North American operations, and promoted to Senior Vice President for Corporate Strategy and Policy at Eli Lilly in 1997 where he served until leaving the company in 2001.[6][3]

In January 2001, upon his appointment as Director of federal Office of Management and Budget (see below), Daniels resigned as a member of the board of Indianapolis Power & Light Co. and sold the $1.45 million he held in company stock, donating the proceeds to charity. Later, that year, Indianapolis Power & Light Co. was bought by Virginia-based AES Corp.[6] After the stocks dropped, the Indiana Securities Division investigated the sale and found no wrongdoing, but political opponents in his 2004 gubernatorial campaign charged that Daniels got rich while other employees suffered financial hardship. A state investigation also found no wrongdoing.



When AIG suffered rating downgrades, the resulting collateral calls on the credit default swaps proved ultimately to be much more than AIG could handle and became the main reason the company was bailed out – with government commitments that now exceed $150 billion.

The counterparties to the swaps were 25 financial institutions spread around the world. Many of them would have been vulnerable to a domino effect if they hadn’t received, first, the collateral AIG paid them and, later, billions of dollars from the U.S. government that made the counterparties whole.

In this whole disaster that began to play out last September, neither AIG nor the government has ever divulged the names of the counterparties – and that’s what infuriates Bunning and other senators.

Committee chairman Christopher Dodd, D-Conn., describes the counterparties as less than innocent victims who used AIG’s rating (then AAA) to take enormous, irresponsible risks. He complains, It is not clear who we are rescuing.

The Fed’s Kohn argued that he couldn’t give out the names because the counterparties had entered into contracts with AIG not expecting their identity ever to be disclosed. Naming them, he said, might deter them from doing business with AIG again.

A reliable source, however, has given FORTUNE a list of 15 counterparties, with no dollar figures attached. The list contained the names in the following order. FORTUNE sought comment from all of the financial institutions and none said their inclusion on the list was inaccurate.

Société Générale (France)

Goldman Sachs (GS, Fortune 500)

Merrill Lynch International

Deutsche Bank (Germany)

Calyon, Crédit Agricole (France)

UBS (Switzerland)

Barclays (England)

Coral Purchasing, DZ Bank (Germany)

Bank of Montreal (Canada)

Rabobank (the Netherlands)

Royal Bank of Scotland

Bank of America


HSBC (England)

Barclays Global Investors

What is the significance of the rank order of the list? Since it is not alphabetical, one possible interpretation is that the banks are listed in order of the amount of CDOs they insured with AIG.

Goldman Sachs’ No. 2 position fits several press reports that it was an important counterparty, perhaps having insured $20 billion of CDOs with AIG. Goldman has never confirmed that figure, but it has said that its net exposure to AIG – after collateral it received and hedging it did – was minimal.

If indeed France’s Société Générale ranks No. 1 by exposure, it’s a distinction the bank certainly didn’t need. Early last year, the company was staggered by the news that a rogue trader had lost $7.5 billion. Had a domino effect ensued from AIG’s collapse, Société Générale would have been in an especially vulnerable position.

The Fed’s Kohn admitted in the Senate hearings that paying off these counterparties in the course of the AIG rescue will reduce their incentive to be careful in the future, which helps explain why the names have become such sought-after information in the political debate over moral hazard.

But the transcript says not microcosm, but microchasm. And that’s what AIG has proved to be, a money pit of gaping proportions.

First Published: March 7, 2009: 1:18 PM ET



Supply Side Economics At Its Best – A Complete Failure

Supply Side Economics At Its Best – A Complete Failure


* Ford Administration: During the Gerald Ford presidency, Deputy Assistant Dick Cheney suggested in a now infamous memo to Donald Rumsfeld that the White House use the United States Justice Department to conduct opposition research and retaliate against political opponents and critical journalists such as Seymour Hersh and the New York Times, arguing that the executive branch had the power to prosecute journalists as they saw fit, under the provisions of the Espionage Act of 1917.[32]

* Reagan Administration: In 1984, during the Ronald Reagan presidency, the Republican National Committee formed The Opposition Research Group, with its own budget of $1.1 million. These staff amassed information on eight Democratic presidential candidates based on data from voting records, Congressional Record speeches, media clippings and transcripts, campaign materials, all of which was stored on a computer for easy access. In this way Reagan was able to track inconsistencies and attack them. This original data base evolved into a network that linked information gleaned by Republicans in all 50 states, creating a master data base accessible to high-ranking Republican staff, even aboard Air Force One.[33]

* George W. Bush Administration: Two former opposition researchers for the RNC appointed to Justice Department posts, Timothy Griffin and Monica Goodling, were implicated in efforts to use data collected on Democratic-appointed federal attorneys as ground for dismissal. See Dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy. See also Karl Rove.

Also during this administration, CIFA (Counterintelligence Field Activity) , an intelligence gathering arm of the Pentagon was disbanded in 2008, after investigations into the bribery activities directed at Duke Cunningham revealed that the U.S. government kept a sizeable database of information about 126 domestic peace activist groups, including Quakers, about 1,500 suspicious incidents including peace demonstrations outside armed forces recruiter offices, even though the groups posed no specified threat to national security.

The program was known as Talon. About two years elapsed between the program’s disbanding and the Post report. The Washington Post quoted an unnamed official as saying, On the surface, it looks like things in the database that were etermined not to be viable threats were never deleted but should have been, the official said. You can also make the argument that these things should never have been put in the database in the first place until they were confirmed as threats. [35]

Opposition Research and Mass media ethics

* In 1992, Floyd Brown headed up the Presidential Victory Committee, which backed the candidacy of George H. W. Bush. CBS Evening News reported that Floyd Brown was observed to be in the company of NBC news producer Ira Silverman as they stalked the family of Susan Coleman, a former law student of Bush’s opponent Bill Clinton. Coleman had committed suicide, and Brown was attempting to disseminate a rumor that she had had an affair with Clinton. Brown and associate David Bossie reportedly stalked the family of a suicide victim. In April 1992, 30 news organizations received an anonymous and untraceable letter by fax claiming Clinton had had an affair with a former law student who committed suicide 15 years ago. Floyd Brown attempted to link Clinton to the 1977 suicide of this, emotionally distraught young woman, seven-months pregnant, Susan Coleman.[42]

The Bush-Quayle campaign eventually filed a complaint with the Federal Election Commission against Brown, seeking to distance itself from his tactics.[43][44] The group had filed its intent to air the ad with the Republican Party, and Bush’s campaign director James A. Baker III, who waited 25 days before responding to the letter, after the ad had been airing continuously. Brown has said of the incident, If they were really interested in stopping this, do you think they would have waited that long to send us a letter? [45]

The practice of using tips from sources such as Brown was examined in 1994 by Howard Kurtz, media analyst for the Washington Post. Kurtz surveyed the major networks, Newsweek, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and other influential media outlets, and found varying levels of use of Brown’s information on David Hale as a witness in the Whitewater controversy. At this time, Brown confirmed that he had been the source of four mainstream media stories that had received attention from the Columbia Journalism Review because they bore striking resemblance to the opposition research being disseminated by Citizens United.[46] In 2008, Floyd unveiled a new attack ad against Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama, on the Fox News network, while also appearing as a real estate investor commenting on the mortgage fraud crisis.[47]

Opposition research and public opinion in the United States

The Atwater-Rove style drew sharp scrutiny and criticism, and opened a new venue for study of executive management style, as scholars sought to examine to what extent incumbent politicians who used black ops to gain power would also deploy the same staff and techniques to maintain power and control once they are elected. The public now weighs a candidate or organization’s viability by how they conduct their campaigns, and to many voters, a negative campaign means that if elected, that candidate will possibly transfer opposition research into retaliatory operations against dissenters.



My Note – today, 05-21-10

FTSE just dropped below 5,000 for the first time since whenever – Nov. 2009, apparently, and the S& P futures fall below level reached at bottom of May 6 plunge said the banner on cnbc just now  – the losses are across the board and DOW futures are now below the 10,000 mark – should be interesting . I was seeing the bloomberg and CNN stuff and just thought I better pop over and check this – sure enough – it just keeps getting better and better – figures.

Trading sessions are nearing their lows – it says – (cnbc)


Back to my docs

– cricketdiane


Congressional response

Main article: Congressional response to the NSA warrantless surveillance program

Three days after news broke about the warrantless wiretapping program, a bipartisan group of Senators–Democrats Dianne Feinstein of California, Carl Levin of Michigan, Ron Wyden of Oregon and Republicans Chuck Hagel of Nebraska and Olympia Snowe of Maine, sent a letter dated December 19, 2005 to Judiciary and Intelligence Committees chairmen and ranking members requesting the two committees to seek to answer the factual and legal questions about the program.

On January 25, 2006, in response to the administration’s asserted legal justification of the NSA program being based in part on the AUMF, Senators Leahy (D-VT) and Kennedy (D-MA) introduced Resolution 350 to the Judiciary Committee that purported to express a sense of the Senate that the AUMF does not authorize warrantless domestic surveillance of United States citizens . Resolution 350 has not been reported out of committee and has no effect.

In introducing their resolution to committee,[138] they quoted Justice O’Connor’s opinion that even war is not a blank check for the President when it comes to the rights of the Nation’s citizens.

Additionally, they asserted their opinion that the US DOJ legal justification for the NSA program was a manipulation of the law similar to other overreaching and twisted interpretations in recent times. Leahy and Kennedy also asserted that Attorney General Gonzales admitted at a press conference on December 19, 2005, that the Administration did not seek to amend FISA to authorize the NSA spying program because it was advised that it was not something we could likely get.



Math whiz James Simons scores top spot on Alpha’s list

By Carol Eisenberg

March 26, 2009 at 10:06am

There’s a reason they’re called Masters of the Universe.

The 25 top hedge fund managers took home a sweet $11.6 billion last year, even in a time of tightening credit and falling stock prices which shuttered many less-nimble funds.

Of course, the price of admission to the club was sharply lower: To make the cut, a hedge fund hotshot needed to earn $75 million, down from the $360 million required for 2007’s top 25, according to Alpha Magazine’s annual rankings.



Alpha Magazine List of Top Hedge Fund Managers 2008

John D. Arnold – Centaurus Energy – founder

William A. Dunn – Dunn Capital Management – founder

Michael Platt – Blue Crest Capital Management – co-founder and CEO

David Harding – Winton Capital Management – founder and managing director

John A. Paulson – Paulson & Co. – president

John Horseman – Horseman Capital Management – founder

David E. Shaw – D.E. Shaw & Co., LP – founder

Dennis Crema – Blue Gold Capital Management – founding partner and CEO

Paul Touradji – Touradji Capital Management – president and chief investment officer

Alan H. Howard – Brevan Howard Asset Management, LLP – co-founder and director

Kenneth G. Tropin – Graham Capital Management – founder and chairman

James H. Simons – Renaissance Technologies – founder

George Soros – Soros Fund Management – founder / previous managing director – Drukenmiller

Henry B. Laufer – Renaissance Technologies – vice president

Pierre Andurand – Blue Gold Capital Management – founding partner & chief investment officer

Raymond T. Dalio – Bridgewater Associates – president

Andrew Hoine – Paulson & Co. – SVP and research director

James S. Chanos – Kynikos Associates – founder // NY Historical Society – trustee

John R. Taylor Jr. – FX Concepts – chairman and CEO

Roy G. Neiderhoffer – R.G. Neiderhoffer Capital Management – founder and president

Christian Levett – Clive Capital, LLP – founder and CEO

Christian J. Baha – Superfund – founder and CEO

Christopher Rokos – Brevan Howard Asset Management, LLP – co-founder

Bruce Kovner – Caxton Associates, LLC – chairman

Stanley F. Drukenmiller – Duquesne Capital Management – chairman and CEO






Autopsy: Bay City man froze inside his home

(WWII Veteran – my note)

by Tom Gilchrist | The Bay City Times

Monday January 26, 2009, 8:28 AM

Ryan Hernden, 15, and his father, Jim Hernden, 41, stand in front of the yellow Bay City home where their neighbor, 93-year-old Marvin Schur, froze to death.

City manager says utility followed policy on limiting man’s electricity

A pathologist said a 93-year-old Bay City man froze to death inside his home – his body found days after city workers said they limited electricity flowing to the house.

Marvin E. Schur suffered “a slow, painful death” inside his home at 1600 S. Chilson St. on Bay City’s southwest side, said Dr. Kanu Virani, who performed an autopsy on the body.

UPDATE: Bay City raises electric rates as Marvin Schur’s death spurs anger

ALSO: Marvin Schur’s death was preventable, Lansing officials say

“Hypothermia shuts the whole system down, slowly,” Virani said. “It’s not easy to die from hypothermia without first realizing your fingers and toes feel like they’re burning.”

Funeral services for Schur, a retired pattern-maker who lived alone, are at 11 a.m. Wednesday at the Gephart Funeral Home, 201 W. Midland St. Schur’s wife, retired elementary-school teacher Marian I. (Meisel) Schur, died several years ago, and the couple had no children.

Virani, Oakland County’s deputy chief medical examiner, performs autopsies for Bay County and numerous other Michigan counties. Of about 15,000 autopsies Virani has conducted, he said Marvin Schur’s autopsy “is the first one I can remember doing on someone who froze to death indoors.”

Virani said the temperature inside Schur’s home was less than 32 degrees when neighbors George A. Pauwels Jr. and his wife, Shannon, found Schur’s body Jan. 17.

George Pauwels Jr. said Schur owed almost $1,100 in electricity bills to the city of Bay City, though Pauwels said he noticed money clipped to those bills on Schur’s kitchen table the day he found Schur’s body.

Bay City Manager Robert V. Belleman said a worker with Bay City Electric Light & Power placed a “limiter” device outside Schur’s home, between Schur’s electricity meter and electrical service, on Jan. 13.

The device restricts the amount of electricity reaching the home and if a homeowner tries to draw more electricity than the limiter allows, “it blows the limiter, just like blowing a fuse, and then you go outside and reset it,” Belleman said.

Belleman said he doesn’t know if a city worker made one-on-one contact with Schur to explain the limiter’s operation. Virani said he doesn’t know if Schur suffered from dementia, which could have interfered with his ability to know how to reset a limiter.

Pauwels said Schur couldn’t hear well, and said he believed Schur “had a little bit” of dementia.

Belleman said city workers keep the limiter on a residence for 10 days, at which point the city shuts off all electricity if the homeowner hasn’t paid his utility bill or arranged to do so.

Jim Hernden, 41, a neighbor of Marvin Schur, said Bay City Electric Light & Power workers should insist on meeting face to face with a homeowner, or a homeowner’s neighbors, before installing a limiter or shutting off power.

“We’re a small enough town where someone like Marvin should get a little bit extra care,” he said.

Bay City Police Department officers investigated Schur’s death, but declined comment, referring all questions to Belleman.

Pauwels said he blames the city for Marvin Schur’s death.

“His furnace was not running – the insides of his windows were full of ice the morning we found him,” Pauwels said. “This (limiter) is supposed to regulate the amount of electricity he was using, but still allow enough power to run the furnace.Obviously, it didn’t work.”

Belleman said city officials will review Electric Light & Power policies in the wake of Schur’s death. Belleman said he doesn’t believe the city did anything wrong.



WWII Veteran Freezes To Death In Own Home

Memorial Service Set For Wednesday

POSTED: 2:20 pm EST January 26, 2009

UPDATED: 11:17 am EST January 28, 2009

BAY CITY, Mich. — Officials in Mid-Michigan said the 93-year-old man who owed more than $1,000 in unpaid electric bills froze to death inside his home — where the municipal power company had restricted his use of electricity.Neighbors and friends of Schur want answers as to how this could happen.“Now that we do know it was hypothermia, there’s a whole bunch of feelings that I’ve got going through me,” said Jim Herndon, a neighbor of Schur’s. “There’s anger, for the city and the electrical company.”



ACLU calls for changes at LA County Jail

Published: April 14, 2009 at 11:04 PM

LOS ANGELES, April 14 (UPI) — The American Civil Liberties Union Tuesday called for an end to what it calls dangerous overcrowding in the Los Angeles County’s central jail for men.

In a statement, the ACLU said conditions at the facility cause or contribute to violence and mental illness among inmates.

“Men’s Central Jail is so grossly overcrowded, dangerous and dungeon-like that it puts intolerable stress on the prisoners, as well as the jailers,” said Margaret Winter, associate director of the ACLU National Prison Project. “The county must do whatever it takes to stop subjecting people to the nightmarish conditions in this jail, and stop denying basic mental health treatment to those who need it.”

The ACLU’s comments came as county officials are investigating the death of John Horton, 22, who was found hanging from a noose in his cell March 30, after spending more than a month in the jail.

In a 50-page report submitted to Los Angeles County Sheriff Lee Baca last year, an expert said he found that idleness and massive overcrowding at the jail leads to violence and ultimately psychotic breakdown even in relatively healthy people.

The report was made public Tuesday.

With 20,000 detainees, the Los Angeles County jail system is the largest in the nation. Men’s Central Jail, which is nearly 50 years old, houses an average of 5,000 detainees.



My Note –

One third of our population has been in jails, and prisons, and institutions since the Republican administrations made a business out of them. That means whenever there is any unemployment numbers – they are missing nearly a third of the employable adult population – while money is being made from this process by counties, cities, businesses and states. Most of the highly dangerous criminals are never caught and the majority of our jails are filled with the poor, the homeless, the disabled, and the misdemeanors, small drug possessions and non-violent felonies. There seems to be no real system in place for national concerns about it either. Many of the jails are overcrowded in every city and county in America, but it is just a business. It is one more revenue stream for the county or the city or the state. Its a shame.

– cricketdiane


This is America – the one we’ve all been enduring – (my note)


Jailers indicted in Ohio inmate’s death

Published: April 14, 2009 at 10:54 PM

CLEVELAND, April 14 (UPI) — Lucas County (Ohio) Sheriff James Telb and three other jailers were indicted Tuesday in the death of a prisoner, federal officials said.

The men are accused in the 2004 death of Carlton Benton and a subsequent 4-year cover-up, a U.S. Justice Department statement said.

Federal authorities allege that on May 30, 2004, former Deputy Sheriff John Gray assaulted and strangled Benton and left him lying unconscious without seeking medical help for him.

Shortly before Benton died, the indictment said Jay Schmeltz, who was a chief deputy, also assaulted him. Both deputies are also accused of writing false reports of the incident and lying to federal agents.

The indictment also alleges Lt. Robert McBroom, who was in the jail’s Internal Affairs Department and Telb concealed their knowledge of Gray’s felonies from federal authorities.

“Police officers are given tremendous authority and responsibility so that they can protect and serve the public trust. Those who abuse that authority face serious consequences,” said Loretta King, acting assistant attorney general of the Civil Rights Division.

If convicted, Gray faces a maximum sentence of life in prison, Schmeltz faces a maximum of 10 years behind bars, while McBroom and Telb will each face a maximum of three years.

Telb, 70, is serving his seventh term as sheriff, The (Toledo) Blade said.

“I didn’t do anything wrong and I’m not going to walk away,” Telb said at a news conference. “We’re going to be vindicated in this … . This is serious stuff. I’m not backing away from it.”

Benton, 24, was facing two counts of aggravated murder when attacked.



Lloyd Blankfein of Goldman Sachs joins executives from the financial institutions who received TARP funds testifying before the House Financial Services Committee about how the the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) funds were used on Capitol Hill in Washington on February 11, 2009. (UPI Photo/Roger L. Wollenberg)

NEW YORK, April 14 (UPI) — New York financial firm Goldman Sachs said it would try to raise $5 billion in cash to begin paying back bailout money to the U.S. government.

The bank accepted $10 billion from Troubled Asset Relief Program funds in October. If given permission to begin paying the loan back, it would be the first large bank to take that step.

Goldman, which posted a $1.66 billion first quarter profit, said it would sell common shares to raise funds, The New York Times reported Tuesday.

“We view it as our duty to return the funds as long as we can do it without negatively impacting our financial profile,” Goldman’s Chief Financial Officer David Viniar said in a statement.

However, some doubted the bank’s sincerity and others questioned the timing, given Goldman’s loss of more than $2 billion in the final quarter of 2008.

“Goldman can walk the halls of Congress waving a check, but is it in the best interest of the marketplace for them to pay it back?” asked Brad Hintz, an analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein.

“If you look at most of the conditions in place that forced TARP onto the banks, those conditions have not changed,” said Roger Freeman, an analyst with Barclays Capital.



The directors of American International Group Inc. (NYSE:AFF) triggered a perfect storm of national anger and rage Sunday when they released a list of $100 billion they have paid out to around 80 recipients out of the $173 billion they received in a gigantic bailout payment from the U.S. government.

Goldman Sachs, Merrill Lynch, Bank of America, Wachovia, Societe Generale (OTCPK:SCGLF), Deutsche Bank, Barclays and UBS all received billions of dollars. Senior AIG executives, who had run the gigantic financial structure into the ground and imperiled the entire U.S. economy by their actions, nevertheless paid themselves $450 million in bonuses as if they deserved them.

They didn’t earn them: Shares in the group now stand at 1 percent of the value they held two years ago, and 80 percent of the group is now owned by the U.S. government.

AIG defends the bonuses by claiming that it is contractually obligated to pay them. But that isn’t sitting well with the people who agreed to give AIG billions in the first place — the American people.

The scandal is a tremendous embarrassment for inexperienced young U.S. President Barack Obama. He has repeatedly said he doesn’t want to govern from anger. Obama, his Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and his Chairman of the National Economic Council Lawrence Summers have already been outspoken about the shameless greed and arrogance of the AIG executives and other Wall Street bigwigs like them.

However, mouthing that kind of language while simultaneously complaining that nothing can be done about such behavior is hardly an exercise in inspiring and confidence-building leadership, especially as the administration’s own economic measures have manifestly failed to even slow the dangerous economic decline. Last week Wall Street stock indexes rallied a bit at least. But they have still lost almost 20 percent in value in the less than seven weeks since Obama took the oath of office.

The New York Times reported Monday that Obama and his political advisers were concerned that anger at the AIG financial payouts and other documented scandals, corruption and outrageous behavior in the financial sector could set off an angry populist backlash across the United States.

The haunting new song from country and western singer John Rich captures the mood of rising proto-populism across America perfectly:

“While they’re living up on Wall Street

“In that New York City town,

“Here in the real world they’re

“Shutting Detroit down.”

Any real populist backlash would take years to have any direct political impact on the composition of Congress, and if the economy shows signs of stabilizing and recovering this year or even next year, it will probably fizzle out. That has been the pattern throughout U.S. history.

The Grangers of the mid-1870s briefly proliferated following the Wall Street crash of 1873. The ferocious depression of 1893-96, the worst in American history to that date, led to the great prairie-populism cruise of William Jennings Bryan when he seized control of the Democratic Party at its 1896 convention in Chicago, Obama’s hometown. However, a quarter century of prosperity and boom began right after the election that year of Republican William McKinley.

Even in the Great Depression of the 1930s, the fires of populism were tamed and channeled by the successful and charismatic leadership of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Obama, however, has shown no sign as yet of commanding the economic story. As financial analyst Martin Hutchinson has pointed out in his Bear’s Lair columns, only about 11 percent of the Obama-Democrats stimulus package will actually directly produce any real benefits to the U.S. economy and national infrastructure. The bill is packed with the most absurd pork barrel self-indulgence, such as the funding plan for a maglev train from Los Angeles to Las Vegas in Senate Majority Leader Sen. Harry Reid’s home state of Nevada.

If the Democrats continue to fiddle as America burns and the Republicans praise bailouts of bankers while opposing comparable aid to what’s left of the once fabled American industrial sector, a neo-populist movement fired by the rage of hundreds of millions of smashed dreams is going to be inevitable. All that anger has to go somewhere.



(haven’t found the Dennis Blair and DNI stuff yet – if you stop reading, I don’t blame you – sorry about that but understanding the significance of this day – it seems like this information is very important right now to keep some perspective – so I’m posting as I look for the other – from my documents – this first part is a note I sent to the online Washington, External website for the White House – )

my note – above


When President Obama makes a speech especially the one today at Georgetown, would you please put the entire thing online at the White House website such that it can be saved and read and shared by those of us who are interested.

It is history – I don’t need a few bits from it, nor an explanation about it. I don’t want it interpreted, excerpted or have to go to the Chinese websites to find the speech in its entirety.

and, in this case particularly, this speech clearly expressed the current economic situation in its context and described the methods by which it is being solved. It calls upon each of us to participate, to educate ourselves and to engage in the process. It is history and I for one, want to keep it close to my mind for reference and share it with my family members and my children.

Thankyou, CricketDiane

about speech made to Georgetown students – 04-14-09, USA


China’s PM Wen nervous over holding U.S. Treasury bonds


Published: March. 13, 2009 at 12:09 PM

Reaction: Wen worried about U.S. investments

WASHINGTON, March 13 (UPI) — A fire bell tolled in the night for the American economy Friday: Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao said his country is worried about just how safe its estimated $1 trillion in U.S. Treasury bonds are.

Wen told Friday’s session of the National People’s Congress in Beijing he was “definitely a little worried” about China’s investments in the United States.

“China is indeed the largest creditor of the United States, which is the world’s biggest economy. We are extremely interested in developments in the U.S. economy,” Wen said, according to a report from China’s official Xinhua news agency.

“The Obama administration has adopted a series of measures to counter the international financial crisis. We are expecting these measures to take effect,” Wen said. He stressed what he called China’s principle of guaranteeing the “safety, liquidity and good value” of the nation’s foreign exchange reserves — the largest of any nation in the world — and the importance of cautiously investing the reserves and diversifying in many different places.

“On the foreign-reserves issue, the first consideration is our national interest,” Wen said. “But we also have to consider the stability of the overall international financial system, as the two factors are interlinked.”

Wen did add a reassuring note: “Currently, our reserves are generally safe.”

As long as the dollar is strengthening, as it has been lately, China can feel good about its position. However, economists have raised concerns that U.S. President Barack Obama’s gigantic economic stimulus package, backed as it is with a massive increase in government debt, could weaken the dollar — and threaten China’s investment.

Xinhua noted that China’s foreign exchange reserves soared to an all-time high of $1.95 trillion at the end of 2008, a far higher figure than Japan, which has the second-highest national reserves, worth $1.03 trillion — just more than half the Chinese figure.

The U.S. Treasury listed China as owning $681.9 billion in U.S. Treasury bonds in November. This figure was far higher than the $585 billion in U.S. bonds it held in September, an increase of well more than 15 percent in only two months.

On the one hand, this increase appeared to mark a boost in confidence in the future of the U.S. economy, even after the September economic crisis erupted on Wall Street and then spread around the world. But on the other hand, it also indicated that the U.S. financial system and government are now far more dependent on Beijing than they were six months ago.

And as one commentator has observed, the effect of China staying away from even one auction of U.S. Treasury bonds would likely be dramatic; it would certainly send a message.

It seems unlikely China will do that in the immediate future as long as the U.S. dollar continues to rise relative to other major international currencies.

Wen has been critical of U.S. economic behavior before on several occasions. He expressed his concern strongly at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, last month.

Ultimately, this is in large part a problem of China’s making, too. China’s economic model has been intimately tied to buying U.S. debt so that U.S. consumers can drive China’s growth by funding its exports.

China was happy to benefit from the growing bubble but doesn’t now like the results of it bursting. As a result, the country is now going to have to readjust its development model, relying more on domestic consumption. That will require developing a better social safety net so that Chinese can more confidently spend some of their savings.

President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton certainly recognize the crucial importance of staying on good terms with China. Clinton visited Beijing on her first trip overseas after taking office. And discussing ways to manage trade and financial relations was at the top of her negotiating list.

Human-rights activists and supporters of the Dalai Lama have decried Clinton’s unwillingness to publicly champion their concerns in Beijing, but as the old saying goes, “He who pays the piper calls the tune.” Anyone who wants the United States to be able to lecture China and put pressure on it about such issues has to recognize that can’t happen as long as the U.S. government and economy are so dependent on Chinese financial support and cheap industrial and manufactured imports.

Obama has said he hopes to cut the record annual government deficit that he inherited from President George W. Bush by 50 percent within the next four years. And there is no doubt that senior Obama administration officials take the issue of national fiscal solvency far more seriously than their predecessors under Bush did.

However, Obama’s gigantic spending package is far from reassuring to the Chinese and to other major governments around the world. Financial ministers from the Group of 20 are gathering in London this weekend to lay the groundwork for next month’s economic summit. There are differences in how they see fit to handle the crisis.

Japan has backed a U.S. position of coordinated moves to support the world economy, but European ministers have been pushing instead for regulation of the financial sector.

Banque de France Gov. Christian Noyer told the Financial Times in comments published Friday that the United States needs to fix its financial system. Noyer said Europe was more advanced in that regard than the United States.

Therefore, Wen’s warning, while measured, was of vast importance. It serves notice to the Democratic masters of the 111th Congress as well as to their Republican opponents that their bipartisan, still-dominant ways of doing business through reckless pork-barrel spending as if there were no tomorrow cannot continue. Tomorrow has just arrived.



