An interesting requirement of the law regarding California schools –
(And they have to do it, whether it is a first grade class or community college, believe it or not -)
(4) If the county superintendent determines that a school does not have sufficient textbooks or instructional materials in accordance with subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 60119 and as defined by subdivision (c) of Section 60119, the county superintendent shall do all of the following: (A) Prepare a report that specifically identifies and documents the areas or instances of noncompliance. (B) Provide within five business days of the review, a copy of the report to the school district, as provided in subdivision (c), or, if applicable, provide a copy of the report to the school district within 10 business days pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (3). (C) Provide the school district with the opportunity to remedy the deficiency. The county superintendent shall ensure remediation of the deficiency no later than the second month of the school term. ********* Read this part especially ****** (D) If the deficiency is not remedied as required pursuant to subparagraph (C), the county superintendent shall request the department to purchase the textbooks or instructional materials necessary to comply with the sufficiency requirement of this subdivision. If the department purchases textbooks or instructional materials for the school district, the department shall issue a public statement at the first regularly scheduled meeting of the state board occurring immediately after the department receives the request of the county superintendent and that meets the applicable public notice requirements, indicating that the district superintendent and the governing board of the school district failed to provide pupils with sufficient textbooks or instructional materials as required by this subdivision. Before purchasing the textbooks or instructional materials, the department shall consult with the district to determine which textbooks or instructional materials to purchase. All purchases of textbooks or instructional materials shall comply with Chapter 3.25 (commencing with Section 60420) of Part 33. The amount of funds necessary for the purchase of the textbooks and materials is a loan to the school district receiving the textbooks or instructional materials. Unless the school district repays the amount owed based upon an agreed-upon repayment schedule with the Superintendent, the Superintendent shall notify the Controller and the Controller shall deduct an amount equal to the total amount used to purchase the textbooks and materials from the next principal apportionment of the district or from another apportionment of state funds. http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/displaycode?section=edc&group=01001-02000&file=1240-1281 *** (or from another apportionment of state funds . . . ) yep, they have to cover the costs from somewhere else - not cut back - ** somebody needs to explain it in terms of lawsuits that they are able to hear . . . - cricketdiane ** California laws about education - protests today about budget cuts and tuition hikes which are exclusionary and discrimination based on status - financial status - not acceptable - California and US higher education state colleges and universities are raising tuitions illegally *** EDUCATION CODE SECTION 17075.10-17075.1517075.10. (a) A school district may apply for hardship assistance in cases of extraordinary circumstances. Extraordinary circumstances may include, but are not limited to, the need to repair, reconstruct, or replace the most vulnerable school facilities that are identified as a Category 2 building, as defined in the report submitted pursuant to Section 17317, determined by the department to pose an unacceptable risk of injury to its occupants in the event of a seismic event. (b) A school district applying for hardship state funding under this article shall comply with either paragraph (1) or (2). (1) Demonstrate both of the following: (A) That due to extreme financial, disaster-related, or other hardship the school district has unmet need for pupil housing. (B) That the school district is not financially capable of providing the matching funds otherwise required for state participation, that the district has made all reasonable efforts to impose all levels of local debt capacity and development fees, and that the school district is, therefore, unable to participate in the program pursuant to this chapter except as set forth in this article. (2) Demonstrate that due to unusual circumstances that are beyond the control of the district, excessive costs need to be incurred in the construction of school facilities. Funds for the purpose of seismic mitigation work or facility replacement pursuant to this section shall be allocated by the board on a 50-percent state share basis from funds reserved for that purpose in any bond approved by the voters after January 1, 2006. If the board determines that the seismic mitigation work of a school building would require funding that is greater than 50 percent of the funds required to construct a new facility, the school district shall be eligible for funding to construct a new facility under this chapter. (c) The board shall review the increased costs that may be uniquely associated with urban construction and shall adjust the per-pupil grant for new construction or modernization hardship applications as necessary to accommodate those costs. The board shall adopt regulations setting forth the standards, methodology, and a schedule of allowable adjustments, for the urban adjustment factor established pursuant to this subdivision. 