, , , , , , , , ,


Giants of the business world, such as Lehman Brothers and Merrill Lynch, have crumbled or been bought out.

Bank Date Status Website
Fannie Mae 07 Sep Nationalised Fannie Mae
Freddie Mac 07 Sep Nationalised Freddie Mac
Lehman Bros 15 Sep Collapsed Lehman Bros
Merrill Lynch 15 Sep Taken over Merrill Lynch
AIG 16 Sep Part-nationalised AIG
HBOS 17 Sep Taken over HBOS
WaMu 25 Sep Collapsed and sold WaMu
Fortis 28 Sep Nationalised Fortis
Bradford & Bingley 29 Sep Nationalised Bradford & Bingley
Wachovia 29 Sep Taken over Wachovia
Glitnir 29 Sep Nationalised Glitnir
Hypo Real Estate 06 Oct Rescue package Hypo Real Estate
RBS 13 Oct Part-nationalised RBS
Lloyds TSB 13 Oct Part-nationalised Lloyds TSB


Page last updated at 08:39 GMT, Monday, 3 November 2008


Finance crisis: In graphics


London shares slip early on; BoE rate caution, miners weigh; …

ForbesMay 10, 2007
The Dow Jones industrials rose to another record close. The Dow Jones closed up 53.8 points at 13362.9, while the Nasdaq Composite took on 4.59 at 2576.34 and the S&P 500 index added 4.9 at 1,512.6.

Meanwhile, in Asia this morning, Tokyo’s Nikkei 225 index closed down 11.16 points at 17,736.961, while Hong Kong’s Hang Seng was 72.51 points lower at 20,772.27 by midday.


February 5 2008: 11:35 AM EST

Selloff accelerates on recession fears
Investors are spooked by a report that feeds into worries that the economic downturn may be intensifying.

NEW YORK (CNNMoney.com) — The stock selloff quickened Tuesday morning, after a surprisingly weak service sector reading exacerbated bets that the economy is in a recession.

The Dow Jones industrial average (INDU) lost 1.9% nearly 2 hours into the session, the broader Standard & Poor’s 500 (SPX) index lost 2% and the Nasdaq composite (COMP) fell 1.7%.

Market breadth was negative. On the New York Stock Exchange, losers trounced winners three to one on volume of 480 million shares. On the Nasdaq, losers beat winners two to one on volume of 770 million shares.

Stocks retreated Monday as well, following last week’s big rally, as investors continued to worry that the credit and housing market crises will send the economy into recession, if it isn’t there already. Tuesday’s news added to such worries.

Economic doom and gloom. The ISM services index, a survey of services sector executives, showed business activity falling in January for the first time in five years. The report was released nearly an hour ahead of schedule, unnerving investors at the start of trade. The report countered last week’s reading on the manufacturing sector, which showed expansion. (Full Story).

“This is the most unequivocal sign we’ve had that the economy is weakening,” said Stephen Stanley, chief economist at RBS Greenwich Capital. “We’ve had data pointing in that direction, but they’ve been all over the map and it always seemed like there was a silver lining in the weak reports.”





    • Congressional Quarterly’s Guide to Congress, 5th edition (Doc. Cen. JK 1021 .C75 2000)
      • Carries a history of Congressional salaries in vol. 2, p. 776
      • 2000 salary was $141,300 for both Senators and Representatives
    • Legistorm
      • Database of trips made by Members of Congress with price, destination, and who paid for it
      • Salaries for Senators and Representatives in 2008 were $169,300
    • Power Trips (American Radioworks)
      • Travel expenses, 2000-2005, by individual Congressmen and Senators
      • Travel money spent by the political parties
      • Most expensive trips and groups contributing the most to Congressional travel
    • Senate Ledger, 1790-1881
      • Digitized record of compensation and mileage reimbursements paid to Senators

Congressional Districts

District Maps

    • Congressional District Maps: 111th Congress (Chris Chubb)
      • Choose name of state; then either pan or choose city or district number to view
      • Map displays county and city names in a district as well as the representative
      • Coloring is by political party of current office holder



  • Congressional Staff Employment Surveys (Congressional Management Organization)
    • Typical salaries of Congressional staff members by position, average age, and years of experience
    • Taken biennially for the House and Senate
    • Only the Senate Study, 1991-2001 is still free on the web
  • Legistorm
    • Salaries of Congressional staff members, including interns
    • Searchable by name, Member of Congress, and committee

Legislative Histories

    • Detailed guide to tracing legislation
    • Includes committee, member, and political information

Policy Agendas Project (University of Washington)

    • Determine the amount of attention government gave to 19 major topics, 220 subtopics, or a section of the budget, 1946-2002
    • Filters allow you to choose topics and the type of material (budget, Congressional hearings, Presidential executive orders, laws, New York Times articles, CQ Almanac articles, and the Gallup Most Important Problem Index
    • Results yield data and graphs
    • Additional dataset tools available



The congressional trips in our database were funded by private organizations. By searching our data you can learn details of each trip taken by a member of Congress or their staff, and who paid for the travel. Read more about Congressional Travel.