China takes giant step with new super rocket


Published: April 10, 2009 at 1:44 PM


1 of 2

In comparison, the LM-5D stands 2 meters taller and weighs over 100k kilograms more than the Atlas V rocket pictured here. In recent years, China’s export of space technology, including satellites and satellite-launching services, has been closely tied to its attempts to acquire natural resources globally. The LM-5D will put China in a more favorable position, capable of competing with the United States and Russia. (UPI Photo/Joe Marino – Bill Cantrell)

In comparison, the LM-5D stands 2 meters taller and weighs over 100k kilograms more than the Atlas V rocket pictured here. In recent years, China’s export of space technology, including satellites and satellite-launching services, has been closely tied to its attempts to acquire natural resources globally. The LM-5D will put China in a more favorable position, capable of competing with the United States and Russia. (UPI Photo/Joe Marino – Bill Cantrell)


1 of 2

HONG KONG, April 10 (UPI) — China has created a new, powerful carrier rocket with military capabilities that can launch multiple satellites into space.

The rocket supports China’s strategy of marketing satellites, communications technologies and launch services overseas, especially to oil-producing countries.

At the most recent Zhuhai Air Show, China introduced a high-capacity LM-5D carrier rocket with a diameter of 5 meters at the core section, bundled with one 2.25-meter-diameter booster and two 3.35-meter-diameter boosters.

The carrier rocket has a length of 60 meters, a takeoff weight of 675,000 kilograms and the capacity to send targets of 10,000 kilograms into geostationary transfer orbit. The initial flight of the rocket is expected no later than 2014.

This type of carrier rocket deserves attention, as its advanced upper stage can be integrated with a CZ-5 carrier rocket to directly blast designated equipment to medium Earth orbit and geostationary Earth orbit, or even lunar orbit. The rocket is capable of deploying multiple satellites and has outstanding capability for orbit maneuvering and orbit transfer. It can function in orbit for seven to 10 days.

This advanced-upper-stage rocket is of critical importance for the People’s Liberation Army in its research of orbit transfers and orbital killer satellites. The advanced upper stage of the rocket has a diameter of 3.8 meters, and the thrust power of the engine is 35 kilonewtons.

The CZ-5 is likely to be deployed on Hainan Island, where conditions are favorable for the launch of satellites into geosynchronous or geostationary orbits. Most of the United States’ ballistic missile early-warning satellites and communications satellites are deployed in this orbit range. The CZ-5 is capable of sending a 25-ton-class satellite into low Earth orbit and a 12-ton-class satellite into geosynchronous orbit.

By the time the rocket is ready for launch, the quality of China’s image-reconnaissance satellite will have improved greatly.

At a weight of around 14 tons, it will be on par with the technological standard of the KH-12 image-reconnaissance satellite of the U.S. military.

In recent years, China’s export of space technology, including satellites and satellite-launching services, has been closely tied to its attempts to acquire natural resources globally. The LM-5D will put China in a more favorable position, capable of competing with the United States and Russia.

China’s sales of space technologies overseas have so far focused on its traditional allies, such as Pakistan, and oil-rich countries like Venezuela and Nigeria. On Oct. 17, China signed a contract with Pakistan to provide a PakSat-1 communications satellite and launching service.

This is China’s third such foreign contract. It produced a communications satellite for Nigeria and launched it in May 2007, and it did the same for Venezuela with a successful launch in October 2008.



In comparison, the LM-5D stands 2 meters taller and weighs over 100k kilograms more than the Atlas V rocket pictured here. In recent years, China’s export of space technology, including satellites and satellite-launching services, has been closely tied to its attempts to acquire natural resources globally. The LM-5D will put China in a more favorable position, capable of competing with the United States and Russia. (UPI Photo/Joe Marino – Bill Cantrell)


A Chinese soldier marches past a rocket on display outside the barracks in central Beijing, China, on January 21, 2007 China has come under growing pressure to explain the shooting-down of a satellite as condemnation continued to pour in from around the globe. (UPI Photo/Stephen Shaver)


Israel sells spy drones to Russian air force

By MARTIN SIEFF, UPI Senior News Analyst

Published: April 13, 2009 at 6:23 PM

WASHINGTON, April 13 (UPI) — Russia has closed a deal with Israel’s largest aerospace company to buy new state-of-the-art unmanned aerial vehicles.

Russian Deputy Defense Minister Vladimir Popovkin, who directs all military procurement programs, confirmed the deal in an announcement Friday, RIA Novosti reported. Previously, the Moscow daily business newspaper Kommersant had published what it said were details of the deal on April 7.

“We have closed a deal with an Israeli company on the delivery of a range of UAVs,” Popovkin announced, according to the report.

According to the Kommersant report, the Russian government has concluded an agreement with Israel Aerospace Industries to buy the Bird-Eye 400 mini-UAV, the I-View MK150 tactical UAV and the Searcher Mk II medium-range UAV. The Bird-Eye 400 weighs 11 pounds and has a range of 6 miles. The I-View MK150 weighs 352 pounds and has a range of 60 miles. The Searcher Mk II weighs 937 pounds and has a range of 150 miles.

The tactical importance of the contract with Israel Aerospace Industries is very great. The Russian army in general performed very impressively in its blitzkrieg occupation of one-third of the territory of the former Soviet republic of Georgia in the Caucasus last August.

However, Russian military analysts and reports published after the conflict stressed the weakness of battlefield intelligence and a grave weakness in intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance technology. Several Russian air force combat aircraft were also lost to unexpectedly effective U.S.-supplied Georgian air defenses.

RIA Novosti noted that Russian analysts had concluded that “the effectiveness of Russian military operations was severely hampered by the lack of reliable intelligence.”

Israel has prioritized UAV development in recent years and is regarded as a world leader in advancing the technology.

The Russian air force has already started high-priority UAV development programs of its own. The RIA Novosti report noted that last year, three-star Col. Gen. Alexander Zelin, the air force commander, announced the goal of putting UAVs into operational use by 2011 that could fly as far as 240 miles and could stay in the air as long as 12 hours.

However, this ambitious target appears to be beyond the current resources and technical capabilities of the Russian defense industry. “Russian defense companies, including the MiG corporation, the Russian Helicopters and the Vega Radio Engineering Corp., have failed so far to provide the military with effective spy drones,” RIA Novosti said.

Popovkin revealingly remarked that the purchase of the UAVs — spy drones — from Israel was a temporary bridging measure. But he also indicated that the Israeli UAVs would be reverse-engineered and carefully studied “to show our industry what it (a spy drone) is.”

We will rely on our own equipment to fight wars,” he added.

RIA Novosti said that recent studies had concluded the Russian armed forces require at least 100 UAVs using a minimum of 10 guidance systems to reach the required level of battlefield reconnaissance in any future conventional war it may have to fight.



Obama, Gates take aim at Israel’s Arrow-3 missile

By MARTIN SIEFF, UPI Senior News Analyst

Published: April 9, 2009 at 11:37 AM

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WASHINGTON, April 9 (UPI) — Israel’s Arrow-3 anti-ballistic missile may be one of the first victims of U.S. President Barack Obama’s defense spending cuts.

Ynet, the Web site of the respected Tel Aviv daily Yediot Aharonot, reported Monday that U.S. funding for the Arrow-3 program is likely to be eliminated.

However, in compensation, the Obama administration is prepared to help Israel buy the U.S. Navy’s Standard Missile 3 anti-ballistic missile system instead, the report said. The SM-3 is built by Raytheon as its primary contractor.

Ynet said the U.S. Congress is expected to take up the issue soon, possibly as early as its next session.

Offering the SM-3 makes a lot of sense and could prove a wiser course of action for Israel than pushing ahead with the Arrow-3. The SM-3 is far more expensive per unit at $10 million to $12 million each, compared with the individual projected cost of the Arrow-3 at only $1.5 million to $2 million each. But the SM-3 is a mature technology whose costs will not rise unexpectedly. The Arrow-3 is still in the developmental stage, and no one knows how high its real costs will reach as opposed to the optimistic projections made for it.

Far more important from Israel’s point of view, SM-3s can be sold and deployed quickly, while the Arrow-3 is still at least three years away from operational deployment by the most optimistic assessment. But Iran already has a formidable intermediate-range ballistic missile arsenal and is now developing a far higher and faster intercontinental ballistic missile capability as well.

The SM-3 showed last year when it shot down a plunging U.S. satellite on Feb. 21, 2008, that it has the capability to destroy targets following the ballistic flight paths and with the speed and acceleration of an incoming ICBM. Ynet noted that the USS Lake Erie, a Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser, destroyed the satellite by firing only a single SM-3, even though the target was plunging to Earth with a combined closing velocity of 22,780 mph at an altitude of 133 nautical miles above the Pacific Ocean.

Also, as we have noted in our analyses of the problems with Israel’s Iron Dome very-short-range anti-ballistic missile defense system, the Jewish state, with a land area comparable to New Jersey and a population of only around 6 million, is world-class at upgrading existing military technologies, but it does not have the resources to develop many new systems of its own.

This problem may be less in the case of the Arrow-3, which is planned as an exoatmospheric interceptor that can hit and destroy intermediate-range ballistic missiles 60 miles above the surface of Earth. But the Raytheon SM-3 is already an established, reliable technology with a long record of successful IRBM interceptions under its belt.

The threat Israel faces from a potentially nuclear-armed Iran became imminent in February when Tehran successfully launched its first communications satellite on its own multistage ballistic missile. In effect, as we have often noted, any nation with the capability to launch a satellite into orbit on its own multistage booster already has the intercontinental ballistic missile capability to send a nuclear weapon, not just to Israel, but also 9,000 miles to the Eastern Seaboard cities of the United States.

Ending U.S. funding for the Arrow-3 would be consistent with President Obama’s well-documented skepticism about ballistic missile defenses. Defense Secretary Robert Gates proposed Monday a slashing of funding for the U.S. Missile Defense Agency’s Kinetic Energy Interceptor and Airborne Laser programs — moves that would in effect kill both of them.

However, Ynet suggested that Raytheon may have applied pressure as well to try to kill the Arrow-3.

Ynet reported that Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak, a strong enthusiast for the Arrow-3 program, recently met with a delegation of visiting U.S. senators and congressmen; following that meeting, he briefed a private meeting of his Labor Party, in which he warned of the pressures to kill the Arrow-3.



Judge OKs Chrysler financing over lenders’ protest


5 hours ago


Boxes of documents related to the Chrysler bankruptcy case are brought into …

NEW YORK — A bankruptcy judge on Monday gave Chrysler access to a crucial $4.5 billion to fund the carmaker’s operations through the end of June, creating a “bridge” to the sale of the company’s most valuable assets to Italy’s Fiat Group SpA.

Chrysler LLC won the interim approval for the government loan and immediate use of $1.8 billion, staving off the immediate threat of liquidation for now. Access to the full $4.5 billion requires final approval in a later hearing.

U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Arthur Gonzalez overruled objections from a dissident group of Chrysler LLC lenders, who argued that the loan was too closely tied to the sale, setting Chrysler on an irreversible path to complete the deal at the lenders’ expense.

“As the court is aware, we’re concerned that’s we’re starting construction of a bridge that may turn out to be a pier,” said Tom Lauria, an attorney for the lenders.

Lauria argued the sale planned by Chrysler and the government favors other stakeholders such as the United Auto Workers union, which would get a 55 percent stake in the “new Chrysler” when a deal is consummated and billions of dollars in cash payments later. His clients would get about 29 cents on the dollar to dissolve what they’re owed.

But four banks holding 70 percent of Chrysler’s $6.9 billion in secured debt had agreed to the government’s deal to wipe out the debt.

At an event in Sterling Heights, Mich., on Monday, UAW President Ron Gettelfinger said critics who think the union is getting a better deal than Chrysler’s secured debtholders are wrong because the UAW is taking a big risk with Chrysler equity that is currently worthless.

Gonzalez also ruled Monday that Chrysler can pay $8 billion in taxes and costs to suppliers, dealers and employees.

The Fiat deal is a key pillar of Chrysler’s plan for a quick and “surgical” exit from court protection. Without the sale, the government had been unwilling to offer $4.1 billion in loans to fund Chrysler’s operations. Chrysler also has the use of another $400 million in cash.

The biggest obstacle appears to be Lauria’s clients, who may be forced to disclose their identities Tuesday. Gonzalez is set to rule on whether the list of lenders can remain private. Disclosure of their identities may cause some of them to drop their objections.

The group of holdout lenders refused to take the four banks’ deal and go along with the government’s restructuring plan for Chrysler, and President Barack Obama blamed them for pushing the automaker into filing for bankruptcy protection Thursday.

“I’ve never represented a group of creditors who were called out by the president of the United States just for standing up for their rights,” Lauria said.

Obama said Thursday that the lenders were seeking an “unjustified taxpayer-funded bailout” after Chrysler and his auto task force cleared the company’s other hurdles, including the Fiat deal and a cost-cutting pact that the UAW ratified last week.

Lauria, whose group includes lenders such as OppenheimerFunds Inc. and Stairway Capital Management, said some of the holdout lenders have asked to remain anonymous because of fears about their safety. Some in the group have gotten death threats, he said.

Gonzalez delayed until Tuesday afternoon the hearing that will determine how Chrysler’s assets will be transferred to the new entity tied to Fiat. Attorneys for the lenders group said they needed more time to review the proposed deal and the 300-page filing that went with it. Chrysler lawyers did not file its motion until late Sunday.

Also on Monday, one of the top financial advisers overseeing Chrysler’s restructuring testified in bankruptcy court Monday that there is a “low likelihood” that the automaker will be able pay back its billions of dollars in government loans.

But Robert Manzo, an executive director with the restructuring group Capstone Advisory Group LLC, said he doesn’t view the government financing as “free money.”

“They’re offering financing with a low likelihood of being repaid,” he said.

Chrysler executives testified during the afternoon about the relationships between Chrysler and its suppliers and dealers. A Chrysler dealer also took the stand to talk about how vehicle sales tumbled in the months leading up to the Chapter 11 filing, along with his concerns about how the bankruptcy filing will affect dealers’ sales in the future.

Scott Garberding, Chrysler’s executive vice president for procurement, testified that a prolonged Chrysler bankruptcy could have a disastrous effect on the company’s about 1,300 production suppliers.

“I think the extreme case we could have multiple suppliers, probably the very specialized ones, file for bankruptcy or liquidate,” Garberding said. “It’s really already a tough environment for them.”

Chrysler, the nation’s third-largest car manufacturer, filed for bankruptcy protection Thursday with plans to emerge in 30 to 60 days as a leaner company and with Fiat potentially becoming the majority owner.


AP Auto Writer Kimberly S. Johnson in Sterling Heights, Mich., contributed to this report.



Blind Amputee Fights AIG for Leg, Wheelchair – Iraq Contractor who worked with KRB

April 17, 2009 – video

found this video – couldn’t operate share button or other email options but watched it

at the same time, on air – there was the continuing saga of the credit card companies and banks raising interest on credit cards to untenable levels, changing rules of the game on those who have credit cards without notice and changing minimum payment requirements – they are also taking accounts and closing them whether the individual has a high credit score or not (currently)


“I got your ‘special ops’ for yah.” – cricketdiane comment

– Ollie North special on special ops on foxnews sometime this week (or later today)

((from the day I was taking these notes – I’m going to check another doc – this isn’t it, – cricketdiane – today’s note, 05-21-10))


updated 3 hours, 12 minutes ago

13-year-old’s school strip-search case heads to Supreme Court

* Story Highlights

* The justices in January accepted the Safford school district case for review

* Justices will decide if campus gives administrators greater discretion

* Administrators strip-searched honor student, 13, looking for ibuprofen

* The court could now be asked to clarify the extent of student rights involving searches

* Next Article in U.S. »

(CNN) — The case of a 13-year-old Arizona girl strip-searched by school officials looking for ibuprofen pain-reliever will be heard by the U.S. Supreme Court this week.

The Supreme Court has a mixed record when it comes to students’ rights.

The Supreme Court has a mixed record when it comes to students’ rights.

The justices in January accepted the Safford school district case for review, and will decide whether a campus setting gives school administrators greater discretion to control students suspected of illegal activity than police are allowed in cases involving adults in general public spaces.

The case is centered around Savana Redding, now 19, who in 2003 was an eighth-grade honors student at Safford Middle School, about 127 miles from Tucson, Arizona. Redding was strip-searched by school officials after a fellow student accused her of providing prescription-strength ibuprofen pills.

The school has a zero-tolerance policy for all prescription and over-the-counter medication, including the ibuprofen, without prior written permission.

“In this case, the United States Supreme Court will decide how easy it is for school officials to strip search your child,” Adam Wolf, an attorney with the American Civil Liberties Union who is representing Redding, told CNN Radio on Sunday.

Wolf told CNN Radio his client was traumatized by the search.

“School officials undoubtedly have difficult jobs, but sometimes they overreact — and this was just a clear overreaction,” he said.

Redding was pulled from class by a male vice principal, escorted to an office, where she denied the accusations.

A search of Redding’s backpack found nothing. Then, although she never had prior disciplinary problems, a strip search was conducted with the help of a school nurse and Wilson’s assistant, both females. According to court records, she was ordered to strip to her underwear and her bra was pulled out. Again, no drugs were found.

In an affidavit, Redding said, “The strip search was the most humiliating experience I have ever had. I held my head down so that they could not see that I was about to cry.”

At issue is whether school administrators are constitutionally barred from conducting searches of students investigated for possessing or dealing drugs that are banned on campus.

A federal appeals court found the search “traumatizing” and illegal.

Some parents say older children deserve the same constitutional rights as adults, but educators counter a school setting has always been treated differently by courts, and a ruling against them could jeopardize campus safety.

While a federal magistrate and a three-panel appeals court found the search was reasonable, the full 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of Redding last year.

“Common sense informs us,” wrote the court, “that directing a 13-year-old girl to remove her clothes, partially revealing her breasts and pelvic area, for allegedly possessing ibuprofen … was excessively intrusive.”

The court said the school went too far in its effort to create a drug- and crime-free classroom. “The overzealousness of school administrators in efforts to protect students has the tragic impact of traumatizing those they claim to serve. And all this to find prescription-strength ibuprofen.”

In its appeal to the Supreme Court, the school district said restrictions on conducting student searches would cast a “roadblock to the kind of swift and effective response that is too often needed to protect the very safety of students, particularly from the threats posed by drugs and weapons.”

School officials said the court was “wholly uninformed about a disturbing new trend” — the abuse of over-the-counter medication by teenagers.

The high court has a mixed record over the years on students’ rights.

In a famous 1969 ruling, the justices said students do not “shed their constitutional rights … at the schoolhouse gate.” But decisions in the 1980s gave administrators greater discretion, including one case that said officials need not be required to have a warrant to search a student’s locker. Such a search was permitted if there were “reasonable” grounds for believing it would turn up evidence and when the search was not “excessively intrusive.”

Opinions in 1995 and 2001 allowed schools to conduct random drug testing of high school athletes, and those participating in other extracurricular activities.

And in a well-publicized 2007 ruling from Alaska, the Supreme Court upheld the suspension of a student who displayed a large “Bong Hits 4 Jesus” banner at an off-campus, but school-sponsored, event. The decision did not endorse a broader argument that students in general have limited free-speech rights when they interfere with a school’s vaguely defined “educational mission.”

The court could now be asked to clarify the extent of student rights involving searches, and the discretion of officials regarding those they have responsibility over.

The case is Safford United School District No. 1 v. Redding (08-479).



U.S. bank lending drops in February despite bailouts: report

Mon Apr 20, 2009 2:26am EDT

(Reuters) – Banks that received the most U.S. government aid made or refinanced 23 percent less in new loans in February, than in October 2008, when the U.S. Treasury launched its Troubled Asset Relief Program, the Wall Street Journal said, citing its own analysis of Treasury Department data.

In three of the four months that the U.S. government reported this data, the total dollar amount of new loans declined, according to the paper.

Some 16 of the 19 largest TARP recipients with comparable data originated fewer loans in February than they did at the time they received federal infusions, the paper said.

The Treasury has not released its own tally of the October to February decline, according to the paper.

“No one metric can accurately capture lending activity across the nation,” a Treasury spokesman told the paper. “That’s why we provide the data set in full.”

“The declining levels of lending obviously reflect current economic conditions,” the paper cited the spokesman as saying. “But Treasury firmly believes that lending levels would be much lower” without the government’s capital injections.

(Reporting by Ajay Kamalakaran in Bangalore; Editing by David Fox)



My note – (from April 19, 2009

in one of the news clips over the weekend, President Bush was shown at the time of his responses to the whether the US tortures prisoners or not – and in this clip, he says something about how our “troops” have undergone these techniques and they are not torture.

They damn well better not have subjected our soldiers to these techniques and I think somebody better find out because I bet they did. There is no good sense to raising our children, teaching them, praying over them, hoping for them, working to provide for them, and then watch our government take them into the military and subject them to the procedures that have been described that were used in CIA interrogations. I don’t care what anybody says – that is evil. There is no other word for it. Those that engaged in it are evil and every person that supported doing it to our soldiers is also evil – (in order to prove what?) –

I don’t want people who don’t know any better than that working in our CIA, NSA or in our military and certainly not working in our government with any position where a decision has to be made. That would be stupid.

When the “good guys” aren’t acting any different than Satan himself – then something is wrong with the judgment that they are the “good guys”. It takes a really sick, twisted mind to have come up with some of this stuff but it takes an even sicker, more twisted personality to have authorized it.

On CNN, in a report about the US torture program – there was a mention that over 100 prisoners had died in US custody also. As if it isn’t bad enough that the United States has treated their disabled populations and citizens to much the same insane abuses of authority and forcibly administered tortures, it looks like the same denial of culpability, especially in the event of deaths, occurs in both cases. There is an inherent evil in handling people’s lives in these ways. It belies a deeply rooted lack of respect for human life, dignity, freedom, and human rights. It is pure evil which means they are not the good.


“Because specific intent is an element of the offense, the absence of specific intent negates the charge of torture. … We have further found that if a defendant acts with the good faith belief that his actions will not cause such suffering, he has not acted with specific intent,” Bybee wrote, said an August 2002 memo from then-Assistant Attorney General Jay Bybee to John Rizzo, who was acting general counsel for the CIA.

Other memos allowed the use of such tactics as keeping a detainee naked and in some cases in a diaper, and putting detainees on a liquid diet.

On waterboarding, in which a person gets the sensation of drowning, the memo said, “although the waterboard constitutes a threat of imminent death, prolonged mental harm must nonetheless result” to violate the law.

Authorities also were allowed to slap a detainee’s face “to induce shock, surprise or humiliation” and strike his abdomen with the back of the hand in order to disabuse a detainee’s notion that he will not be touched, the memos said.

Another memo to Rizzo, from Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Steven G. Bradbury on May 10, 2005, noted that nudity could be used as an interrogation technique.

“Detainees subject to sleep deprivation who are also subject to nudity as a separate interrogation technique will at times be nude and wearing a diaper,” it said, noting that the diaper is “for sanitary and health purposes of the detainee; it is not used for the purpose of humiliating the detainee and it is not considered to be an interrogation technique.”

“The detainee’s skin condition is monitored, and diapers are changed as needed so that the detainee does not remain in a soiled diaper,” the memo said.

Another Bradbury memo laid out techniques and when they should be used in a “prototypical interrogation.”

“Several of the techniques used by the CIA may involve a degree of physical pain, as we have previously noted, including facial and abdominal slaps, walling, stress positions and water dousing,” it said. “Nevertheless, none of these techniques would cause anything approaching severe physical pain.”

All of the CIA techniques were adapted from military “survival evasion resistance escape” training, according to a May 30, 2005, memo from Bradbury to Rizzo.

“Although there are obvious differences between training exercises and actual interrogations, the fact that the United States uses similar techniques on its own troops for training purposes strongly suggests that these techniques are not categorically beyond the pale,” the memo said.



The Constitution of the United States of America

We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.


Bill of Rights – from wikipedia entry

The Bill of Rights prohibits Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise therof, forbids infringement of the right to keep and bear arms, by Congress or citizens in a federal territory [3] and prohibits the federal government from depriving any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.

(among other things)



My note – (april 2009)

Of course they’re not lending money – they are a black hole that sucks money in. The same banks are engaging in practices that undermine the financial health and opportunities of American consumers that hold credit cards with them and generally, taking every advantage in the situation while taking taxpayers money to the tune of billions of dollars. What would happen if we didn’t have them? Wouldn’t other more competitive and fair sources of loans and provisions through social lending and investors / venture capitalists move into the gap? Banks are using depositors’ money to do all their finagling in the first place – they obviously don’t lend out $7 for every $1 the taxpayers are putting into their businesses.

*** tyranny***


My note –

How dare they do these things to us? How dare they do these things in our name and using the power of the United States of America to do them?

No amount of profit is an excuse to be as evil as this. No amount of power is a safe harbor for the evil they’ve done with it.

There is no way that anyone excused other tyranny because they were operating in fear.

And there is no way that the United States leadership can honestly stand there on the world stage and claim they want civil and human rights abuses to stop in other countries when they are allowing those abuses in the United States to go unchallenged and unstopped, while promoting those abuses and harboring those that have engaged in them with protections and failure to prosecute them appropriate to their extraordinary crimes against humanity.

– cricketdiane

(and I would note today about this part I wrote in 2009 above, that it applies to BP and the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico today that is endangering people, wildlife, marine animals, and every future day in America – maybe even to farther reaches of the world around us. There is no excuse for any amount of profit to promote or create what they have done both with the spill after it happened and in the things that caused it in the first place, my note today, 05-21-10 – cricketdiane)


One seminal document repudiated by the government was an August 2002 memo by the Justice Department. It concluded that interrogators could use extreme techniques on detainees in the effort to prevent terrorism.

The memo suggested that the president could authorize a wide array of coercive interrogation methods in the campaign against terrorism without violating international treaties or the federal torture law. It did not specify any particular procedures but suggested that there were few limits short of causing the death of a prisoner.

Among the reviews, intelligence officials say, are an examination of what a military investigation described as eight “ghost” detainees who were incarcerated at Abu Ghraib, but who were kept off the prison’s roster at the C.I.A.’s request. In one of those cases, in November 2003, a detainee brought to the prison by C.I.A. employees but never formally registered with military guards died at the site, and his body was removed after being wrapped in plastic and packed in ice.

The man had been detained by Navy Seals, who had hit him in the head with a rifle butt during his arrest, and the military investigation said that blow apparently led to his death. But the investigation suggested that the detainee might have survived if he had been screened by doctors, as would have been required had he been properly registered with the military.

Source: New York Times

Date: 29 August 2004

C.I.A. Expands Its Inquiry

Into Interrogation Tactics



The Face of Evil –

(of course, they made him a judge – this just gets better and better)

Bush Administration legal mentor to justify torture

Jay Bybee, a federal judge on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has been criticized for his role in formulating Bush administration torture policy. The New York Times called for his impeachment in a April 19, 2009 editorial.  (Official photo)

My note –

now that shows what happens when the determining factor of intelligence and good judgment is how good a person looks or how well connected they are. This man could not possibly have the conscience of a rock to have done what he did legally assuring that obscene violations of human rights and torture would be conducted by the United States government and its agencies.

(cricketdiane – April 2009)


Medical researchers face conflicts of interest

Mon Apr 13, 2009 9:31am EDT

By Julie Steenhuysen

CHICAGO (Reuters) – Dr. Bruce Psaty of University of Washington in Seattle knows how easy it can be to fall under the spell of a friendly relationship with drug companies.



April 13, 2009 — Updated 0323 GMT (1123 HKT)

GM recalling 1.5 million cars over fire fears

* Story Highlights

* Recall involves certain Chevrolet, Buick, Oldsmobile and Pontiac sedans

* Problem involves potential for oil to leak on the exhaust manifold, then igniting

* General Motors to send details to owners next month

* Next Article in U.S. »



Fed contractor, cell phone maker sold spy system to Iran

Dissidents monitored

By Eli Lake (Contact) | Monday, April 13, 2009

Two European companies — a major contractor to the U.S. government and a top cell-phone equipment maker — last year installed an electronic surveillance system for Iran that human rights advocates and intelligence experts say can help Iran target dissidents.

Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN), a joint venture between the Finnish cell-phone giant Nokia and German powerhouse Siemens, delivered what is known as a monitoring center to Irantelecom, Iran’s state-owned telephone company.

A spokesman for NSN said the servers were sold for “lawful intercept functionality,” a technical term used by the cell-phone industry to refer to law enforcement’s ability to tap phones, read e-mails and surveil electronic data on communications networks.

The sale also highlights a rift between the government of Germany, which has endorsed diplomatic and economic pressure on Iran to curb its nuclear program, and German corporations that continue to export sensitive technology to Iran. On March 31, NSN sold the portion of its business that services the monitoring center to a private German holding company called Perusa Partners Fund LLP.

Since 2005, Siemens had done more than $900 million worth of business with the U.S. government and employs about 70,000 people in the United States. Nokia is one of the leading mobile handset providers in the United States.

Promotional literature says the monitoring center’s “modular architecture allows the monitoring and interception of all types of voice and data communication in all networks, i.e. fixed, mobile, Next Generation Network (NGN) and the Internet. The MC’s [monitoring center’s] unified view-concept greatly facilitates investigative work and opens completely new and efficient ways to pursue leads.”

Ben Roome, a spokesman for NSN, said, “We provide these systems to be used under the applicable laws in their countries and make sure we are abiding by U.N. and [European Union] export regulations and code of conduct. We provided the monitoring center to Irantelecom. We are not going to comment on the use of it. It is there to record lawful intercepts.”

But William Daly, a former CIA signal-intelligence officer for the agency’s Office of Science and Technology who retired in 2000, said the monitoring center in Iran will be used to “monitor dissidents and those ayatollahs who oppose the Supreme Leader [Ayatollah Ali Khamenei].”

Mr. Daly, who provided technical assistance on surveillance missions for the CIA, said that lawful intercept as a concept was created by the cell-phone industry to provide law enforcement agencies the ability to track criminals and terrorists.