17075.15. (a) From funds available from any bond act for the purpose of funding facilities for school districts with a financial hardship, the board may provide other construction, modernization, or relocation assistance as set forth in this chapter or Chapter 14 (commencing with Section 17085) to the extent that severe circumstances may require, and may adjust or defer the local financial participation, as pupil health and safety considerations require to the extent that bond act funds are provided for this purpose. (b) The board shall adopt regulations for determining the amount of funding that may be provided to a district, and the eligibility and prioritization of funding, under this article. (c) The regulations shall define the amount, and sources, of financing that the school district could reasonably provide for school facilities as follows: (1) Unencumbered funds available in all facility accounts in the school district including, but not limited to, fees on development, redevelopment funds, sale proceeds from surplus property, funds generated by certificates of participation for facility purposes, bond funds, federal grants, and other funds available for school facilities, as the board may determine. (2) The board may exclude from consideration all funds encumbered for a specific capital outlay purpose, a reasonable amount for interim housing, and other funds that the board may find are not reasonably available for the project. (d) Further, the regulations shall also specify a method for determining required levels of local effort to obtain matching funds. The regulations shall include consideration of at least all of the following factors: (1) Whether the school district has passed a bond measure within the two-year period immediately preceding the application for funding under this article, the proceeds of which are substantially available for use in the project to be funded under this chapter, but remains unable to provide the necessary matching share requirement. (2) Whether the principal amount of the current outstanding bonded indebtedness issued for the purpose of constructing school facilities for the school district and secured by property within the school district or by revenues of, or available to, the school district, which shall include general obligation bonds, Mello-Roos bonds, school facility improvement district bonds, certificates of participation, and other debt instruments issued for the purpose of constructing school facilities for the school district and for which owners of property within the school district or the school district are paying debt service is at least 60 percent of the school district' s total bonding capacity, as determined by the board. (3) Whether the total bonding capacity, as defined in Section 15102 or 15106, as applicable, is five million dollars ($5,000,000) or less, in which case, the school district shall be deemed eligible for financial hardship. (4) Whether the application for funding under this article is from a county superintendent of schools. (5) Whether the school district submits other evidence of substantial local effort acceptable to the board. (6) The value of any unused local general obligation debt capacity, and developer fees added to the needs analysis to reflect the district's financial hardship, available for the purposes of school facilities financing.
(from this section)Article 3. New Construction Eligibility Determination 17071.75-17071.76 Article 4. New Construction Grant Eligibility Determination ............................ 17072.10-17072.18 Article 5. New Construction Funding Process ......... 17072.20-17072.35 Article 6. Modernization Eligibility Determination .. 17073.10-17073.25 Article 7. Modernization Apportionment .............. 17074.10-17074.30 Article 7.5. Automatic Fire Detection, Alarm, and Sprinkler Systems ...................... 17074.50-17074.56 Article 8. Hardship Application ..................... 17075.10-17075.15 Article 9. Program Accountability ................... 17076.10-17076.11 Article 10. School Project Safety Components ................. 17077.10 Article 10.5. Energy Efficiency ..................... 17077.30-17077.35 Article 10.6. Joint-Use Facilities .................. 17077.40-17077.45 Article 11. Critically Overcrowded School Facilities 17078.10-17078.30 http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/calawquery?codesection=edc&codebody=&hits=20 ***CHAPTER 3.2. CATEGORICAL EDUCATION BLOCK GRANT FUNDING Article 1. General Provisions ............................. 41500-41503 Article 2. Pupil Retention Block Grant .................... 41505-41508 Article 3. School Safety Consolidated Competitive Grant ... 41510-41514 Article 4. Teacher Credentialing Block Grant .............. 41520-41522 Article 5. Professional Development Block Grant ........... 41530-41533 Article 6. Targeted Instructional Improvement Block Grant 41540-41544 Article 7. School and Library Improvement Block Grant ..... 41570-41573 CHAPTER 4. STATE SCHOOL FUND--COMPUTATION OF ALLOWANCE Article 1. General Provisions ............................. 41600-41610