Senate expected to post expense records online

Posted by LegiStorm on Monday, July 06, 2009

The Senate is expected to follow the House of Representative’s lead and post all member expenses online, the Associated Press reports.

Sen. Tom Coburn (R-Okla.) proposed the measure, which was approved and added to an appropriations bill allocating funds for the congressional budget. A final compromise version of the appropriations bill will need to be approved by the House and Senate before the measure will go into effect.

This follows last month’s announcement by the House that it would post the House’s Statement of Disbursements “at the earliest date.” Originally, that was expected to be the end of August. But The Hill reported last week that the House was going to delay the release until October to plan for the expected increase in online traffic.

The Associated Press quoted LegiStorm founder Jock Friedly to show the possible positive effect of adding transparency to the legislative expenses.

“There’s no question about it that any time you make records more accessible it’s much harder to get away with abuses,” said Friedly. “A little bit of embarrassment will go a long way to fixing some of the problems.”

Previously, the expense reports have only been released as printed volumes, running to thousands of pages covered in small type each quarter. The volumes are now made available to the public in basement offices House and Senate office buildings.

Until now, LegiStorm’s database of congressional salaries was the only online source for any of this data. But the salaries in our database represent only a fraction of the total disbursements made by Congress. The full disbursements also include everything from taxi cab fares to television purchases and rent payments. Members of Congress are required to spend taxpayer funds only on official business and not to pay for personal expenses.

LegiStorm hopes to add the full expense records to our database once the House and Senate post the information online.


Congressional Travel by Approver


Most Traveled Members of Congress and who paid for it – chart across several pages

*click on name of legislator to see specific info on trips and sponsors for it – & top traveling staffer, as well.





Congressional Oversight Manual
May 01, 2007

Download Locations:

Federation of American Scientists


The Congressional Oversight Manual was developed about 30 years ago following a three-day December 1978 Workshop on Congressional Oversight and Investigations. The workshop was organized by a group of House and Senate committee aides from both parties and the Congressional Research Service (CRS) at the request of the bipartisan House leadership. The Manual was produced by CRS with the assistance of a number of House committee staffers. In subsequent years, CRS sponsored and conducted various oversight seminars for House and Senate staff and updated the Manual as circumstances warranted. The last revision occurred in 2004. Worth noting is the bipartisan recommendation of the House members of the 1993 Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress (Rept. No. 103-413, Vol. I):


Available Versions:

May 01, 2007
January 03, 2007
October 21, 2004




American taxpayers spend over $100 million a year to fund the Congressional Research Service, a “think tank” that provides reports to members of Congress on a variety of topics relevant to current political events. Yet, these reports are not made available to the public in a way that they can be easily obtained. A project of the Center for Democracy & Technology through the cooperation of several organizations and collectors of CRS Reports, Open CRS provides citizens access to CRS Reports already in the public domain and encourages Congress to provide public access to all CRS Reports. (More)

Featured Report Collections

National Council for Science and the Environment (1661)
Federation of American Scientists (1444)
Thurgood Marshall Law Library/University of Maryland School of Law (598)
National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (135)
Center for Democracy & Technology (42)




Featured Collections

Listed below are some of the largest collections of CRS reports available on the web. Inclusion on this list does not imply that the organization responsible for the collection is joining CDT in calling for Congress to make all reports directly available to the public.

National Council for Science and the Environmen/National Library for the EnvironmentThe National Library for the Environment currently posts over 1000 CRS Reports on environmental and related topics. NCSE is committed to expanding, maintaining and updating its database of reports, making them available and searchable for the public.

NCSE Collection
NCSE Web Site
Recent NCSE Reports [RSS]
Recently Added NCSE Reports [RSS]

Thurgood Marshall Law Library/University of Maryland School of LawThe CRS Reports collection of the Thurgood Marshall Law Library of the University of Maryland School of Law has been developed with an emphasis on the areas of Health Law and Policy and Terrorism and Homeland Security.

TMLL Collection
TMLL Web Site
Recent TMLL Reports [RSS]
Recently Added TMLL Reports [RSS]
Web Site

Federation of American ScientistsThe Federation of American Scientists Project on Government Secrecy works to promote public access to government information. The FAS CRS collection focuses on national security, intelligence, foreign policy and homeland security.

FAS Collection
Web Site
Recent FAS Reports [RSS]
Recently Added FAS Reports [RSS]

IP Mall at Franklin Pierce Law CenterThe collection reports from the IP Mall at Franklin Pierce Law Center is focused on topics concerning intellectual property, telecommunications and technology.

IP Mall Collection
IP Mall Web Site
Recent IP Mall Reports [RSS]
Recently Added IP Mall Reports [RSS]

National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of TerrorismThe National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) is a federally funded, non-profit, non-partisan organization located in Oklahoma City. MIPT is the third component of the Oklahoma City National Memorial and is dedicated to preventing terrorism or mitigating its effects. MIPT focuses on first responders and strives to be a one-stop shop for information by providing a broad spectrum of resources on terrorism and homeland security, including Congressional Research Service reports.

MIPT Collection
MIPT Web Site
Recent MIPT Reports [RSS]
Recently Added MIPT Reports [RSS]

Center for Democracy & TechnologyThe Center for Democracy & Technology is a non-profit, non-partisan public interest organization dedicated to developing and implementing public policies to protect and advance civil liberties and democratic values on the Internet. Among the issues found in reports housed by CDT are speech, privacy, copyright, and open government.

CDT Collection
CDT Web Site
Recent CDT Reports [RSS]
Recently Added CDT Reports [RSS]



Climate Change
CRS Briefing Books
Economics & Trade
Federal Agencies
General Interest
International Finance
Natural Resources
Public Lands
Risk & Reform
Science & Technology
Stratospheric Ozone
Waste Management
New & Updated

The NLE currently posts 2137 CRS Reports on environmental and related topics.

New & Updated

The Congressional Research Service (CRS), part of the Library of Congress, prepares its reports for the U.S. Congress. CRS products undergo review for accuracy and objectivity and contain nontechnical information that can be very useful to people interested in environmental policy. CRS does not itself provide these documents to the general public. Although CRS documents are prepared specifically for Congress and not widely distributed, their distribution is not protected by law or copyright. NCSE is committed to expanding, maintaining and updating its database of reports, making them available and searchable for the public. To browse report titles and abstracts for a specific topic, choose one from from the list to the left. Alternatively, search with a keyword using the quick search above the topic list or try a more selective search with the following advancd search form.




The Plum Book (United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions): Main Page

Cover of the 2008 edition of the Plum Book.Every four years, just after the Presidential election, the United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions, commonly known as the Plum Book, is published, alternately, by the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs and the House Committee on Government Reform. The Plum Book is used to identify presidentially appointed positions within the Federal Government. More.

Browse the Plum Book



The Plum Book (United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions): 2008 Edition

The United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (Plum Book) (1.26 MB, 210 pages) has been made available in its entirety, as a single PDF file. GPO has refined the 2008 Plum Book by adding bookmarks to it and optimizing it for the web. In addition, the entire report is also available in TEXT format (1.91 MB).

The report is also available as a collection of smaller PDFs arranged in the browse table below based on the Plum Book’s table of contents. You can download entire chapters (such as the Legislative Branch or Executive Branch Departments), or just information on individual commissions, councils,corporations, departments, offices, etc… The majority of the PDF files in the browse table are between 30 KB and 90 KB; the PDFs of the whole chapters range from 40 KB to 900 KB.

You can purchase an official print copy of the 2008 Plum Book through the U.S. Government Online Bookstore.

