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Carbon Sequestration

Carbon sequestration is one of the most promising ways for reducing the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. In fact, even under the most optimistic scenarios for energy efficiency gains and the greater use of low- or no-carbon fuels, sequestration will likely be essential if the world is to stabilize atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at acceptable levels.

The Office of Fossil Energy (FE), through research conducted at the National Energy Technology Laboratory is transforming the fundamental science of carbon sequestration into a portfolio of practical, affordable and safe technologies and mitigation strategies that the energy industry can use to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

Microbes and plants play substantial roles in the global cycling of carbon through the environment. The Office of Science’s Biological and Environmental Research program continues to leverage new genomic DNA sequence information on microbes important to the global carbon cycle by characterizing key biochemical pathways or genetic regulatory networks in these microbes. Research in genomics and biological and environmental research are conducted at the universities and national laboratories supported by the Office of Science.

Office of Fossil Energy
Office of Science

National Energy Technology Laboratory

[from – ]



Appendix 5 – REDD Plus

The REDD-plus framework shall:

a. use the most recent IPCC guidelines as a basis for estimating and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and removals from the land-use sector;
b. respect Parties’ respective goals for sustainable development;
c. while having as its ultimate goal comprehensive accounting of all sources and sinks from land use, provide the flexibility for Parties to implement a staged approach beginning with those categories appropriate to national circumstances and capacities, with incentives for including additional land use categories commensurate with increased capacity, technologies, and methodologies;
d. allow for the evolution of national REDD-plus action plans, including: (1) self-financed actions; (2) actions eligible for capacity building, technical assistance and financial support; and
(3) actions that result in emissions reductions or removals with sufficient integrity to become eligible for market-based approaches;
e. provide for reference levels (taking into account historic data and other relevant factors) that adjust over time and are guided by a long-term pathway that results in a sustainable level of standing carbon stock within a reasonable time period;
f. be consistent with overall approaches to measurement, reporting, and verification under this Agreement, recognizing the need for higher levels of MRV for market-based eligibility;
g. provide for further consideration of the economic, environmental, and social impacts of REDD-plus, including with respect to promoting biodiversity, the interests of relevant local and indigenous communities, and other benefits and risks of REDD-plus; and
h. encourage all Parties to find appropriate ways to relieve the pressure on forests and land that results in greenhouse gas emissions.




Cleaning up the Nation’s Hazardous Wastes Sites

Superfund is the federal government’s program to clean up the nation’s uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. We’re committed to ensuring that remaining National Priorities List hazardous waste sites are cleaned up to protect the environment and the health of all Americans.

This Web site provides topical information for the general public and for those involved in the Superfund program. On this site, you’ll find information about Superfund sites in your area, the health effects of common contaminants, cleanup efforts, and how you can become involved in cleanup activities in your community.

Superfund Sites Where You Live

Find out if there is a Superfund site near your home, what kind of contaminants the site has, and what is being done to clean up the site.




Partial Parking Deck Collapse In Midtown Atlanta

Posted: 12:30 pm EDT June 29, 2009Updated: 1:26 pm EDT June 29, 2009

Part of a parking deck collapsed in Midtown Atlanta Monday, sending cars crashing to the bottom of the structure.

Atlanta Fire Department officials confirmed that four floors of the Centergy Parking deck near the intersection of Spring Street and 5th Street collapsed onto lower floors.“I was walking out, there was boom, lots of air, lots of dust everywhere,” an eyewitness told Channel 2 Action News reporter Jodie Fleischer.

[this was a Georgia Tech parking deck in Midtown Atlanta – just happened.]

There are no reports of any injuries.


Contact Us

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**By Laura MacInnis

GENEVA (Reuters) – A new global free trade accord could help fight climate change by making clean-energy products more widely available, the World Trade Organization and United Nations Environment Program said on Friday.

Bucking conventional thinking about the climate hazards of shipping products by air, land and sea, the two agencies argued that a new Doha Round pact would do more good than harm.

Their joint study found that international trade rules have some wriggle room to permit countries to impose border taxes and tariffs to shield the environment, or to penalize goods made in areas with less-stringent climate restrictions.