***CHAPTER 10. REVOLVING FUNDS, SCHOOL DISTRICTS Article 1. Revolving Cash Fund ............................ 42800-42806 Article 2. Alternative Revolving Cash Fund ..................... 42810 Article 3. Prepayment Funds ............................... 42820-42821 Article 4. Revolving Warehouse Stock Funds ................ 42830-42833 Article 5. Special Reserve Fund ........................... 42840-42843 ***CHAPTER 3.25. MATHEMATICS STAFF DEVELOPMENT Article 1. Coursework in Mathematics for Teachers of Mathematics for Pupils in Grades 4 to 12, Inclusive ...................................... 44695-44697 CHAPTER 3.3. CLASSROOM TEACHER INSTRUCTIONAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM ....................................... 44700-44705 CHAPTER 3.33. TRAINING FOR TEACHERS OF MATHEMATICS WHO TEACH PUPILS IN GRADES 4 TO 12, INCLUSIVE .... 44720-44725 CHAPTER 3.34. EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY STAFF DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM 44730-44731 CHAPTER 3.36. TEACHING AS A PRIORITY BLOCK GRANT ................ 44735 CHAPTER 3.4. TEACHER RECRUITMENT RESOURCE CENTER ................ 44750 CHAPTER 3.45. TEACHER READING INSTRUCTION DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM: KINDERGARTEN AND GRADES 1 TO 3,INCLUSIVE ................................ 44755-44757.5 CHAPTER 3.5. TEACHER INCENTIVE PROGRAM OF 1990 ............. 44760-44763 CHAPTER 3.6. REGIONAL SCIENCE RESOURCE CENTERS ............. 44770-44774 CHAPTER 3.65. SOCIAL TOLERANCE RESOURCE CENTERS ........ 44776.1-44776.7 CHAPTER 3.66. LATINO HERITAGE RESOURCE CENTERS ......... 44777.1-44777.7 CHAPTER 3.7. CALIFORNIA INTERNATIONAL STUDIES PROJECT ...... 44780-44787 CHAPTER 3.8. PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE TEAMS ......... 44740-44741 *** FOUND IT -51004. The Legislature hereby recognizes that it is the policy of the people of the State of California to provide an educational opportunity to the end that every pupil leaving school shall have the opportunity to be prepared to enter the world of work; that every pupil who graduates from any state-supported educational institution should have sufficient marketable skills for legitimate remunerative employment; that every qualified and eligible adult citizen shall be afforded an educational opportunity to become suitably employed in some remunerative field of employment; and that these opportunities are a right to be enjoyed without regard to economic status or the characteristics listed in Section 220. (from) EDUCATION CODE SECTION 51000-51009 http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/displaycode?section=edc&group=50001-51000&file=51000-51009 The entire section which entitles every qualified and eligible adult citizen shall be afforded an educational opportunity to become suitably employed in some remunerative field of employment; and that these opportunities are a right to be enjoyed without regard to economic status (etc.) My Note - this section includes a high school eduction and colleges supported by the state which specifically prepare citizens with skills adequate to current employment which includes computer literacy, literacy and the skills of comprehension, technology literacy, mathematics, sciences, writing and English use skills, along with the types of thinking skills required by today's highly competitive business atmosphere. Includes economic and financial literacy considering the way the market is today. (The full section - ) EDUCATION CODE SECTION 51000-5100951000. This chapter may be known as the George Miller, Jr., Education Act of 1968. 51002. The Legislature hereby recognizes that, because of the common needs and interests of the citizens of this state and the nation, there is a need to establish a common state curriculum for the public schools, but that, because of economic, geographic, physical, political and social diversity, there is a need for the development of educational programs at the local level, with the guidance of competent and experienced educators and citizens. Therefore, it is the intent of the Legislature to set broad minimum standards and guidelines for educational programs, and to encourage local districts to develop programs that will best fit the needs and interests of the pupils, pursuant to stated philosophy, goals, and objectives. 51003. It is the intent of the Legislature that explicit, rigorous statewide academic standards be adopted for all pupils enrolled in public schools. 