[Excerpt from 2000 World Health Organization Report – ]
One key recommendation from the report is for countries to extend health insurance to as large a percentage of the population as possible. WHO says that it is better to make “pre-payments” on health care as much as possible, whether in the form of insurance, taxes or social security.
While private health expenses in industrial countries now average only some 25 percent because of universal health coverage (except in the United States, where it is 56%), in India, families typically pay 80 percent of their health care costs as “out-of- pocket” expenses when they receive health care.
“It is especially beneficial to make sure that as large a percentage as possible of the poorest people in each country can get insurance,” says Dr Frenk. “Insurance protects people against the catastrophic effects of poor health. What we are seeing is that in many countries, the poor pay a higher percentage of their income on health care than the rich.”
From – 21 June, in The World Health Report 2000
The World Health Organization’s ranking of the world’s health systems was last produced in 2000, and the WHO no longer produces such a ranking table, because of the complexity of the task.
Rank Country 1 France 2 Italy 3 San Marino 4 Andorra 5 Malta 6 Singapore 7 Spain 8 Oman 9 Austria 10 Japan 11 Norway 12 Portugal 13 Monaco 14 Greece 15 Iceland 16 Luxembourg 17 Netherlands 18 United Kingdom 19 Ireland 20 Switzerland 21 Belgium 22 Colombia 23 Sweden 24 Cyprus 25 Germany 26 Saudi Arabia 27 United Arab Emirates 28 Israel 29 Morocco 30 Canada 31 Finland 32 Australia 33 Chile 34 Denmark 35 Dominica 36 Costa Rica 37 United States of America 38 Slovenia 39 Cuba 40 Brunei 41 New Zealand 42 Bahrain 43 Croatia 44 Qatar 45 Kuwait 46 Barbados 47 Thailand 48 Czech Republic 49 Malaysia 50 Poland 51 Dominican Republic 52 Tunisia 53 Jamaica 54 Venezuela 55 Albania 56 Seychelles 57 Paraguay 58 South Korea 59 Senegal 60 Philippines 61 Mexico 62 Slovakia 63 Egypt 64 Kazakhstan 65 Uruguay 66 Hungary 67 Trinidad and Tobago 68 Saint Lucia 69 Belize 70 Turkey 71 Nicaragua 72 Belarus 73 Lithuania 74 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 75 Argentina 76 Sri Lanka 77 Estonia 78 Guatemala 79 Ukraine 80 Solomon Islands 81 Algeria 82 Palau 83 Jordan 84 Mauritius 85 Grenada 86 Antigua and Barbuda 87 Libya 88 Bangladesh 89 Macedonia 90 Bosnia-Herzegovina 91 Lebanon 92 Indonesia 93 Iran 94 Bahamas 95 Panama 96 Fiji 97 Benin 98 Nauru 99 Romania 100 Saint Kitts and Nevis 101 Moldova 102 Bulgaria 103 Iraq 104 Armenia 105 Latvia 106 Yugoslavia 107 Cook Islands 108 Syria 109 Azerbaijan 110 Suriname 111 Ecuador 112 India 113 Cape Verde 114 Georgia 115 El Salvador 116 Tonga 117 Uzbekistan 118 Comoros 119 Samoa 120 Yemen 121 Niue 122 Pakistan 123 Micronesia 124 Bhutan 125 Brazil 126 Bolivia 127 Vanuatu 128 Guyana 129 Peru 130 Russia 131 Honduras 132 Burkina Faso 133 Sao Tome and Principe 134 Sudan 135 Ghana 136 Tuvalu 137 Ivory Coast 138 Haiti 139 Gabon 140 Kenya 141 Marshall Islands 142 Kiribati 143 Burundi 144 China 145 Mongolia 146 Gambia 147 Maldives 148 Papua New Guinea 149 Uganda 150 Nepal 151 Kyrgystan 152 Togo 153 Turkmenistan 154 Tajikistan 155 Zimbabwe 156 Tanzania 157 Djibouti 158 Eritrea 159 Madagascar 160 Vietnam 161 Guinea 162 Mauritania 163 Mali 164 Cameroon 165 Laos 166 Congo 167 North Korea 168 Namibia 169 Botswana 170 Niger 171 Equatorial Guinea 172 Rwanda 173 Afghanistan 174 Cambodia 175 South Africa 176 Guinea-Bissau 177 Swaziland 178 Chad 179 Somalia 180 Ethiopia 181 Angola 182 Zambia 183 Lesotho 184 Mozambique 185 Malawi 186 Liberia 187 Nigeria 188 Democratic Republic of the Congo 189 Central African Republic 190 Myanmar
TABLE OF CONTENTS
30. COMPARATIVE INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS
My Note –
I pulled up this list from the chart above –
Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France, The OECD Observer, No. 214, October/November 1998 (copyright); and Taxing Wages, 1998-1999, 2000 (copyright).
