, , , , ,

A ruptured undersea well off Louisiana is spewing about 210,000 gallons (5,000 barrels) of crude a day into the Gulf of Mexico, and efforts to shut off the flow have been unsuccessful since the late April explosion that sank the drill rig Deepwater Horizon.

To the east, a heavy smell of oil hung over the Mississippi beaches, and the leading edge of the slick grew closer to the coast of Alabama and the Florida Panhandle.


(CNN) — Federal officials closed a portion of the northern Gulf of Mexico to fishing Sunday, curtailing a billion-dollar business as high winds and choppy seas hampered efforts to corral a rapidly growing oil spill.

The Gulf Coast’s commercial fishing industry brings in about $2.4 billion to the region.

The minimum 10-day fishing restriction imposed Sunday by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration covers an area between the mouth of the Mississippi River in Louisiana to the waters off Florida’s Pensacola Bay.


Adm. Thad Allen, the commandant of the Coast Guard, told CNN’s “State of the Union” that the slick was still nine miles off the Louisiana coast, but seas of 6 to 10 feet have made deploying booms to fend the spill off the coast “somewhat problematic.” Oil giant BP, which owns the well at the heart of the problem, said it had prepared massive boxes to be lowered over the leak points, but deploying them would take about a week.

About 1.6 million gallons of oil have spilled since the explosion, the Coast Guard said.

“This event is a self-feeding fire,” said Richard Charter, of the environmental group Defenders of Wildlife. “It is so big and expanding so fast that it’s pretty much beyond human response that can be effective.” The spill will have “a multidecade impact” — a “long-term poisoning” of the area, he said.




WDSU: 20 sea turtles found dead along Mississippi beaches

iReport: Send your photos, videos
For those of you living along the Gulf Coast, how is the oil spill affecting you? Share your photos and experiences with CNN
updated May 2, 2010
Stopping the leak
Learn more about the three main methods BP is considering for stopping the oil leak after the rig explosion

Officials warn of potential catastrophe from Gulf of Mexico oil spill

By the CNN Wire Staff May 2, 2010 — Updated 1538 GMT (2338 HKT)

Appearing on CNN’s “State of the Union,” Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano, Interior Secretary Ken Salazar and Coast Guard Commandant Adm. Thad Allen warned the leaking oil from a rig explosion could continue for weeks with dire consequences.

“It potentially is catastrophic,” Salazar said. “I think we have to prepare for the worst.”


Salazar said. “While there have been blowouts in the past, we have never seen anything that has been quite of this magnitude.”

Allen said it was impossible so far to know how much oil will eventually leak, saying: “We lost a total well head; it could be 100,000 barrels or more a day.”

( . . . )

Napolitano noted the incident was first an explosion and fire, with a search-and-rescue effort for missing rig workers. It then worsened when the rig sank two days later, followed by the increasing oil leak, she said.

While BP was the first responder, the Coast Guard reacted right away to the situation and deployed 70 vessels and 1 million feet of boom for possible service, Napolitano said.

According to Rubio, it appeared that much of the early information provided to the federal government by BP had been “either inaccurate or shortcoming.”

Florida’s Republican Senate candidate Marco Rubio called the oil slick a “crisis”.

Economic impact
Seventh-generation shrimpers talk about how the oil spill threatens to ruin the upcoming fishing season. WVUE reports.


At least 11 dead as record flooding engulfs Tennessee


New Weather Satellite Captures its First Thermal Images of Earth

April 27, 2010

GOES-15 – took its first full-disk infrared image of the Earth on April 26 at 17:30 UTC (1:30 p.m. EDT).GOES-15 – took its first full-disk infrared image of the Earth on April 26 at 17:30 UTC (1:30 p.m. EDT). Clouds associated with the low pressure areas over the Ohio Valley and southern Minnesota and the cold front coming into the Pacific Northwest are visible.

High resolution (Credit: NOAA/NASA /SSEC)

GOES-15, the final spacecraft in the latest series of NOAA geostationary satellites, took its first infrared image of Earth on April 26.

GOES spacecraft help NOAA forecasters track dangerous weather conditions and solar activity that can impact the satellite-based electronics and communications industry.

Infrared imagery is critical for accurate weather forecasts, revealing a range of information — from the swirling motion of clouds and sea-surface temperatures, to moisture profiles of the atmosphere and the movement of smoke plumes from wildfires.

GOES-15 was launched March 4, 2010, from Cape Canaveral, Fla. After approximately five more months of tests, NASA will officially “hand over” the satellite to NOAA, which will place it in orbital storage mode. GOES-15 will be ready for activation if any of NOAA’s other four geostationary spacecraft experiences trouble.

Each of the five Imager spectral bands are shown. There is one visible band and four infrared bands (shortwave window, water vapor, longwave window and a CO2 sensitive band).

High resolution (Credit: NOAA/NASA /SSEC)

NOAA understands and predicts changes in the Earth’s environment, from the depths of the ocean, to the surface of the sun, and conserves and manages our coastal and marine resources.




(see page – pick out something – they’re all great.)

from METEOSTAT – on left sidebar


Fulldisk Global Satellite Images

(Images are updated every six (6) hours)

METEOSAT image - other side of the world

METEOSAT image - other side of the world

Yes, it is – the other side of the world – still wide and round and beautiful.

– cricketdiane


MTSAT InfraRed  - the other, other side of the world

MTSAT InfraRed - the other, other side of the world

(from NOAA site of European and Japanese system images from satellites)




MTSAT Images



Tropical Atlantic/Pacific


GOES East Hurricane SECTOR Water Vapor Image - Gulf of Mexico oil spill and Tennessee Flooding - May 3, 2010

GOES East Hurricane SECTOR Water Vapor Image - Gulf of Mexico oil spill and Tennessee Flooding - May 3, 2010




From Energy Tribune –

May 18, 2007

BP’s Na Kika project in the GOM’s Mississippi Canyon, which came online in 2003, is home to many new achievements in subsea technology. Some of the field’s major achievements are the commingling of three reservoirs, the use of multiphase meters in the Gulf, the installation of pipe-in-pipe risers, and the use of the heave-compensated landing system to install subsea trees and related equipment. These innovations have become standard adaptations in other fields around the world.

Led by the innovations from BHP’s Neptune project, Kerr-McGee’s Red Hawk came online in 2004. This GOM project employed the use of the world’s first cell spar. The cell spar reduced the reserve threshold needed for an economical development in deep waters, paving the way for the development of other deepwater fields previously considered uneconomic. In 2006, the Dalia field came online, representing another important technological breakthrough.

The Dalia field is significant because it was deemed the largest subsea production system ever installed. It is also important to note Total’s use of subsea separation on the Pazflor development offshore Angola, which is expected to come online in 2011; this is one of the first times this technology will be used as an enhancing rather than an enabling technology. That Total is using subsea separation when it is not required for the development of the field speaks volumes about its potential impact on the industry as a whole.

Top 10 Operators by Total Subsea Tieback Kms Worldwide 1970-2007

These offshore technology achievements are merely some of the many highlights that have helped shape an industry entrenched in new technologies. While the technology of the past will undoubtedly remain a strong part of the future, the industry possesses key opportunities for new innovations.

When considering the future of technology in the subsea industry, it is important to understand which challenges the industry will face. Most often, these challenges are the primary drivers behind developments of new technology.

Even though the North Sea is the most mature area, there are significant challenges the region must overcome to remain viable, and it is arguably the most affected by high oil prices. If oil prices drop too low, the region will have to implement new technologies to ensure that subsea production remains profitable.

Potential solutions include the use of subsea separation, pioneered by Statoil’s Troll (currently being implemented on Statoil’s Tordis field and Total’s Pazflor), and long-distance, remote-controlled power supplies and umbilicals.

Currently, the consensus within the industry is that all-electric systems may overtake hydraulic ones as the preferred subsea choice. This use of technology, coupled with subsea processing, will allow operators to develop and produce from fields more cheaply, because it enables long and deep subsea tie-backs, potentially eliminating the cost of a floating production system.

Another factor, sure to contribute to improved North Sea technological applications, is its harsh operating environment. While this is not a new situation for the area, the North Sea could continue to be a testing ground for new technologies, or modifications to existing technologies, which could better facilitate production in such environments.

Much like the North Sea, the Gulf Of Mexico (GOM) is home to a harsh subsea environment, which has already pushed the boundaries of subsea technology and produced many new and exciting innovations. As the Gulf moves into deeper waters, operators must continue to develop the most economical production means. Along with the obvious challenges associated with moving exploration and production into deeper water are those posed by high-pressure, high-temperature wells.

It’s apparent that capital expenditures have been steadily increasing in subsea production since 2004, and this trend should continue for at least the next five years. Floating production units have also seen an exponential increase in demand. In 2001-06 there were 121 FPS units. During 2007-12, the FPS units are projected to increase by approximately 120 percent. Subsea expense and floating activity increases of this magnitude suggest a hospitable environment for technology novelties. That can be seen by reviewing the developments of the last decade or so.

Worldwide Forecast Floating Activity by Year 2007-12 (est.)

In 1995, Statoil’s Heidrun project in the North Sea introduced one of the world’s first concrete tension-leg platforms. The advancements made on the Heidrun project also allowed Statoil to move from the engineering and design phase to first oil in only five years. This represented a major improvement in project management. Today, 21 fields use tension-leg platforms, and 26 are due to come online by 2015.

Brewing in the Gulf of Mexico during 1997 were projects with enhancements. These include BHP Billiton’s Neptune, in Viosca Knoll in the GOM, which plays host to both dry-tree wells and subsea wells, and Shell’s Mensa project, in the Gulf’s Mississippi Canyon, which set a record for the longest subsea tie-back. A decade later, the current tie-back record is held by Ormen Lange at 125 kilometers, and is projected to be broken by Statoil’s Snovhit field in 2007.

Away from the Gulf Of Mexico (GOM), the North American market was expanding its exploration efforts into the icy waters of Canada. There, the Hibernia project consists of a gravity-based platform that stands 224 meters high. While this is an impressive development, the North Sea has used gravity-based systems for years. The Hibernia project’s real technological achievement is its “ice belt,” 15 meters thick. This belt, or ice wall, includes 16 sharp points intended to distribute the force of an iceberg over the entire platform, thus decreasing the potential for damage.

In 1999, Statoil pushed the limits of known floating production storage and off-loading (FPSO) capabilities with its Asgard field in the North Sea, utilizing a ship with a processing capacity of 200,000 barrels of oil per day and a storage capacity of 907,000 barrels. Furthermore, at the time, the Asgard field was one of the world’s more complex subsea structures, with 60 wells atop a deep, high-pressure, high-temperature reservoir. Such field development concepts are now common in places like offshore West Africa.

In 2000, Petrobras achieved an important milestone at the Roncador field offshore Brazil. One of its key developments was a dynamically positioned early-production system, which gave way to a dedicated production system. These technological innovations allowed Petrobras to move from discovery to production in an astonishing 27 months, curbing the time span from discovery to production yet again.

Many of the major future projects that will drive increased production from the Gulf feature complex reservoirs with extremely high temperatures and pressures. For example, both Chevron’s Jack field and Shell’s Perdido Hub development will play host to complicated wells from challenging reservoirs that will require the use of new or adapted technology, such as subsea separation and boosting.

These technologies are important because they help make production from such fields more economical and more realistic. The use of subsea processing, incorporating separation and boosting, will increase the oil-flow rate, making the field more economical. The use of subsea separation on the Perdido field will be an important technological milestone, given the development’s water depth of more than 8,000 feet.

Challenging environmental conditions also exist in the Gulf, home to some difficult eddy and loop currents which can greatly impact the design and reliability of a field’s infrastructure. This is an important distinction because many newer technologies that exist in other areas are primed to be implemented in the Gulf.

For example, Total’s use of a single line offset riser concept on the Girassol field offshore Angola is being promoted as a great fit for the GOM’s loop currents and mitigating issues in vortex-induced-vibration fatigue. By decoupling the risers from the vessel, the risers are no longer subjected to the movements of the floating production unit, which in turn increases their potential life- span by reducing the fatigue they encounter.

This is an important new technology, as it could remove the added field development cost of replacing risers and diminish the loss associated with brief suspensions of production. Another notable challenge of operating in the Gulf of Mexico is the potential for hurricanes, a risk that became obvious after Katrina and Rita in 2005.

This obstacle provides a great example of how an existing technology, the FPSO vessel, can be adapted to fit the needs of the Gulf. Using a disconnectable turret FPSO, an operator could theoretically position it over the field during normal working conditions, and disconnect it during a hurricane to remove it from the storm’s path. This application of existing technologies could prove beneficial over the next ten years as the industry seeks to avoid a repeat of the damage and lost production inflicted by the 2005 storms.