Indeed, the telecommunications industry’s own international standards require that data networks allow law enforcement to intercept phone calls, e-mails and other electronic data.

“This functionality is offered by all major mobile and fixed network system vendors,” Mr. Roome said. “Such functionality can provide the proper authorities with an important tool for the investigation of serious criminal activities, such as terrorism, child pornography or drug trafficking. The use of such surveillance is based on local legislation and typically overseen by high-level independent government bodies, such as courts.”

Mr. Daly said, however, that the technical switches telecommunications companies embed in their systems can easily be abused.

“The concept of ‘lawful intercept’ came about with the development of cellular phones,” he said. “They had no way of monitoring them if it did not go through a landline switch. With [Global System for Mobile communications, or GSM], it is possible to communicate in the cell without going to the switch. This was part of the basic argument for why they developed it. But the real answer is that governments want to know what their people are doing.”

Tom Malinowski, Washington advocacy director for Human Rights Watch, said the monitoring center NSN sold to Iran last year should be regulated as though it were “dual-use technology” – items that can have military as well as civilian applications.

“There are a lot of export controls in place in Western countries on technology that might have a dual military purpose,” he said. “But there are virtually no restrictions on the export of high-tech equipment that can be used to monitor or control free expression.”

“They facilitate a regime which easily violates human rights in Iran and the privacy of the people of Iran. They have facilitated the regime with a high technology that allows them to monitor every student activist, every women’s rights activist, every labor activist and every ordinary person.”

Hadi Ghaemi, spokesman for the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran, said 12 women´s rights activists were arrested late last month at a private meeting to celebrate the Persian New Year. He said the raid suggested the state had access to private communications.




Reports of sudden deaths of children and adolescents treated with psychotropic medications have raised concerns regarding the appropriateness of this therapy, as well as the advisability of baseline and periodic electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring of such patients.1 2 3 4 What follows is a review of the drug effects on the ECG, cardiovascular effects of the commonly used psychotropic medications in children and adolescents, a summary of potentially dangerous drug interactions, and recommendations for cardiovascular monitoring.



American Heart Association, Inc.

AHA Scientific Statement

Cardiovascular Monitoring of Children and Adolescents Receiving Psychotropic Drugs

A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the Committee on Congenital Cardiac Defects, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, American Heart Association

Howard Gutgesell, MD, Chair; Dianne Atkins, MD; Robyn Barst, MD; Marcia Buck, PharmD; Wayne Franklin, MD; Richard Humes, MD; Richard Ringel, MD; Robert Shaddy, MD; members; Kathryn A. Taubert, PhD; AHA Staff

My note –

and right this very minute there is an Eli Lilly spokesman bragging on bloomberg about the Zyprexa market status and how excited they are – which is disgusting considering how much damage that drug has been proven to have done, including deaths, physical damage to children and elderly and disabled populations, – that is – there are no words for it – after all the efforts – including that article above which was from 1999 when it was already well known in the medical community that these drugs were causing deaths. What kind of good mental health is that – dead?

These are valuable irreplaceable human lives they have taken from all of us and from their families and from the human race in its potential to survive – what right did they have to do that just so they could make money?

– cricketdiane, April 2009


Johnson said the city would spend about $1 million to relocate those in the camp, expand shelters and provide more permanent housing.

Mayoral spokesman Steve Maviglio said Wednesday there were at least 35 open beds at three city shelters, including one at the state fairgrounds. “We are not at capacity,” he said.

Others, however, disputed whether the city had provided enough beds to accommodate the closing of the tent city.

“They’ve tried to help, just not enough,” said Garren Bratcher, co-director of Loaves & Fishes, the nearby food bank.

Stephanie Hayes, 39, who is eight months pregnant, and her husband Brian, 43, said they were turned away Tuesday from a shelter at the state fairgrounds because there were no beds.

“They want to move us around, but they don’t want to help us with anything. They have a shelter, but those rooms were full,” Stephanie Hayes said.

The camp about a mile northeast of the state Capitol has for years been home to about 150 homeless people, most of them chronically homeless.

It became an embarrassment for the capital city after it was featured on “The Oprah Winfrey Show” earlier this year.

During last year’s mayoral campaign, Mayor Kevin Johnson had pledged to deal with Sacramento’s homeless problem. The tent city held a fraction of the city’s estimated 2,700 homeless.



Video: Police Help Tent City Residents Move Out KCRA.com



Sacramento homeless tent city pulls up stakes; advocates set protest for more services

By CYNTHIA HUBERT – McClatchy Newspapers

Saturday, Apr. 18, 2009

SACRAMENTO, Calif. — Sacramento’s homeless tent city is no more.

The last occupants of a sprawling encampment near the American River Parkway north of the downtown area of the California capital city pulled up stakes Friday, scattering to other outdoor areas and shelters.

“I’m moving out of sight, out of mind,” said Eve Deutsch, who has camped in the area for about three years. “Some place where no one will bother me.”

* Link: http://www.sacbee.com/

But that is not to be the end of the issue.

Residents of the encampment, which drew international media attention and sparked a $1 million city effort to find alternative shelter for 150 to 200 people, began leaving earlier in the week. Tensions between residents and police were high as some campers balked at leaving and others simply moved further east, down the parkway. But by Friday, emotions had cooled.

“It’s not them versus us,” said Sacramento Police Sgt. Norm Leong, who along with about a dozen other officers defused minor altercations Friday and helped homeless men and women load their remaining belongings into trucks. “Camping is illegal in Sacramento and we have to clear this area. But we are trying to do it in a compassionate way.”

Construction crews erected fence posts Friday along the site of the original encampment. Sacramento Municipal Utility District, which owns the property, plans to upgrade a substation there. The private land that Leong watched over on Friday the property east of the original camp also is scheduled to be fenced, as early as this week.

Former residents of the encampments are being offered overnight beds at the Cal Expo winter shelter through June 30, and later will be eligible for more permanent housing. But not all of the campers want to live inside.

Advocates argue, meanwhile, that more work needs to be done to accommodate some 1,200 people who are without shelter in Sacramento on any given night.

To that end, they are organizing a protest this week to demand a legal “safe ground” where homeless people can camp and have access to basic services such as portable toilets and garbage pickup.

The protest is scheduled for 2 p.m. Tuesday on the south steps of the state Capitol.



Capital-area income gap got bigger in good times

By Phillip Reese


Published: Sunday, Apr. 19, 2009 – 12:00 am | Page 1B

Just before the recession hit, the gap between the Sacramento region’s richest and poorest households grew to its widest point in decades, with the top 1 percent of local earners making more than the bottom 50 percent, a Bee analysis of new financial data has found.

From 2001 to 2007, the number of households in the four-county area earning north of $1 million a year doubled, from 739 households to 1,477, according to Franchise Tax Board data.

But while the Sacramento region was generating a lot more income, most of its residents weren’t seeing their pay rise. The median household income for both 2001 and 2007, after adjusting for inflation, was about $60,000, U.S. census data show.

“The top has grown a lot relative to everyone else,” said Emmanuel Saez, an economics professor at University of California, Berkeley, co-author of a study on income inequality. “If your situation hasn’t changed and you see other people doing better than you or poverty rising, it affects you. People have a sense of fairness.”

Many local residents making a million or more before the recession are taking a bath now as the stock and real estate markets plummet. But economists said the gap between them and everyone else may not be shrinking much as those at the low end of the earnings scale lose jobs in droves.

“You have 10 percent or more of people with almost no income,” said Deborah Reed, director of research at Princeton, N.J.-based Mathematica’s Oakland office.

Mention executive salaries to the unemployed workers waiting in line at the crowded Employment Development Department service center on Broadway and 50th Street and get an earful:

“I was hot when I heard about AIG (executives) getting bonuses,” said Juan Horcasitas, a Sacramento truck driver waiting his turn to apply for unemployment assistance.

Horcasitas saved up money a couple of years back to leave his warehouse job and go to truck driving school. But as one of his company’s newest employees, he was let go after a year on the job.

“It’s been so bad, I’m just thankful I’m not homeless,” he said.

Standing next to Horcasitas was John “Bud” Reichert, a 49-year-old unemployed forklift operator. Every morning, he waits in line with about 1,000 other people at a day labor site, hoping someone will need his help. He said he wishes he could get the second and third chances many CEOs seem to enjoy.

Of course, the rich are a boon to their communities in many ways. In 2006, for instance, the 1,400 or so local residents earning more than $1 million accounted for about one-fifth of state taxes collected in the region, largely because they paid a higher tax rate than most others, state figures show.

And Sacramento’s income distribution remains more equal than other parts of California, census figures show.

Los Angeles has the highest rate of income inequality in the state. Its Gini Index – the measure statisticians use to gauge income distribution – is more than 10 percent above Sacramento’s, meaning that fewer households in L.A. control a larger portion of its income, census figures show.

So while the income differences between Granite Bay and Meadowview may be large, they are smaller than the differences between Bel Air and Watts.

But generally, statewide and nationwide earnings trends applied here.

In the years leading up to the recession, the income of the Sacramento region’s minorities, particularly Latinos, increased slower than that of whites, census figures show. The gap between those with a college degree and those without also grew.

Eclipsing both of those trends was the widening chasm between the very rich and everyone else.

After adjusting for inflation, the total attributed to local households that earned more than a million rose by 90 percent from 2001 to 2006. The total earned by everyone else – including those making several hundred thousand dollars a year – rose 10 percent.

Before the 1990s, several experts said, income inequality wasn’t driven primarily by raises to the top 1 percent of earners.




Interactive Map of increase homelessness across the US – January 2009


Sanitation Crisis Brewing in U.S. Tent Cities

March 16, 2009


As hundreds of thousands lose their jobs and homes monthly, a new population of internally displaced persons (IDPs) haunts the American landscape. From Sacramento to Seattle, water and sanitation conditions within the resulting camps and shantytowns fall far below par.

Between the river and the railway tracks of Sacramento Depression-era history repeats itself, reports the Times. The so-called tent cities are now home to hundreds of once stable middle class wage earners – such as construction workers, farm laborers, restaurant staff and store clerks. They lack sanitation and running water. Rubbish piles up by the day. Heavy rains help little.

According to the World Health Organization, such conditions as found in the emerging tent communities are conducive to the rampant spread of diseases. Local charity organizations fear that if something is not soon done to address the growing population of IDPs, cities could face sanitation issues as well as security concerns.

Homeless shelters in Sacramento are at full capacity, some turning away hundreds nightly. Unemployment soars past ten percent and home repossessions rank in the hundreds.



Dirty Equipment May Have Infected Veterans With HIV More than 3,200 veterans asked to visit their doctor


Updated 7:30 PM EDT, Mon, Mar 23, 2009

A VA Hospital mishap could result in infectious diseases for colonoscopy patients

Doctors at a Miami Veterans Administration hospital may have operated on over 3,200 patients with dirty equipment that may have infected them with deadly diseases.

Officials said Monday colonoscopy patients should meet with a doctor to get screened for HIV, hepatitis and other diseases. That’s probably not the best way to pay back people who laid their life on the line for this country.

“It is outrageous and unacceptable that our veterans would be subjected to such shocking mistreatment,” Congressman Ron Klein said. “There must be a full investigation – beginning today – into how this could possibly happen, who was responsible and how we can ensure our hospitals are safe going forward.”

Patients from May 2004 through March 12, 2009 should rush to see a doctor and get tested.

It’s unclear how the infectious equipment made it into operating rooms, but VA officials said the problem was things were sterilized properly. Still, VA officials claim the threat is minimal and that no tools that actually made contact with the patients was contaminated.

The announcement is becoming a disturbing trend for the government-funded hospitals aimed at helping veterans, especially those who needed to get their colons checked out.

Last month, a similar red alert was sounded for 6,400 veterans who had a colonoscopy at a VA hospital.

VA officials also said 1,800 veterans treated at an ear, nose and throat clinic in Augusta, Ga., were alerted they could have been exposed to an infection due to improper disinfection of an instrument.

Associated Press / NBC Miami



FRESNO, Calif. — As the operations manager of an outreach center for the homeless here, Paul Stack is used to seeing people down on their luck. What he had never seen before was people living in tents and lean-tos on the railroad lot across from the center.

“They just popped up about 18 months ago,” Mr. Stack said. “One day it was empty. The next day, there were people living there.”

Like a dozen or so other cities across the nation, Fresno is dealing with an unhappy déjà vu: the arrival of modern-day Hoovervilles, illegal encampments of homeless people that are reminiscent, on a far smaller scale, of Depression-era shantytowns. At his news conference on Tuesday night, President Obama was asked directly about the tent cities and responded by saying that it was “not acceptable for children and families to be without a roof over their heads in a country as wealthy as ours.”

While encampments and street living have always been a part of the landscape in big cities like Los Angeles and New York, these new tent cities have taken root — or grown from smaller enclaves of the homeless as more people lose jobs and housing — in such disparate places as Nashville, Olympia, Wash., and St. Petersburg, Fla.

In Seattle, homeless residents in the city’s 100-person encampment call it Nickelsville, an unflattering reference to the mayor, Greg Nickels. A tent city in Sacramento prompted Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger to announce a plan Wednesday to shift the entire 125-person encampment to a nearby fairground. That came after a recent visit by “The Oprah Winfrey Show” set off such a news media stampede that some fed-up homeless people complained of overexposure and said they just wanted to be left alone.

The problem in Fresno is different in that it is both chronic and largely outside the national limelight. Homelessness here has long been fed by the ups and downs in seasonal and subsistence jobs in agriculture, but now the recession has cast a wider net and drawn in hundreds of the newly homeless — from hitchhikers to truck drivers to electricians.

“These are able-bodied folks that did day labor, at minimum wage or better, who were previously able to house themselves based on their income,” said Michael Stoops, the executive director of the National Coalition for the Homeless, an advocacy group based in Washington.

The surging number of homeless people in Fresno, a city of 500,000 people, has been a surprise. City officials say they have three major encampments near downtown and smaller settlements along two highways. All told, as many 2,000 people are homeless here, according to Gregory Barfield, the city’s homeless prevention and policy manager, who said that drug use, prostitution and violence were all too common in the encampments.

“That’s all part of that underground economy,” Mr. Barfield said. “It’s what happens when a person is trying to survive.”

He said the city planned to begin “triage” on the encampments in the next several weeks, to determine how many people needed services and permanent housing. “We’re treating it like any other disaster area,” Mr. Barfield said.

Mr. Barfield took over his newly created position in January, after the county and city adopted a 10-year plan to address homelessness. A class-action lawsuit brought on behalf of homeless people against the city and the California Department of Transportation led to a $2.35 million settlement in 2008, making money available to about 350 residents who had had their belongings discarded in sweeps by the city.

The growing encampments led the city to place portable toilets and security guards near one area known as New Jack City, named after a dark and drug-filled 1991 movie. But that just attracted more homeless people.

“It was just kind of an invitation to move in,” said Mr. Stack, the outreach center manager.

On a recent afternoon, nobody seemed thrilled to be living in New Jack City, a filthy collection of rain- and wind-battered tents in a garbage-strewn lot. Several weary-looking residents sat on decaying sofas as a pair of pit bulls chained to a fence howled.

Northwest of New Jack City sits a somewhat less grim encampment. It is sometimes called Taco Flats or Little Tijuana because of the large number of Latino residents, many of whom were drawn to Fresno on the promise of agricultural jobs, which have dried up in the face of the poor economy and a three-year drought.

Guillermo Flores, 32, said he had looked for work in the fields and in fast food, but had found nothing. For the last eight months, he has collected cans, recycling them for $5 to $10 a day, and lived in a hand-built, three-room shack, a home that he takes pride in, with a door, clean sheets on his bed and a bowl full of fresh apples in his propane-powered kitchen area.

“I just built it because I need it,” said Mr. Flores, as he cooked a dinner of chili peppers, eggs and onions over a fire. “The only problem I have is the spiders.”



An encampment of tents under an overpass in Fresno. More Photos >


Angelo R. Mozilo (born 1938 in New York City) was the chairman of the board and chief executive officer of Countrywide Financial until July 1, 2008[1].

He is the son of a Bronx butcher. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from Fordham University in 1960 and holds an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Pepperdine University.[citation needed]

In 1978 he and his former mentor David S. Loeb, who had already started a mortgage lending company, founded Countrywide Credit Industries in New York. They later moved the headquarters to Calabasas, California in Los Angeles County. Mozilo and Loeb also cofounded IndyMac Bank, which was founded as Countrywide Mortgage Investment, before being spun off as an independent bank in 1997. IndyMac collapsed and was seized by federal regulators on July 11, 2008.[2]

Since Countrywide was listed on the NYSE in 1984, Mozilo has sold $406 million worth of its stock, mostly obtained through stock option grants. $129 million of this was realized in the 12 months ending August 2007.[3]

Insider Sales

Over many years, Mozilo sold hundreds of millions of dollars in stock personally[4], even while publicly touting the stock and using shareholder funds to buy back stock to support the share price.


1. ^ Countrywide’s Mozilo exits stage a fallen hero – Los Angeles Times

2. ^ LA Biz Observed: *IndyMac taken over

3. ^ Gretchen Morgenson (2007-08-29). “Inside the Countrywide Lending Spree”. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/26/business/yourmoney/26country.html?hp=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved on 2007-08-29.

4. ^ “Why is Countrywide possibly going bankrupt?”. HousingPanic. 2007-09-09. http://housingpanic.blogspot.com/2007/09/why-is-countrywide-possibly-going.html.

External links

* Businessweek Biography

* Forbes 2006 information

* Forbes 2005 information

* Business Biography, answers.com

* Bloomberg News Video

* Official Countrywide Biography



CEO Compensation

#4 Angelo R Mozilo

04.30.08, 6:00 PM ET

< Previous: Aubrey K McClendon     Next: Howard D Schultz >

Total Compensation

$102.84 5 mil

5-Year Compensation Total

$391.88 mil

Angelo R Mozilo has been CEO of Countrywide Financial ( CFC) for 10 years. Mr. Mozilo has been with the company for 39 years and is its Founder. The 69 year old executive ranks 1 within Diversified Financials


College: Fordham University BS ’60

Graduate School:

See Org Chart for CFC

Performance Vs. Pay

Rank: 175 / 175                       Countrywide Financial

6-Year Annual Total Return   -9%

Mr. Mozilo

6-Year Average Compensation

$66.43 mil 6-Year Return Relative to Industry    84

6-Year Return Relative to Market      86

Relative returns: 100 equals the market or industry.

Angelo R Mozilo’s Compensation Vs. Diversified Financials Medians

Salary Angelo R Mozilo’s Compensation      $2.87 mil                     Diversified Financials Industry CEO Compensation             $0.85 mil

Bonus $20.46 mil       $2.00 mil

Other   $7.30 mil         $1.87 mil

Stock Gains     $72.21 mil $0.00 mil

Total Compensation    $102.84 5 mil $8.99 mil

Countrywide Financial

(CFC: quote, news, org chart)

4500 Park Granada

Calabasas, CA 91302





Angelo R Mozilo’s Ownership Of Countrywide Financial

Industry Medians

Stock Owned (% of Co)          0.25%             0.21%

Stock Owned  $8.3 mil          $0.02 mil

Countrywide Financial’s Stock Performance

Total Return During Tenure     -6%

Relative to Market       90



A struggling borrower sends an email to Countrywide Financial Corp. pleading for help.

“My number one goal is to keep my home that I have lived in for sixteen years, remodeled with my own sweat equity and I would really appreciate the opportunity to do that. My home is not large or in an upscale neighborhood, it is a “shotgun” bungalow style of only 900 sq. ft. built in 1921. I moved into this home in May of 1992…this was the same year I got clean and sober from drugs and alcohol, and have been ever since, this home means the world to me.”

The borrower soon gets a response from the very top, the company’s chairman, Angelo Mozilo. But it’s not a very nice response:

“This is unbelievable. Most of these letters now have the same wording. Obviously they are being counseled by some other person or by the Internet. Disgusting.”


Listen, Angelo Mozilo is a good candidate for “The One Person with The Most Responsibility for The Mortgage Crisis.”

His company became the nation’s largest mortgage lender largely by discarding every traditional reason for denying loan applications, an art that reached its apex with the invention of NINA loans, which stands for No Income No Assets and meant that borrowers didn’t have to present proof they had either income or assets. (Other finalists for this noble prize might include Ameriquest’s Roland Arnall, former Fed chairman Alan Greenspan and Wall Street bankers such as Ralph Cioffi and Christopher Ricciardi.)

Countrywide, which Bank of America has agreed to buy, now is under fire for its anemic efforts to help borrowers who can’t afford its loans. The company also has some recurring problems playing nicely with its customers.

Now, Mozilo’s response wasn’t meant to reach the customer. The LA Times reports this morning that Mozilo apparently meant to forward the message, with his thoughts, to a colleague, but hit reply instead. More details are available here and here.



Mozilo severance: $110 million and change

31893826 If he engineers a sale of battered Countrywide Financial to Bank of America, Countrywide CEO Angelo Mozilo stands to walk away with a severance package worth more than $110 million, the Los Angeles Times’ Kathy Kristof reports tonight.

Such a payout would come on top of huge gains Mozilo has made selling Countrywide stock during the mortgage crisis. As the mortgage industry went into a nose dive in late 2006 and 2007, Mozilo cashed out about $140 million in stock options, becoming one of the highest-paid executives in the country, the L.A. Times reported in November.

The newspaper reports tonight that in his contract agreement, which extended the 69-year-old’s employment contract through 2009, Mozilo was guaranteed three times his base salary, plus a cash payment equal to three times the greater of his average bonus or the incentive bonus paid the previous year. Net value: $87.8 million.

In addition, Mozilo has two pensions that his severance agreement gives him the right to receive as a lump sum upon his departure. Those pensions were worth $24 million as of December 2006, the last time the company was required to report their value.

There is more. The Times reports Mozilo would receive continuing health benefits for life for himself and his spouse, three years of life and financial planning benefits, and “tax-gross-up payments” to compensate him for any penalties he’d have to pay for receiving payments the IRS might consider excessive.

Given the slashing of 10,900 jobs at Countrywide this year, and the 81% decline in Countrywide stock over the last year, it is likely Mozilo’s severage package will prove more controversial than his previous stock sales.

Your thoughts? Comments? Insights? E-mail story tips to peter.viles@latimes.com

Photo Credit: Bloomberg

Posted by Peter Viles on January 10, 2008 in Countrywide Financial | Permalink



Police investigating death of Freddie Mac official


3 hours ago


This undated photo provided by Freddie Mac shows David Kellermann, the acting…

WASHINGTON — David Kellermann, the acting chief financial officer of money-losing mortgage giant Freddie Mac was found dead at his home Wednesday morning in what police said was an apparent suicide.

The Fairfax County police responded to a 911-call at 4:48 a.m. at the suburban Virginia home Kellermann shared with his wife and a daughter. The police would not release the cause of death or say if a suicide note was found.

Kellermann, 41, lived in Hunter Mill Estates, a well-off neighborhood of large single-family homes with manicured lawns. County records show Kellermann’s home is worth about $900,000.

Paul Unger, who lives across the street from the Kellermanns, called the family a “solid, salt-of-the-earth kind of family” that hosted the neighborhood’s Halloween party. “He was just a nice guy … You cannot imagine what kind of pressures he must have been under,” Unger said.

Kellermann, a University of Michigan graduate who went to business school at George Washington University, worked for Freddie Mac for the past 16 years and was named acting chief financial officer last September when the government seized control of the company and ousted top executives. Freddie Mac lost more than $50 billion last year, and the government has pumped in $45 billion to keep the company afloat.

Kellermann’s death is the latest in a string of blows to Freddie Mac, which owns or guarantees about 13 million mortgages and us the No. 2 mortgage finance company after sibling Fannie Mae. The company has been criticized for financing risky mortgage loans that fueled the real estate bubble, and its first government appointed CEO, David Moffett, resigned last month after six months on the job.

Federal prosecutors in Virginia have been investigating Freddie Mac’s business practices. But two U.S. law enforcement officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the Freddie Mac investigation, said Kellermann was neither a target nor a subject of the investigation and had not been under law enforcement scrutiny.

News of Kellermann’s death came as a shock to employees of the McLean, Va.-based company, with those who knew Kellermann tearing up on Wednesday morning and a quiet mood prevailing.

Early Wednesday, Sharon McHale, a Freddie Mac spokeswoman, said senior executives at the company heard the news on local radio before going to work. “It’s just so awful,” she said.

John Koskinen, the company’s interim chief executive, said in a statement that Kellermann, “was a man of great talents …. His extraordinary work ethic and integrity inspired all who worked with him.”

Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner said in a statement that “our deepest sympathies are with his family and his colleagues at Freddie Mac during this difficult time.”

Freddie Mac and sibling company Fannie Mae have both come under fire from lawmakers as they plan to pay more than $210 million in bonuses through next year to give workers the incentive to stay in their jobs. While Fannie Mae has disclosed the names of executives in line for the bonuses, Freddie Mac has yet to do so.


Associated Press Writers Matt Small, Devlin Barrett and Matt Apuzzo contributed to this report.



Congress’s Transformative ‘Republican Revolution’ in 2001-2006 and the Future of One-Party Rule

Charles Tiefer

University of Baltimore School of Law

Journal of Law and Politics, Vol. 23, p. 233, 2007


In 2001 – 2006, Republican leadership in the legislature circumvented procedural norms to implement an ideological agenda that precluded the minority party from making alternative proposals and voicing criticisms. With the Republican majority in the Senate falling to 50-50 in 2000, President Bush’s assumption of office, despite having lost the popular vote, set the tone for what would become an era of illegitimate procedural reform cloaked in secrecy and deniability. Through closed-door conferences and closed-rules, Republican leadership in the House and Senate turned the clock back on civil liberties, passed unfavorable and convoluted tax cuts, and used transformed health care law.

In this article, the author traces the history of the 2001-2006 “Republican Revolution,” and discusses the numerous factors that allowed the majority party to overcome procedural safeguards and push their ideological agenda in the House, Senate, and Court. Tracing the history of Congressional procedure and analyzing key examples of recent Republican abuse, the author suggests that the Republican 2001 – 2006 control over Congressional procedure resulted in democratic unaccountability, imposing upon the new Democratic majority numerous political challenges – and the incentive to conduct themselves differently.

Keywords: President Bush, Congress, Republican, One-Party, Closed Rules, Tax Reform, Guantanamo, Democrats, Alito, bilibuster, colsture, budged process, conferences

JEL Classifications: K39, K49

Accepted Paper Series

Date posted: February 19, 2009 ; Last revised: February 19, 2009

Suggested Citation

Tiefer, Charles,Congress’s Transformative ‘Republican Revolution’ in 2001-2006 and the Future of One-Party Rule(Summer 2007). Journal of Law and Politics, Vol. 23, p. 233, 2007. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1346060




President George W. Bush was a proponent of the unitary executive theory and cited it within his signing statements about legislation passed by Congress.[17] The administration’s interpretation of the unitary executive theory was called seriously into question by Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, where the Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that the President does not have sweeping powers to override or ignore laws through his power as commander in chief,[18] stating “the Executive is bound to comply with the Rule of Law that prevails.”[19] Following the ruling, the Bush administration has sought Congressional authorization for programs started only on executive mandate, as was the case with the Military Commissions Act, or abandoned illegal programs it had previously asserted executive authority to enact, in the case of the National Security Agency domestic wiretapping program.



Question: Who is the Nation’s biggest landowner?

Answer: Uncle Sam.

The federal government owns about one-fourth of all the land in the United

States. The pattern of ownership is geographically imbalanced, with the

United States owning large portions of land in several western states and

very small amounts in many eastern states. It averages out, however, to

roughly 25 percent.1

If the federal government needs private property, it will normally try to

acquire it in the same manner as a private citizen, through negotiation and

purchase. Purchase negotiations, however, do not always succeed. The

parties may be unable to agree on the price, or perhaps the owner wants to

impose conditions that the acquiring agency thinks are unacceptable. In

such a situation, the government always holds the ultimate trump card—

the power of eminent domain.

Eminent domain is one of the government’s most far-reaching powers, and

GAO has cautioned against its overzealous application. See GAO, The

Federal Drive to Acquire Private Lands Should Be Reassessed, GAO/CED-

80-14 (Washington, D.C.: Dec. 14, 1979). In reviews of particular programs,

GAO has been critical of excessive and unnecessary land acquisition by the

federal government and has recommended in such instances that the land

be returned to private ownership.

12 In 2005, Congress mandated that GAO conduct a nationwide study of the use of eminent

domain by state and local governments. Pub. L. No. 109-115, div. A, title VII, § 726, 119 Stat.

2396, 2494–95 (Nov. 30, 2005). GAO reported that the lack of centralized or aggregate

national or state data on the use of eminent domain precluded GAO from any national or

statewide assessments of, among other things, how frequently eminent domain is used for

private-to-public or private-to-private transfers of property and the purposes of these

transfers. GAO, Eminent Domain: Information about Its Uses and Effect on Property

Owners and Communities Is Limited, GAO-07-28 (Washington, D.C.: Nov. 30, 2006).




The KPMG Word Book

A Directory of Federal Financial

Management and IT Acronyms,

Regulations, and Terms





GSA Office of Governmentwide Policy – Real Property Policysite – June 2006


(AND other stuff – my note today 05-21-10, cricketdiane )

Keith Hennessey is the former Assistant to the U.S. President for Economic Policy and Director of the U.S. National Economic Council. He was appointed to the position in November 2007 by President George W. Bush, and served until the end of Bush’s second term in office. Mr. Hennessey served in the White House since August 2002, when he was appointed to his previous position of Deputy Assistant to the U.S. President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director of the U.S. National Economic Council.