51004. The Legislature hereby recognizes that it is the policy of the people of the State of California to provide an educational opportunity to the end that every pupil leaving school shall have the opportunity to be prepared to enter the world of work; that every pupil who graduates from any state-supported educational institution should have sufficient marketable skills for legitimate remunerative employment; that every qualified and eligible adult citizen shall be afforded an educational opportunity to become suitably employed in some remunerative field of employment; and that these opportunities are a right to be enjoyed without regard to economic status or the characteristics listed in Section 220. The Legislature further recognizes that all pupils need to be provided with opportunities to explore and make career choices and to seek appropriate instruction and training to support those choices. The Legislature therefore finds that fairs as community resource and youth leadership activities are integral to assisting and guiding pupils in making choices and therefore encourage the further expansion of cooperative activities between schools, youth leadership activities, and community resources. Among community resources of particular significance in providing information on various career opportunities are vocational and occupational exhibits, demonstrations and activities conducted at fairs. 51005. In order to carry out the intent of Section 51004, the Department of Education shall annually encourage school districts to plan programs and activities which utilize the resources of fairs and youth leadership activities as an integral part of the vocational instructional program and career decisionmaking. 51006. The Legislature finds that the increasing integration of computers and computer technology into our economy has profound implications for our society, and equally important implications for state educational policy. The Legislature also finds that the methods of distribution of computer resources in the public schools will have a substantial effect upon the state's ability to meet the economic, political, and social challenges of the new technological era. Without adequate and early exposure to a basic computer education and computer resources, many students may be placed at a significant disadvantage in their opportunities to secure success in academics and the job market in the future. As females compose 51 percent of the student population in the state's public elementary and secondary schools, and ethnic minorities constitute over one-third of that population, it is imperative that California adopt a policy to ensure equitable access to technological education programs. 51007. (a) It is the policy of the State of California that all students enrolled in the state's public elementary and secondary schools, regardless of race, creed, color, national origin, gender, physical disability, geographic location, or socioeconomic background, shall have equitable access to educational programs designed to strengthen technological skills, including, but not limited to, computer education programs. (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that state appropriations for educational programs designed to strengthen technological skills, including, but not limited to, computer education programs, shall have the goal of ensuring equitable access to those programs for all students. (c) It is the intent of the Legislature that this section shall not be construed to preclude funding of programs designed to serve certain categories of students as part of the state's efforts to target areas of high need. 51008. The State Board of Education shall ensure that the state curriculum and framework, where appropriate, include instruction on Cesar Chavez and the history of the farm labor movement in the United States, and that the state criteria for selecting textbooks include information to guide the selection of textbooks that contain sections that highlight the life and contributions of Cesar Chavez and the history of the farm labor movement in the United States. 51009. The first week of April is hereby deemed to be Labor History Week throughout the public schools, and school districts are encouraged to commemorate this week with appropriate educational exercises that make pupils aware of the role the labor movement has played in shaping California and the United States.
It is the law - they cannot deplete the economic resources of school systems including the state colleges and
universities because of the law expressed above. And, the exclusion of students by unreasonable tuitions and / or
unreasonable fees, exorbitant book costs, lab costs, activities fees, registration fees or in fact, any other kind
of fees is against the law in the state of California. Creating an economic bias against the majority of California
citizens by raising tuitions at state schools to $10,000 or more a year is illegal. It will take a class action suit
or other legal measure against the decision-makers who made these choices. They broke the law when they did it.
- my note, cricketdiane
(And no, they can't change the law next week or next year in order to fix it - they are still liable for the time
during which it was in place up to and including right now.)