The Gulf Of Mexico (GOM) is in a great position to implement both new technologies, as well as new adaptations of existing technologies already in use in the industry.

World Subsea Production Capex

In conclusion, it is evident that the offshore industry has built a large portion of its viability around technology. Whether it’s the ability to economically produce from stand-alone deepwater fields, or to introduce subsea processing techniques that allow for long distance subsea tie-backs, the offshore industry has consistently developed new technologies that enable the push for deeper and more complex exploration and production.

As the industry moves forward to help meet the global energy demand, it is important to note that while past advancements were primarily driven by the inability to develop certain fields, over the next 10 to 20 years a large portion of the innovations will derive from the desire to develop a field in the most economical way possible, driving increased efficiencies and lower costs.



Posted on May. 18, 2007

Subsea and Floating Technology: A picture of the future offshore oil and gas industry

(etc. – more available in the article and on the sidebars on the site above)

including this one –

Gulf of Mexico – Oil Production Still Mighty After All These Years

(and these they offered on the left hand sidebar rollover – )

Top Ten Oil Spills
By Ben Leach
Apr. 28 2010, 7:37 EST
EIA to Revise 2009 Nat. Gas Production D…
By Reuters
Apr. 27 2010, 8:29 EST
Oil Spill Likely to Reach Land in Days
By The Wall Street Journal
Apr. 27 2010, 7:55 EST
Kaleidoscope Climate Laws Cut Jobs, Not …
By Michael J. Economides
Apr. 26 2010, 1:52 EST
Future of Cellulosic Ethanol Remains Unc…
By Mark Steil
Apr. 26 2010, 1:00 EST
Dispute in Senate Holds up Climate Bill
By Tulsa World
Apr. 26 2010, 11:47 EST
Oil Contango Soars as Oklahoma Brims Wit…
By Grant Smith
Apr. 26 2010, 11:39 EST
No Oil Spilling From Sunken Rig, Officia…
Apr. 23 2010, 11:06 EST
Natural Gas Jumps with Supplies Less Tha…
Apr. 23 2010, 10:42 EST
BP Sends Fleet to Contain Oil Spill from…
By British Telegraph
Apr. 23 2010, 10:26 EST
Alternate Energy Powers Up Lobbying
By Alexandra Arkin
Apr. 22 2010, 11:08 EST
At Least 11 Missing After Blast on Oil R…
Apr. 21 2010, 10:46 EST


But then I found this and its a real winner –

Cleaning Up Oil’s Reputation
By Robert Bryce
Posted on Apr. 26, 2010

Editor’s Note: This piece was published by the Wall Street Journal on Saturday. The essay is adapted from Robert Bryce’s new book, Power Hungry: The Myths of “Green” Energy and the Real Fuels of the Future, which will be released tomorrow.

The cover of Robert Bryce’s newest book, Power Hungry: The Myths of “Green” Energy and the Real Fuels of the Future.

Oil, and foreign oil in particular, has been a favorite whipping boy for American politicians since the 1970s. They say that we are “addicted” to oil, that oil fosters terrorism and that we can “win the oil endgame.” While those claims are effective at rousing the masses, here’s the reality: The world isn’t using too much oil. It’s not using enough.

The world now consumes about 85 million barrels of oil per day. That consumption has resulted in unprecedented levels of mobility and affluence. The correlation between oil use and wealth is so close as to be inarguable.

Yes, the U.S. is among the world’s biggest per capita consumers of oil, but that petroleum has made the American economy into a powerhouse.

Increasing oil consumption among the rural poor would have major benefits: It would help preserve rain forests and endangered species habitat; more importantly, it would help save the lives of hundreds of thousands of impoverished people who die premature deaths every year due to indoor air pollution caused by burning biomass.

(etc., etc., etc., etc.,)

The vilification of oil is part of the broader myth that the U.S. and other countries should stop using all hydrocarbons—coal, oil and natural gas. But nine out of 10 units of energy that we consume come from hydrocarbons. And there are no technologies available today, or on the near horizon, that can provide the always-available power that we demand, in the vast quantities that we need, at prices that we can afford.

That can be proven by looking at coal, which runs a close second to oil in terms of negative publicity. In March 2009, some 2,500 demonstrators gathered outside the U.S. Capitol’s coal-fired power plant in Washington to voice their support for drastic cuts in carbon-dioxide emissions. In 2008, Al Gore declared, “It is time for civil disobedience to prevent the construction of new coal plants.”

The problems caused by coal mining, coal transport and coal combustion could fill a small library. And the recent deaths of the coal miners in West Virginia are just the latest example of the toll exacted by coal. But electricity is an essential element of modernity. Countries that can provide cheap and reliable electric power to their citizens can grow their economies and create wealth. Those that can’t, can’t. And ever since 1882, when Thomas Edison began burning coal to produce electricity from the world’s first central power station in Manhattan, coal has been fueling the electrification of the planet.

In 2006, coal-fired generators produced about 41% of the world’s electricity. (In the U.S., coal provides about 48% of total electricity generation.) And by 2030, the International Energy Agency expects coal to be providing 44% of the world’s electricity.

That expected increase in coal use is due to soaring global demand for electricity. Between 1990 and 2007, electricity consumption increased by nearly 68%. That’s nearly three times as fast as the growth in oil demand over that time period. Making the problem even more daunting: the enormous scale of the world’s coal consumption. On an average day, the world consumes the equivalent of 66 million barrels of oil in the form of coal. In energy terms, that’s about equal to the daily oil output of eight Saudi Arabias.

There are other reasons for coal’s popularity: for most countries it is the lowest-cost option for electricity production, it is abundant, and the majority of global reserves are not controlled by an OPEC-like entity that can attempt to restrain production. At current rates of production, the U.S. has more than 200 years of proven coal reserves. Meanwhile, India’s coal reserves are expected to last more than 100 years while Russia and Australia have reserves that are expected to last nearly 500 years and 200 years, respectively.

Few countries provide a better example of coal’s irreplaceability than Denmark. Indeed, while many renewable energy boosters claim that Denmark’s embrace of wind energy is a model to be emulated, the data show that doing so would be a big mistake. Furthermore, Denmark, like the U.S. and many other countries, is still heavily reliant on coal for electricity production.

(etc., etc., etc., etc.,)

When discussing energy policy, lawmakers and regulators should have one primary goal: making energy as cheap and abundant as possible. We should also continue increasing energy efficiency and reducing the pollution associated with energy production and consumption. Fortunately, those things are happening.