Prior to joining the White House staff, Hennessey worked for Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott from February 1997 to August 2002. While in Senator Lott’s office, he was involved in the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 and all budget resolutions since 1997, the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and all tax legislation since 1998, Trade Promotion Authority, all health legislation, the Transportation Equity Act, FAA authorization bills and many other smaller bills. Prior to joining Senator Lott, Hennessey worked as a health economist for the Senate Budget Committee, from January 1995 to February 1997. Hennessey was a research assistant for the Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform from June 1994 to January 1995. From 1990 and 1992 he tested the database program Q&A for Symantec Corporation in Cupertino, California.

Hennessey holds a B.S. in Mathematics and Political Science from Stanford University as well as a Master of Public Policy from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard. The title of his Harvard public policy thesis was Unintended Consequences: Critical Assumptions in the Clinton Health Plan.



Allan Hubbard finished his term as the Assistant to President George W. Bush for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic Council at the end of 2007.


Hubbard received his B.A. degree from Vanderbilt University cum laude in 1969. In 1975, Mr. Hubbard received a J.D. from Harvard Law School, also cum laude, and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School, where he was a classmate of Bush’s. He was previously the director of E & A Industries, a conglomerate in Indiana that owns three chemical companies, among others. A major fundraiser for Bush, from 1993 to 1994, Hubbard served as the volunteer chairman of the Indiana State Republican Party and from 1990 to 1992 as deputy chief of staff to Vice President Dan Quayle, and previously as executive director of the President’s Council on Competitiveness, which was chaired by Quayle. Hubbard currently serves as an Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director, National Economic Council. He was also one of the Members of the 2006 Bilderberg Meeting in Ottawa, Canada.


* Biography at whitehouse.gov

* Personnel Announcement as Director of the National Economic Council at whitehouse.gov

* Biography at the Hudson Institute

* Biography at nndb.com



Stephen Friedman (born December 21, 1937[1]) is the current Chairman of the United States President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. He was nominated on October 27, 2005 to replace Brent Scowcroft in the position.


Friedman graduated from Cornell University in 1959, where he was a member of the Quill and Dagger society. He received his law degree from Columbia Law School in 1962 (Law Review). He worked for much of his career with investment bank Goldman Sachs, holding numerous executive roles. He served as the company’s co-chief operating officer from 1987 to 1990, was the company’s co-chairman from 1990 to 1992, and the sole chairman from 1992 to 1994; he still serves on the company board.

From 1998 to 2002, he served as a senior principal of Marsh & McLennan Capital Corp. He was from 2002 to 2005 United States Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and director of the National Economic Council. Among other public service activities, Friedman is the Chairman Emeritus of the Board of Columbia University, Chairman Emeritus of the Executive Committee of the Brookings Institution, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Friedman’s brother is Richard Friedman, a law professor at the University of Michigan, and a leading expert in the Confrontation Clause of the United States Constitution.

Friedman’s son is screenwriter David Benioff, who is married to actress Amanda Peet.


1. ^ McGeehan, Patrick (December 13, 2002). “Man in the News; Economic Adviser From Other Side of the Deficit — Stephen Friedman”. New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0CEFD9103AF930A25751C1A9649C8B63.

External links

* Steve Friedman, Director of the National Economic Council

* Stephen Friedman, Director, National Economic Council at opensecrets.org

* Stephen Friedman Cornell ’59 named Bush’s chief economic adviser

* The Stephen Friedman Flock



Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc. (MMC) is a US-based global professional services and insurance brokerage firm. In 2007, it had over 57,000 employees and annual revenues of $12.069 billion. Marsh & McLennan Companies was ranked the 207th largest corporation in the United States by the 2007 Fortune 500 list, and the 5th largest U.S. company in the diversified financial industry. [2]


Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc. (MMC) is a diversified risk, insurance and professional services firm composed of:

* Marsh Inc., a risk and insurance brokerage;

* Mercer, a collection of consulting and services firms (including Mercer Human Resource Consulting, Mercer HR Services, and Mercer Investment Consulting);

* Guy Carpenter & Company, a reinsurance intermediary;

* Oliver Wyman Group, a collection of management consulting firms (including Oliver Wyman – formerly Mercer Management Consulting, Mercer Oliver Wyman and Mercer Delta, as well as Lippincott and NERA Economic Consulting); and,

* Kroll Inc., a risk and specialized technology services firm.

* The Medisure Group Ltd, a medical administration company.


Burrows, Marsh & McLennan was formed by Henry W. Marsh and Donald R. McLennan in Chicago in 1905, becoming the world’s largest insurance agency with annual premiums of $3 million ($59 million consumer price index adjusted). It was renamed Marsh & McLennan in 1906. In 1997, the company merged with Johnson & Higgins.

In August 2007, Marsh completed the sale of its Putnam Investments division to Great-West Lifeco Inc., a financial services holding company controlled by Canada-based Power Financial Corp.[2].

Marsh Inc.

Marsh Inc. is a global risk and insurance services firm. It is a subsidiary of MMC. In 2003, Marsh employed about 40,000 people, with annual revenues of $6.9 billion, up from $4.8 billion in 2001.

Marsh operates by collecting advisory fees from its clients — mainly large corporations but also small and mid-size businesses, municipal governments, school districts and some individuals — in exchange for locating property and casualty insurance coverage for them. At all relevant times, the Company stated that its “guiding principle is to consider (its) clients’ best interests in all placements,” and that it “(does not) represent the (companies)” and held itself out as a “trusted adviser and advocate, in effect representing their best interests in the market place.”

Marsh in the news

* 295 employees & 60 contractors were killed in the 9/11 terrorist attacks; they were working in Marsh’s One World Trade Center offices located in the heart of the impact zone.[3]

* On September 11, 2001 Marsh established a crisis consulting practice specializing in terrorism, with Ambassador L. Paul Bremer as Chairman and Andrew R. Daniels as President and COO. Marsh also announced a partnership with Control Risks Group to provide political risk assessment.

* On July 8, 2004 completed the acquisition of Kroll Inc. Jeffrey W. Greenberg called it an important strategic step. The company had employed terrorism expert John O’Neill, formerly of the FBI.

* On October 14, 2004, New York State Attorney General Eliot Spitzer announced the initiation of a civil action against Marsh, alleging impropriety in the steering of clients to insurers with whom the company maintained payoff agreements, and for soliciting rigged bids for insurance contracts from the insurers. The Attorney General announced that two AIG executives pleaded guilty to criminal charges in connection with this illegal course of conduct and stated, “There is simply no responsible argument for a system that rigs bids, stifles competition and cheats customers.” Former CEO Jeffrey W. Greenberg resigned several weeks later. The suit was ultimately settled out of court.

* In July 2007 Marsh & McLennan Cos. Inc. was ranked first in Business Insurance’s world’s largest brokers list.[4]

* On September 14, 2007, Brian M. Storms, the CEO of Marsh’s insurance brokerage unit, resigned. As Michael G. Cherkasky explained his departure, “we now need a different set of leadership and operational skills.”[5]

MMC Management

* President, CEO: Brian Duperreault

* Chairman: Stephen R. Hardis (non-executive Chairman of the Board 2006-Present)

* CFO: Matthew B. Bartley

* SVP, Executive Resources and Development: Francis N. Bonsignore

Former Chairs of the Board

* Chairman Henry W. Marsh (1923-1935)

* Chairman Donald R. McLennan (1935-1944)

* Chairman Charles Ward Seabury (1944-1955)

* Chairman Laurence S. Kennedy (1955-1955)

* Chairman William D. Maus (1955-1963)

* Chairman Hermon D. Smith (1963-1966)

* Chairman Albert A. Morey (1966-1970)

* Chairman Henry W. Otis (1970-1971)

* Chairman William F. Souder, Jr. (1971-1975)

* Chairman John M. Regan Jr. (1975-1986)

* Chairman Frank J. Tasco (1986-1992)

* Chairman A.J.C. Smith (1992-2000)

* Chairman Jeffrey W. Greenberg (2000-2004)

* Chairman Michael Cherkasky (2004-2005)

* Chairman Robert F. Erburu (non-executive Chairman 2005-2006)

Former CEO

* CEO: Jeffrey W. Greenberg (- Oct 25, 2004)


1. ^ “Milestones of Marsh & McLennan Companies”. http://mmc.com/about/history.php. Retrieved on 2007-05-31.

2. ^ a b c d Fortune Magazine

3. ^ Siegel, Aaron (September 11, 2007). “Industry honors fallen on 9/11 anniversary”. InvestmentNews. http://www.investmentnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070911/REG/70911011.

4. ^ [1]

5. ^ Roberts, Sally (September 14, 2007). “Storms out as Marsh chief”. BusinessInsurance. http://www.businessinsurance.com/cgi-bin/news.pl?newsId=11117.

External links

* MMC Website

* 9-11 Memorial Website

* Guy Carpenter Website

* Guy Carpenter Intellectual Capital Website


* Marsh & McLennan Companies – MMC’s History

* Marsh Affinity Group Services Insurance

* Memorial Page for the Marsh employees who were killed on 9/11


* Yahoo! – Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc. Company Profile



Lawrence B. Lindsey was director of the National Economic Council (2001-2002), and the assistant to the president on economic policy for the U.S. President George W. Bush. He played a leading role in formulating President Bush’s $1.35 trillion tax cut plan, convincing candidate Bush that he needed an “insurance policy” against an economic turndown. He left the White House in December 2002 and was replaced by Stephen Friedman after he estimated the cost of the Iraq war could reach $200 billion.

Lindsey, his wife, Susan, and children Troy, Emily, and Thomas reside in Clifton, Virginia.

Lindsey was born on July 18, 1954 in Peekskill, New York. He graduated from Lakeland Senior High School in Shrub Oak, New York in 1972. He received his A.B. magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa from Bowdoin College and his A.M. and Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University.

He is the author of The Growth Experiment: How the New Tax Policy is Transforming the U.S. Economy (Basic Books, New York, 1990) and Economic Puppetmasters: Lessons from the Halls of Power (AEI Press, Washington, D.C., 1999), and What A President Should Know …but most learn too late: An Insiders View On How To Succeed In The Oval Office (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., Maryland, 2008), and has contributed numerous articles to professional publications. His honors and awards include the Distinguished Public Service Award of the Boston Bar Association, 1994; an honorary degree from Bowdoin College, 1993; selection as a Citicorp/Wriston Fellow for Economic Research, 1988; and the Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Award from the National Tax Association, 1985.

During the Reagan Administration, he served three years on the staff of the Council of Economic Advisers as Senior Staff Economist for Tax Policy. He then served as Special Assistant to the President for Policy Development during the first Bush administration

Lindsey served as a Member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System for five years from November 1991 to February 1997. Additionally, Lindsey was Chairman of the Board of the Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation, a national public/private community redevelopment organization, from 1993 until his departure from the Federal Reserve.

From 1997 to January 2001, Lindsey was a Resident Scholar and holder of the Arthur F. Burns Chair in Economics at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, D.C. He was also Managing Director of Economic Strategies, an economic advisory service based in New York City. During 1999 and throughout 2000 he served as then-Governor George W. Bush’s chief economic advisor for his presidential campaign. He is a former associate professor of Economics at Harvard University.

Lindsey is presently Chief Executive Officer of the Lindsey Group, which he runs with a former colleague from the National Economic Council and writes for The Wall Street Journal, Weekly Standard and other publications. He is a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute.


The Iraq controversy

On September 15, 2002, in an interview with the Wall Street Journal, Lindsey estimated the high limit on the cost of the Bush administration’s plan in 2002 of invasion and regime change in Iraq to be 1-2% of GNP, or about $100-$200 billion.[1] Mitch Daniels, Director of the Office of Management and Budget, subsequently discounted this estimate as “very, very high” and stated that the costs would be between $50-$60 billion.[2] This lower figure was endorsed by Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld[2] who called Lindsey’s estimate “baloney”.[3]

As of 2007 the cost of the invasion and occupation of Iraq exceeded $400 billion, and the Congressional Budget Office in August 2007 estimated that appropriations would eventually reach $1 trillion or more.[4] On September 20, 2007, the Congressional Budget Office estimated the future annual costs of continuing occupation in Iraq to be between $25 and $30 billion.[5]

Nobel Prize winning economist Joseph Stiglitz predicted in 2006 that the war would cost between $1-2 trillion.[6]

In October 2007, the Congressional Budget Office estimated that by 2017, the total costs of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan could reach $2.4 trillion. In response, Democratic Representative Allen Boyd criticized the administration for firing Lindsey, saying “They found him a job outside the administration.”[7]

Other controversy

Lindsey is famous for spotting the emergence of the late 1990s U.S. stock market bubble back in 1996 while a Governor of the Federal Reserve. According to the meeting transcripts for September of that year, Lindsey challenged the expectation that corporate earnings would grow 11 1/2 percent a year continually. He said, “Readers of this transcript five years from now can check this fearless prediction: profits will fall short of this expectation.” According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, corporate profits as a share of national income eroded from 1997 until 2001. Stock prices eventually collapsed, starting their decline in March of 2000.

In contrast to Chairman Greenspan, Lindsey argued that the Federal Reserve had an obligation to prevent the stock market bubble from growing out of control. He argued that “the long term costs of a bubble to the economy and society are potentially great…As in the United States in the late 1920s and Japan in the late 1980s, the case for a central bank ultimately to burst that bubble becomes overwhelming. I think it is far better that we do so while the bubble still resembles surface froth and before the bubble carries the economy to stratospheric heights.” During the 2000 Presidential campaign, Governor Bush was criticized for picking an economic advisor who had sold all of his stock in 1998.[citation needed]

According to the Washington Post,[8] Lindsey was on an advisory board to Enron along with Paul Krugman before joining the White House. Lindsey and his colleagues warned Enron that the economic environment was riskier than they perceived.


1. ^ “Bush Economic Aide Says Cost Of Iraq War May Top $100 Billion”. Wall Street Journal. 2002-09-16.

2. ^ a b Wolk, Martin (2006-05-17). “Cost of Iraq war could surpass $1 trillion”. MSNBC. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/11880954/. Retrieved on 2008-03-10. “Back in 2002, the White House was quick to distance itself from Lindsey’s view. Mitch Daniels, director of the White House budget office, quickly called the estimate “very, very high.” Lindsey himself was dismissed in a shake-up of the White House economic team later that year, and in January 2003, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said the budget office had come up with “a number that’s something under $50 billion.” He and other officials expressed optimism that Iraq itself would help shoulder the cost once the world market was reopened to its rich supply of oil.”

3. ^ Bryne, John (2008-03-18). “Price of Iraq war now outpaces Vietnam”. The Raw Story. http://rawstory.com/news/2008/Price_of_Iraq_war_now_outpaces_0318.html. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.

4. ^ Bender, Bryan (2007-08-01). “Analysis says war could cost $1 trillion”. The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2007/08/01/analysis_says_war_could_cost_1_trillion/. Retrieved on 2008-03-10.

5. ^ Congressional Budget Office

6. ^ Wilson, Jamie (2006-01-07). “Iraq war could cost US over $2 trillion, says Nobel prize-winning economist”. The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2006/jan/07/usa.iraq. Retrieved on 2008-03-10.

7. ^ “Congress told of war costs up to $2.4 trillion by 2017”. The Register-Guard. October 25, 2007. http://www.registerguard.com/csp/cms/sites/dt.cms.support.viewStory.cls?mid=6868. Retrieved on 2007-10-25.

8. ^ Washington Post

External links

* Official White House biography.

* Biography from American Enterprise Institute.

* U.S. Representative Jan Schakowsky’s page on cost estimates for the Iraq war

* National Priorities Project page purporting to show a running total of the U.S. taxpayer cost of the Iraq war



Mitchell Elias “Mitch” Daniels, Jr. (born April 7, 1949 in Monongahela, Pennsylvania) is the current Governor of the U.S. state of Indiana. A Republican, he began his four-year term as Indiana’s 49th Governor on January 10, 2005 and was elected to his second term on November 4, 2008. Previously he was the Director of the Office of Management and Budget under George W. Bush and also worked for Eli Lilly and Company.

Mitchell Elias Daniels Jr. was born on April 7, 1949 in Monongahela, Pennsylvania to Mitch and Dorothy Daniels,[2] spending his early childhood years in Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Georgia. Daniels moved to Indiana from Pennsylvania in 1959 while still in grade school.

Upon graduating from North Central High School in Indianapolis in 1967, Daniels was named Indiana’s Presidential Scholar – the state’s top male high school graduate that year – by President Lyndon Johnson.[3] Daniels earned a bachelor’s degree from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University in 1971 and a Juris Doctor degree from Georgetown University Law Center in 1979. Daniels is a first generation Arab American[4] and is a supporter of the Arab-American Institute, having been honored by them for his work in the community.[5][6]

While a student at Princeton in 1970, he was arrested for possession of marijuana and spent two nights in jail. Throughout his career, he has been forthcoming about his arrest; disclosing it on job applications and in a 1989 Indianapolis Star column.[7]

Entry into public service

Daniels had his first experience in politics while still a teenager when, in 1968, he worked on the unsuccessful U.S. Senate campaign of William Ruckelshaus. While in college he interned in the office of then-Indianapolis Mayor Richard Lugar. In 1971, Daniels joined Lugar’s re-election campaign, then joined the mayor’s staff and within three years became Lugar’s principal assistant. After Lugar was elected to the U.S. Senate, Daniels followed him to Washington, D.C., in 1977, as administrative assistant.[3]

Daniels served as Lugar’s chief of staff during his first term from 1977 to 1982. When Lugar was elected chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee, Daniels was appointed its executive director. He served in that position in 1983 and 1984, playing a major role in the successful effort to keep the GOP in control of the U.S. Senate. Daniels was also manager of three successful Senate campaigns for Lugar. Daniels was part of the Reagan Administration when he became chief political advisor and liaison to President Ronald Reagan in August 1985.[3]

[edit] Private sector work

In 1987, Daniels returned to Indiana as chief executive of the Hudson Institute, restoring the organization back to financial health. He then left Hudson in 1990 for the pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly and Company. From 1993 until 1997, Daniels was President of North American operations, and promoted to Senior Vice President for Corporate Strategy and Policy at Eli Lilly in 1997 where he served until leaving the company in 2001.[6][3]


In January 2001, upon his appointment as Director of federal Office of Management and Budget (see below), Daniels resigned as a member of the board of Indianapolis Power & Light Co. and sold the $1.45 million he held in company stock, donating the proceeds to charity. Later, that year, Indianapolis Power & Light Co. was bought by Virginia-based AES Corp.[6] After the stocks dropped, the Indiana Securities Division investigated the sale and found no wrongdoing, but political opponents in his 2004 gubernatorial campaign charged that Daniels got rich while other employees suffered financial hardship. A state investigation also found no wrongdoing.

Public career

Office of Management and Budget

In January 2001, Daniels accepted President George W. Bush’s invitation to serve as director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). He served as Director from January 2001 through June 2003. In this role he was also a member of the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council.

During his time as the director of the OMB, President Bush admiringly called him “the Blade,” for his noted acumen at budget cutting.[8] Daniels instituted a first-of-its-kind accountability system for all governmental entities. Daniels came under fire for overseeing a $236 billion annual surplus turn into a $400 billion deficit during his 29-month tenure. Supporters argued that Daniels was one of the few in the administration working toward restraint, and that ultimately he had to take marching orders from the administration.[3]

In 2002, Daniels helped discredit a report by Assistant to the President on Economic Policy Lawrence B. Lindsey estimating the cost of the Iraq War at between $100-$200 billion. Daniels called this estimate “very, very high” and stated that the costs would be between $50-$60 billion.[9] It was later misreported that Daniels underestimated the cost of the Iraq conflict. [10] In March, as Congress considered H.R. 1559, “Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2003,” OMB was ordered to prepare an estimate for the defeat of the Iraqi Army and a six-month aftermath ending with the 2003 fiscal year on September 30. [11] Daniels’ estimate referred only to this period,[12] an estimate that proved largely accurate.


While campaigning, governor Daniels traveled the state in a white RV covered with signatures of supporters and his trademark “My Man Mitch” campaign slogan. “My Man Mitch” was a reference to a nickname President George W. Bush called him while he was OMB Director. He visited all 92 counties at least three times. On 2 November 2004, Daniels was elected Governor of Indiana garnering about 53% of the vote compared to 46% to Democratic incumbent Governor Joe Kernan, who had assumed power after Frank O’Bannon’s death. In his first State of the State address on January 18, 2005, Daniels sought to improve the state’s fiscal situation by calling for strict controls on all state spending increases and proposed a one year 1% tax increase on all individuals and entities earning over $100,000. The move was controversial for a conservative governor and the state legislature did not act on it. As governor, Daniels has pushed through controversial proposals that had the state adopt Daylight Saving Time and lease the Indiana Toll Road.

On his first day in office, Governor Daniels created Indiana’s first Office of Management and Budget to look for efficiencies and cost savings across state government. In 2005, Governor Daniels led the state to its first balanced budget in eight years and, without a tax increase, turned the $600 million deficit he inherited into a $300 million surplus in a single year. Governor Daniels used this surplus to repay hundreds of millions of dollars the state had borrowed from Indiana’s public schools in previous administrations.[6]

Daniels, as part of a 12-day trade mission in Asia, visited Indiana soldiers serving in the Korean Demilitarized Zone on the 56th anniversary of the start of the Korean War and laid a bouquet of white flowers at the base of a plaque listing 900 soldiers from Indiana who died in the war. Daniels also stopped in Japan.[13]

On Nov. 4, 2008, Daniels defeated Democratic candidate Jill Long Thompson and was reelected to a second term as governor.[14] Washington Post blogger Chris Cillizza named the Daniels reelection campaign “The Best Gubernatorial Campaign of 2008” and noted that some Republicans were already bandying about the Indiana governor’s name for the 2012 presidential election due to his success.[15]

Indiana Economic Development Corporation

When Daniels was elected, he claimed his number one priority was job creation.[6] Daniels created the public-private Indiana Economic Development Corporation (IEDC), became chairman of its board, and ordered it to “act at the speed of business, not the speed of government,” to attract new jobs. During its first year, the IEDC closed more transactions than in the previous two years combined. In 2006, the IEDC topped its 2005 results in only ten months while becoming the only state in the nation to land three high profile automotive investments – Toyota, Honda, and Cummins. In 2007, the IEDC announced its third consecutive record-breaking year for new investment and job commitments in Indiana while the Governor’s continued focus on renewing the state’s agricultural sector and strengthening rural communities moved Indiana to the forefront in biofuel and clean energy.

In his first year as governor he was able to get 485 businesses to commit to creating more than 60,000 new jobs and invest $14.5 billion into the Indiana economy. Unemployment has dropped during his governorship with 100,000 more Indiana residents being employed than before he was elected. Daniels push for clean energy has moved Indiana to become one of the leading states in bio-fuel with 15 plants, including the worlds largest soybean bio-diesel plant.[6]

Healthy Indiana Plan

In 2007, Governor Daniels signed landmark health care legislation, called the Healthy Indiana Plan, that provides 132,000 uninsured Hoosiers with coverage. The plan promotes health screenings, early prevention services, smoking cessation, and entrusts Hoosiers to become value-conscious consumers of health care. It also provides tax credits for small businesses that create qualified wellness and Section 125 plans. The plan was paid for by an increase in the state’s tax on cigarettes.

In a September 15, 2007 Wall Street Journal column, Fred Barnes quoted Daniels talking about the Healthy Indiana Plan and cigarette tax increase saying, “A consumption tax on a product you’d just as soon have less of doesn’t violate the rules I learned under Ronald Reagan.”[16] The plan allowed for spending to assist 130,000 Indiana residents with health care costs.[6]

For the 132,000 Hoosiers eligible for the Healthy Indiana Plan, a POWER health savings account is available to help pay medical expenses. A health savings account was first offered to state employees in 2006 and thousands of workers now participate. In 2005, Governor Daniels signed a bill allowing citizens to waive coverage for pre-existing conditions on individual and some group policies. With the barriers now removed, it’s easier for Hoosiers to obtain health insurance coverage.

Property Tax Reform

In 2008, “Daniels proposed one percent cap of assessed home value would be instituted as the highest yearly property tax on homes. Property tax ceilings would be two percent for rental properties and three percent for businesses. The move would be permanent, making Indiana one of the lowest property tax states in the country,” according to reporter Seth T. Whitecotton of the Connersville News-Examiner.

The plan was approved by the Indiana House of Representatives on March 14, 2008 and signed by Daniels on March 19, 2008, locking in low rates for homeowners, businesses, and rental properties. According to Whitecotton, voters will decide in 2010 whether to adopt the property tax caps into the Indiana Constitution.

In 2008, Indiana homeowners will have an average property tax cut of more than 30 percent; a total of $870 million in relief will be provided. Beginning in 2010, homeowner property taxes will be capped at 1 percent of a home’s assessed value, apartments and agriculture land will be capped at 2 percent of assessed value, and business property will be capped at 3 percent of assessed value. Once fully implemented, the plan delivers $1.72 in tax cuts for each $1 of new sales tax. To offset the loss in revenues the state raised the sales tax from 6% to 7% effective April 1, 2008.[17]

Electoral History

Main article: Indiana gubernatorial election, 2008

Indiana gubernatorial election, 2004

Party    Candidate       Votes   %         “%

Republican      Mitch Daniels 1,302,912        53.2

Democratic      Joe Kernan (Incumbent)         1,113,900        45.5

Indiana gubernatorial election, 2008

Party    Candidate       Votes   %         “%

Republican      Mitch Daniels (Incumbent)     1,542,371        57.8

Democratic      Jill Long Thompson    1,067,863        40.1

Libertarian       Andy Horning             56,651             2.1

See also

Indiana portal

* List of Governors of Indiana

* List of current United States governors


1. ^ “Governor’s Residence”. IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/gov/2571.htm. Retrieved on 2008-07-17.

2. ^ “Governor Fun Facts”. State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/gov/2550.htm. Retrieved on 2009-01-04.

3. ^ a b c d e “Mitch Daniels”. IndyStar. 01-11-2005. http://www2.indystar.com/library/factfiles/people/d/daniels_mitch/daniels.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-09.

4. ^ http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/81391.pdf

5. ^ http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/81391.pdf

6. ^ a b c d e f g “Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels”. National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=ac6e224971c81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved on 2008-07-09.

7. ^ Mitch Daniels – a Star Library biography

8. ^ Slevin, Peter (2004-10-04). “In Indiana Race, Bush’s Budget Blade Becomes ‘My Man Mitch'”. Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A4516-2004Oct3.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-28. “President Bush admiringly called him “the Blade,” for the gleam in his budget-cutting eye.”

9. ^ Wolk, Martin (2006-05-17). “Cost of Iraq war could surpass $1 trillion”. MSNBC. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/11880954/. Retrieved on 2008-03-10. “Back in 2002, the White House was quick to distance itself from Lindsey’s view. Mitch Daniels, director of the White House budget office, quickly called the estimate “very, very high.” Lindsey himself was dismissed in a shake-up of the White House economic team later that year, and in January 2003, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said the budget office had come up with “a number that’s something under $50 billion.” He and other officials expressed optimism that Iraq itself would help shoulder the cost once the world market was reopened to its rich supply of oil.”

10. ^ “Background Briefing by a Senior Administration Official on the Supplemental”. The White House. 2003-03-24. http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/speeches/senior_admin032403.html. Retrieved on 2009-02-09.

11. ^ “Conference Report on H.R. 1559, Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2003”. The Library of Congress. 2003-04-12. http://Thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?rl108:./temp/~r108dpXMUJ. Retrieved on 2009-02-09.

12. ^ “Background Briefing by a Senior Administration Official on the Supplemental”. The White House. 2003-03-24. http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/speeches/senior_admin032403.html. Retrieved on 2009-02-09.

13. ^ “Governor visits Indiana troops in South Korea”. Indystar.com. 25 June 2006. http://www.indystar.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060625/LOCAL/60625002.

14. ^ “Indiana election results”. Fox News. http://elections.foxnews.com/states_map/index.html?stateAbbr=IN. Retrieved on 2008-11-05.

15. ^ The Best Gubernatorial Campaign of 2008

16. ^ Greene County Indiana Information – Articles

17. ^ “Governor Signs Property Tax Relief and Reform Bill” (PDF). IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/gov/files/031908_Governor_signs_property_tax_relief_and_reform_bill.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-07-09.

[edit] External links

Sister project   Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mitch Daniels

* Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels official state site

o biography

* Governor Mitch Daniels official campaign site

* Biography at the National Governors Association

* Biography, interest group ratings, public statements, vetoes and campaign finances at Project Vote Smart

* Issue positions and quotes at On The Issues

* Collected news and commentary at The New York Times

* Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post

* Follow the Money – Mitch Daniels

o 2008 2006 2004 campaign contributions

* Mitch Daniels’s YouTube Channel



Marsh & McLennan to Replace Chief Michael Cherkasky (Update6)

By Zachary R. Mider

Dec. 21 (Bloomberg) — Marsh & McLennan Cos. ousted Chief Executive Officer Michael Cherkasky, the ex-prosecutor brought in to clean up a bid-rigging scandal at the insurance broker, for failing to restore profit lost because of the investigation.

Marsh & McLennan rose the most in two years in New York Stock Exchange composite trading today after directors said they would replace the 57-year-old CEO and signaled they may break up the insurance industry’s biggest brokerage. Cherkasky will stay at Marsh & McLennan while a successor is sought, the New York- based company said in a statement.

Cherkasky, named to the top job in 2004 after former New York Attorney General Eliot Spitzer began his probe, sought to revive sales and win back clients by getting the brokerage, consulting and investigations units to sell each other’s services. The strategy didn’t work, and the stock fell 5.8 percent during his tenure through yesterday while No. 2 Aon Corp. more than doubled.

“He was not the right man for the job,” said Stanley Nabi, who helps oversee about $8 billion at New York-based Silvercrest Asset Management Group and sold most of his Marsh & McLennan shares in the past two years. “He cleaned up the company there legally, but he’s not an insurance person.”

Marsh & McLennan gained $1.32, or 5.3 percent, to $26.21 at 4:26 p.m. New York time, leaving the stock down 14.5 percent for the year.

The company’s 2007 performance “has fallen far short of our expectations,” Chairman Stephen Hardis said in the statement. The directors plan to review the “mix of businesses,” which may lead to the breakup advocated by shareholders including Jim Harrison of Toronto-based K.J. Harrison & Partners Inc.

Shrinking Rival

While Cherkasky pursued his diversified strategy, Gregory Case, CEO of Chicago-based Aon, spent two years shrinking his company, capped by the sale last week of two underwriting units for $2.9 billion.

Marsh & McLennan will be worth more than $30 a share if it spins off the Mercer human resources and Oliver Wyman consulting units and Kroll investigations arm, even without any improvements in the underlying businesses, Harrison estimates.

“There’s a lot of hidden value there,” he said in an interview. Harrison holds about 1 million shares, or less than 1 percent of the company.

Some of Marsh & McLennan’s largest shareholders have complained, Hardis said in the statement, without identifying them. Baltimore-based T. Rowe Price Group Inc., which owned a 6.7 percent stake as of Sept. 30, voted against the two incumbent directors seeking re-election at the annual shareholders meeting in May, according to its Web site. Zachary Carter and Oscar Martin Fanjul prevailed anyway.

Putnam Sale

After pressure from investors, Cherkasky sold the company’s Putnam Investments mutual fund unit in August to Montreal-based Power Financial Corp. for $3.9 billion. He resisted calls for a further breakup, arguing that his strategy of “cross-selling” makes the units more valuable together than they are alone.

Cherkasky, a veteran prosecutor who once served as Spitzer’s boss in the Manhattan District Attorney’s office, entered the business world in 1994 when he joined Kroll. He rose to chief executive in 2001, and remained when Marsh & McLennan bought the company in 2004.

His background proved useful when Spitzer, now New York’s governor, opened an investigation into bid-rigging and sued the company. CEO Jeffrey Greenberg was forced out after Spitzer refused to negotiate with him. Cherkasky got the job and reached an $850 million settlement.

Customers Leave

The financial damage continued as Marsh & McLennan lost about $845 million a year in payments from insurers that Spitzer had labeled “kickbacks.” The probe also hurt the company’s reputation and scattered Marsh’s customers at the same time that falling prices for commercial insurance reduced commissions for helping corporations find coverage.

Cherkasky cut more than 6,000 jobs, or about 10 percent of the workforce, and vacated some floors of the firm’s Manhattan headquarters. His choice to lead the flagship Marsh Inc. brokerage business, Brian Storms, replaced a third of the 65 U.S. office heads and launched the company’s biggest advertising campaign.

The increase in revenue at Marsh didn’t come as Cherkasky had promised.

“First was the get-over-the-crisis phase, second was the stabilization phase, and now it’s the growth phase,” Cherkasky said on an Aug. 3, 2006, conference call.

`Year to Invest’

A year later, on another call, he said “2005 was a year of survival, 2006 was a year to stabilize and put plans and people in place. 2007 is a year to invest in growth.”

Cherkasky fired Storms in September after two years of stagnating brokerage revenue and replaced him with Daniel Glaser of American International Group Inc., the world’s biggest insurer by assets.

Marsh & McLennan spokeswoman Christine Walton said Cherkasky and Hardis declined to be interviewed. Cherkasky’s three-year employment contract expires on July 20. He’s entitled to as much as $19 million in cash and stock if he’s fired, according to a March regulatory filing.

The next CEO has “got to consider breaking up the company,” said Robert Haines, an analyst at CreditSights Inc. in New York. “They’re still a hodgepodge of businesses pushed together. I don’t see the synergy of having a world-class insurance broker as part of a consulting firm.”

Mercer, Oliver Wyman and Kroll together contributed $1.48 billion, or 52 percent, of third-quarter sales. Together, they could be worth as much as $20.19 a share, or about $10.5 billion, according to Keith Walsh, an analyst at Citigroup Inc. in New York. He values the whole company at $30.48 a share, or about $15.8 billion. He rates the shares “hold.”

Marsh & McLennan had the most 2006 revenue from brokerage and consulting, according to a ranking by Business Insurance magazine, ahead of Chicago-based Aon and London’s Willis Group Holdings Ltd.

To contact the reporter on this story: Zachary R. Mider in New York at zmider1@bloomberg.net

Last Updated: December 21, 2007 18:05 EST



Gene B. Sperling is an American economist and political expert, currently serving as a Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress. He is also on the staff of the Council on Foreign Relations, where he serves as Senior Fellow for Economic Policy and Director of the Center on Universal Education, and is economic advisor for Hillary Clinton.[1] Even though he has no degrees in economics, he has held several high-level economic policy positions and was chief economic advisor to Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign.[2]

Sperling became National Economic Adviser to President Clinton and director of the National Economic Council from 1996 to 2000. From 1992-1996, he served as deputy director of the National Economic Council while the Council was directed by Robert Rubin, who was promoted to Treasury Secretary. Sperling had been an architect of the Clinton economic plans while serving on the Clinton-Gore 1992 presidential campaign. He was known for his long hours, passionate commitment to his work, and detailed knowledge of economic policy.

Sperling is the author of The Pro-Growth Progressive, a book arguing that liberals should seek to harness market forces in pursuing progressive goals, and co-author of What Works In Girls’ Education?.

Sperling attended the alternative Community High School in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and received his B.A. in political science from the University of Minnesota, his J.D. from Yale Law School, and attended The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.

He was also a consultant for the television series The West Wing.


1. ^ The Advisers Are Writing Our Future David Leonhardt, The New York Times, April 18, 2007.

2. ^ A look at the Clinton economic plan , Kai Ryssdal interviews Gene Sperling, Marketplace, January 31, 2008


* The Pro-Growth Progressive: An Economic Strategy for Shared Prosperity, Gene Sperling, Simon & Schuster (November 1, 2005), ISBN 978-0743237536

* What Works In Girls’ Education?: Evidence And Policies From The Developing World, Barbara Herz and Gene Sperling, Council on Foreign Relations Press (December 15, 2004), ISBN 978-0876093443

External links

* Official page on the site of the Council on Foreign Relations

* Commonwealth Club of California, archived speech

* “The Pro-Growth Progressive” – Gene Sperling speaks at Google



Case Western Reserve University School of Law

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2008)

Case Western Reserve University Franklin Thomas Backus School of Law

Established      1892

School type     Private

Dean    Dean Gary J. Simson

Location          Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Enrollment      704

Faculty            116 (total)

USNWR ranking        63rd

Bar pass rate    85% (OH)

Annual tuition             $36,150

Homepage       http://www.law.case.edu

The “Bridge”

The Library 3rd Floor

The Entrance to the Law School

Case Western Reserve University Franklin Thomas Backus School of Law is the law school at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio. It opened in 1892, making it one of the oldest law schools in the country. It was one of the first schools accredited by the American Bar Association and was a charter member of the Association of American Law Schools (AALS). Students of color were admitted with the first entering class in 1892; women were admitted in 1918. It currently has a curriculum of more than 200 courses, over 150 of which were newly added since 1997. In addition to the Juris Doctor degree, Case Western offers an LL.M. in U.S. Law to foreign lawyers. The student/faculty ratio is 13.8. 98.6% of graduates are employed or in post-J.D. degree programs. The median starting salary is 18% above the national average.



* 1 Rankings

* 2 Journals

* 3 Institutes & Centers of Academic Excellence

* 4 Notable faculty

* 5 Notable graduates

o 5.1 Government and politics

o 5.2 Business and industry

o 5.3 Judicial

o 5.4 Academia

o 5.5 Other

* 6 References

* 7 External links


It is ranked:

* #63 in the 2009 U.S. News & World Report graduate school rankings.[1]

* #4 U.S. News & World Report Specialty Area Rankings for Medical Law Program.

* #16 U.S. News & World Report Specialty Area Rankings for International Law Program.

* Brian Leiter Law School Reports: “obviously underrated”

* #14 in America’s 25 Most Underrated Law Schools (2007–2008) as compiled by LawTV and Law School 100.

* #17 in Vault’s Top 25 Most Underrated Law Schools.

* Among the top twenty law schools in the country in alumni giving.

* #31 by the “Internet Legal Research Group” (ILRG) for Cost-Benefit Analysis of American Law Schools.

* #36 by the “Internet Legal Research Group” (ILRG) for Law School Rankings by Median Salary.

* #46 by the “Internet Legal Research Group” (ILRG) for 2008 Law School Rankings of Employment Rate at Graduation.

* #39 by the “Internet Legal Research Group” (ILRG) for 2008 Law School Rankings of Employment Rate 9 months after Graduation.

* #47 by “The Ranking Game”

* #48 in “The Law School 100: The Best Law Schools in the United States.”


* Canada-United States Law Journal

* Case Western Reserve Law Review

* Health Matrix: Journal of Law-Medicine

* Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law

* The Internet Law Journal

[edit] Institutes & Centers of Academic Excellence

* Canada-United States Law Institute (with Western Law School)

* Frederick K. Cox International Law Center

* Center for Business Law and Regulation

* The Law-Medicine Center

* CISCDR (Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Conflict and Dispute Resolution)

* Center for Law, Technology, and the Arts

* Institute for Global Security Law and Policy

* The Center For Professional Ethics

* Milton A. Kramer Law Clinic Center

Notable faculty

* Arthur D. Austin, II – An expert on Antitrust and Contract Law. A prolific author, he has published frequently-cited articles in leading law reviews and three books: Antitrust: Law, Economics, Policy (1976), Complex Litigation Confronts the Jury System (1984), and The Empire Strikes Back: Outsiders and the Struggle over Legal Education (1998).

* Paul Gianelli – One of the country’s foremost evidence experts, Gianelli has co-authored several leading evidence and scientific evidence texts.

* Richard Gordon – Former Senior Counsel of the International Monetary Fund. Gordon Advised the government of Indonesia on the reform of tax, company, and securities laws. Following September 11, 2001 he was appointed to the select IMF Task Force on Terrorism Finance and was a principal author of the report on the role of the IMF and World Bank in countering terrorism finance and money laundering.

* Sidney Jacoby – a Nuremberg prosecutor.

* Lewis Katz – An expert on criminal law and author of significant portions of the Ohio criminal code, Katz was a candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives 14th District seat in Ohio.

* Henry T. King – King is a former Nuremberg prosecutor.

* Juliet Kostritsky – An expert on promissory estoppel, Kostritsky was the former chair of the contracts division of the AALS.

* Michael P. Scharf – An expert on international law, Scharf assisted in the training of the judges in Iraq’s Saddam Hussein trial.

Notable graduates

Alumni are part of a network of over 12,000 professionals worldwide.

Government and politics

* Thomas A. Burke, former Mayor of Cleveland and Ohio Senator.

* Nicholas E. Calio, President George H. W. Bush’s Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs; member of the White House Iraq Group.

* Marc Dann, former Attorney General of Ohio.

* Lincoln Diaz-Balart, U.S. Congressman.

* Lee Fisher, former attorney general of Ohio and Democratic lieutenant governor of Ohio.

* Tim Grendell, Ohio State Senator.

* Martin Hoke, U.S. Congressman.

* Dr. Mohamed Ibn Chambas, lawyer, diplomat, politician and academic from Ghana. He is the current Executive Secreteary of ECOWAS.

* Ron Klein, U.S. Congressman.

* Donald L. Korb, Chief Counsel for the Internal Revenue Service.

* Capricia Marshall, Deputy Assistant to President Clinton; Social Secretary at the Clinton White House. Currently National Finance Director for Hillary Clinton campaign.

* Roscoe C. McCulloch, former Ohio U.S. Congressman and Senator.

* Kevin G. Nealer, Senior Fellow of The Forum for International Policy.

* Jim Petro, Former Ohio Attorney General.

* Stephanie Tubbs Jones, U.S. Congresswoman (1999–2008).

* Michael Turner, U.S. Congressman.

* Mark A. Weinberger, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Tax Policy from 2001 to 2002 and as Chief of Staff and Counsel to the President’s 1994 Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform.

* Charles Z. Wick, Former Director of the USIA under Ronald Reagan (1981-1988).

* Ann Womer Benjamin, Director of the Northeast Ohio Council on Higher Education. Former director of the Ohio Department of Insurance.

Business and industry

* Gregory J. Adams, Patent Counsel, Energizer.

* Diego Archer, Global Manager, Berry Appleman & Leiden LLP.

* Gayle T. Bassick, Executive Counsel, Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield.

* Tammy S. Bawnik, Deputy General Counsel, UBS Financial Services.

* Bertram Bell, Associate General Counsel, The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company.

* Timothy A. Beverick, Vice President, Dynegy Inc.

* Scott G. Brown, Vice President, Bayer Corporation.

* Nicholas E. Calio, Citigroup Senior Vice-President for Global Government Affairs. He is responsible for government relations for Citigroup and all of its subsidiaries.

* Michael G. Cherkasky, former CEO and Board Member at Marsh & McLennan Companies.

* Mark Costello, Patent Counsel, Xerox Corporation.

* Angela B. Cox, Assistant General Counsel, The Coca-Cola Company.

* Steven E. Davis, Corporate Counsel, Jacuzzi Brands, Inc.

* Suzanne F. Day, Deputy General Counsel, The Lubrizol Corporation.

* Austin Fragomen Jr., Managing Partner and founder of Fragomen, Del Rey, Bernsen & Loewy LLP and Fragomen Global Immigration Services LLC.

* Victor S. Garber, Managing Director, Morgan Stanley.

* Thomas Geczik, Tax Counsel, ConocoPhillips Company.

* George S. Goodridge, Assistant General Counsel, Bayer Corporation.

* Mark A. Guinn, Assistant General Counsel, Bank of America.

* Robert E. Hathaway, Counsel, General Motors Corporation.

* Brian R. Henry, Senior Counsel, The Coca-Cola Company.

* Michelle L. Herwald, International Tax Counsel, ALCOA Inc.

* Michael G. Holmquist, Associate General Counsel, Bank of America.

* J. Robert Horst, Former Vice President and General Counsel, Eaton Corporation.

* Andrean Horton, Vice President, YRC Worldwide Inc.

* Kirsten Hotchkiss, Senior Vice President, Wyndham Worldwide Corporation.

* Joseph F. Hubach, Senior Vice President, Texas Instruments.

* Catherine M. Kilbane, Senior Vice President, American Greetings Corporation.

* Frederick J. Krebs, President, Association of Corporate Counsel.

* Stephen C. Lee, Attorney, BP America Inc.

* Paul R. Lovejoy, Senior Vice President & General Counsel, United Airlines.

* Harry Lupuloff, Senior Counsel, Northrop Grumman Corporation.

* Douglas John McCormack, Sr. International Tax Counsel, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company.

* Barry Meyer, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Warner Bros. Entertainment.

* Jacquelyn “Jones” Nance, President of Cleveland Browns Foundation.

* Joseph M. Paul, Senior Corporate Counsel, Dynegy Inc.

* Geralyn M. Presti, Burton Awards for Legal Achievement “Legend of the Law.”

* Robert P. Reffner, Vice President, FirstEnergy Corp.

* Amber Ried-Barrett, Associate General Counsel, Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation “Freddie Mac”.

* Michael J. Roth, Associate General Counsel, Europe, Middle East & Africa, Monsanto Company.

* J. Wm. Sekula, Senior Corporate Counsel, Diebold Incorporated.

* John F. Strong, Counsel, The Boeing Company.

* Leila Vespoli, Senior Vice President, FirstEnergy Corp.

* Nicole Vickroy Hickey, Senior Counsel Abbott Laboratories.

* Hazel M. Willacy, Director of Employment Policies & Labor Relations, The Sherwin-Williams Company.


* Kathleen McDonald O’Malley, District Judge for the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio.

* Edmund A. Sargus, Jr., District Judge for the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio.

* Leslie Crocker Snyder, Former New York State Supreme Court (New York County) judge.

* Mary Jane Trapp, Ohio Court of Appeals, Eleventh Appellate District.

[edit] Academia

* Evelyn G. Abravanel, American University Professor of Law.

* Bryan Adamson, Seattle University Associate Professor of Law.

* Ralph C. Anzivino, Professor, Marquette University Law School.

* Hal R. Arenstein, University of Cincinnati Lecturer on Law.

* Albert A. Baillis, Ohio Northern University Professor of Law Emeritus, Dean 1975-1977.

* Richard Balnave, Professor, University of Virginia School of Law.

* Linda L. Berger, Thomas Jefferson School of Law Professor of Law.

* Susan H. Bitensky, Professor, Michigan State University College of Law.

* Elizabeth Brandt, University of Idaho Professor of Law, Associate Dean for Faculty Affairs.

* Douglas W. Charnas, Georgetown University Professor of Law.

* Alan Chen, Professor, University of Denver Sturm College of Law.

* Christine Alice Corcos, Professor, Louisiana State University Law Center.

* Kenneth B. Davis, Jr., Dean of University of Wisconsin Law School.

* John G. Day, University of Connecticut Lecturer in Law.

* Sandra Fegan Gavin, Professor, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey School of Law, Camden.

* Sophia C. Goodman, Professor, Indiana University School of Law – Bloomington.

* William Haak, University of Toledo Instructor in Law.

* William D. Henderson, Professor, Indiana University School of Law – Bloomington.

* Jerold H. Israel, Professor, University of Florida Fredric G. Levin College of Law.

* Peter A. Joy, Professor, Washington University School of Law, St. Louis.

* Michael Kaye, Professor, Washburn University School of Law.

* Robin M. Kennedy, University of Toledo Associate Professor of Law.

* Robin M. Kennedy, Professor, University of Toledo College of Law.

* Jeffrey L. Kirchmeier, Professor, The City University of New York School of Law at Queens College.

* James M. Klein, University of Toledo Professor of Law.

* Margery B. Koosed, Professor, The University of Akron School of Law.

* Frederick J. Krebs, Association of Corporate Counsel President, Georgetown University Professor of Law.

* Suzanne P. Land, University of Cincinnati Lecturer on Law.

* Gerald G. MacDonald, Professor, Thomas M. Cooley Law School.

* James P. Madigan, Professor, University of Chicago Law School.

* Donald J. McTigue, Capital University Professor of Law.

* Bryan C. Mercurio, Professor, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Faculty of Law.

* Frank S. Merritt, University of Toledo Professor of Law.

* Claire C. Robinson May, Cleveland State University Professor of Law.

* Andrew Foster Moore, Professor, University of Detroit Mercy School of Law.

* Mary-Beth Moylan, University of the Pacific Lecturer in Law.

* Kevin G. Nealer, Professor, Georgetown School of Business, Fulbright Professor of trade law and policy in the People’s Republic of China.

* Rosemonde Pierre-Louis, Fordham Law School Professor of Law.

* Michael D. Rose, Ohio State University Professor Emeritus of Law.

* Joshua Rosenberg, Professor, University of San Francisco School of Law.

* Constance L. Rudnick, Massachusetts School of Law Professor of Law.

* Orly R. Rumberg, University of Cincinnati Lecturer on Law.

* Ric S. Sheffield, Kenyon College Associate Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies.

* Michelle Slack, Professor, Southern Illinois University School of Law.

* Howard M. Stein, Touro Law School Professor of Law.

* Jenean Taranto, Albany Law School Lawyering Professor.

* Dana Underwood, Professor, Saint Louis University School of Law.

* Katharine A. Van Tassel, Professor, Western New England College School of Law.

* Harold R. Weinberg, University of Kentucky Professor of Law.

* Andrew White, Singapore Management University Associate Professor.

* Carl A. Yirka, Professor, Vermont Law School.

* Anthony S. Zito, Jr., John Marshall Law School Professor of Law.


* Fred Gray, Civil Rights Attorney to Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks.

* Mike Lebowitz, attorney, legal pioneer in military expression, military law.


1. ^ US News Best Law Schools (Ranked in 2008)

External links

* Case Western Reserve University School of Law

* US News and Reports Ranking

* Official Guide to ABA Approved Schools

Retrieved from “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Case_Western_Reserve_University_School_of_Law&#8221;

Categories: Law schools in Ohio | Case Western Reserve University

Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from April 2008 | Ohio articles

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*** includes –

Michael G. Cherkasky, former CEO and Board Member at Marsh & McLennan Companies

Charles Z. Wick, Former Director of the USIA under Ronald Reagan (1981-1988).

(From above)


The United States Information Agency (USIA), which existed from 1953 to 1999, was a United States agency devoted to “public diplomacy”. Its critics[who?], however, described its goal as propaganda.


The USIA’s mission was “to understand, inform, and influence foreign publics in promotion of the national interest, and to broaden the dialogue between Americans and U.S. institutions, and their counterparts abroad”.[1]

Its stated goals were:

* To explain and advocate U.S. policies in terms that are credible and meaningful in foreign cultures;

* To provide information about the official policies of the United States, and about the people, values, and institutions which influence those policies;

* To bring the benefits of international engagement to American citizens and institutions by helping them build strong long-term relationships with their counterparts overseas;

* To advise the President and U.S. government policy-makers on the ways in which foreign attitudes will have a direct bearing on the effectiveness of U.S. policies.[1]

The USIA was established in August 1953, although cultural and educational exchange functions remained in the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the Department of State until 1978, when they were shifted to USIA. Following a brief period during the Carter administration, when it was called the International Communications Agency (ICA), to avoid confusion with the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) the agency’s name was restored to USIA in August 1982. The agency was known as United States Information Service (USIS) overseas but could not use that abbreviation domestically to avoid confusion with the United States Immigration Service.

There were two basic statutes authorizing the programs of the Agency. The first was the Smith-Mundt Act, which authorized information programs including Voice of America as well as the Radio and TV Martí broadcasts to Cuba. Voice of America was intended as an unbiased and balanced “Voice from America” as originally broadcast during World War II. The Smith-Mundt Act established a so-called “Charter” which required balanced news, dual sourcing, etc. Other broadcasts supported by the U.S. Government (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty) were more specific in their anti-communist intent and might more closely resemble propaganda.

The second statute authorizing USIA’s activities was the Fulbright-Hays Act, which authorized the international cultural and educational exchanges (the Fullbright Scholarship Program). Thus “Fulbrighters” were grant recipients under the USIA educational and cultural exchange program. To ensure that those grant programs would be fair and unbiased there were a series of grantees of educational and cultural expertise who chose the actual grantee recipients.

As part of the increased dialogue between people of the U.S. and people of foreign countries, USIA was also the agency principally responsible for U.S. participation at World’s Fairs outside the United States.

The Foreign Affairs and Restructuring Act abolished the U.S. Information Agency effective 1999-10-01, when its information (but not broadcasting) and exchange functions were folded into the Department of State’s Bureau of Public Affairs, headed by the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs.

Broadcasting functions, including Voice of America, Radio and TV Marti as well as other U.S. Government supported broadcasting such as Radio Free Europe (Eastern Europe) and Radio Liberty (the former Soviet Union) were consolidated as an independent entity under the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), which continues independently (as a separate entity from the State Department) today.

Possible reestablishment

2008 presidential candidate Senator John McCain (R-AZ) announced his support for bringing the agency back.[2]

In 2008, Christian Whiton, an official in the George W. Bush administration involved with promoting democracy, called publicly for the establishment of a USIA-like strategic communications agency focused on the nonviolent practice of political warfare.[1]

See also

* Public Diplomacy

* Propaganda

* U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Information Programs

* Committee on Public Information

* Project Pedro


1. ^ a b “USIA: an overview”. USIA. August 1998. http://dosfan.lib.uic.edu/usia/usiahome/oldoview.htm#overview. Retrieved on November 24 2008.

2. ^ McCain, John (2007-06-28). “Hone U.S. Message Of Freedom”. Orlando Sentinel. http://www.johnmccain.com/informing/news/NewsReleases/d6b2c71d-dfd2-4468-bed6-edc192dd3949.htm. Retrieved on 2008-03-10.

Further reading

* Bardos, Arthur, “‘Public Diplomacy’: An Old Art, a New Profession”, Virginia Quarterly Review, Summer 2001

* Bogart, Leo, Premises For Propaganda: The United States Information Agency’s Operating Assumptions in the Cold War, ISBN 0029043905

* Snow, Nancy, Propaganda, Inc.: Selling America’s Culture to the World, ISBN 1888363746

* Kiehl, William P. (ed.) “America’s Dialogue with the World”, ISBN 0-9764391-1-5

* Sorensen, Thomas C. “Word War: The Story of American Propaganda” (1968) ISBN-10: 3530827509 ISBN-13: 978-3530827507

* Tobia, Simona “Advertising America. The United States Information Service in Italy (1945-1956)”, LED Edizioni Universitarie, ISBN 978-88-7916-400-9

External links

* Archive of agency Web site

* Papers of Abbott Washburn (Special Assistant to the Director of the USIA, 1953 & Deputy Directior of the USIA, 1953-1961), Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library


Charles Z. Wick (October 12, 1917 – July 20, 2008)[1][2] was director of the United States Information Agency (USIA) under President Ronald Reagan (1981–1989). As USIA director, Wick launched the first live global satellite television network.

Wick also established the Voice of America’s Radio Marti broadcasting to Cuba; created RIAS TV in Berlin; headed the International Youth Exchange Initiative; established an office within USIA to implement the General Exchanges Agreement between the U.S. and the former Soviet Union; and created the Artistic Ambassador Program with its international young artists’ exchanges.

Wick was an independent businessman involved in the financing and operation of motion picture, television, radio, music, health care, and mortgage industries in the United States and abroad. He was president and chief executive officer of Wick Financial Corp., and Mapleton Enterprises, which he founded in the early 1960s. He was co-chairman of the 1981 Presidential Inaugural Committee.

Wick graduated from the University of Michigan (B.M.) and Case Western Reserve University School of Law (J.D.). He was a member of the California and Ohio Bar Associations.

Wick was on the Advisory Board of USC Center on Public Diplomacy.

Prior to his entering into governmental affairs, he produced such films as Snow White and the Three Stooges.

He died of natural causes at his Los Angeles home at age 90,[1] according to his son, movie producer Douglas Wick, and a report issued by the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation.[2]

Notes and references

1. ^ a b “”Services to be held for former Reagan appointee Wick””. Los Angeles Daily News. 2008-07-22. http://www.dailynews.com/news/ci_9960325. Retrieved on 2008-07-22.

2. ^ a b The Associated Press (2008-07-22). “Former USIA chief Charles Wick dies at 90 in LA”. Associated Press. http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5hchqm62l9x-4RhKQpdzRdYfF2wlAD92350Q80. Retrieved on 2008-07-22.

* “Charles Wick: director of the US Information Agency”. Times, The (London). July 24, 2008. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article4392268.ece. Retrieved on 2008-07-27.



Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs)

James K. Glassman, the most recent Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs.

Photo courtesy of American Enterprise Institute.

The Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs is a position within the U.S. Department of State that is intended to help ensure that public diplomacy is practiced in combination with public affairs and traditional diplomacy to advance U.S. interests and security. The Under Secretary oversees three bureaus at the Department of State: Educational and Cultural Affairs, Public Affairs, and International Information Programs. Also reporting to the Under Secretary are the Office of Policy, Planning and Resources for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs and the Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.

The position was created on October 1, 1999, during the Clinton administration after Title XIII, Section 1313 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681-776). Section 2305 of the Act (112 Stat. 2681-825) increased the number of Under Secretaries of State from five to six. Subdivision A of the Act, also know as the Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation Act of 1998, abolished the United States Information Agency and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.

List of Under Secretaries of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs

Name   Term of Office            President(s) served under

Evelyn Lieberman       October 1, 1999-January 19, 2001      Bill Clinton

Charlotte Beers           October 2, 2001–March 28, 2003       George W. Bush

Margaret D. Tutwiler December 16, 2003–June 30, 2004     George W. Bush

Karen Hughes             September 9, 2005– December 14, 2007        George W. Bush

James K. Glassman     June 10, 2008– January 15, 2009        George W. Bush

External links

* Website of the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs

* Publicdiplomacy.org

* Margaret D. Tutweiler leaves the Department of State for the New York Stock Exchange

* The Office of the Historian’s list of former Under Secretaries


Agencies under the United States Department of State

Secretary of State

Deputy Secretary of State

Executive Secretariat A Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism A Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization A National Foreign Affairs Training Center A Office of the Legal Adviser A Office of Protocol A Office of War Crimes Issues A Bureau of Intelligence and Research A Bureau of Legislative Affairs A Bureau of Resource Management

United States Department of State Seal

Under Secretary for

Political Affairs

Bureau of African Affairs A Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs A Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs A Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs A Bureau of International Organization Affairs A Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs A Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs A Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs

Under Secretary for Management

Bureau of Administration A Bureau of Consular Affairs A Bureau of Diplomatic Security A Bureau of Human Resources A Bureau of Information Resource Management A Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations A Office of Management Policy, Rightsizing, and Innovation

Under Secretary for Economic, Business, and Agricultural Affairs

Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs

Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs

Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs A Bureau of Public Affairs A Bureau of International Information Programs

Under Secretary for

Arms Control and

International Security Affairs

Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation A Bureau of Political-Military Affairs A Bureau of Verification, Compliance, and Implementation

Under Secretary for

Democracy and Global Affairs

Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor A Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs A Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration A Office of the Science and Technology Adviser A Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

Retrieved from “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Under_Secretary_of_State_for_Public_Diplomacy_and_Public_Affairs&#8221;

Categories: United States Department of State officials



Margaret DeBardeleben Tutwiler (born December 28, 1950 in Birmingham, Alabama) is a former Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs at the US State Department, serving from December 16, 2003 to June 30, 2004. She was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on December 9, 2003 to replace outgoing Under Secretary Charlotte Beers. Tutwiler was given the task of leading “the government’s public-relations drive to build a favorable impression abroad.” Tutwiler was the ambassador to Morocco from March 2001 until 2003. In July 2004, Tutwiler began directing communications for NYSE Euronext. On December 11, 2007, it was announced that she was appointed head of communications for Merrill Lynch & Co.

External links

* USC Center on Public Diplomacy Profile

* Interview in Frontline Diplomacy: The Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection of the Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training.

* Profile in the Alabama Academy of Honor.



Charlotte Beers (born July 26, 1935 in Beaumont, Texas) is an American businesswoman and former Under Secretary of State.

She was the first female vice-president at the JWT advertising firm, then CEO of Tatham-Laird & Kudner until 1992, and finally CEO of Ogilvy & Mather until 1996. In 1997, Fortune magazine placed her on the cover of their first issue to feature the most powerful women in America, for her achievements in the advertising industry. In 1999, Beers received the “Legend in Leadership Award” from the Chief Executive Leadership Institute of the Yale School of Management.

From October 2001 until March 2003, she worked for the Bush Administration administration as the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks.

Beers attended Baylor University and graduated from the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, then called the University of Southwestern Louisiana, with a bachelor of science in liberal arts.

External links

* USC Center on Public Diplomacy Profile



from the Clinton group –

Evelyn S. Lieberman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Evelyn Lieberman)

Evelyn S. Lieberman is an American public affairs professional who, during the Clinton administration, became the first woman to serve as Deputy White House Chief of Staff and the first United States Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. She has been Director of Communications and Public Affairs at the Smithsonian Institution since 2002 [1], taking time off to serve as chief operating officer of Hillary Rodham Clinton’s presidential campaign. [2]

Lieberman first joined the White House in 1993 as Assistant to First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton’s Chief of Staff. She rose to the rank of Deputy Assistant to the President with the job title of Deputy Press Secretary. On January 10, 1996, Chief of Staff Leon Panetta announced her appointment as Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff. [1]

While another Deputy Chief of Staff managed policy and politics, Lieberman oversaw White House operations and administrative functions: the Office of Scheduling and Advance, the Office of Management and Administration, the Office of Presidential Personnel, and the Office of the Staff Secretary, as well as Director of Oval Office Operations. She focussed on bringing discipline to the young, energetic White House staff; in announcing her appointment, Panetta said “she brings the perfect mixture of chicken soup and a kick in the butt that we need in this job.” [3]

While serving as Deputy Chief of Staff, Lieberman, with the approval of Panetta, transferred Monica Lewinsky–the former intern later found to have had an inappropriate relationship with the President–out of the White House into the United States Defense Department Public Affairs office. In subsequent grand jury testimony, Lieberman recalled removing Lewinsky for “spending too much time around the West Wing.” [4]

The story of Lewinsky’s firing reportedly contributed to Lieberman’s “cult status” as a tough enforcer among the Hillary Clinton supporters collectively known as “Hillaryland.” “If Lieberman invites you for a walk,” Hillaryland members joke, “don’t go. It means you’re fired.”[5]

At the beginning of Clinton’s second administration, Lieberman wanted to return to public affairs, and Clinton appointed her director of the Voice of America. When VOA’s parent organization, the U.S. Information Agency, was folded into the State Department in 1999 (minus VOA, which became a unit of the separate Broadcasting Board of Governors) she was appointed senior adviser to the United States Secretary of State. She was then nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate as Undersecretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, overseeing the Department’s spokesman, its international public information operations, and its education and cultural programs. Her overall mission was improving the image of the United States internationally.

Prior to joining the Clinton Administration, Lieberman was press secretary to Senator Joseph R. Biden, Jr. (D-DE) (1988-1993); Director of Public Affairs for the Children’s Defense Fund; and Communications Director for the National Urban Coalition. She is also a director of the Trust for Early Education, an advocacy group devoted to ensuring that children in America receive pre-Kindergarten preparation for education. [6]

Lieberman, a native New Yorker, graduated from Buffalo State College. She is married to attorney Edward H. Lieberman. [1]


1. ^ a b c http://newsdesk.si.edu/admin/bios/lieberman.pdf

2. ^ Deseret News | Clinton enlists outside consultants

3. ^ William J. Clinton Foundation “Press Briefing by Leon Panetta”

4. ^ IV. April 1996: Ms. Lewinskys Transfer to the Pentagon

5. ^ Gatekeepers of Hillaryland – washingtonpost.com

6. ^ TEE – The Trust for Early Education



Karen Parfitt Hughes (born December 27, 1956) is a Republican political adviser from the state of Texas. She served as the Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs in the U.S. Department of State with the rank of ambassador. She resides in Austin, Texas.

Born in Paris, France, she is the daughter of Patricia Rose Scully and Harold Parfitt,[1] the last U.S. Governor of the Panama Canal Zone. After graduating from W. T. White High School, Hughes received her bachelor’s degree from Southern Methodist University in 1977 where she was a member of Alpha Delta Pi sorority. She worked as a television news reporter from 1977 to 1984. As a reporter, Hughes followed the 1980 presidential campaign. In 1984, she went to work as the Texas press coordinator for the Reagan-Bush campaign in the 1984 election. She later became executive director of the Republican Party of Texas.

Work with George W. Bush

Karen Hughes with First Lady Laura Bush

Since the 1990s, Hughes has worked with George W. Bush, first as director of communications while he was governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000, and then as a counselor from 2001 to 2002, while he was President of the United States.

Hughes left the Bush administration in July 2002 to return to Texas, but remained in daily contact with the Bush reelection campaign by telephone and e-mail, and spoke personally with Bush several times a week. In 2002, Hughes was a member of the White House Iraq Group, the task force charged with increasing public support for war in Iraq. In August 2004, Hughes returned to full-time service with the Bush campaign, setting up office on Air Force One, from where she planned the 2004 Republican National Convention and the late stages of the 2004 election. She has been decorated by The Dallas Morning News as “the most powerful woman ever to serve in the White House”, and by ABC News as Bush’s “most essential advisor.”

Ten Minutes from Normal

In March 2004, Hughes published Ten Minutes from Normal, an account of her work in the Bush administration. While promoting her book, she appeared on CNN on April 25, 2004 – the same day as the March for Women’s Lives – and said “I think after September 11th the American people are valuing life more and realizing that we need policies to value the dignity and worth of every life. And President Bush has worked to say, let’s be reasonable, let’s work to value life, let’s try to reduce the number of abortions, let’s increase adoptions. And I think those are the kind of policies that the American people can support, particularly at a time when we’re facing an enemy, and really the fundamental difference between us and the terror network we fight is that we value every life. It’s the founding conviction of our country, that we’re endowed by our creator with certain unalienable rights, the right to life and liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”[2]

As Undersecretary of State for Public Diplomacy

Karen Hughes (L) at White House luncheon with President George Bush (C) and United States National Security Advisor and United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice (R).

On March 14, 2005, Bush announced his intention to nominate Hughes for the undersecretary of state for public diplomacy with the rank of ambassador — a job focused on changing foreigners’ perceptions about America. The Senate confirmed her nomination in July 2005. Prior to being officially sworn in on September 9, 2005, Hughes took an extended leave of absence, which she described as a much needed vacation. During this period Hughes also spent time involved in the Texas senatorial campaign of John Cornyn as well as other state races.

In her new capacity, Hughes spoke of improving the world’s perception of the United States via creation of a “rapid-response unit” and a plan to “forward-deploy regional SWAT teams”. During a town hall meeting on September 8, 2005, a State Department employee complained that “recently, we’ve had tremendous amount of difficulty in some cases getting clearance for our ambassadors to speak.” Hughes replied, “If they make statements based on something I sent them, they’re not going to be called on the carpet.”[3]

In May 2005, the State Department Media Affairs Director and a 17-year veteran Price Floyd resigned, citing difficulties and disagreements with the Bush administration and Karen Hughes.[4] In an interview, Floyd said: “She is one of the most dynamic people I have ever been around. She is truly impressive. But she comes at it from a press/media angle, and public diplomacy — I don’t think — is that. I mean, this is bigger than Karen Hughes, it’s bigger than the State Department. It’s going to mean an administration change: someone new is going to have to come in.” Among other things, Floyd commented on the difference between public diplomacy during the Vietnam War, when the State Department was allowed to send dissenting speakers abroad to discuss America, and public diplomacy during the Bush administration.

Hughes stated that one of her greatest accomplishments has been “transforming public diplomacy and making it a national security priority central to everything we do in government”. [5] Hughes was the keynote speaker at the October 22, 2007 Public Relations Society of America’s International Conference and discussed, “Waging Peace — The New Paradigm for Public Diplomacy.” [6]

2005 tour of the Middle East

Starting with a September 26, 2005 stop in Egypt, Hughes went on a tour of the Middle East to speak with leaders and people from the region.[7] The goal of the tour was to promote pro-American sentiment in the region. This was a response to growing fears in America about rampant anti-Americanism in the Middle East. Hughes asked two Citizen Ambassadors to accompany her on this tour. Following an apparently non-selective process, Hughes chose a college student, Tina Karima Daoud, and William O’Brien, a retired high school geography teacher, as the first two Citizen Ambassadors. In her press briefing, Hughes detailed the process by which Ms. Daoud was added to the tour: “I have brought along with me on this trip, as a symbol of things to come, two citizens, one a young Muslim American, Tina Karima who met the very first week in my office when I asked to meet with a group of Muslim students from universities in the Washington area, and she came to that meeting and she followed up and sent me an email and said she was really interested in some of the things I said and could we have lunch? So we had lunch and I talked with her and learned more about her, and discovered that she was already working at the State Department on a small project — she could tell you exactly what it was — a fellowship project, but it was in something like — it was very administrative. And so I said maybe we could get her to come help us with public diplomacy, and so she in fact is now working with us on public diplomacy on that fellowship and is traveling with us on this trip, but I think it’s – to show again the importance of our own American young people reaching out to young people across the world, which I hope to foster more of.”

On her September 27 stop in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia during a talk with female students, she expressed her wish that women could “fully participate in society” as they do in the United States. In response one of the women said “The general image of the Arab woman is that she isn’t happy […] Well, we’re all pretty happy.”[8].

In a press conference in Jakarta, Indonesia Hughes incorrectly stated that Saddam Hussein “had murdered hundreds of thousands of his own people using poison gas.”[9] Conventional sources attest that Saddam did order the deaths of several hundred thousand Iraqis during the al-Anfal Campaign and other violent suppressions, but causalties from his infamous gas attack on Halabja numbered in the thousands.

Breast cancer advocacy

Hughes met business representatives from the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) to create the U.S.-U.A.E. Partnership for Breast Cancer Awareness and Research.

It will develop breast cancer awareness campaigns and expand research in the Middle East by linking U.S. medical experts, fundraisers, health research activists and businesses with their U.A.E. counterparts.[10]


In late October 2007, Hughes made it known that she would be resigning from her position in the Bush White House[11]. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice was quoted as saying she accepted the resignation “with a great deal of sadness but also a great deal of happiness for what she has achieved”.


1. ^ 1

2. ^ CNN.com – Transcripts

3. ^ Hughes Is Varnishing the Nation’s Tarnish

4. ^ On The Media: Transcript of “Scuttle Diplomacy” (June 1, 2007)

5. ^ BBC NEWS | World | Americas | Key Bush image adviser to leave

6. ^ 2007 PRSA International Conference

7. ^ Briefing En Route Ankara, Turkey

8. ^ Saudi Women Have Message for U.S. Envoy – New York Times

9. ^ Hughes Misreports Iraqi History

10. ^ State’s Hughes Joins Dubai Businesswomen To Fight Breast Cancer

11. ^ BBC NEWS | Americas | Key Bush image adviser to leave


1. Rootsweb.com. Record on Karen (Parfitt) Hughes.

2. Kerry Lauerman. You burn out fast when you demagogue, Salon.com, September 13, 2003.

3. Interview of Karen Hughes. Transcript of Late Edition with Wolf Blitzer, CNN.com, Aired April 5, 2004.

4. Dana Milbank. Hughes is Varnishing the Nation’s Tarnish, The Washington Post, September 9, 2005.

5. Transcript of Interview of Bob Garfield. Scuttle Diplomacy, On the Media, June 1, 2007.

6. U.S. Department of State Transcript. Briefing En Route Ankara, Turkey. September 26, 2005

7. Steven R. Weisman. Saudi Women Have Message for U.S. Envoy, New York Times, September 28, 2005.

8. Alan Sipress. Hughes Misreports Iraqi History, Washington Post, October 22, 2005.

9. Elizabeth Kelleher. State’s Hughes Joins Dubai Businesswomen To Fight Breast Cancer, U.S. Department of State, November 1, 2006.

10. USME Partnership for Breast Cancer Awareness and Research. US Middle East Partnership Website.

External links

* Special Report on Karen Hughes’ nomination to Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy

* USC Center on Public Diplomacy Wiki profile on Hughes and her new position

* Testimony at confirmation hearing before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, DC (July 22, 2005)

* Marketing America (March 16, 2005) PBS Online NewsHour featuring Karen Hughes.

* Profile: Karen Hughes, SourceWatch

* Karen Hughes and the collapse of American public diplomacy

* Karen Hughes Addresses PRSA [1]



James K. Glassman (born January 1, 1947 in Washington, D.C.) is an American libertarian conservative editorialist, journalist and author.He is president of the World Growth Institute, which promotes global economic development. Glassman is known for his market analyses and commentary on economics and equities investing. As a syndicated columnist, Glassman’s articles have appeared in newspapers around the world, including the Los Angeles Times, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, Forbes, The Atlantic Monthly, Reader’s Digest, and The Times Literary Supplement (London). He was co-author of Dow 36,000, published in 1999, which erroneously predicted that the stock market was greatly undervalued and would at least triple within a few years. On December 11, 2007 Glassman was nominated by President George W. Bush to replace Karen Hughes as the Undersecretary of State for Public Diplomacy.[1]

Glassman attended private Quaker school, Sidwell Friends School, in Washington, DC, and graduated cum laude from Harvard College with a B.A. in government in 1969.


* Served as managing editor of The Harvard Crimson while at Harvard.

* Held first job as a Sunday writer for the Boston Herald Traveler. (1969-70)

* Became editor and publisher of The Advocate in Provincetown, MA (1970-72).

* Co-Founder with Mary Hanby Glassman, Jack W. Davis, jr. and Robin von Breton of the weekly newspaper publication, Figaro, in New Orleans, Louisiana (1972-78).

* After selling Figaro, Glassman became executive editor of Washingtonian magazine (1979-81).

* Publisher of The New Republic (1981-84).

* President of The Atlantic Monthly as well as executive vice-president of U.S. News & World Report (1984-1986).

* Part-owner and editor of Roll Call, later sold to The Economist (1987-1993).

* Started television career as moderator of CNN’s Capital Gang Sunday (1995-98).

* Wrote a syndicated column in the Washington Post business section (1993-99, 2001-04).

* Hosted PBS’s TechnoPolitics (1995-99).

* Founded Tech Central Station (now TCS Daily), an online magazine (2000).

* Chief columnist of FolioFN (2001).

* Analyst for Left, Right & Center on KCRW (2001-02).

* Currently a columnist for Kiplinger Investing Magazine

* Currently a columnist for Townhall.com (2000-)

* Currently a columnist for Scripps Howard News Service (2004-)

* Founded and served as editor-in-chief and executive publisher of The American, a printed and online bimonthly “magazine of ideas for business leaders”[2] (2006-2008).


A libertarian conservative, Glassman (with Virginia Postrel) wrote an oft-cited rejoinder to a call for a conservative policy of “national greatness” by Bill Kristol and David Brooks.

* Senior Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute

* Served on the U.S. government’s Advisory Board on Public Diplomacy in the Arab and Muslim World (2003).

* Confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Chairman, Broadcasting Board of Governors. (2007)[3]

* In June 2008, Glassman became Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs in the Bush administration.


* Dow 36,000 (co-author). In this book, published in 1999, near the peak of the late 1990s stock market bubble, Glassman and his co-author declared that the stocks making up the Dow Jones Industrial Average, then around 10,000, were undervalued and that the stock prices would rise sharply, with the index reaching 36,000 within three to five years. In its introduction, Glassman and his co-author wrote that the book “will convince you of the single most important fact about stocks at the dawn of the twenty-first century: They are cheap….If you are worried about missing the market’s big move upward, you will discover that it is not too late. Stocks are now in the midst of a one-time-only rise to much higher ground–to the neighborhood of 36,000 on the Dow Jones industrial average.”[4] During the next three years the index declined by over 30%, bottoming at under 7,200 in the fall of 2002.[5] And nearly ten years later, the Dow hovers around 6800.

* The Secret Code of the Superior Investor

Awards and honors

* Warren Brookes Award for Excellence in Journalism (1998) from the American Legislative Exchange Council

* Norman B. Ture Award (1997) from the Tax Foundation for service toward sound tax policy.

[edit] Personal

Having lived in New York City, Falls Village, Connecticut, and Washington, D.C., Glassman commutes often between these three locations.

[edit] References

1. ^ Nominations and Withdrawals Sent to the Senate

2. ^ [1]

3. ^ “NOMINATIONS CONFIRMED (CIVILIAN)”. United States Senate website. 2007-06-05. http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/legislative/one_item_and_teasers/nom_confc.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-10. “James K. Glassman, of Connecticut, to be Chairman of the Broadcasting Board of Governors.”

4. ^ [2]

5. ^ [3]

[edit] External links

Sister project   Wikimedia Commons has media related to: James K. Glassman

* Bio at the Broadcasting Board of Governors

* Washington Business Forward profile

* Bio at the American Enterprise Institute

* Bio at Townhall.com

* The American



Creation of Position: This position was authorized by Title XIII, Section 1313 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681-776). Section 2305 of the Act (112 Stat. 2681-825) increased the number of Under Secretaries of State from 5 to 6.  Subdivision A of the Act, also know as the Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation Act of 1998, abolished the U.S. Information Agency and transferred its functions to the Department of State.  The integration took place on Oct 1, 1999.



Christian Whiton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Deputy Special Envoy, U.S. State Department

Christian Whiton was a State Department political appointee in the George W. Bush administration. He served as the Deputy Special Envoy focused primarily on the promotion of human rights in North Korea. Whiton advised senior administration officials on policy, communications and programmatic activities related to democracy efforts.

Whiton has criticized the governments of North Korea and China for their human rights records. He has called for weakening the regime of Kim Jong-il via expanded radio broadcasts and information operations. [1] He has also appealed for other governments to intervene. [2]

Whiton implicitly criticized career officials at the State Department for not adhering to the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004. [3] After leaving the State Department, he criticized former Secretary Condoleezza Rice for her policies on North Korea, China and Russia. [4]

Whiton also was a speechwriter and special advisor to the Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs Paula Dobriansky, who led democracy efforts throughout the Bush administration. Whiton is an advocate of political warfare as a means of national security, as has called for establishing a U.S. government agency focused on undermining the jihadist ideology. [5]

Prior to government, Whiton worked for the investment banking practice of KPMG LLP. He holds an MBA from UCLA Anderson School of Management and an undergraduate degree from Tulane University.


Quotes: “The U.S. champions the aspirations of freedom of those abroad because it has been a part of our heritage since our founding. But it is also a calculated means to advance our national security interests–and those of our democratic allies.”


* State Department biography



Paula J. Dobriansky (born September 14, 1955) is a neo-conservative politician, pundit, and author.


* 1 Parents and education

* 2 Current role

* 3 Previous roles

* 4 Bali conference

* 5 Notes

Parents and education

She was born in Alexandria, Virginia, the daughter of Ukrainian-American anti-communist activist Lev Dobriansky, the initiator of Captive Nations Week [1] and Julia Kusy Dobriansky, his wife [2].

She is a graduate of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University and of Harvard University. Her Ph.D. thesis was entitled “The military determinants of Soviet foreign policy, 1945-1988” and was accepted in 1991.

Current role

She currently is the Under-Secretary of State for Democracy & Global Affairs, a position to which she was appointed 1 May 2001 by US President George W. Bush. She is also a member of the Trilateral Commission. On February 15, 2007 Dobriansky became the Special Envoy on Northern Ireland, taking over for Mitchell Reiss who held that position for three years. [3].

Dobriansky has acted as a spokesperson for the United States on the issue of climate change and global warming, representing the United States at the 2006 United Nations climate change conference in Kenya as well as the 2007 talks in Bali. She has been a stalwart defender of the Bush Administration’s refusal to ratify the Kyoto Protocol, and has assisted the administration in blocking international agreements that would cap carbon dioxide emissions. [4] Dobriansky has advocated voluntary reductions in carbon dioxide emissions, based on partnerships between developing and wealthy nations and has been opposed to caps that would require reductions based on specific timetables.

According to her official Department of State biography, she was “unanimously confirmed” by the Senate. Dobriansky’s responsibilities include “a broad range of foreign policy issues, including democracy, human rights, labor, counter-narcotics and law enforcement, refugee and humanitarian relief matters and environmental/scientific issues. [5]

Previous roles

Dobriansky has served as Senior Vice President and Director of the Washington Office of the Council on Foreign Relations, including operations relating to all groups and meetings. She has been designated the Special Coordinator for Tibet.

She is a member of the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) and was one of the signatories to the January 26, 1998, PNAC Letter sent to US President Bill Clinton, in which a group of conservatives advocated a US military attack on Iraq.

Dobriansky served as Senior International Affairs and Trade Advisor at the law firm of Hunton & Williams and as Co-Chair of the International TV Council at the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

Paula J. Dobriansky at FPC briefing

Dobriansky has held other government positions including the Associate Director for Policy and Programs at the United States Information Agency (1990–1993), Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (1987–1990); Deputy Head of the U.S. Delegation to the 1990 Copenhagen Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe CSCE; Advisor to the U.S. Delegation to the 1985 UN Decade for Women Conference in Nairobi, Kenya; and Director of European and Soviet Affairs at the United States National Security Council (1983-1984). She also was a coordinator of Bob Dole’s 1996 presidential campaign.

Dobriansky has served on the Western NIS Enterprise Fund, National Endowment for Democracy, Freedom House, American Council of Young Political Leaders, the American Bar Association Central, East European Law Initiative, and the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.

She previously hosted Freedom’s Challenge, and co-hosted Worldwise, and has appeared on ABC, CBS, CNN Headline News, CNN, Fox Morning News, John McLaughlin’s One-on-One, The McLaughlin Group, C-SPAN, MSNBC, PBS, National Public Radio, and has testified before the Senate Foreign Relations and House International Relations Committees. She is also on the advisory board of the Independent Women’s Forum.

Bali conference

In December, 2007 at the Bali summit on climate change she was booed when developing nations sought to strengthen requirements for richer nations to help poorer with technology to limit emissions and adapt to climate change’s impacts.

As head of the U.S. delegation, Undersecretary of State Paula J. Dobriansky objected, and was met with a chorus of long and loud booing, almost unprecedented at a diplomatic summit of this kind.

Delegate after delegate took aim at the United States recalcitrant attitude. South Africa proclaimed Dobriansky’s intervention was “most unwelcome and without any basis.” Meanwhile Uganda said “We would like to beg them” to relent.

Then Kevin Conrad, the delegate from Papua New Guinea, addressed the US delegate directly. “We seek your leadership,” he said “But if for some reason you are not willing to lead, leave it to the rest of us. Please get out of the way.”[6] Following these remarks, Dobriansky declared that the U.S. would agree to the consensus and be involved in the climate treaty.


1. ^ Lev Dobriansky died on January 30, 2008, at the age of 89. Washington Times editorial, February 9, 2008 (accessed 11 February 2008)

2. ^ Washington Times obituary of Lev Dobriansky, 5 February 2008 (accessed 11 February 2008).

3. ^ Under Secretary Paula Dobriansky Designated Special Envoy on Northern Ireland

4. ^ Big Conference on Warming Ends, Achieving Modest Results – New York Times

5. ^ U.S. State Department Biography of Paula J. Dobriansky – released 11 December 2007 (accessed 11 February 2008)

6. ^ Bali Climate Talks – Kevin Conrad – Papua New Guinea – New York Times January 22, 2008

Retrieved from “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paula_Dobriansky&#8221;

Categories: 1955 births | Living people | Georgetown University alumni | Ukrainian-Americans | Climate change in the United States



The Project for the New American Century (PNAC) was an American neoconservative think tank based in Washington, D.C. that lasted from early 1997 to 2006. It was co-founded as a non-profit educational organization by William Kristol and Robert Kagan. The PNAC’s stated goal was “to promote American global leadership.”[1] Fundamental to the PNAC were the view that “American leadership is both good for America and good for the world” and support for “a Reaganite policy of military strength and moral clarity.”[2] Critics claimed that it exerted strong influence on high-level U.S. government officials in the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush and strongly affected the George Bush administration’s development of military and foreign policies, especially involving national security and the Iraq War.[3][4]


* 1 Background and history

o 1.1 Open letter to President Clinton on Iraq

o 1.2 Rebuilding America’s Defenses

o 1.3 End of the organization

* 2 Controversy

o 2.1 US World Dominance (“American Empire”)

o 2.2 Excessive focus on military strategies, neglect of diplomatic strategies

o 2.3 Inexperienced in realities of war

o 2.4 PNAC role in promoting invasion of Iraq

* 3 Persons associated with the PNAC

o 3.1 Project directors

o 3.2 Project staff

o 3.3 Former directors and staff

o 3.4 Signatories to Statement of Principles

o 3.5 Signatories or contributors to other significant letters or reports[21]

o 3.6 Associations with Bush administration

* 4 See also

* 5 Notes

* 6 References

o 6.1 External links

o 6.2 Further reading and media programs: Analysis and criticism

Background and history

The goal of regime change in Iraq remained the consistent position of PNAC throughout the Iraq disarmament crisis.[5] They followed that up with a letter to Republican members of the U.S. Congress Newt Gingrich and Trent Lott.[6]

On November 16, 1998, citing Iraq’s demand for the expulsion of UN weapons inspectors and the removal of Richard Butler as head of the inspections regime, Kristol called again for regime change in an editorial in his online magazine, The Weekly Standard: “…any sustained bombing and missile campaign against Iraq should be part of any overall political-military strategy aimed at removing Saddam from power.”[7] Kristol states that Paul Wolfowitz and others believed that the goal was to create “a ‘liberated zone’ in southern Iraq that would provide a safe haven where opponents of Saddam could rally and organize a credible alternative to the present regime … The liberated zone would have to be protected by U.S. military might, both from the air and, if necessary, on the ground.”

The PNAC also supported the Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 (H.R.4655), which President Clinton had signed into law.[8]

In January 1999, the PNAC circulated a memo that criticized the December 1998 bombing of Iraq in Operation Desert Fox as ineffective, questioned the viability of Iraqi democratic opposition which the U.S. was supporting through the Iraq Liberation Act, and referred to any “containment” policy as an illusion.[9]

In September 2000, the PNAC published a controversial 90-page report entitled Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategies, Forces, and Resources For a New Century.

From 2001 through 2002, the co-founders and other members of the PNAC published articles supporting the United States’ invasion of Iraq.[10]. On its website, the PNAC promoted its point of view that leaving Saddam Hussein in power would be “surrender to terrorism.”[11][12][13][14]

On September 20, 2001 (nine days after the September 11, 2001 attacks), the PNAC sent a letter to President George W. Bush, advocating “a determined effort to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq,” or regime change:

…even if evidence does not link Iraq directly to the attack, any strategy aiming at the eradication of terrorism and its sponsors must include a determined effort to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq. Failure to undertake such an effort will constitute an early and perhaps decisive surrender in the war on international terrorism.[15][4]

In 2003, during the period leading up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the PNAC had seven full-time staff members in addition to its board of directors.[1] According to Tom Barry, “The glory days of the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) quickly passed but the website is still functioning and was updated as of Feb 8, 2007.[16][17]

As quoted in Paul Reynolds’ BBC News report, David Rothkopf states:

Their [The Project for the New American Century’s] signal enterprise was the invasion of Iraq and their failure to produce results is clear. Precisely the opposite has happened. The US use of force has been seen as doing wrong and as inflaming a region that has been less than susceptible to democracy. Their plan has fallen on hard times. There were flaws in the conception and horrendously bad execution. The neo-cons have been undone by their own ideas and the incompetence of the Bush administration.[17]

Its original “Statement of Principles” of June 3, 1997, posted on its current website, begins by framing a series of questions, which the rest of the document proposes to answer:

As the 20th century draws to a close, the United States stands as the world’s pre-eminent power. Having led the West to victory in the Cold War, America faces an opportunity and a challenge: Does the United States have the vision to build upon the achievements of past decades? Does the United States have the resolve to shape a new century favorable to American principles and interests?[18]

In response to these questions, the PNAC states its aim to “remind America” of “lessons” learned from American history, drawing the following “four consequences” for America in 1997:

* we need to increase defense spending significantly if we are to carry out our global responsibilities today and modernize our armed forces for the future;

* we need to strengthen our ties to democratic allies and to challenge regimes hostile to our interests and values;

* we need to promote the cause of political and economic freedom abroad; [and]

* we need to accept responsibility for America’s unique role in preserving and extending an international order friendly to our security, our prosperity, and our principles.

