In the United States, sugar cane is grown commercially in Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, and Texas.
Top ten sugarcane producers — 11 June 2008
People’s Republic of China 106,316,000
Pakistan 54,752,000 P
Colombia 40,000,000 F
United States 27,750,600
Philippines 25,300,000 F
World 1,557,664,978 A
P = official figure, F = FAO estimate, * = Unofficial/Semi-official/mirror data, C = Calculated figure
A = Aggregate (may include official, semi-official or estimates);
Source: Food And Agricultural Organization of United Nations: Economic And Social Department: The Statistical Division
English: Map of sugarcane output across the world compiled by the University of Minnesota Institute on the Environment with data from:
Monfreda, C., N. Ramankutty, and J.A. Foley. 2008. Farming the planet: 2. Geographic distribution of crop areas, yields, physiological types, and net primary production in the year 2000. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 22: GB1022
10 March 2010
Sugar Cane- wikipedia
Ribbon cane syrup
Ribbon cane is a subtropical type that was once widely grown in the southern United States, as far north as coastal North Carolina. The juice was extracted with horse or mule-powered crushers; the juice was boiled, like maple syrup, in a flat pan, and then used in the syrup form as a food sweetener. It is not currently a commercial crop, but a few growers find ready sales for their product.. Most U.S. sugarcane production occurs in Florida and Louisiana, and to a lesser extent in Hawaii and Texas.
produces 75% of the shrimp
$2.5 Billion dollars in loss of revenue to Louisiana alone in commercial fishing
25% – 30% of the seafood for America comes from this area
I want to know what was made for the lease on this well – how much for exploratory and how much for producing wells
Watched on bloomberg – Tony Hayward of BP – he cares genuinely – so where is the problem, is it with the culture of BP and others in the oil industry generally – their operating officers or what?
Venice, Louisiana was a staging area until the weather turned – everything slowed down from the weather – CNN
13” to 20” of rain in Tennessee has caused this flooding – Cumberland River is cresting at over 51 feet – a record of all time
CNN is in new studios on the seventh floor since 9 am this morning
2.02 pm / 05-03-10
My Note –
On the map of sugarcane, when I clicked over to the large map – one of the descriptions used was its source – and so I’m going to look up what they are doing in general and the kinds of resources available there –
University of Minnesota Institute on the Environment
From this opening page –
We often view land use as a local environmental issue, but it’s quickly becoming a matter of global importance. Today, we use more than 15 million square kilometers, an area about the size of South America, just to grow crops. For pasture and rangeland, we use more than 32 million square kilometers—an area comparable to the continent of Africa. Altogether, our cities, crops and pastures occupy more than 40 percent of the planet’s total land surface.
By the year 2050, the world population is expected to reach about 9 billion. That’s almost 3 billion more people who need food, water and shelter to survive. This rapid population growth, combined with rising dietary and biofuel consumption, has led to a major transformation of Earth’s land, water and air systems.
Through the Global Landscapes Initiative (GLI), the Institute on the Environment is working to understand extreme land use changes, to improve our ability to balance human needs with environmental stewardship, and to promote secure landscapes across the globe.
My Note –
I would say this is a major transformation in the environment of the Gulf of Mexico and it also fits with what they are saying, that in this case, of harvesting oil in the Gulf of Mexico giving the trade off that every other industry and resource in the area now will pay. That includes fishing, tourism, wildlife protection areas, marsh and wetlands that protect from storm surges, bird sanctuaries, shrimping, lifestyles, local communities, air and water quality, coastal beaches, possibly shipping – and one commentator last night suggested that the oil spill may affect other drilling rigs and platforms in the area. It presents a danger of fire, along with the pollution and killing of the marine and wildlife in the area apparently, the oil can clog machinery and may also impact ships that would otherwise be going through the area.
along the left sidebar of this page –
from Our Work link –
While landscapes are now routinely monitored from space, satellite images can tell us only so much. To describe the “on the ground” practices of agriculture, forestry and urban expansion, we must also use ground-based data on fertilizer use, irrigation, crop selection and more. U of M scientists are partnering with colleagues at McGill University to develop pioneering techniques for combining satellite- and ground-based information on land use at the global scale.
Ultimately, the GLI researchers aim to build new datasets of croplands, pastures, forests and urban lands—including new data on productivity, land use practices and land degradation—around the world. The research team is paying particular attention to the Amazon Basin and the United States due to the regions’ global relevance.