Over the past three decades or so, the U.S. has been among the best in the world at reducing the energy intensity of its economy. Between 1980 and 2006, America’s energy intensity—the amount of energy needed to produce $1 of gross domestic product—fell by about 42%. Among the major countries of the world, only one did better: China, where energy intensity fell by 63%.

While there is broad, bipartisan support for increasing energy efficiency, that alone is not enough. We must accept the essentiality of energy, and in particular, the essentiality of electricity.

We must depoliticize energy and move beyond the petty recriminations and small-minded approach to the world’s most important commodity. If we can achieve that, the U.S. and other countries can get busy providing more energy to more people. More energy will allow us to produce more power. And we are, all of us, power hungry.


And, now this person has had another place to be known for the views they espouse – it is a shame there is not more of that effort placed elsewhere.

No wonder there is no fair competitive playing field for alternative energies, alternative transportation choices, alternatives to petroleum or coal or anything else they are making money with . . .

– cricketdiane


As I watch the critical features of the Gulf of Mexico oil disaster unfolding right before everyone’s eyes throughout the world – I feel shame and grief and sorrow. The more I know of the system of thought that brought this and many other tragedies to America’s people, the more I feel wronged by their use of the freedom and democracy without regard to its heritage and inheritance of responsibility that fits hand in hand with it. That’s the package deal of trust and honor they have betrayed doing it this way.

If it were a free market capitalism – then those sources of motion, energy, electricity generation and transportation fuels would simply not be the only ones expansively and inexpensively available in the marketplace for us to use.

It really is that simple.

My note, cd9


Anadarko Announces Its Fourth Deepwater Gulf of Mexico Discovery in 2009

2009.07.30 – Field Development

Anadarko Petroleum Corporation (NYSE: APC) today announced a discovery at the Vito exploration well in Mississippi Canyon block 984. The well encountered more than 250 net feet of oil pay in subsalt Miocene sands.

“We are very excited with the initial results encountered at the Vito well,” said Bob Daniels, Anadarko Sr. Vice President, Worldwide Exploration. ?The success at Vito continues to demonstrate the tremendous quality of our deepwater portfolio of high-impact prospects. We expect to drill two additional prospects that are targeting similar subsalt Miocene objective sections along this trend at our Silverado and Haleakala prospects in Mississippi Canyon in 2010. In the meantime, the partners will continue evaluating the data from Vito and the timing of an appraisal well.”

The Vito well was drilled to a total depth of approximately 32,000 feet in 4,038 feet of water, using the Noble Amos Runner deepwater drilling rig. Once operations are complete at Vito, the company plans to move the rig to continue drilling operations at the operated Caesar/Tonga development in the Green Canyon area of the Gulf of Mexico.

Anadarko operates the Vito well with a 20-percent working interest. Co-owners in the discovery include Shell Offshore Inc. with a 55-percent working interest and StatoilHydro USA E&P Inc. with a 25-percent working interest. Shell will assume operatorship of Vito after rig release on the current well.




CSPAN has a panel about Creating U.S. Jobs from the Center for American Progress, Washington, D.C. – apparently happened Friday – very interesting

3 a.m. Atlanta

I might not be able to put up with much of it. I was watching the Secrets of Pearl Harbor show in the parts about the nuclear tests at Bikini Atoll – that is so much more interesting – they are diving on the ships like nuclear tourists right now – its really not what I wanted to see – but every so often I pop over to bloomberg to see the news on world markets and then back again.

Thus far, not real impressive Mr. Alan Auerbach, University of California-Berkeley but I am glad you got out there and did something with this. – How did he get stuck with talking about the corporate tax crap?

M. Alan Krueger, Assistant Treasury Secretary for Economic Policy is speaking now – Hmmm….. At least he has noticed there is a problem even in 2007 when there were fewer jobs than the number of jobs being added during the 1990s. He is looking for some historical comparison. Okey dokey. That might work – but I don’t see how excusing it, fixes it now. Is this a labor economist? Does he have any solutions or do these things explain where solutions would be possible? Yes, it all points to weak job growth – know that, its pretty self-evident as are many of the reasons for it. Hmm….

concerned with drafting policies. Okay.

Reuters referee – I’ll have to get her name – Chrystia Freeland Global Editor At Large

Next, is Mr. Michael Greenstone, MIT – Massachusetts Institute of Technology Hamilton Project Director – provide incentives concept – tax breaks, providing training for workers, make resources and infrastructure attractive – regionalize same producers of same things like Silicon Valley – does he know about Detroit at all? That idea has been tried – we saw how that ended up working out . . . He calls them “spillovers”. – That’s nice.

Plants concentrated that do the same thing – not necessarily those who are in the same industry. The innovation concentration as well – his idea not mine.

Okay –

not good, not bad – but not good either.


John Van Reenen

London School of Economics, Center for Economic Performance Director – talking now about output per hour and in concept with wages –

says it is a critical focus and a good metric to envy the United States as ahead of many major nations – but not Norway? What – GDP per hour? What kind of figuring is that as a productivity level? Most of these people are talking in circles or something. Now, he’s talking about growth 1990 – 2005, output per hour as percentage of GDP and comparative charts then to now using the same number ideas as representative samplings which mean something –

The bad news, he says in the US is that unequally being shared – underlying potential for wage growth is there but is very unequally distributed. Okay – that’s fairly obvious. But addressing the policy conundrum – share it out or ignore the inequality and whatever –

square the circle? simultaneously boost productivity but indirectly increase participation despite (my paraphrase, no one being able to buy anything as a result of what he is suggesting) – then how is there business? What part of that did I miss?

Tax policy decisions, tax rates on a leading question from the moderator?

All the gains in productions occurred in only a very small slice of the educated population – says Mr. MIT guy.  Okay,

Never mind – bad choice of things to watch – Econspeak is right – Mr. MIT

– cricketdiane – (bad notes from an even more difficult source than reading some languages)


Finding something else to watch and going back to what I was doing –

Those earlier articles on this particular post about the oil industry were found by using a google search with these terms –

undersea subsea photos mississippi canyon

as one search term (very interesting actually)


(from – )


Posted: 07:07 Thu 22 Apr 10

FYI: …”Since 2001, there have been 69 offshore deaths, 1,349 injuries and 858 fires and explosions in the Gulf, according to the Federal Minerals Management Service, which did not break down the cause of the deaths, the severity of the injuries, or the size of the fires and explosions (Occupational Safety Health Agency {OSHA})”…
States of Texas/Louisiana/Mississippi/Alabama likely individually do that specific to their State.