While “Such a Reaganite policy of military strength and moral clarity may not be fashionable today [1997],” the “Statement of Principles” concludes, “it is necessary if the United States is to build on the successes of this past century and to ensure our security and our greatness in the next.”[18]

[edit] Open letter to President Clinton on Iraq

On January 16, 1998, following perceived Iraqi unwillingness to co-operate with UN weapons inspections, members of the PNAC, including Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, and Robert Zoellick drafted an open letter to President Bill Clinton, posted on its website, urging President Clinton to remove Saddam Hussein from power using U.S. diplomatic, political, and military power. The signers argue that Saddam would pose a threat to the United States, its Middle East allies, and oil resources in the region, if he succeeded in maintaining what they asserted was a stockpile of Weapons of Mass Destruction. They also state: “we can no longer depend on our partners in the Gulf War to continue to uphold the sanctions or to punish Saddam when he blocks or evades UN inspections” and “American policy cannot continue to be crippled by a misguided insistence on unanimity in the UN Security Council.” They argue that an Iraq war would be justified by Hussein’s defiance of UN “containment” policy and his persistent threat to U.S. interests.[19]

Rebuilding America’s Defenses

Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategies, Forces, and Resources For a New Century (2000), which lists as Project Chairmen Donald Kagan and Gary Schmitt and as Principal Author Thomas Donnelly, quotes from the PNAC’s June 1997 “Statement of Principles” and proceeds “from the belief that America should seek to preserve and extend its position of global leadership by maintaining the preeminence of U.S. military forces.”[20][21]

The report argues:

The American peace has proven itself peaceful, stable, and durable. It has, over the past decade, provided the geopolitical framework for widespread economic growth and the spread of American principles of liberty and democracy. Yet no moment in international politics can be frozen in time; even a global Pax Americana will not preserve itself.[20]

After its title page, the report features a page entitled “About the Project for the New American Century”, quoting key passages from its 1997 “Statement of Principles”:

[What we require is] a military that is strong and ready to meet both present and future challenges; a foreign policy that boldly and purposefully promotes American principles abroad; and national leadership that accepts the United States’ global responsibilities. Of course, the United States must be prudent in how it exercises its power. But we cannot safely avoid the responsibilities of global leadership of the costs that are associated with its exercise. America has a vital role in maintaining peace and security in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. If we shirk our responsibilities, we invite challenges to our fundamental interests. The history of the 20th century should have taught us that it is important to shape circumstances before crises emerge, and to meet threats before they become dire. The history of the past century should have taught us to embrace the cause of American leadership.[20]

In its “Preface”, in highlighted boxes, Rebuilding America’s Defenses states that it aims to:


* defend the American homeland;

* fight and decisively win multiple, simultaneous major theater wars;

* perform the “constabulary” duties associated with shaping the security environment in critical regions;

* transform U.S. forces to exploit the “revolution in military affairs”;

and that

To carry out these core missions, we need to provide sufficient force and budgetary allocations. In particular, the United States must:

MAINTAIN NUCLEAR STRATEGIC SUPERIORITY, basing the U.S. deterrent upon a global, nuclear net assessment that weighs the full range of current and emerging threats, not merely the U.S.-Russia balance.

RESTORE THE PERSONNEL STRENGTH of today’s force to roughly the levels anticipated in the “Base Force” outlined by the Bush Administration, an increase in active-duty strength from 1.4 million to 1.6 million.

REPOSITION U.S. FORCES to respond to 21st century strategic realities by shifting permanently-based forces to Southeast Europe and Southeast Asia, and by changing naval deployment patterns to reflect growing U.S. strategic concerns in East Asia. (iv)

A table from the second page of Rebuilding Americas Defenses which emphasizes the goal of perpetuating the post-Cold War ‘Unipolar Moment’ and targets East Asia as the region of new global competition.

It specifies the following goals:

MODERNIZE CURRENT U.S. FORCES SELECTIVELY, proceeding with the F-22 program while increasing purchases of lift, electronic support and other aircraft; expanding submarine and surface combatant fleets; purchasing Comanche helicopters and medium-weight ground vehicles for the Army, and the V-22 Osprey “tilt-rotor” aircraft for the Marine Corps.

CANCEL “ROADBLOCK” PROGRAMS such as the Joint Strike Fighter, CVX aircraft carrier,[22] and Crusader howitzer system that would absorb exorbitant amounts of Pentagon funding while providing limited improvements to current capabilities. Savings from these canceled programs should be used to spur the process of military transformation.

DEVELOP AND DEPLOY GLOBAL MISSILE DEFENSES to defend the American homeland and American allies, and to provide a secure basis for U.S. power projection around the world.[23]

CONTROL THE NEW “INTERNATIONAL COMMONS” OF SPACE AND “CYBERSPACE,” and pave the way for the creation of a new military service – U.S. Space Forces – with the mission of space control.

EXPLOIT THE “REVOLUTION IN MILITARY AFFAIRS” to insure the long-term superiority of U.S. conventional forces. Establish a two-stage transformation process which

• maximizes the value of current weapons systems through the application of advanced technologies, and,

• produces more profound improvements in military capabilities, encourages competition between single services and joint-service experimentation efforts.

INCREASE DEFENSE SPENDING gradually to a minimum level of 3.5 to 3.8 percent of gross domestic product, adding $15 billion to $20 billion to total defense spending annually. (v)

The report emphasizes:

Fulfilling these requirements is essential if America is to retain its militarily dominant status for the coming decades. Conversely, the failure to meet any of these needs must result in some form of strategic retreat. At current levels of defense spending, the only option is to try ineffectually to “manage” increasingly large risks: paying for today’s needs by shortchanging tomorrow’s; withdrawing from constabulary missions to retain strength for large-scale wars; “choosing” between presence in Europe or presence in Asia; and so on. These are bad choices. They are also false economies. The “savings” from withdrawing from the Balkans, for example, will not free up anywhere near the magnitude of funds needed for military modernization or transformation. But these are false economies in other, more profound ways as well. The true cost of not meeting our defense requirements will be a lessened capacity for American global leadership and, ultimately, the loss of a global security order that is uniquely friendly to American principles and prosperity. (v-vi)

In relation to the Persian Gulf, citing particularly Iraq and Iran, Rebuilding America’s Defenses states that “while the unresolved conflict in Iraq provides the immediate justification [for U.S. military presence], the need for a substantial American force presence in the Gulf transcends the issue of the regime of Saddam Hussein” and “Over the long term, Iran may well prove as large a threat to U.S. interests in the Gulf as Iraq has. And even should U.S.-Iranian relations improve, retaining forward-based forces in the region would still be an essential element in U.S. security strategy given the longstanding American interests in the region.”[20]

One of the core missions outlined in the 2000 report Rebuilding America’s Defenses is “fight and decisively win multiple, simultaneous major theater wars.”[24][4]

End of the organization

By the end of 2006, PNAC was “reduced to a voice-mail box and a ghostly website”, with “a single employee” “left to wrap things up”, according to the BBC News. Gary Schmitt, former executive director of the PNAC, a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and director of its program in Advanced Strategic Studies, stated that PNAC had come to a natural end:

When the project started, it was not intended to go forever. That is why we are shutting it down. We would have had to spend too much time raising money for it and it has already done its job. We felt at the time that there were flaws in American foreign policy, that it was neo-isolationist. We tried to resurrect a Reaganite policy. Our view has been adopted. Even during the Clinton administration we had an effect, with Madeleine Albright [then secretary of state] saying that the United States was ‘the indispensable nation’. But our ideas have not necessarily dominated. We did not have anyone sitting on Bush’s shoulder. So the work now is to see how they are implemented.[17]


US World Dominance (“American Empire”)

According to its critics, the PNAC promotes American “hegemony” and “full-spectrum” dominance in its own publications featured on its website.[25][26][27][28]

Ebrahim Afsah, in “Creed, Cabal, or Conspiracy – The Origins of the Current Neo-Conservative Revolution in US Strategic Thinking”, published in the German Law Journal, cites Jochen Bölsche’s view that the goal of the PNAC is world dominance or global hegemony by the United States.[29][30] According to Bölsche, Rebuilding America’s Defenses “was developed by Rumsfeld, Cheney, Wolfowitz and Libby, and is devoted to matters of ‘maintaining US pre-eminence, thwarting rival powers and shaping the global security system according to US interests.'”[29][30]

William Rivers Pitt, editorial director of Progressive Democrats of America, writes, in an editorial published by Truthout.org, that the PNAC is motivated by an imperial agenda of US military expansionism, which will bring negative side effects to ordinary citizens of the United States, while it enriches some industries: “defense contractors who sup on American tax revenue will be handsomely paid for arming this new American empire.”[31]

George Monbiot, a political activist from the United Kingdom, observes: “…to pretend that this battle begins and ends in Iraq requires a willful denial of the context in which it occurs. That context is a blunt attempt by the superpower to reshape the world to suit itself.”[32]

PNAC co-founder Robert Kagan counters such criticism in his statement during a debate on whether or not “The United States Is, and Should Be, an Empire”:

“There is a vital distinction between being powerful–even most powerful in the world–and being an empire. Economic expansion does not equal imperialism, and there is no such thing as “cultural imperialism”. If America is an empire, then why was it unable to mobilize its subjects to support the war against Saddam Hussein? America is not an empire, and its power stems from voluntary associations and alliances. American hegemony is relatively well accepted because people all over the world know that U.S. forces will eventually withdraw from the occupied territories. The effect of declaring that the United States is an empire would not only be factually wrong, but strategically catastrophic. Contrary to the exploitative purposes of the British, the American intentions of spreading democracy and individual rights are incompatible with the notion of an empire. The genius of American power is expressed in the movie The Godfather II, where, like Hyman Roth, the United States has always made money for its partners. America has not turned countries in which it intervened into deserts; it enriched them. Even the Russians knew they could surrender after the Cold War without being subjected to occupation.”[33]

Excessive focus on military strategies, neglect of diplomatic strategies

Jeffrey Record, of the Strategic Studies Institute, in his monograph Bounding the Global War on Terrorism, Gabriel Kolko, research professor emeritus at York University in Toronto, and author of Another Century of War? (The New Press, 2002), in his article published in CounterPunch, and William Rivers Pitt, in Truthout.org, respectively, argue that the PNAC’s goals of military hegemony exaggerate what the military can accomplish, that they fail to recognize “the limits of US power”, and that favoring pre-emptive exercise of military might over diplomatic strategies can have “adverse side effects.”[34][35][31] (Paul Reynolds and Max Boot have made similar observations.[25][26])

The Sydney Morning Herald publishes an English translation of an article published in German in Der Spiegel summarizing former President Jimmy Carter’s position and stating that President Carter:

judges the PNAC agenda in the same way. At first, argues Carter, Bush responded to the challenge of September 11 in an effective and intelligent way, “but in the meantime a group of conservatives worked to get approval for their long held ambitions under the mantle of ‘the war on terror’.” The restrictions on civil rights in the US and at Guantanamo, cancellation of international accords, “contempt for the rest of the world”, and finally an attack on Iraq “although there is no threat to the US from Baghdad” – all these things will have devastating consequences, according to Carter. “This entire unilateralism”, warns the ex-President, “will increasingly isolate the US from those nations that we need in order to do battle with terrorism”.[29]

Though not arguing that Bush administration PNAC members were complicit in those attacks, other social critics such as commentator Manuel Valenzuela and journalist Mark Danner,[36][37][38] investigative journalist John Pilger, in The New Statesman,[39] and former editor of The San Francisco Chronicle Bernard Weiner, in CounterPunch,[40] all argue that PNAC members used the events as the “Pearl Harbor” that they needed––that is, as an “opportunity” to “capitalize on” (in Pilger’s words) in order to enact long-desired plans.[41]

“When the Towers came down,” William Rivers Pitt writes in his editorial in Truthout.org, “these men saw, at long last, their chance to turn their White Papers into substantive policy.”[31]

Inexperienced in realities of war

Former US Congressman Lionel Van Deerlin and UK Labour MP and Father of the House of Commons, Tam Dalyell, have criticized PNAC members for promoting policies which vociferously support an idealized version of war, even though only a handful of PNAC members have served in the military or, if they served, seen combat.[42]

In discussing the PNAC report Rebuilding America’s Defenses (2000), Neil MacKay, investigations editor for the Scottish Sunday Herald, quotes Tam Dalyell: “‘This is garbage from right-wing think-tanks stuffed with chicken-hawks — men who have never seen the horror of war but are in love with the idea of war. Men like Cheney, who were draft-dodgers in the Vietnam war. These are the thought processes of fantasist Americans who want to control the world.'”[43]

Eliot A. Cohen, a signatory to the PNAC “Statement of Principles”, responded in The Washington Post: “There is no evidence that generals as a class make wiser national security policymakers than civilians. George C. Marshall, our greatest soldier statesman after George Washington, opposed shipping arms to Britain in 1940. His boss, Franklin D. Roosevelt, with nary a day in uniform, thought otherwise. Whose judgment looks better?”[44]

PNAC role in promoting invasion of Iraq

Commentators from divergent parts of the political spectrum––such as Democracy Now! and American Free Press, including Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Jody Williams and former Republican Congressmen Pete McCloskey and Paul Findley––have voiced their concerns about the influence of the PNAC on the decision by President George W. Bush to invade Iraq.[45][46] Some have regarded the PNAC’s January 16, 1998 letter to President Clinton, which urged him to embrace a plan for “the removal of Saddam Hussein’s regime from power,”[19] and the large number of members of PNAC appointed to the Bush administration as evidence that the 2003 invasion of Iraq was a foregone conclusion. [37][41][47]

The television program Frontline, broadcast on PBS, presents the PNAC’s letter to President Clinton as a notable event in the leadup to the Iraq war.[48]

Media commentators have found it significant that signatories to the PNAC’s January 16, 1998 letter to President Clinton (and some of its other position papers, letters, and reports) include such Bush administration officials as Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, Richard Perle, John Bolton, Richard Armitage, and Elliott Abrams.[31][36][48][25]

Persons associated with the PNAC

Project directors

[as listed on the PNAC website:]

* William Kristol, Co-founder and Chairman[1]

* Robert Kagan,[1]Co-founder

* Bruce P. Jackson[1]

* Mark Gerson[1]

* Randy Scheunemann[1]

[edit] Project staff

* Ellen Bork, Deputy Director[1]

* Gary Schmitt, Senior Fellow[1][49]

* Thomas Donnelly, Senior Fellow[1]

* Reuel Marc Gerecht, Senior Fellow[1]

* Mitch Jackson, Senior Fellow

* Timothy Lehmann, Assistant Director[1]

* Michael Goldfarb, Research Associate[1]

[edit] Former directors and staff

* Daniel McKivergan, Deputy Director[50]

[edit] Signatories to Statement of Principles

* Elliott Abrams[18]

* Gary Bauer[18]

* William J. Bennett[18]

* John Ellis “Jeb” Bush[18]

* Richard B. Cheney[18]

* Eliot A. Cohen[18]

* Midge Decter[18]

* Paula Dobriansky[18]

* Steve Forbes[18]

* Aaron Friedberg[18]

* Francis Fukuyama[18]

* Frank Gaffney[18]

* Fred C. Ikle[18]

* Donald Kagan[18]

* Zalmay Khalilzad[18]

* I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby[18]

* Norman Podhoretz[18]

* J. Danforth Quayle[18]

* Peter W. Rodman[18]

* Stephen P. Rosen[18]

* Henry S. Rowen[18]’

* Donald Rumsfeld[18]

* Vin Weber[18]

* George Weigel[18]

* Paul Wolfowitz[18]

[edit] Signatories or contributors to other significant letters or reports[21]

* Elliott Abrams[19][6]

* Kenneth Adelman[51]

* Richard V. Allen[15]

* Richard L. Armitage[19]

* Gary Bauer[15][51]

* Jeffrey Bell[15][51]

* William J. Bennett[19][6][15][51]

* Jeffrey Bergner[19][6][15]

* John R. Bolton[19][6]

* Ellen Bork[51]

* Rudy Boschwitz[15]

* Linda Chavez[51]

* Eliot Cohen[20][15][51]

* Seth Cropsey[15]

* Midge Decter[15][51]

* Paula Dobriansky[19][6]

* Thomas Donnelly[20][15][51]

* Nicholas Eberstadt,[15][51][52]

* Hillel Fradkin[15][51][53]

* Aaron Friedberg[15]

* Francis Fukuyama[19][6][15]

* Frank Gaffney[15][51]

* Jeffrey Gedmin[15][51]

* Reuel Marc Gerecht[15][51]

* Charles Hill[15][51]

* Bruce P. Jackson[15][51]

* Eli S. Jacobs[15]

* Michael Joyce[15]

* Donald Kagan[20][15][51]

* Robert Kagan[19][6][20][15][51]

* Zalmay Khalilzad[19][6]

* Jeane Kirkpatrick[15]

* Charles Krauthammer[15]

* William Kristol[19][6][20][15]

* John Lehman[15][51]

* I. Lewis Libby[20]

* Tod Lindberg[51][54]

* Rich Lowry[51]

* Clifford May[15][51]

* John McCain[55]

* Joshua Muravchik[51]

* Michael O’Hanlon [56][57]

* Martin Peretz[15][51]

* Richard Perle[19][6][15][51]

* Daniel Pipes[51]

* Norman Podhoretz[15][51]

* Peter W. Rodman[19][6][15]

* Stephen P. Rosen[20][15][51]

* Donald Rumsfeld[19][6]

* Randy Scheunemann[15][51]

* Gary Schmitt[20][15][51][49]

* William Schneider, Jr.[19][6][15][51]

* Richard H. Shultz[15][58]

* Henry Sokolski[15]

* Stephen J. Solarz[15]

* Vin Weber[19][6][15]

* Leon Wieseltier[15]

* Marshall Wittmann[15][51]

* Paul Wolfowitz[19][6][20]

* R. James Woolsey[19][6][51]

* Dov Zakheim[20][59]

* Robert B. Zoellick[19][6]

Associations with Bush administration

After the election of George W. Bush in 2000, a number of PNAC’s members or signatories were appointed to key positions within the President’s administration:

Name   Position(s) held

Elliott Abrams             Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Democracy, Human Rights, and International Operations (2001–2002), Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Near East and North African Affairs (2002–2005), Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Global Democracy Strategy (2005-2009) (all within the National Security Council)

Richard Armitage       Deputy Secretary of State (2001-2005)

John R. Bolton            Under-Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs (2001-2005), U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (2005-2006)

Dick Cheney   Vice President (2001-2009)

Eliot A. Cohen            Member of the Defense Policy Advisory Board (2007-2009)[60]

Seth Cropsey   Director of the International Broadcasting Bureau (12/2002-12/2004)

Paula Dobriansky        Under-Secretary of State for Global Affairs (2001-2007)

Francis Fukuyama       Member of the The President’s Council on Bioethics (2001-2005)

Zalmay Khalilzad        U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan (11/2003 – 6/2005), U.S. Ambassador to Iraq (6/2005 – 3/2007) U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (2007-2009)

I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby        Chief of Staff to the Vice President of the United States (2001-2005) under Dick Cheney

Richard Perle Chairman of the Board, Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee (2001-2003)

Peter W. Rodman       Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security (2001-2007)

Donald Rumsfeld       Secretary of Defense (2001-2006)

Randy Scheunemann Member of the U.S. Committee on NATO, Project on Transitional Democracies, International Republican Institute

Paul Wolfowitz           Deputy Secretary of Defense (2001-2005)

Dov S. Zakheim          Department of Defense Comptroller (2001-2004)

Robert B. Zoellick      Office of the United States Trade Representative (2001-2005), Deputy Secretary of State (2005-2006), 11th President of the World Bank (2007-2009)

[edit] See also

* American Century

* A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm

* Committee for the Liberation of Iraq

* Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs

* Office of Special Plans

* The Power of Nightmares

[edit] Notes

1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m “About PNAC”, newamericancentury.org, n.d., accessed May 30, 2007: “Established in the spring of 1997, the Project for the New American Century is a non-profit, educational organization whose goal is to promote American global leadership. The Project is an initiative of the New Citizenship Project (501c3); the New Citizenship Project’s chairman is William Kristol and its president is Gary Schmitt.”

2. ^ Home page of the Project for the New American Century, accessed May 30, 2007.

3. ^ “Empire builders – Neoconservatives and their blueprint for US power”, The Christian Science Monitor (Copyright © 2004), accessed May 22, 2007.

4. ^ a b c The PNAC was often identified as a “neo-con” or “right-wing think tank” in profiles featured on the websites of “left-wing” and “progressive” “policy institute” and “media watchdog” organizations, which were highly critical of it; see, e.g., “Profile: Project for the New American Century”, Right Web (International Relations Center), November 22, 2003, accessed June 1, 2007.

5. ^ See, e.g., op-eds by PNAC co-founders William Kristol and Robert Kagan, “Bombing Iraq Isn’t Enough”, The New York Times January 30, 1998 and “A ‘Great Victory’ for Iraq”, The Washington Post, February 26, 1998, online postings, newamericancentury.org, n.d., both accessed May 30, 2007.

6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Elliott Abrams, et al.,Letter to Newt Gingrich and Trent Lott, May 28, 1998, newamericancentury.org, web.archive.org, accessed May 30, 2007.

7. ^ William Kristol, “How to Attack Iraq”, The Weekly Standard, November 16, 1998, editorial, online posting, newamericancentury.org, web.archive.org, accessed May 30, 2007.

8. ^ “ENR H.R. 4655: Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 (Enrolled as Agreed to or Passed by Both House and Senate)”, 105th Congress of the United States, thomas.loc.gov (THOMAS online database at the Library of Congress), January 27, 1998, accessed June 1, 2007.

9. ^ “MEMORANDUM TO: OPINION LEADERS, FROM: MARK LAGON, SUBJECT: Iraq”, January 7, 1999, newamericancentury.org, web.archive.org, accessed May 30, 2007.

10. ^ For example, William Kristol, “Liberate Iraq”, The Weekly Standard, May 14, 2001, online posting, newamericancentury.org, accessed May 28, 2007.

11. ^ Neil MacKay, “Former Bush Aide: US Plotted Iraq Invasion Long Before 9/11”, The Wisdom Fund, Scottish Sunday Herald January 11, 2004, accessed June 1, 2007.

12. ^ Gary Schmitt, “State of Terror: War by any other name . . .”, The Weekly Standard November 20, 2000, newamericancentury.org, web.archive.org, accessed June 1, 2007.

13. ^ Gary Schmitt, “MEMORANDUM: TO: OPINION LEADERS, FROM: GARY SCHMITT, SUBJECT: Iraq – al Qaeda Connection”, August 6, 2002, newamericancentury.org, web.archive.org, accessed June 1, 2007.

14. ^ Gary Schmitt, “MEMORANDUM: TO: OPINION LEADERS, FROM: WILLIAM KRISTOL, SUBJECT: Iraq and the War on Terror”, August 21, 2002, newamericancentury.org, web.archive.org, accessed June 1, 2007.

15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq William Kristol, et al., Letter to George W. Bush, September 20, 2001, newamericancentury.org, n.d., accessed June 1, 2007.

16. ^ Tom Barry, “Special Report: Rise and Demise of the New American Century”, International Relations Center, June 28, 2006, accessed May 29, 2007.

17. ^ a b c Paul Reynolds, “End of the Neo-con Dream: The Neo-conservative Dream Faded in 2006”, BBC News, December 21, 2006, accessed May 29, 2007.

18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Elliott Abrams, et al., “Statement of Principles”, June 3, 1997, newamericancentury.org, accessed May 28, 2007.

19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t “Open Letter to President Bill Clinton”, January 16, 1998, accessed May 28, 2007.

20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n “Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategies, Forces, and Resources For a New Century”. September 2000. Archived from the original on 24 January, 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5e3est5lT. Retrieved on May 30, 2007.

21. ^ a b At the end of the list of “Project Participants”, on page 90 of Rebuilding America’s Defenses, there appears the following statement: “The above list of individuals participated in at least one project meeting or contributed a paper for discussion. The report is a product solely of the Project for the New American Century and does not necessarily represent the views of the project participants or their affiliated institutions.”

22. ^ For additional information and projected building schedule [as updated]), see CVX aircraft carrier, Federation of American Scientists, updated October 15, 2000, accessed June 1, 2007.

23. ^ In its emphasis on developing and deploying “Global Missile Defenses”, the PNAC renews its call for the United States to abandon the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty between the U.S. and the former Soviet Union, from which the U.S. withdrew in 2002.

24. ^ Why Another Defense Review

25. ^ a b c Paul Reynolds, “Analysis: Power Americana: The US Appears to Be Heading to War with Iraq Whatever Happens, with Implications for the Future Conduct of American Foreign Policy”, BBC News, March 2, 2003, accessed May 29, 2007.

26. ^ a b Max Boot, “Doctrine of the ‘Big Enchilada'”, The Washington Post, October 14, 2002, online posting, newamericancentury.org, accessed May 31, 2007.

27. ^ William Kristol and Robert Kagan, “Reject the Global Buddy System”, The New York Times, October 25, 1999, online posting, newamericancentury.org, accessed May 31, 2007.

28. ^ Robert Kagan, “Multilateralism, American Style”, The Washington Post, September 13, 2002, online posting, newamericancentury.org, accessed May 31, 2007.

29. ^ a b c Jochen Bölsche, “Bushs Masterplan – Der Krieg, der aus dem Think Tank kam”, Der Spiegel March 4, 2003; English translation, “This War Came from a Think Tank”, trans. Alun Breward, published in Margo Kingston,”A Think Tank War: Why Old Europe Says No”, The Sydney Morning Herald, March 7, 2003, accessed May 28, 2007.

30. ^ a b Ebrahim Afsah, “Creed, Cabal, or Conspiracy – The Origins of the Current Neo-Conservative Revolution in US Strategic Thinking”, The German Law Journal, No. 9 (September 2003), n. 5, citing Jochen Bölsche, “Bushs Masterplan – Der Krieg, der aus dem Think Tank kam”, Der Spiegel March 4, 2003.

31. ^ a b c d William Rivers Pitt, “Of Gods and Mortals and Empire” (“Editorial: Truthout Perspective”), Truthout.org, February 21, 2003, accessed May 31, 2007.

32. ^ George Monbiot, “A Wilful Blindness” (“Those who support the coming war with Iraq refuse to see that it has anything to do with US global domination”), monbiot.com (author’s website archives), reposted from The Guardian, March 11, 2003, accessed May 28, 2007.

33. ^ Qtd. by Gary Schmitt, “Response to Asmus and Pollack”, newamericancentury.org, July 24, 2003, quoting Kagan’s remarks in “A New Atlantic Initiative Debate” on “The United States Is, and Should Be, an Empire”, held at the American Enterprise Institute on July 17, 2003.

34. ^ Jeffrey Record, Bounding the Global War on Terrorism, online posting via washingtonpost.com, January 12, 2004, accessed May 30, 2007.

35. ^ Gabriel Kolko, “”The Perils of the Pax Americana”, CounterPunch, January 15, 2003, accessed May 30, 2007.

36. ^ a b Qtd. in the film Hijacking Catastrophe, discussed in “Hijacking Catastrophe: 9/11, Fear & the Selling of American Empire” (Transcript), Democracy Now!, September 10, 2004, accessed May 29, 2007.

37. ^ a b Manuel Valenzuela, “The Enemy Within: The NeoCon Hijacking of America”, axisoflogic.com, December 15, 2003, rpt. Scoop, December 18, 2003, accessed June 1, 2007; provides URL to Axis of Logic.

38. ^ Cf. Manuel Valenzuela, “Cabal of Criminality”, OpEdNews.com December 1, 2005, and the author’s page for Manuel Valenzuela, OpEdNews.com, both accessed June 1, 2007.

39. ^ John Pilger, “John Pilger Reveals the American Plan”, New Statesman, December 16, 2002, accessed June 1, 2007.

40. ^ Bernard Weiner,”A PNAC Primer: How We Got Into This Mess”, CounterPunch May 28, 2003, accessed June 1, 2007.

41. ^ a b Christopher Bollyn, “America ‘Pearl Harbored’: Fanatical Warhawks Drafted Blueprint for Bloody U.S. World Domination Years Ago”, American Free Press, December 24, 2002, accessed June 1, 2007: “The cabal of war fanatics advising the White House secretly planned a ‘transformation’ of defense policy years ago, calling for war against Iraq and huge increases in military spending. A ‘catalyzing event — like a new Pearl Harbor’—was seen as necessary to bring this about.”

42. ^ Lionel Van Deerlin, Commentary, SignOnSanDiego.com, September 4, 2002, accessed June 1, 2007.

43. ^ Neil MacKay, “Lets (sic) Not Forget: Bush Planned Iraq ‘Regime Change’ Before Becoming President”, Scottish Sunday Herald, September 15, 2002, rpt. Information Clearing House (ICH), accessed June 1, 2007.

44. ^ Eliot A. Cohen, “Hunting ‘Chicken Hawks'”, The Washington Post, September 5, 2002: A31, rpt. sais.jhu.edu (School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS)), accessed June 1, 2007.