My Note –
That means there might be some integrated demographics and land use / industry use maps – maybe some satellite images that explain bigger sense pictures of the Gulf
4″ thick oil slick covering how many thousand square miles? said on bloomberg just now – HMMMM>>>>>> growl.
and they also showed a graphic of a pipe under the sea floor where they are expecting to try drilling into it to divert that part – there are three leaks right now, how many more are they going to make? Just a thought, maybe cynical.
Going back to the page with the University of Michigan Institute on the Environment, about their work page on the Global Landscapes Initiative –
GLI experts are assessing how agricultural systems are distributed worldwide and how they might change in the future. Through land use datasets and ecological modeling tools, the team is examining the links among land use practices, agricultural production and the underlying patterns of climate and soil quality.
Initial results show a disturbing trend: The regions of the world with the least suitable agricultural lands are likely to be those hit hardest by increasing population and climate change.
Land Use Impacts on Ecosystems
Land use and agriculture play a vital role in sustaining the health, nourishment and economy of the world’s population. At the same time, some land use practices can degrade the quality of our soils, waterways, air and other natural resources.
The GLI researchers are working to understand how human land use activities impact the planet’s biological and physical systems. This research concentrates on the changing nature of global ecosystems and watersheds, and how they interact with the atmosphere and oceans.
The research team is also building and testing computer models of the world’s ecosystems, watersheds and climate patterns, and their connections to land use. Such innovative models will reveal how ecological, climatic and hydrological processes interact to support the rich diversity of life on Earth.
My Note – looks like there are a lot of resources that might show a more integrated picture about the Gulf Coast area and where is that island where they make Tabasco – I’ve got to look at a map and see if the new peppers will be bottled with the smell of petroleum. Oh yum.
There was a picture on bloomberg a little while ago showing a turtle pulled out of the oil – dead – obviously not the only one and all the little baby turtles are there too. It is so massive, that it is hard to get my head around it.
The oil company specialists out there who are the “professionals” must have the experience to know what they are doing – but why does it look like that isn’t the case?
Why does it look like what they’ve been doing for over fifteen years in order to clean up, solve and fix these oil spills and crude oil disasters have left an entire universe to be desired. It looks like they’ve been doing a very poor job in the long run and devastated many, many things and places they couldn’t fix worth a damn.
What kind of engineering is that? At what point is the level of professionalism and experience considered inadequate and a distasteful place to defer the good sense anyone could use on it?
I need to learn so much more. I don’t understand it. There must be more that explains it better or maybe I just don’t know enough about it yet. I’ll keep looking.
And, why aren’t the solutions throughout the world, throughout the research academic sources, throughout the information sources available to these oil industry executives, engineers and professionals – not evident in the things available to them for this crude oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico? Where are those things on the menu for any of them?
I understand the oil industry has been making the dispersal agents they are choosing to use rather than any of the other ones that might be available including everything that might not be toxic to the wildlife. I get that part and how they buy it from themselves by the thousands of barrels and then write it off on their tax liabilities against profits. I got that. It isn’t right – but that is the short-sighted greed driven thinking that did that part of it. I see it. Anyone could see it, once the pieces are there to see it.
But, I don’t get why, after the first oil spill disaster of any kind destroyed the livelihoods of entire communities and their future opportunities, destroyed the wildlife everywhere it touched, destroyed the marine and coastal environments and at the same time, proved the methods they were using to fix it further added to the toxic damages – why would the oil industry do it that same way again after that? Quite a sentence – but that is what I don’t understand between the industry, the academics, the engineers, the executives and the government regulators responsible for all the parts of it.
Going back to the sugar cane article right quick on wikipedia – I found this absolutely magic –
Some sugarcane varieties are known to be capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen in association with a bacterium, Acetobacter diazotrophicus. Unlike legumes and other nitrogen fixing plants which form root nodules in the soil in association with bacteria, A. diazotrophicus lives within the intercellular spaces of the sugarcane’s stem.
That offers a solution for my house with all the nitrogen based fumes coming in the windows from the roadways and freeway that sits half a mile away – I’ll get some sugarcane and grow it in my sunroom. Hmmm…. good news.
^ Z. Dong et al., A Nitrogen-Fixing Endophyte of Sugarcane Stems (A New Role for the Apoplast), Plant Physiology, 1994, Vol 105, Issue 4 1139-1147
(I’m going to look this up later. Sounds very promising for a number of very difficult air pollution areas where car and truck exhaust fumes are socking into areas in great concentration – including where I live.)
And back to the Global Landscapes Initiative – University of Michigan –
GLI experts are examining the role of land use and land cover change in the carbon cycle. Using historical land use data and global ecosystem models, the researchers can measure current patterns of carbon uptake and release from ecosystems, along with the potential for carbon sequestration worldwide.