…”Prior to Hurricane Katrina (Aug, 05) & Rita (Sep, 05) there were about 600 platforms & 150 drilling rigs total in the GOM. About 170 were lost to some degree and of those, about 30 were lost completely.”…



Journal of the Maritime Industry

Issue Date: September 2008

IMRs: A better mousetrap for underwater work
Larry Pearson

DMT Emerald carries a DeepWorker 2000 manned subersible for undersea construction and repair work.

With oil prices reaching new heights this year, it is more important than ever to squeeze every drop of oil possible from existing wells and to install new wells in deep water. That has given rise to a new class of vessels in the Gulf. Called IMRs — inspection, maintenance and repair — these boats are configured for work on the wellhead or other subsea infrastructure transporting oil and/or gas.

IMRs such as Chloe Candies, Harvey Discovery and DMT Emerald are recent boats of this type that are working in the Gulf of Mexico. Under construction are Grant Candies and Ross Candies.

Unlike their supply-boat brethren, these vessels carry neither drilling mud, fuel oil or other liquids in belowdeck tanks, nor cargo on rear decks for transfer to rigs or platforms. Their duties normally involve new construction or repair projects to enhance hydrocarbon flow.

This type of vessel is becoming increasingly valuable in deepwater projects because of its ability to do many tasks well without the substantial cost of using a semisubmersible rig for the same purpose.

Grant Candies and Ross Candies are being built by Dakota Creek Industries, Anacortes, Wash., for delivery in late 2008 and 2009 respectively. Chloe Candies was a 2007 delivery and was one of the first vessels delivered from the Otto Candies LLC shipyard in Houma, La. Formerly Houma Fabricators, the yard has several projects underway for Otto Candies LLC, the Des Allemands, La.-based offshore oil/gas service company.

Chloe Candies was leased to Saipem America and joins Harvey Discovery, HOS Innovator and other vessels in the Saipem America fleet specifically designed for offshore construction and repair projects.

While the three Candies vessels are not sister ships, they are remarkably similar in specifications. Grant Candies is 292-foot vessel with a 59-foot beam and a 24-foot molded depth with Class 2 DP, a 8,866-square-foot deck, a 25-foot-by-20-foot moon pool and active heave compensation to assist with the deployment of large heavy seabed infrastructure.

A 100-ton stern roller and a 100-ton Teleknuckle crane are used for over-boarding large structures and equipment unable to utilize the moon pool. Manifolds, jumpers, umbilicals, coiled tubing and flow lines are examples of equipment that need to use the crane and stern roller for deployment. The slightly larger Ross Candies will have a 150-ton crane.

Like many vessels of this type, Grant Candies uses a diesel electric power plant consisting of two Caterpillar 3512C diesels driving 1700-kilowatt generators and two Caterpillar 3516C engines powering 2250-kilowatt generators. This electrical power is used to run a pair of Schottel 2250-kilowatt stern thrusters (Z-drives) and two 1,000-kilowatt bow thrusters also by Schottel, plus ship’s power.

Trial speed of the vessel was 12 knots, design draft is 5.0 meters and deadweight is 3,700 tons.

Grant Candies is set up for major below-sea infrastructure work. The 100-ton single drum below the main deck deep-sea winch is located over the moon pool with a 100-ton deck mast. There are a pair of 200-hp Innovator ROVs with the ability to handle a variety of support tools that further expand the capabilities of Grant Candies.

There are accommodations for 86 persons in one-, two- and four-person cabins.

Grant Candies is classed by the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) A1 (E) Offshore Support Vessel, AMS, ACCU and DP-2. The vessel is also U.S.-flagged and full Ocean SOLAS.

Deep Marine Technologies (DMT), Houston, is a rapidly growing company that was named in Entrepreneur magazine as one of its Top 10 of the magazine’s Hot 500 firms.

Its specialty is working on subsea projects and it has built and purchased several vessels to carry out this mission.

In the past two years it has purchased three supply vessels from Otto Candies LLC. “We did the conversion work on all three vessels in our shipyard, Otto Candies Shipbuilding in Houma, La.,” said Brett Candies, traffic manager and vice president of Otto Candies LLC. These include Kelly Ann Candies, a 240-foot vessel now called DMT Sapphire, that will be used as an ROV support vessel and the 240-foot DMT Diamond, formerly Nicki Candies, will do construction support work. The 220-foot Agnes Candies, now DMT Topaz, has been equipped with a 40-ton knuckle boom crane, a 12-man saturation system for divers and a gas mixing system, to support a dive team as well as a diver-reclaim system.

DMT has also had Bender Shipbuilding and Repair Co., of Mobile, Ala., build a new 292-foot vessel, DMT Emerald, with capabilities to carry out a range of subsea construction and repair work.

DMT Emerald is powered by four Caterpillar 3516B engines coupled to 1,825-kilowatt Caterpillar gensets. A pair of Steerprop azimuthing Z-drives rated at 1,600 kilowatts each and two 1,000-hp Berg tunnel bow thrusters furnish propulsion power.

One of the outstanding features of this vessel is a 100-ton heave compensated lifting tower placed over the vessel’s 23-foot-by-25-foot moon pool to facilitate the installation and retrieval of subsea infrastructure. For over-the-side retrieval and placement of subsea construction assets, DMT Emerald mounts a Hydromarine 100-ton knuckle boom crane.

Two Triton 150-hp work-class ROVs by Perry Slingsby Systems, of Jupiter, Fla., are on board with 10,000-foot depth capacity. The vessel also carries the Deepworker 2000, a one-atmosphere submersible that can carry a diver to 1,800 feet deep and is outfitted with digital acoustic telemetry modems to transmit live images and data to DMT Emerald. The Deepworker 2000 is equipped with an onboard hydraulic-powered, multifunction manipulator and grabber.

A recent example of the type of work done by DMT Emerald is a project at the Blind Faith development in Mississippi Canyon operated by Chevron. Working for Aker Marine Contractors in 6,500 feet of water, the vessel was involved in tying in two 14-inch risers, one 6-inch riser and one 8-inch riser. In addition to the vessel-mounted ROV, surface divers were used.

The vessel offers accommodations for 73, has a helicopter landing deck rated up to a Sikorsky S76 helicopter and has a three-bed hospital.