45. ^ Amy Goodman, “The New Pearl Harbor: A Debate On A New Book That Alleges The Bush Administration Was Behind The 9/11 Attacks”, Democracy Now!, May 26, 2004, accessed May 31, 2007. (Interviews with guests David Ray Griffin, author of The New Pearl Harbor: Disturbing Questions about the Bush Administration and 9/11 and professor of Philosophy of Religion and Theology at the Claremont School of Theology, in Claremont, California; and Chip Berlet, Senior Analyst at Senior Research Associates, in Summerville, Massachusetts.

46. ^ “What They Said: Former Congressmen Assess U.S. Foreign Policy:, inc. “A Republican’s Case Against George W. Bush”, by Paul Findley, and “The Need to Refocus Our Policy Priorities in The War on Terror”, by Paul N. “Pete” McCloskey”, Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA), April 2004: 20-25, accessed June 1, 2007.

47. ^ Margie Burns, “Connecting the Dolts: Warriors Behind the Scenes Coached the Stars On Stage”, The Washington Spectator, May 1, 2004, accessed June 1, 2007. (1 of 3 pages.)

48. ^ a b “Chronology: The Evolution of the Bush Doctrine”, The War Behind Closed Doors. Frontline, WGBH-TV (Boston, Massachusetts), Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), online posting February 20, 2003, accessed June 1, 2007. (“Home page” includes menu of links to “Analysis”, “Chronology”, “Interviews”, and “Discussion” as well as link to streaming video of the program.)

49. ^ a b Gary J. Schmitt is currently Resident Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and Director of its program in Advanced Strategic Studies.

50. ^ “Daniel McKivergan”, newamericancentury.org, web.archive.org, accessed May 30, 2007.

51. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag William Kristol, et al.,Letter to President G.W. Bush, April 3, 2002, newamericancentury.org, accessed May 30, 2007.

52. ^ Nicholas Eberstadt is Henry Wendt Scholar in Political Economy at the American Enterprise Institute.

53. ^ Hillel Fradkin is Director, Center for Islam, Democracy and the Future of the Muslim World, and Senior Fellow at the Hudson Institute.

54. ^ Tod Lindberg is a Fellow at the Hoover Institution and Editor of its publication Policy Review, founded by the Heritage Foundation.

55. ^ A Complete List of PNAC Signatories and Contributing Writers

56. ^ Letter to Congress on Increasing U.S. Ground Forces, January 28, 2005, newamericancentury.org, accessed August 2, 2007.

57. ^ Second Statement on Postwar Iraq, March 28, 2003, newamericancentury.org, accessed August 2, 2007.

58. ^ Richard H. Shultz, Jr. is Professor of International Politics at Tufts University and Director, International Security Studies Program, which includes the Jebsen Center for Counterterrorism Studies at The Fletcher School.

59. ^ Letter to President Clinton on Kosovo and Milosevic, The Project for the New American Century, September 1998, accessed May 30, 2007.

60. ^ Glenn Kessler, “Rice Names Critic Of Iraq Policy to Counselor’s Post”, The Washington Post, March 2, 2007: A05, accessed June 1, 2007.


External links

* Project for the New American Century Website – Its home page includes a menu of links to full texts of its “Statement of Principles”; its history (“About PNAC”); its “Publications/Reports” and “Letters/Statements”; and various related documents

Further reading and media programs: Analysis and criticism

* “An American Empire?” Talk of the Nation. National Public Radio. Broadcast September 10, 2001. Accessed May 29, 2007. (Audio link.) [Inc. interviews with three guests: Tom Donnelly, Senior Fellow, Project for the New American Century; Joseph Nye, Dean and Don K. Price Professor of Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, and Victor Davis Hanson, former Professor of Greek, California State University, Fresno.

* Barry, Tom, “Special Report: Rise and Demise of the New American Century”. International Relations Center June 28, 2006. Accessed May 29, 2007.

* Donnelly, Thomas. RealPlayer Media. BBC News. Video file of PNAC member Donnelly advocating war in Iraq (September 2002).

* Gonyea, Don. “The U.S. As an Empire, Revisited”. National Public Radio. Broadcast September 10, 2002. National Public Radio. September 10, 2002. Accessed May 29, 2007. Update of program with same guests broadcast the previous year on same day (September 10, 2001). (Cf. “An American Empire?”, as listed above.)

* Jones, Terry. “Could Tony Blair Look At the Internet Now, Please? Why Is the British Prime Minister the Only Person Who Seems to Be Unaware of the US Hawks’ Agenda'”. The Observer, March 2, 2003. Accessed May 29, 2007.

* –––. “Why Look in the Crystal Ball?” The Observer, May 4, 2003. Accessed May 29, 2007.

* Kristol, William. NPR.org Interview with PNAC Chairman. National Public Radio. Broadcast April 1, 2003.

* Meacher, Michael. “Comment: This War On Terrorism Is Bogus: The 9/11 Attacks Gave the US an Ideal Pretext to Use Force to Secure Its Global Domination”. The Guardian, September 6, 2003. Accessed May 29, 2007.

* Olbermann, Keith. “Critique of Administration policy in Iraq: MSNBC Keith Olbermann’s Special Comment, links to video and text; references Robert Draper’s biography “Dead Certain.” Accessed September 5, 2007.

* “Profile: Project for the New American Century”. Right Web (International Relations Center), November 22, 2003. Accessed June 1, 2007.

* “Project for the New American Century”, Information Clearing House (ICH) (Article No. 1665)

* “Project for the New American Century: Info and Sources”. OpEdNews.com, n.d. Accessed June 1, 2007. [Includes sources of information about the PNAC, its members, and their letters.]

* Reynolds, Paul. “Analysis: Power Americana: The US Appears to Be Heading to War with Iraq Whatever Happens, with Implications for the Future Conduct of American Foreign Policy”. BBC News, March 2, 2003. Accessed May 29, 2007.

* –––. “End of the Neo-con Dream: The Neo-conservative Dream Faded in 2006”. BBC News, December 21, 2006. Accessed May 29, 2007.

* The War Behind Closed Doors. Frontline. WGBH-TV (Boston, Massachusetts). Public Broadcasting Service. (Features menu of links to “Analysis”, “Chronology”, “Interviews”, and “Discussion” as well as link to streaming video of the program.) Online posting. pbs.org February 20, 2003. Accessed June 1, 2007.

* Vann, Bill. “Meacher: Terrorism a Pretext for Conquest: British Official Charges US ‘stood down’ on 9/11”. World Socialist Web Site, September 8, 2003. [Comments on article by Meacher, listed above.]

Retrieved from “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_for_the_New_American_Century&#8221;

Categories: Neoconservative think tanks | Imperialism | New Right (United States) | 1997 establishments | Foreign policy and strategy think tanks in the United States | Political and economic think tanks in the United States | Conservative organizations in the United States | Conservative think tanks based in the United States | Causes and prelude of the 2003 Iraq conflict



Charles Paul “Chuck” Blahous III (born 1963) is a Senior Fellow at the Hudson Institute, focusing on Social Security, and a former (2001-2007) Special Assistant to US President George W. Bush for Economic Policy within the National Economic Council whose Deputy Director he was in 2007-2008. He lives in Rockville, Maryland.

Blahous was born in 1963 in Alexandria, Virginia, USA, the second of three children of Charles Paul Blahous II of Czech descent and Marjorie Alice Robertson of Scot/English ancestry. He was raised in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and received an undergraduate degree in chemistry from Princeton University in 1985, and a Ph.D. in computational quantum chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley in in 1989.

Between 1989 and 1996, Blahous worked as a legislative aide to Senator Alan Simpson of Wyoming; he was his Congressional Science Fellow in 1989-1990 and Legislative Director in 1994-1996 (sponsored by the American Physical Society). After Simpson’s retirement, Blahous served from 1996 to 2000 as a Policy Director for Senator Judd Gregg of New Hampshire. From June 2000 through February 2001 he served as the Executive Director of the Alliance for Worker Retirement Security. From 2001 to 2007, he served as a Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy, during which time he also served as Executive Director of the bipartisan President’s Commission to Strengthen Social Security.[1] From 2007 to 2008, he held the position of the Deputy Director of the National Economic Council. After the end of George W. Bush’s second term in office in January 2009, Blahous joined the Hudson Institute as a Senior Fellow and continues his research there.[2]

His ideas about Social Security reform issues are explained in Reforming Social Security for Ourselves and Our Posterity, a book he published in September 2000. Presently[update], Blahous is working on another book, to be called Social Security: The Unfinished Work.[3]. Apart from politics, he is also a member of the Society for American Baseball Research and has published several articles on baseball in renowned American baseball journals. His publications cover also federal entitlements, demographics and chemistry.


1. ^ Personnel Announcement as Executive Director of the President’s Commission to Strengthen Social Security at whitehouse.gov

2. ^ Outgoing Deputy Director of the National Economic Council Chuck Blahous to Join Hudson Institute

3. ^ Social Security Fix Demands Honest Numbers: Charles P. Blahous

[edit] External links

* Hudson Insitute Biography for Chuck Blahous

* Biography of Charles P. Blahous at whitehouse.gov (archival copy)

* Biography from The Wall Street Journal at PolicyBytes.org

Retrieved from “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Blahous&#8221;

Categories: United States presidential advisors | Princeton University alumni | University of California, Berkeley alumni | 1963 births | Living people




Lawrence B. Lindsey

Larry Lindsey is President and Chief Executive Officer of The Lindsey Group. He has held leading positions in government, academia, and business. Prior to forming The Lindsey Group, he held the position of Assistant to the President and Director of the National Economic Council at the White House and was the chief economic adviser to candidate George W. Bush during the 2000 Presidential campaign.

Dr. Lindsey also served as a Governor of the Federal Reserve System from 1991 to 1997, as Special Assistant to the President for Domestic Economic Policy during the first Bush Administration, and as Senior Staff Economist for Tax Policy at the Council of Economic Advisers during President Reagan’s first term. Dr. Lindsey served five years on the Economics faculty of Harvard University and held the Arthur F. Burns Chair for Economic Research at the American Enterprise Institute. From 1997 until 2001 he was Managing Director of Economic Strategies, a global consulting firm.

Dr. Lindsey earned his A.B. Magna Cum Laude from Bowdoin College and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Harvard University. He was awarded the Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Award by the National Tax Association and named the Citicorp Wriston Fellow for Economic Research at the Manhattan Institute. He is the author of numerous articles and three books: The Growth Experiment, Economic Puppet Masters and What a President Should Know…but Most Learn Too Late.

Marc Sumerlin

Marc Sumerlin is Managing Director and co-founder of The Lindsey Group. Previously, Mr. Sumerlin served as Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director of the National Economic Council for President George W. Bush. Prior to the White House, Mr. Sumerlin was the Economic Policy Advisor at the Bush-Cheney 2000 campaign where he advised then-Governor Bush on economic matters. He has also worked as a Senior Analyst and Assistant Economist to the U.S. Senate Budget Committee, a Research Assistant to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and an Accountant with KPMG Peat Marwick.

Mr. Sumerlin holds Master of Arts in Applied Economics from Johns Hopkins University and has a Master of Public Policy from Duke University, where he was a Senator Jacob Javits Fellow. He graduated Magna Cum Laude from Georgetown University with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration. He is a member of Beta Gamma Sigma, the honor society for business school students, and is a term member at the Council on Foreign Relations. He is the author of numerous articles and the co-author of What a President Should Know…but Most Learn Too Late.

Tim Adams

Tim Adams is Managing Director of The Lindsey Group.  Previously, Mr. Adams served as Under Secretary of Treasury for International Affairs.  As Under Secretary, Mr. Adams was the Administration’s point person on international financial issues, including exchange rate policy, G-7 meetings, and IMF and World Bank issues.  He regularly interacted with counterparts in key emerging markets including China, India, and Brazil and traveled extensively throughout Asia, the Middle East, and Europe.

Prior to assuming his post as Under Secretary, Mr. Adams had served as Chief of Staff to both Treasury Secretary Paul O’Neill and Treasury Secretary John Snow.  He was Policy Director for the Bush-Cheney re-election campaign from November 2003 through the end of 2004 and also served as a full time member of the Bush-Cheney campaign staff in Austin in the 2000 campaign.  Mr. Adams also served in the White House under the first President Bush at the Office of Policy Development.

In 1993, Mr. Adams co-founded the G-7 Group, a Washington-based advisory firm. He later headed their Washington operation as Managing Director.

Mr. Adams holds a B.S. in Finance and a Masters in Public Administration and an M.A. in International Relations from the University of Kentucky.

Andrew D. Sacher

Andrew Sacher is an Associate at The Lindsey Group. Prior to joining The Lindsey Group, Mr. Sacher was an economist at Caxton Associates where he worked closely with the portfolio managers analyzing the U.S. economy and government policies. Prior to that, Mr. Sacher worked at the National Economic Council, where he developed internal models of the Social Security and tax systems.

Mr. Sacher graduated Magna Cum Laude from Harvard with a Bachelors of Science in Economics.



Sally Katzen (born November 22, 1942) is a law scholar and teacher who has served in the United States Government in numerous capacities. Katzen is currently a member of the Obama-Biden Transition Project’s Agency Review Working Group responsible for the Executive Office of the President and government operations agencies.[1]

She is also currently a Lecturer at Michigan Law School and teaches American Government at the ‘Michigan in Washington Program’.


Sally Katzen was a United States government official during the Clinton Administration, serving as Deputy Director for Management in the Office of Management and Budget from 1999 through 2001, as Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Deputy Director of the National Economic Council during 1998 and 1999, and as Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the Office of Management and Budget from 1993 through 1998. Katzen also served in the Carter Administration as General Counsel and then as Deputy Director for Program policy of the Council on Wage and Price Stability in the Executive Office of the President.

She has served on National Academies of Science panels and is a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration.


Katzen was born and raised in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where she graduated from Taylor Allderdice High School, and graduated magna cum laude from Smith College and the University of Michigan Law School, where she was Editor-in-Chief of the Michigan Law Review. She was the first female to hold such a position for a major law review. Following graduation from law school, she clerked for Judge J. Skelly Wright of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

Prior to joining the Clinton Administration, she was a partner in the Washington, D.C. law firm Wilmer Cutler & Pickering, specializing in regulatory and legislative matters. She has worked extensively in the field of administrative law in her personal law practice and in other professional activities. In 1988, she was elected Chair of the Section on Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice of the American Bar Association; she has held various other offices in the ABA, including serving two terms as a Washington delegate to the House of Delegates. She served as a Public Member and Vice-Chairman of the Adjunct Professor at Georgetown Law Center. In 1990 she was elected President of the Women’s Legal Defense Fund.

She has also taught at Smith College, George Mason University School of Law, the University of Michigan Law School, the University of Pennsylvania Law School, and Johns Hopkins University. This spring she will be teaching at The George Washington University Law School.

Personal Life

Sally Katzen is married to U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit judge Timothy B. Dyk, and they have one child, Abraham Benjamin Dyk.


1. ^ http://change.gov/learn/executive_office_of_the_president_team_leads

This American law-related biographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.



Daniel Tarullo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Daniel Tarullo is a professor of Law at Georgetown University Law Center and a member of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve Board since January 28th, 2009. His areas of specialty are international economic regulation, banking law, and international law.


Tarullo graduated summa cum laude in 1977 from the University of Michigan Law School. He received an A.B. from Georgetown University in 1973 and an M.A. at Duke University in 1974.


Tarullo worked in the Antitrust Division of the Justice Department and as Special Assistant to the Undersecretary of Commerce. He taught at Harvard Law School early in his career and later served as Chief Counsel for Employment Policy on the staff of Senator Edward M. Kennedy while practicing law in Washington.

He served in the Clinton Administration as Deputy Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and later as Assistant to the President for International Economic Policy where he was responsible for coordinating the international economic policy of the administration. He was a member of the National Economic Council and the National Security Council. He was also Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs from 1993 to 1996.

Tarullo served as a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and as a senior fellow at American Progress. During 2005 he was the chair the Economic Security group of the Princeton Project on National Security.

On December 18 2008, President Elect Barack Obama nominated Tarullo to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve.

Articles and editorial work


* Runs the bi-monthly World Economic Update, a forum sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations for debate on the U.S. and global economies among leading economists.

* Serves on the editorial advisory board of The International Economy and the Advisory Committee of Transparency International.


* Reforming the World Bank and IMF, August 2, 2007

* Laboring for Trade Deals: Trade Agreements and Labor Rights, March 28, 2007

* The Case for Reviving the Doha Trade Round, January 8, 2007



v • d • e

Current members of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States

Ben Bernanke (chairman) • Donald Kohn (vice-chairman) • Randall Kroszner • Kevin Warsh • Elizabeth A. Duke • Daniel Tarullo •Vacant

Seal of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve


v • d • e

Obama Administration personnel

‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. See templates for deletion to help reach a consensus. ›


v • d • e

Cabinet and cabinet-level

Office          Name      Term

Secretary of State       Hillary Clinton            2009 – present             Secretary of Treasury Timothy Geithner             2009 – present

Secretary of Defense Robert Gates†             2006 – present             Attorney General        Eric Holder     2009 – present

Secretary of the Interior          Ken Salazar     2009 – present             Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack             2009 – present

Secretary of Commerce          Gary Locke*   2009 – present             Secretary of Labor      Hilda Solis      2009 – present

Secretary of Health and

Human Services                    2009 – present             Secretary of Education           Arne Duncan 2009 – present

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development             Shaun Donovan          2009 – present

Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood             2009 – present

Secretary of Energy    Steven Chu     2009 – present             Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric Shinseki   2009 – present

Secretary of Homeland Security         Janet Napolitano         2009 – present

Vice President             Joe Biden        2009 – present             White House Chief of Staff   Rahm Emanuel             2009 – present

Director of the Office of Management and

Budget          Peter Orszag    2009 – present             Administrator of the Environmental

Protection Agency    Lisa Jackson    2009 – present

Ambassador to the United Nations    Susan Rice      2009 – present             Chair of the Council of Economic

Advisers        Christina Romer          2009 – present

Director of the Office of National

Drug Control Policy Gil Kerlikowske*        2009 – present             Trade Representative Ron Kirk*       2009 – present

*Senate-confirmation pending.   †Remained from previous administration.   •Below line: Granted Cabinet rank although not automatically part of the Cabinet.

***Executive Office of the President

Office        Name

Senior Adviser to the President

Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs

Public Liaison           Valerie Jarrett

Senior Adviser to the President          Pete Rouse

Deputy White House Chief of Staff Jim Messina

Staff Secretary            Lisa Brown

Personal Secretary                                     Katie Johnson

Personal Aide to the President           Reggie Love

Cabinet Secretary        Chris Lu

Chief of Staff to the First Lady         Jackie Norris

White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs

White House Social Secretary

Special Assistant to the President     Desirée Rogers

Assistant to the President for Economic Policy

(Director of the White House National Economic Council)             Lawrence Summers

Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy

(Director of the White House Domestic Policy Council)     Melody Barnes

Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change   Carol Browner

Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget Rob Nabors

Chair of the President’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board          Paul Volcker

Director of Speechwriting      Jon Favreau

Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs

(National Security Adviser) Jim Jones

Director of Public Liaison       Christina Tchen

Director of White House Office of Health Reform   Nancy DeParle

Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Heather Zichal

Co-Chair of the President’s Council of Advisers on

Science and Technology         Eric Lander

Deputy White House Counsel with a Focus on Domestic Policy and Ethics            Cassandra Butts

Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs for the Senate           Shawn Maher

Special Assistant to the President

Director of Communications for the First Lady       Camille Johnston

Deputy Press Secretary for the First Lady     Semonti Mustaphi

White House Director of Presidential Personnel        Don Gips

Associate Counsel to the President    Susan Sher


Office      Name

Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs      Phil Schiliro

Deputy White House Chief of Staff Mona Sutphen

Senior Adviser to the President          David Axelrod

White House Counsel             Greg Craig

Director of the White House Office of Political Affairs        Patrick Gaspard

Assistant to the President for Communications

(White House Director of Communications)            Ellen Moran

Deputy Assistant to the President for Communications

(Deputy White House Director of Communications)           Dan Pfeiffer

Deputy Chief of Staff to the First Lady        Melissa Winter

Deputy Chief of Staff to the First Lady        David Medina

Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy        Gil Kerlikowske*

Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy

(Deputy Director of the White House Domestic Policy Council)    Heather Higginbottom

White House Director of Scheduling and Advance   Alyssa Mastromonaco

Staff Director and Chief Economist of the President’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board

Member of the White House Council of Economic Advisers          Austan Goolsbee

Director of Intergovernmental Affairs           Cecilia Muñoz

Director of the White House Military Office             Louis Caldera

Chief of Staff to the Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Relations

Public Liaison           Michael Strautmanis

Deputy Director of White House Office of Health Reform Jeanne Lambrew

Chair of the White House Council on Environmental Quality           Nancy Sutley

Assistant to the President for Science and Technology

(Director of the White House Office of Science

and Technology Policy)

Co-Chair of the President’s Council of Advisers on

Science and Technology         John Holdren

Co-Chair of the President’s Council of Advisers on

Science and Technology         Harold Varmus

Deputy Cabinet Secretary       Liz Sears Smith

Deputy Director of Legislative Affairs for the House of Representatives     Dan Turton

Press Secretary for the First Lady      Katie



Director of the Office of Management and Administration Bradley Kiley

Chief Performance Officer/

Deputy Director for Management at the Office of Management and Budget         TBA

Director of White House Office of Urban Policy      Adolfo Carrion



Office   Name

Chair of the Securities and Exchange Commission    Mary Schapiro

Member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System             Daniel Tarullo

Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere

(Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)            Jane


Solicitor General         Elena Kagan

Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel             Dawn Johnsen

Director of National Intelligence        Dennis Blair

Director of the Central Intelligence Agency Leon Panetta

Deputy Secretary of Defense             William Lynn


Office                Name

Chair of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission         Gary Gensler

Administrator of the Small Business Administration             Karen Mills

Deputy Attorney General       David Ogden

Associate Attorney General    Tom Perrelli

Surgeon General         Sanjay Gupta*

Deputy Secretary of State      James Steinberg

Jacob Lew

Special Assistant to the President       Eugene Kang

Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services      William Corr

* Although identified by sources to the press, selection awaits official announcement by the White House.


Office of the Vice President

Office            Name

Chief of Staff to the Vice President   Ron Klain

Counsel to the Vice President            Cynthia Hogan

Counselor to the Vice President         Mike Donilon

Assistant to the Vice President for Intergovernmental Affairs

Public Liaison           Evan Ryan

Assistant to the Vice President

Director of Communications            Jay Carney

Deputy Chief of Staff to the Vice President Alan Hoffman

Deputy National Security Adviser to the Vice President       Brian McKeon

Director of Communications for the Second Lady    Courtney O’Donnell


Office              Name

Chief of Staff to the Second Lady     Catherine Russell

Director of Administration for the Office of the Vice President       Moe Vela

Domestic Policy Adviser to the Vice President         Terrell McSweeny

Chief Economist and Economic Policy Adviser to the Vice President          Jared Bernstein

Press Secretary to the Vice President             Elizabeth Alexander

Deputy Press Secretary to the Vice President            Annie Tomasini

Director of Legislative Affairs           Sudafi Henry

Residence Manager and Social Secretary for the Vice President and the Second Lady       Carlos Elizondo

Retrieved from “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Tarullo&#8221;

Categories: American businesspeople | Duke University alumni | Federal Reserve System governors | Clinton Administration personnel | Obama Administration personnel

* This page was last modified on 28 February 2009, at 10:12.




When the bankers appeared before Congress a couple days ago, the moment that a moratorium on foreclosures was requested, their demeanor changed. There was a genuine hesitation and then the CEO of Bank of America, Ken Lewis insisted on a closed time period in which it would be in effect.

This tells me that the bankers did not want to stop the foreclosure process and that may be why they are dragging their feet about helping people to stay in their homes and avoid foreclosure.

What if there is an income stream coming directly from the foreclosure process that would be unavailable to the banks in any other manner? It would then be in their best interest as a business to pursue full foreclosures on each of the properties rather than anything else.

What if the “lenders mortgage insurance” whose premiums are being paid either by the property purchaser directly or through higher interest rates being paid by them, is actually paying out the full principle of these residential properties at the previous appraised value or at the value of the actual mortgage? That wouldn’t happen if the banks worked with people to arrange repayment of the mortgage in some reasonable or reappraised package. And, since property values have declined, this would be the only way that the mortgage lenders would receive the previous high values for these properties.

On top of that, what if the banks derive further benefit from the foreclosure process by writing off whatever depreciated value of the mortgage that did not go to its maturity? That would offset other profits, taxes, fees and tax liabilities which would represent real money to their corporations’ bottom line, also.

And, the auction process restores a certain cash value directly and immediately to the bank as an assured income stream to help recapitalize their extraordinary losses from other risky ventures and toxic assets.

If these are even part of the income stream coming from the process of foreclosures into the banks’ coffers, then it is little wonder that they are pursuing the process of foreclosure rather than working with individual families to keep their homes. It wouldn’t serve the banks’ interests to do anything else as it is set up now.

I would guess that the lenders mortgage insurance would not be paying anything to cover the mortgages if a deal is struck with the home buyers.

Beyond that, there was a note yesterday by someone on the cable news business coverage that the bankers don’t want to write down their CDOs and other toxic assets, mortgage-backed securities, default swaps and structured investment vehicles (SIVs). Although a degree of write-downs have occurred, is it possible that they are sitting on the remaining portion that would require substantial write-downs if the government at taxpayers’ expense don’t buy them out of the mess?

That means, these banks and investment bankers, mortgage lenders and other holders of these financial products are operating with the knowledge that sooner or later, a more sizable write-down on these assets will have to occur. The faster they can get an income stream to cover these losses, the better their chances of survival will be in their estimation of it. But, maybe it only looks that way from where they are sitting.

It also means that they are essentially insolvent, even with the additional US government bailout funds, purchases of toxic assets up till now, TARP funds and availability at the discount window for huge sums of moneys. And, even with the substantial purchases of commercial paper that the US government has been making for them since several months ago – it still isn’t enough to reasonably account for their balance sheets’ disparities.

They are insolvent and they know it. That is why the black hole they have become is eating its way through everything the government is giving them which the taxpayers are providing and pursuing every opportunity to foreclose properties and sucking in everything else they can get as well.

It is why they have raised interest rates on credit cards, raised fees, added fees and found ways to hinder people’s ability to pay a reasonable minimum on time (by changing due dates and minimum payments beyond reason.) I would guess they are protected by some kind of insurance that pays the full amount if and when it is not paid by the borrower, just as the mortgages are covered for them.

My guess is that the CDO’s and other credit derivatives will have brought down the entire system by the time they are done. What it means for me is that, I and my children and grandchildren along with everyone in America like us will be among those who suffer for it because I can almost guarantee that the bankers and Wall Street groups that created this mess won’t even notice the difference in their worlds, aside from an odd and uncomfortable question or two from the news media or Congressional committee members. They are without consequence from their actions while each and everyone of us are paying for it.

– cricketdiane, 02-13-09


Lenders mortgage insurance

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Private Mortgage Insurance)

Lenders Mortgage Insurance (LMI), also known as Private mortgage insurance (PMI) in the US, is insurance payable to a lender or trustee for a pool of securities that may be required when taking out a mortgage loan. It is insurance to offset losses in the case where a mortgagor is not able to repay the loan and the lender is not able to recover its costs after foreclosure and sale of the mortgaged property.[1]



Comparison of Personal Saving in the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPAs)

with Personal Saving in the Flow of Funds Accounts (FFAs) – Annual Data shown


National Income and Product Accounts Table

Table 1.1.1. Percent Change From Preceding Period in Real Gross Domestic Product


Today is: 2/12/2009   Last Revised on January 30, 2009  Next Release Date February 27, 2009

(2005 – 2008)




IMF Data and Projections portal for United States – current and historic data


United States foreclosures are apparently a bankers / bank income maker for 2009 – US economic crisis facts, figures and statistics

(my note from the date of the information above February 2009)


My note – (today, 05-21-10)

Well, now we know why the bankers weren’t willing to change any of the foreclosure processes – they were making money on it by foreclosing in about fourteen different ways – and all those people and families and communities that were and continue to be destroyed by it – school children uprooted, families and communities destroyed – churches and scout troops and every other community resource leveled and now over 6,000 houses torn down in Detroit while people are homeless and the same thing happening in community after community across America where our tax moneys and money intended to help homeowners stay in their homes simply paid for their homes to be bought after foreclosure and sitting empty to be bulldozed to the ground – also with our tax money.

In one California neighborhood, brand new houses were razed to the ground because they couldn’t be sold for half the market value – banks wouldn’t lend on them since they were likely overpriced even at that rate. And thousands upon thousands of people in America hungry, unemployed, without home or community – literally homeless and lost to an entire three generations again that loom out before us. It is insane.

And, Mr. Mozilla along with all the others who caused it and profited from it are living the high life where money flows like water wherever they are and our tax dollars paid for every personal loss they may have had to endure so they wouldn’t have to –

I’m tired. That’s enough for now. There is more here already than anyone would read – and I never did find the information about the DNI – which is across over five documents and I might have to find it from the paper documents sitting around here to start to know which dates I was naming the files with them on the computer. Need a better system, I suppose.

– cricketdiane, 05-21-10


And the live feed from the oil leaks (two still there) gushing into the Gulf of  Mexico are absolutely buggared from the massively heavy traffic – but the pix do not look like 70,000 barrels a day is close to right either / it is too low an estimate also – there is a dark cloud of oil next to the white methane that is evidently beyond all imagination  – damn.

That is enough for now.