Note: The current datasets of the Global Landscapes Initiative were developed in collaboration with McGill University and the University of Wisconsin.
developed in collaboration with McGill University and the University of Wisconsin. (lookup these)
I also pulled up a document from several months ago that included this
National Association for the Specialty Food Trade
The National Association for the Specialty Food Trade is a not-for-profit business trade association established in 1952 to foster trade, commerce and interest in the specialty food industry.
The NASFT is an international organization composed of domestic and foreign manufacturers, importers, distributors, brokers, retailers, restaurateurs, caterers and others in the specialty foods business. The organization has more than 3,000 current member companies throughout the U.S. and overseas.
My Note –
I want to understand how this is impacting many of their 3,000 members as the entire Gulf Coast area is such a prime source of seafood, shrimp and no-telling what else. They have to be shifting to get the raw food materials from somewhere else. There would be ripples through many industries that have come suddenly – so what do they do? Are they doing that right now? My guess is – probably so. Crawfish isn’t going to be coming from the Gulf either, not oysters, clams, fish, bluefin tuna – what else?
Opening new tab with
(also found on my document from awhile back – to see when the next show is.)
Summer Fancy Foods Show
June 27 – 29, 2010
New York Jacob K. Javits Center, New York
North America’s Largest Specialty Food & Beverage Event is coming to New York City this June! 180,000 products including confections, cheese, coffee, snacks, spices, ethnic, natural, organic and more. 2,500 exhibitors, 81 countries represented and 24,000 attendees.
My Note –
When they chose to burn off that crude oil – the big column of black smoke didn’t stay where they were burning. It goes up – it comes down. When it comes down – where is it? What is under that precipitation?
And, when the oil / crude petroleum smell permeates everything, what happens to food crops in the area?
Also, my other significant question – where would I find a list of all the fish, crustaceans, jellyfish and squid, marine mammals, types of turtles, birds, egrets or whatever marsh birds, insects, bees, and other wildlife affected by this. Where would I find such a list in one place?
Want to look up this – from list on publications page of Global Landscapes Initiative –
Foley, J.A., C. Monfreda, J.A. Patz, and N. Ramankutty. Agriculture, Land Use and the Transformation of Planet Earth, a book chapter submitted to the Princeton Guide to Ecology, in press.
Princeton Guide to Ecology
I had clicked over to the News Tab on the Specialty Food association site – and then to “Specialty Food News” – their industry magazine and found this about halfway down the page – will have to look it up later and see what the impacts from the Gulf Coast oil spill likely will be –
Closed sugar cane wikipedia entry tab, Specialty Food News tab and Global Landscapes Initiative tabs
Opened google search using these terms –
gasoline refineries Gulf of Mexico
Globe and Mail
|BP Spill Threatens Gulf of Mexico Oil, Gas Operations – 5 hours ago
Royal Dutch Shell Plc operates refining joint ventures with partners at four Gulf Coast refineries. The company also has Gulf of Mexico drilling operations, …
BusinessWeek – 4705 related articles »
My Note – There was a comment last night or early this morning that there are speculators trading on the belief that the oil is capping itself off in the Gulf of Mexico – and will stop gushing oil today or at least by tomorrow. Where do they live?
And, then I remembered a thought I had the other day after T. Boone Pickens was talking on CNN about how this isn’t the big deal that all the news stations are making out of it (concerning the oil spill in the Gulf). And, that thought is –
also, T. Boone Pickens, (and any of his oil wildcatter speculators and friends), wouldn’t fill his bathtub with crude oil in his bathwater and then get in it to take a bath – he wouldn’t stand the fumes, let alone want to be anywhere with his body in it. (that was my thought about it.)
Thinking about it today, I realized that those same people listed with Mr. T. Boone, above – are the decision-makers who don’t mind letting marine animals live in the same crude oil they wouldn’t put in their own bathtubs just to take a bath for any short period of time. Maybe the thinking of these decision making executives, speculators and oil traders would be improved by a closer experience with reality.
I’m going to look at these two from the google search for gasoline refineries Gulf of Mexico –
Feb 3, 2010 … This map displays active leases, oil and gas structures, pipelines, area boundaries, lease term lines, oil refineries, supply bases, … Note: All coordinates for the Gulf of Mexico Region leases and cadastre data are …
Which yields these –
Gulf Coast Offshore Oil Platforms and Rigs Maps
Below are free pdf maps of the major locations of the 6659 active and removed oil platforms and rigs, of which 819 are still fully manned. These maps cover the Gulf Coast oil rigs and offshore pipelines of Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas. Many of these platforms and oil rigs were either sunk or set adrift after hurricane Katrina and Rita struck this area of the gulf in August/Sept. 2005. The Gulf of Mexico normally pumps about 1.5 million barrels per day (bpd) of US crude, a quarter of domestic output and equivalent to nearly 2 percent of global oil production. As we now know, any disruption to this area can cause oil prices to dramatically increase.
(with this – )
(and this -)
Types of Offshore Platforms – Oil platform and rig designs for different water depths. Rigs and platforms used for both natural gas and crude oil extraction.
GOMR Geographic Information System (GIS) Data and Maps
The MMS Mapping & Boundary Branch performs mathematical offshore boundary location computations and prepares Official Protraction Diagrams (OPDs), and Supplemental Official OCS Block Diagrams (SOBDs) depicting OCS Block information, the Submerged Lands Act Boundary (aka – State Seaward Boundary), Limit of “8(g) Zone”, the Continental Shelf Boundary (CSB) which marks the limit of U.S. jurisdiction for offshore mineral development, and corresponding area measurements. For clarification of Acronyms, see Codes and Abbreviations for Map/OPD/Area. The analytical procedures employed and the computer programs utilized to perform various offshore boundary geometric computations are described in OCS Report MMS 99-0006.
· Gulf of Mexico Geographic Mapping Data
Geographic mapping data available for free downloading includes cadastral, regulatory, and resource features. Some of the numerous files available include lease, block, and protraction polygons, fairways, pipelines and platforms. Three formats are available for download: ArcInfo, ASCII, and DXF.
· Gulf of Mexico Lease Information
Periodically, the Minerals Management Service holds Oil and Gas Lease Sales in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM). Recent sale maps with active leases can be found by viewing the individual sale information that is listed on the navigation toolbar to the left of the Lease Sale page (e.g. Western Sale 204)
- General Purpose Maps
This map displays active leases, oil and gas structures, pipelines, area boundaries, lease term lines, oil refineries, supply bases, crude oil terminals, and water depth in meters.
(and this, among other things – )
For additional information regarding Biological Stipulations questions may be directed to James Sinclair at (504) 736-2789.
Gulf of Mexico OPD Images
A standard OPD is 1 degree in latitude by 2 degrees in longitude (at lower latitudes: 0 – 48 degrees). At higher latitudes (48 – 75 degrees) such as Alaska and northern Washington, OPDs are 3 degrees wide. OPD limits usually approximate the standard 1:250,000 scale U.S. Geological Survey topographic map series. The OPDs are numbered using the United Nations International Map of the World Numbering System. OPD names usually coincide with standard topographic sheet names when diagrams include land areas. OPD sheet names relate to land features, or to hydrographic features contained within the limits of the diagram. Shoreline planimetric detail is shown when it falls within the limits of a diagram. Older OPDs were prepared on mylar with manual cartographic methods and then scanned into Adobe .pdf files. Newer OPDs were prepared electronically and converted to Arc Info .gra files and Adobe .pdf files
A Supplemental Official OCS Block Diagram (SOBD) is prepared for each block intersected by an offshore boundary (Submerged Lands Act Boundary, Limit of “8(g) Zone”, National Marine Sanctuaries, etc.). Note that not all OPDs contain such boundaries, therefore not all OPDs have SOBDs associated with them. For the purpose of future Lease Sales, always be sure to use the most recent version.
|Official Protraction Diagrams (OPD)||GOMR_gra.zip
Updated 05/25/2007 GOMR_pdf.zip
|All current, published NAD 27 OPDs for the GOM Region in either Arc/Info Graphics file format (.gra) or Adobe (.pdf) format have been zipped together in a single file.|
(found here -)
Also noticed this group of links at the bottom of that page – which look very interesting actually considering they are the “Minerals Management Service” of the US government –
Home | Search | Topic Index | About MMS | What’s New | Press Releases/Reports
Upcoming Events | Fast Facts | Products/Free Data | Deep Gas | Offshore Info | Lease Info
Environmental Info | Production Info | Hurricane Info | Online Ordering System | P.I. Data System
MMS Ocean Science | OEMM e-Gov | Forms | Jobs | Kid’s Page | FOIA | Info Quality Guidelines
E-Mail Subscriptions | Navigation | Contact Us
Clicking on Home link – yields this –
and a long list on the left sidebar including quick facts
– I plan to look at the first two from the above list – I’ll start a new blog post with them and continue . . .