“We believe the purchase of these new assets and plans for continued expansion of our fleet underscores the level of DMT’s commitment to the Gulf of Mexico and the oil and gas industry,” said Chief Executive Paul McKim.



My Note – they probably have some of those vessels helping with the oil spill in the Gulf without success despite the expense made on them. The ROVs could be on those boats – but to see the kinds of toys and tools they have out there available is good to know. Glad I found that article.

– cricketdiane


I went over to their business directory tab on the top middle bar – there were only two under government agencies – Corps of Engineers and one in Canada. Then there was one under some other official sounding category, (Military buyers and Government officials category).

And then I found this which is interesting mostly because it is in Houston, Texas and classifies 16% of the world’s ships. Are oil derricks ships? Are drilling platforms ships? Are the submersibles considered ships? Don’t know.

Det Norske Veritas (DNV)
Contact Information

Company Name: Det Norske Veritas (DNV)
Address: 16340 Park Ten Place, Suite 100 Houston, TX 77084  United States
Primary Phone: 281 721 6600
Fax Number: 281 721 6900
Website: http://www.dnv.com/
About Us
DNV currently classifies more than 5000 ships totalling more than 100 million grt. This constitutes 16 percent of the world’s fleet in tonnage terms.

Ship Classification is a system for safeguarding life, property and the environment at sea. It entails verification against a set of requirements during design, construction and operation of ships and offshore units. These requirements are based on the accumulated experience from DNV’s large classed fleet, research and development and almost 140 years of experience. Our surveyors stationed around the world work with customers to ensure compliance throughout the lifetime of the classified object.




Crews draining oil from Alaska wreck via hot tapping


Feds are probing vessel capacity issues in export-import liner trade

Wooden boats were undergoing restoration inside building
New vessels have largest pumping capacity among world’s fireboats

Feds’ grant to Caddell to enable local repairs to Staten Island Ferry

Operators of nation’s 30,000 uninspected vessels need licenses
U.S. humanitarian flotilla headed to Vietnam, Cambodia
(from their new page)



very nifty

photos (bunches of them) – and graphics of the Gulf of Mexico rigs and undersea setups for them and how they work

Schematic of the field layout.

The Constitution is based on the Kerr McGee’s Gunnison spar model and is capable of processing 40,000bd of oil and 200MMcfd of gas.

Cottonwood Field,
Map showing the location of the Cottonwood field.

Cottonwood field development diagram.

Glider, Gulf of Mexico
Shell has developed Glider using two multiphase production wells tied back 7 miles to the Brutus Tension Leg Platform (TLP), located in Green Canyon Block 158.

The pipeline end terminal handling system.

Installation of the Gyrfalcon subsea tree.

Schematic of the Gyrfalcon project, with the subsea system linking to the Boxer platform.

The methanol and chemical-injection pumping system.

An artist’s impression of the Marine 700 semisubmersible deepwater drilling unit in operation.

Horn Mountain Field, Gulf of Mexico

Transporting the hull from Finland.

Independence Hub, Gulf of Mexico

The Independence Hub is a development based on six natural gas anchor fields in the Atwater Valley, DeSoto Canyon and Lloyd Ridge areas of the deepwater Gulf of Mexico.

The fields will be tied-back to the platform through producer-owned subsea flowline systems.

The platform, which is operated by Anadarko, has excess payload capacity to tie-back up to ten additional fields.
Kaskida Field
Devon Energy contract
Devon Energy signed a $690m contract with Seadrill in 2006 to use the West Sirius rig for drilling in the Gulf of Mexico.
The Kaskida field
The Kaskida field is situated in block 292 in Keathley Canyon in the Gulf of Mexico.
Geological forms
Geological forms in the Gulf of Mexico became accessible to crude and oil companies in 2006.

King Field, Gulf of Mexico

The King booster assembly consists of a manifold base skid supporting the pump module itself. Each of the 70t assemblies were located over 3.6m-diameter suction piles.

The King Field is one of three fields producing from the Marlin TLP and represents more than half of Marlin TLP production.

The King complex lies 18 miles from Marlin in the Viosca Knoll area, approximately 84 miles southeast of New Orleans.

The deepwater 16-mile-long power umbilical consists of a main dynamic and an infield umbilical.

Knotty Head Field,

The Knotty Head field lies in 3,500ft of water close to the Chevron-operated Tahiti and Tonga discoveries.

The Knotty Head well was drilled by the TransOcean Discoverer Spirit drillship.

Longhorn Gas Field
The Longhorn Gas Field
The Longhorn Gas Field is situated in the Gulf of Mexico’s Mississippi Canyon, which is located about 60 miles off the Louisiana coast.
Longhorn Gas Field
During its initial years of production, the Longhorn Gas Field is expected to produce approximately 200 million cubic feet of gas per day.
Canyon Express gas field
The Canyon Express gas field in the Mississippi Canyon.

Map of the Angus, into which Manatee feeds.

Manatee Field, Gulf of Mexico

The MacTree subsea system.

Schematic of the Angus area.

Schematic of the Manatee development.

The oil and gas are exported by a pipeline system owned by GulfTerra.

The Marco Polo field is located in Green Canyon block 608, 160 miles south of New Orleans.

Seabed topography in the Atlantis area.

Mars pipelines and their capacities.

Schematic of the topside of the Mars TLP

The Mensa subsea production system and the subsea tree.

Schematic of the subsea tree. The three subsea trees provide the interface between the wellheads and the infield flowlines.

Mensa Schematic. When it came on stream in July 1997, Mensa was the deepest production well in the world although this has since been superseded by Marlim Sul.

Map of Na Kika.

Schematic of the Na Kika field.

BHP Billiton’s deepwater Shenzi oil and gas field lies in the Gulf of Mexico in Green Canyon Blocks 609, 610, 653, and 654, approximately 120 miles from the coast of Louisiana.

The initial Shenzi field development will consist of seven producing wells, and the full field development is expected to have up to 15 producing wells.

Atwater Valley
Telemark is situated in Atwater Valley block 63 at a water depth of 4,450ft in the US Gulf of Mexico.

Thunder Horse listing after the passage of Hurricane Dennis in 2005.



go there – it is very enlightening – these folks have been very, very busy


USGS: Your source for science you can use

As an unbiased, multi-disciplinary science organization that focuses on biology, geography, geology, geospatial information, and water, we are dedicated to the timely, relevant, and impartial study of the landscape, our natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten us. Learn more about our goals and priorities for the coming decade in our Science Strategy.


Our Mission: Protecting America’s Great Outdoors and Powering Our Future

The U.S. Department of the Interior protects America’s natural resources and heritage, honors our cultures and tribal communities, and supplies the energy to power our future.


The Department of the Interior and Bureau of Land Management launched several reforms to the onshore oil and gas leasing process in an effort to improve protections for land, water, and wildlife and reduce potential conflicts that can lead to costly and time-consuming protests and litigation of leases. In addition, Secretary Salazar issued a Secretarial Order creating a new Energy Reform Team.

Secretary Salazar said the following about the new reforms:

We need a fresh look – from inside the federal government and from outside – at how we can better manage Americans’ energy resources. The new guidance BLM is issuing for field managers will help bring clarity, consistency, and public engagement to the onshore oil and gas leasing process while balancing the many resource values that the Bureau of Land Management is entrusted with protecting on behalf of the American people. In addition, with the help of our new Energy Reform Team, we will improve the Department’s internal operations to better manage publicly owned energy resources and the revenues they produce.

Many of the reforms that the Bureau of Land Management will undertake follow the recommendations of an interdisciplinary review team that studied a controversial 2008 oil and gas lease sale in Utah.

Under the reformed oil and gas leasing policy, BLM will provide the following:

  • Comprehensive interdisciplinary reviews that take into account site-specific considerations for individual lease sales. Resource Management Plans will continue to provide programmatic-level guidance, but individual parcels nominated for leasing will undergo increased internal and external coordination, public participation, interdisciplinary review of available information, confirmation of Resource Management Plan conformance as well as site visits to parcels when necessary;
  • Greater public involvement in developing Master Leasing and Development Plans for areas where intensive new oil and gas extraction is anticipated so that other important natural resource values can be fully considered prior to making an irreversible commitment to develop an area;
  • Leadership in identifying areas where new oil and gas leasing will occur. The bureau will continue to accept industry expressions of interest regarding where to offer leases, but will emphasize leasing in already-developed areas and will plan carefully for leasing and development in new areas.

A comparison of the new guidance with current policy can be found here.

BLM Director Bob Abbey sat down with us to help explain what these new reforms mean for BLM and for oil and gas companies. Check out video of our interview with Director Abbey here.



Deepwater Horizon Update – 5/2/2010


Deepwater Horizon fire

Update: Further information on the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill resource page.


Release: Robert, La. — As part of the federal government’s coordinated oversight and support of BP’s response to its spill in the Gulf of Mexico, the Department of the Interior will establish a new Outer Continental Shelf Safety Board, conduct a full review of offshore drilling safety and technology issues, and further tighten oversight of industry equipment testing Ken Salazar announced today.

Learn More





Advisory: WASHINGTON—Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Secretary Janet Napolitano, Department of the Interior (DOI) Secretary Ken Salazar and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Lisa Jackson will travel to the Gulf Coast on Friday at the request of President Obama to inspect ongoing operations dedicated to minimizing environmental risks in the areas affected by leaking oil—part of their continued oversight and emphasis on interagency coordination in response to the BP Oil Spill. Learn more.


Release: Salazar and Napolitano Launch Full Investigation of Deepwater Horizon Incident in the Gulf of Mexico


The Department of the Interior and the Minerals Management Service are supporting the U.S. Coast Guard in the response to an April 20 incident in the US Gulf of Mexico involving the drilling rig Deepwater Horizon. For updates, visit http://www.d8externalaffairs.com/go/site/2931/


Bureau of Land Management

http://www.blm.gov/ » The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) manages 253 million acres of surface acres of public lands located primarily in the 12 Western States, including Alaska. The agency also manages 700 million acres of subsurface mineral estate located throughout the country. Originally, these lands were valued principally for the commodities extracted from them; today, the public also prizes them for their recreational opportunities and as well as for their natural, historical, and cultural resources.

BLM Settles Lawsuit Involving Use of Categorical Exclusions for Oil and Gas Leasing


Release Date: 03/31/10
Contacts: Matt Spangler , 202-912-7414

BLM Settles Lawsuit Involving Use of Categorical Exclusions for Oil and Gas Leasing

The Bureau of Land Management today announced settlement of a lawsuit challenging its use in Utah of categorical exclusion provision in the Energy Policy Act of 2005.

In the suit, environmental and historic preservation groups contested the BLM’s use of statutory “categorical exclusions” to approve 30 applications for permits to drill oil and gas wells near Nine Mile Canyon in Utah. Categorical exclusions, originally created in the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, allow federal agencies to approve projects on federal land without conducting more extensive environmental reviews if the agency determines the projects will not have significant environmental impacts.

Section 390 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 established five new categorical exclusions specifically for oil and gas development, including those that disturb less than 5 acres on a leasehold, and drilling in a location where drilling has occurred in the previous five years.

In the litigation, plaintiffs asserted that BLM violated NEPA by not considering whether there were “extraordinary circumstances” that would preclude the use of categorical exclusions to approve drilling projects in Nine Mile Canyon. Those circumstances included the release of corrosive dust into the air and onto neighboring rock art panels and other cultural resources in the canyon.

In the settlement, the BLM agreed: not to issue any more categorical exclusions in the Nine Mile Canyon area until a full-field environmental impact statement is completed for the area; to continue studying the impacts of dust on petroglyphs in the area; and to issue national guidance stating that the extraordinary circumstances provision of NEPA applies to the Section 390 categorical exclusions.

“We are pleased to have reached a settlement,” BLM Director Bob Abbey said. “This settlement is consistent with BLM’s plans to issue additional guidance on when and how Section 390 categorical exclusions will be applied to oil and gas drilling projects.”
The BLM manages more land – 253 million acres – than any other Federal agency. This land, known as the National System of Public Lands, is primarily located in 12 Western states, including Alaska. The Bureau, with a budget of about $1 billion, also administers 700 million acres of sub-surface mineral estate throughout the nation. The BLM’s multiple-use mission is to sustain the health and productivity of the public lands for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations. The Bureau accomplishes this by managing such activities as outdoor recreation, livestock grazing, mineral development, and energy production, and by conserving natural, historical, cultural, and other resources on public lands.

The Bureau of Land Management today announced settlement of a lawsuit challenging its use in Utah of categorical exclusion provision in the Energy Policy Act of 2005.