[frp -]

Global free trade accord seen helping environment

Fri Jun 26, 2009 10:46am EDT


{also from same article – }

Many sectors of the global economy face threats from climate change, which scientists have linked to emissions of greenhouse gases from cars and factories reliant on carbon fuel.

Continued warming of the atmosphere is expected to alter weather patterns and cause sea level rises. This has serious implications for agriculture, forestry, fisheries and tourism, especially in developing nations, according to the two agencies.

World trade is nearly 32 times greater now than it was in 1950, and it has risen as a share of gross domestic product to 21 percent in 2007 from 5.5 percent in 1950, the report said.

Many developing countries rely on exports for their growth. Emerging economies now make up 34 percent of global merchandise trade — double their share in the early 1960s.

The WTO/UNEP report said poorer nations will need help to protect their industries from global warming. This may entail assistance building dykes, sea walls, harbors and railways, and efforts to plant drought-resistant and other adaptive crops.”

(Editing by Stephanie Nebehay and Jon Hemming)




EuroNews portal


WTO and UNEP launch a report explaining for the first time the connections between trade and climate change

Source: World Trade Organisation
Published Monday, 29 June, 2009 – 09:37

The world cannot continue with “business as usual” and there is a profound need for a successful conclusion to the current negotiations on both climate change and trade opening.

The WTO/UNEP report on “Trade and Climate Change” published today examines the intersections between trade and climate change from four perspectives: the science of climate change; economics; multilateral efforts to tackle climate change; and national climate change policies and their effect on trade.

The WTO and UNEP are partners in the pursuit of sustainable development and this report is the outcome of collaborative research between the WTO and UNEP.

“With a challenge of this magnitude, multilateral cooperation is crucial and a successful conclusion to the ongoing climate change negotiations is the first step to achieving sustainable development for future generations,” said WTO Director General Pascal Lamy and UNEP’s Executive Director Achim Steiner.

Both Steiner and Lamy urge the international community to seal an equitable and decisive deal at the crucial UN climate convention meeting in Copenhagen, Denmark in December 2009. They also urge nations to conclude the Doha trade round which includes opening trade in environmental goods and services, a complementary track towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions to scientifically-defensible levels.

The scientific evidence is now clear that the Earth’s climate system is warming as a result of greenhouse gas emissions which are still increasing worldwide, and will continue to increase over the coming decades unless there are significant changes to current laws, policies and actions. Although freer trade could lead to increased CO2 emissions as a result of raising economic activity, it can also help alleviate climate change, for instance by increasing the diffusion of mitigation technologies.

The global economy is expected to be affected by climate change. Sectors such as agriculture, forestry, fisheries, tourism and transport infrastructure which are critical for developing countries are more specifically affected. These impacts will often have implications for trade.

Opening up trade and combating climate change can be mutually supportive towards realizing a low carbon economy the new report says. Contrary to some claims, trade and trade opening can have a positive impact on emissions of greenhouse gases in a variety of ways including accelerating the transfer of clean technology and the opportunity for developing economies to adapt those technologies to local circumstances. Rising incomes, linked with trade opening can also change social dynamics and aspirations with wealthier societies having the opportunity to demand higher environmental standards including ones on greenhouse gas emissions. In addition there is evidence that more open trade together with actions to combat climate change can catalyze global innovation including new products and processes that can stimulate new clean tech businesses.

National policies, from traditional regulatory instruments to economic incentives and financial measures, have been used in a number of countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to increase energy efficiency. The report highlights the effects that this complex web of measures might have on international trade and the multilateral trading system. In recent years, there has been a proliferation of technical requirements (voluntary standards and labelling) related to climate-friendly goods and energy efficiency. Likewise, financial support programmes for the use of renewable energies have also increased recently.

The report also reviews extensively two particular types of pricing mechanisms that have been used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions: taxes and emissions trading systems. Incidentally, the report reflects the debate that is taking place on policies aimed at preventing carbon leakage and protecting competitiveness, including on border measures.

Overall, the report highlights that there is scope under WTO rules for addressing climate change at the national level. However, the relevance of WTO rules to climate change mitigation policies, as well as the implications for trade and the environmental effectiveness of these measures, will very much depend on how these policies are designed and the specific conditions for implementing them.




Agence France Tresor - economic indicators - MAJ le 26 juin 09

Agence France Tresor - economic indicators - MAJ le 26 juin 09



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