United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (2008 Edition)
Committee on Governmental Reform, U.S. House of Representatives
110th Congress, 2d Session
Legislative Branch | Executive Branch | Departments
Independent Agencies and Government Corporations | Appendices
Document Title File Format
Architect of the Capitol PDF
Government Accountability Office PDF
Government Printing Office PDF
Library of Congress PDF
United States Tax Court PDF
White House Office PDF
Office of Policy Development PDF
Office of Administration PDF
Office of Management and Budget PDF
Council of Economic Advisors PDF
Council on Environmental Quality PDF
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative PDF
Office of Science and Technology Policy PDF
Office of National Drug Control Policy PDF
National Security Council PDF
Department of Agriculture PDF
Department of Commerce PDF
Department of Defense PDF
Office of the Secretary
Air Force
Department of Education PDF
Department of Energy PDF
Department of Health and Human Services PDF
Department of Homeland Security PDF
Department of Housing and Urban Development PDF
Department of the Interior PDF
Department of Justice PDF
Department of Labor PDF
Department of State PDF
Department of Transportation PDF
Department of Treasury PDF
Department of Veterans Affairs PDF
Advisory Council on Historic Preservation PDF
American Battle Monuments Commission PDF
Appalachian Regional Commission PDF
Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (United States Access Board) PDF
Arctic Research Commission PDF
Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation PDF
Broadcasting Board of Governors PDF
Central Intelligence Agency PDF
Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board PDF
Christopher Columbus Fellowship Foundation PDF
Commission on Civil Rights PDF
Commission of Fine Arts PDF
Committee for Purchase from People Who are Blind or Severely Disabled PDF
Commodity Futures Trading Commission PDF
Consumer Product Safety Commission PDF
Corporation for National and Community Service PDF
Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency for the District of Columbia PDF
Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board PDF
Delta Regional Authority PDF
Environmental Protection Agency PDF
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission PDF
Export-Import Bank of the United States PDF
Farm Credit Administration PDF
Federal Communications Commission PDF
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation PDF
Federal Election Commission PDF
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission PDF
Federal Housing Finance Board PDF
Federal Labor Relations Authorities PDF
Federal Maritime Commission PDF
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service PDF
Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission PDF
Federal Reserve System PDF
Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board PDF
Federal Trade Commission PDF
General Services Administration PDF
Harry S Truman Scholarship Foundation PDF
Interagency Council on the Homeless PDF
Inter-American Foundation PDF
International Boundary and Water Commission PDF
Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin PDF
James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation PDF
Japan-United States Friendship Commission PDF
Marine Mammal Commission PDF
Medicare Payment Advisory Commission PDF
Merit Systems Protection Board PDF
Millennium Challenge Corporation PDF
National Aeronautics and Space Administration PDF
National Archives and Records Administration PDF
National Capital Planning Commission PDF
National Council on Disability PDF
National Credit Union Administration PDF
National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities PDF
National Labor Relations Board PDF
National Mediation Board PDF
National Science Foundation PDF
National Transportation Safety Board PDF
Nuclear Regulatory Commission PDF
Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board PDF
Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission PDF
Office of Government Ethics PDF
Office of the Federal Coordinator Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects PDF
Office of Navajo and Hopi Indian Relocation PDF
Office of Personnel Management PDF
Office of Special Counsel PDF
Overseas Private Investment Corporation PDF
Peace Corps PDF
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation PDF
Postal Regulatory Commission PDF
President’s Commission on White House Fellowships PDF
Presidio Trust PDF
Railroad Retirement Board PDF
Securities and Exchange Commission PDF
Selective Service System PDF
Small Business Administration PDF
Smithsonian Institution PDF
Social Security Administration PDF
Tennessee Valley Authority PDF
Trade and Development Agency PDF
United States Agency for International Development PDF
United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission PDF
United States Commission on International Religious Freedom PDF
United States Election Assistance Commission PDF
United States Holocaust Memorial Council PDF
United States Institute of Peace PDF
United States International Trade Commission PDF
United States Postal Service PDF
Utah Reclamation Mitigation and Conservation Commission PDF
Vietnam Education Foundation PDF
1.  Summary of Positions Subject to Noncompetitive Appointment PDF
2.  Senior Executive Service PDF
3.  Schedule C Positions PDF
4.  Federal Salary Schedules for 2008 PDF
5. Office of the Vice President PDF
ONLINE ADDENDUM – February 13, 2009
U.S. Commission of Fine Arts
Office of the Director of National Intelligence



The information in the body of this report reflects grades or salaries in effect on the first pay
period on or after January 1, 2008.
Level I ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. $191,300
Level II …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 172,200
Level III …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 158,500
Level IV ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 149,000
Level V …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 139,600
Pay ranges for the Senior Executive Service (SES) are established by law. The minimum is 120
percent of the rate of basic pay for GS–15, step 1. For agencies without a certified SES performance
appraisal system, SES members’ pay may not exceed the rate payable for level III of the Executive
Schedule. For agencies with a certified SES performance appraisal system, SES members’ pay may
not exceed the rate payable for level II of the Executive Schedule. SES members are not entitled
to locality-based comparability payments.
Structure of the SES Pay System Minimum Maximum
Agencies with a Certified SES Performance Appraisal System ……………………………………………………………. $114,468 $172,200
Agencies without a Certified SES Performance Appraisal System ……………………………………………………….. 114,468 158,500




My Note –

Between what the states are paying legislators and their staff members, their teams of lawyers to write laws and to cover their asses in various departments, along with the salaries of the staffs and agency heads, legislators and executive branch leadership, it is no wonder that there are economic problems. And it is no wonder that they don’t know there is a problem with the rest of America’s economy. They don’t have a problem . . .

They’re all making money without showing up the entire year, among other things from cab rides to trips around the world, per diems and every other little thing they might need.

– cricketdiane, 07-16-09