In the suit, environmental and historic preservation groups contested the BLM’s use of statutory “categorical exclusions” to approve 30 applications for permits to drill oil and gas wells near Nine Mile Canyon in Utah. Categorical exclusions, originally created in the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, allow federal agencies to approve projects on federal land without conducting more extensive environmental reviews if the agency determines the projects will not have significant environmental impacts.

Section 390 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 established five new categorical exclusions specifically for oil and gas development, including those that disturb less than 5 acres on a leasehold, and drilling in a location where drilling has occurred in the previous five years.

In the litigation, plaintiffs asserted that BLM violated NEPA by not considering whether there were “extraordinary circumstances” that would preclude the use of categorical exclusions to approve drilling projects in Nine Mile Canyon. Those circumstances included the release of corrosive dust into the air and onto neighboring rock art panels and other cultural resources in the canyon.

In the settlement, the BLM agreed: not to issue any more categorical exclusions in the Nine Mile Canyon area until a full-field environmental impact statement is completed for the area; to continue studying the impacts of dust on petroglyphs in the area; and to issue national guidance stating that the extraordinary circumstances provision of NEPA applies to the Section 390 categorical exclusions.

“We are pleased to have reached a settlement,” BLM Director Bob Abbey said. “This settlement is consistent with BLM’s plans to issue additional guidance on when and how Section 390 categorical exclusions will be applied to oil and gas drilling projects.”

The BLM manages more land – 253 million acres – than any other Federal agency. This land, known as the National System of Public Lands, is primarily located in 12 Western states, including Alaska. The Bureau, with a budget of about $1 billion, also administers 700 million acres of sub-surface mineral estate throughout the nation. The BLM’s multiple-use mission is to sustain the health and productivity of the public lands for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations. The Bureau accomplishes this by managing such activities as outdoor recreation, livestock grazing, mineral development, and energy production, and by conserving natural, historical, cultural, and other resources on public lands.
–BLM–Washington Office   1849 C Street N.W.      Washington, DC 20452



BLM Schedules 38 Oil and Natural Gas Lease Sales on Public Lands for 2010

TUE, NOVEMBER 24, 2009, 3:47 PM EST

The Department of the Interior has scheduled 38 oil and natural gas lease sales for U.S. public lands in 2010, including a sale in the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska, the first in nearly two years. Read More >


Minerals Management Service

http://www.mms.gov/ »

The Minerals Management Service (MMS), a bureau within the Department of Interior, regulates and manages the development of energy and mineral resources in the Federal waters off the nation’s shores. MMS also collects, audits and distributes all energy and mineral revenues from these federal waters as well as from energy and mineral resources on both Federal and Indian lands.

Central Gulf of Mexico Lease Sale 213 Attracts $949 Million in High Bids

Bids Received for MMS Central Gulf of Mexico Lease Sale

MMS Awards First Grants to Support Conservation, Protection and Restoration of California’s Coastal and Marine Environments

MMS and NOAA Scientists Study Prey of Gulf of Mexico Sperm Whales

(Well – they don’t have to worry about what the prey are in the Gulf of Mexico anymore for any mammals, birds, fish, crustaceans, whales or anything else – they will be drinking oil for a while and their prey is unlikely to be available – )

– cricketdiane, 05-03-10

No more, will have to work on this tomorrow or some other time someday . . .

Last one –

Release: 4076
Date: March 17, 2010

Central Gulf of Mexico Lease Sale 213 Attracts $949 Million in High Bids

NEW ORLEANS – Central Gulf of Mexico Oil and Gas Lease Sale 213, held today in New Orleans, attracted $949,265,959 in high bids. The sale was conducted by Interior’s Minerals Management Service (MMS) and had 77 companies submitting 642 bids on 468 tracts comprising over 2.4 million acres offshore Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama. The sum of all bids received totaled $1,300,075,693.

“The bidding activity at today’s sale speaks to the future of deepwater Gulf in providing vital energy production for the nation,” said Lars Herbst, MMS Gulf of Mexico regional director. “There was also an increase in interest in shallower waters that offers deep gas potential, which is encouraging.”

A total of 151 tracts in water depths less than 656 feet received bids. This represents 32 percent of all tracts receiving bids, an increase of five percent from last year’s Central Gulf lease sale.

The highest bid received on a tract was $52,560,000 submitted by Anadarko E & P Company LP and Mariner Energy, Inc., for Walker Ridge Block 793.

Each high bid on a tract will go through an evaluation process within MMS to ensure the public receives fair market value before a lease is awarded.

Sale statistics for Central Sale 213 are posted on the MMS website.

News Media Contact:
MMS Public Affairs-Gulf

MMS: Securing Ocean Energy & Economic Value for America
U.S. Department of the Interior

Minerals Management Service – US Government




US Fish and Wildlife Service


(also Department of the Interior – figures)

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

http://www.fws.gov »

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is the only agency of the U.S. Government whose primary responsibility is fish, wildlife, and plant conservation. The Service helps protect a healthy environment for people, fish and wildlife, and helps Americans conserve and enjoy the outdoors and our living treasures. The Service’s major responsibilities are for migratory birds, endangered species, certain marine mammals, and freshwater and anadromous fish.

Service Launches Earth Day 40th Anniversary Web Portal!

They certainly found a way to celebrate earth day this year with the help of British Petroleum, TransOcean and Halliburton – it just gets better and better.

And that is enough for one day . . .

– cricketdiane


Some of the other offices in the Department of the Interior –

Office of Natural Resource Restoration

Coordinated Ocean, Coastal and Great Lakes Activities

Environmental Policy & Compliance

Interior Library

National Business Center

Congressional and Legislative Affairs

Video –


Photos –


Also in the Department of the Interior – the keepers of the dams and water

Bureau of Reclamation

http://www.usbr.gov/ »

The mission of the Bureau of Reclamation is to manage, develop, and protect water and related resources in an environmentally and economically sound manner in the interest of the American public.

Established in 1902, Reclamation is the largest wholesale water supplier in the country, delivering 10 trillion gallons of water to more than 31 million people. Reclamation manages 457 dams, and its 348 reservoirs have more than 90 million recreation visits annually.

Reclamation is also the nation’s second largest producer of hydropower and the tenth largest electric utility generating about 42 billion kilowatt hours a year.




Salazar Launches Full Review of Offshore Drilling Safety Issues during Visit to Oil Spill Command Centers on Gulf Coas


Search page for Library – Department of Interior –


e-library OPAC


done, for now –