[The numbers aren’t right because of two things – first, 2009 isn’t anything like 1998, and second, in the United States they’ve managed to instill taxes into damn near everything from breathing air to dying – gasoline taxes, insurance taxes, luxury taxes, ad valorem taxes, sales taxes, property taxes, road tolls, car license registrations and taxes, registration fees, city ordinance fines, fees and city taxes, county taxes, utilities taxes, phone service taxes, fees and charges added by the government, and generally most incomes are paying out all of these added taxes from that same pool of income. Consequently, if the addition of those percentages are made on the incomes to compare it with the tax burden in other countries, the totals would be more accurate. In some cases, the United States has managed to tax money simply for being available, for being moved, for being invested, for being taken from an investment, then again when it is used, and again when anything is purchased with it. The total percentage is staggering after eight years of Republicans boosting every one of these taxes, fees, fines, registration fees, sales taxes, death taxes, estate taxes on the middle class and poor, etc. etc. etc. even while cutting services provided with those taxes.]
The OECD Statistics Directorate (www.oecd.org/std) provides economic statistics on a comparable basis for the analytical work of the OECD, promotes and develops international statistical standards and co-ordinates statistical activities both within the Organisation and with other international agencies.
The Statistics Directorate FAQs (www.oecd.org/std/FAQ) can help you finding data series for OECD countries and some non-member countries as well as definitions of statistical terms.
The Statistics Portal (www.oecd.org/statistics) provides statistics published by the whole Organisation.
(From 2006 OECD Report – )
The public share of health expenditure in the United States (45%) is much lower than in any other OECD country (except Mexico, also 45%), but nevertheless public expenditure on health is higher than in most other OECD countries, because overall spending per capita is so much greater. For this amount of expenditure in the United States, government provides insurance coverage only for the elderly and disabled (through Medicare, which primarily insures persons aged 65 and over and people with disabilities) and some of the poor (through Medicaid and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program, SCHIP), whereas in most other OECD countries this is enough for government to provide universal primary health insurance.
Private insurance accounts for 35% of total health spending in the United States, by far the largest share among OECD countries. Beside the United States, Canada and France are the only two other OECD countries where private insurance represents more than 10% of total health spending.
Resources in the health sector (human, physical)
Despite the relatively high level of health expenditure in the United States, there are fewer physicians per capita than in most other OECD countries. In 2007, the United States had 2.4 practising physicians per 1,000 population, below the OECD average of 3.1.
There were 10.6 nurses per 1 000 population in the United States in 2007, which is slightly higher than the average of 9.6 across OECD countries.
The number of acute care hospital beds in the United States in 2007 was 2.7 per 1 000 population, lower than the OECD average of 3.8 beds. As in most OECD countries, the number of hospital beds per capita has fallen over the past twenty-five years in the United States. This decline has coincided with a reduction in average length of stays in hospitals and an increase in day surgeries.
Health status and risk factors
Most OECD countries have enjoyed large gains in life expectancy over the past decades. In the United States, life expectancy at birth increased by 8.2 years between 1960 and 2006, which is less than the increase of almost 15 years in Japan, or 9.4 years in Canada. In 2006, life expectancy in the United States stood at 78.1 years, almost one year below the OECD average of 79.0 years. Japan, Switzerland and Australia were the three countries with the highest life expectancy.
Infant mortality rates in the United States have fallen greatly over the past few decades, but not as much as in most other OECD countries. It stood at 6.7 deaths per 1 000 live births in 2006, above the OECD average of 4.9. Among OECD countries, infant mortality is the lowest in some of the Nordic countries (Iceland, Sweden and Finland), Luxembourg and Japan, with rates between 2 and 3 deaths per 1 000 live births.
More information on OECD Health Data 2009 is available at www.oecd.org/health/healthdata
For more information on OECD’s work on the United States, please visit www.oecd.org/us
OECD Main Economic Indicators – Countries Covered
OECD Member Countries (30)
Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Mexico, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.
Non-Member Countries (6)
Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation, South Africa.
Euro area – EMU (13), (countries of the European Monetary Union): Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain.
EU 15, (European Union of fifteen): Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom.
OECD-Europe (23), (all european members of OECD): EU 15 plus Czech Republic, Hungary, Iceland, Norway, Poland, Slovak Republic, Switzerland and Turkey.
OECD-Total (30), All Member countries of OECD i.e. countries in OECD-Europe plus Canada, Mexico, United States, Australia, Japan, Korea, New Zealand.
Major seven : Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.
High inflation countries : Turkey
[2009 Data can be found from this link below -]
OECD Health Data 2009 – Frequently Requested Data
|JUST RELEASED: Download this Excel file to access a sample of key indicators that can be found in OECD Health Data 2009, June 09. See the list below.
– Total expenditure on health, % of gross domestic product
Health care resources
– Practising physicians, density per 1 000 population
New: Health care activities
– Doctor consultations per capita
Health status (Mortality)
– Life expectancy at birth, females, males and total population
Chronic conditions (non-communicable diseases)
– Acute myocardial infarction
– Tobacco consumption, % of females, males and adult population who are daily smokers
Access all the Definitions, Sources and Methods for OECD Health Data 2009 (June 09 version).
OECD Health Data 2009: Statistics and Indicators for 30 Countries
|JUST RELEASED – OECD Health Data 2009
OECD Health Data 2009, released on 1st July 2009, offers the most comprehensive source of comparable statistics on health and health systems across OECD countries. It is an essential tool for health researchers and policy advisors in governments, the private sector and the academic community, to carry out comparative analyses and draw lessons from international comparisons of diverse health care systems.
Online and CD-ROM via SourceOECD
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|How to obtain this publication
OECD Health Data 2009 can be accessed choosing from the following options: