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Geoscience, chemical science, bioscience

The Department of Energy supports the geosciences through the Office of Science Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Energy Biosciences subprogram. The Office of Science supports research in analytical chemistry, particularly in the area of mass spectrometry, separation chemistry, and thermo-physical properties. Examples of the science include solvation in supercritical fluids, electric field assisted separations, speciation of actinide elements, ion imprinted sol gels for actinide separations, ligand design, stability of macromolecules and ion fragmentation, imaging of organic and biological materials with secondary ion mass spectrometry, and the physics of highly charged species. The subprogram also supports research on the collision physics of highly charged ions and their interactions with surfaces. In the area of geosciences, work is supported to study low-temperature geochemical processes and rates in mineral-fluid systems.




NATO and Russia have relaunched formal cooperation on security threats after their first high-level talks since falling out over the Georgia war last year. The meeting on the Greek island of Corfu was aimed at mending ties torn by Russia’s short war in Georgia last summer.

The Italian Prime Minister said he had brought what he called a message of collaboration from the Russian President Dimitri Medvedev.


My note – there is a video on this page also.




What is required in record keeping and records management of US government / Federal govt. workers, supervisors, agencies and agencies’ heads – also access requirements to public – FOIA


At the Innovation Days Exhibition in Lisbon, developers were showing off new software designed to detect the causes of road accidents. The system uses photos taken at the scene of an accident, official reports and analysis of the road conditions to make a 3D computer recreation of the crash.

Immigration officers sometimes make mistakes but a new automatic system could reduce these errors. Electronic passports containing personal and biometric information are scanned at the first gate. Then the biometric information is double checked by a biomentric machine against the live passport holder and a central data base. If everything is ok the second gate opens. The check is complete. Accuracy and efficiency are improved. But best of all, this machine carries out these checks faster than a human immigration officer – and so could help reduce queues for travellers all over the world.



tags: Security, Technology


Innovating for kids Research: Innovation Days in LisbonInnovation Days in Lisbon



Novel Carbon Sequestration Concepts

Advanced Chemical and Biological Approaches

Recycling or reuse of CO2 from energy systems would be an attractive alternative to storage of CO2.

The goal of this program area is to reduce the cost and energy required to chemically and/or biologically convert CO2 into either commercial products that are inert and long-lived or stable solid compounds.

Two promising chemical pathways are magnesium carbonate and CO2 clathrate, an ice-like material. Both provide quantum increases in volume density compared to gaseous CO2.

As an example of the potential of chemical pathways, the entire global emissions of carbon in 1990 could be contained as magnesium carbonate in a space 10 kilometers by 10 kilometers by 150 meters.

Concerning biological systems, incremental enhancements to the carbon uptake of photosynthetic systems could have a significant positive effect.

Also, harnessing naturally occurring, non-photosynthetic microbiological processes capable of converting CO2 into useful forms, such as methane and acetate, could represent a technology breakthrough.

An important advantage of biological systems is that they do not require pure CO2 and do not incur costs for separation, capture, and compression of CO2 gas.

This program area will seek to develop novel and advanced concepts for capture, reuse, and storage of CO2 from energy production and utilization systems based on, but not limited to:

  • Biological systems;
  • Advanced catalysts for CO2 or CO conversion;
  • Novel solvents,sorbents,membranes and thin films for gas separation;
  • Engineered photosynthesis systems;
  • Non-photosynthetic mechanisms for CO2 fixation (methanogenesis and acetogenesis);
  • Genetic manipulation of agricultural and tree to enhance CO2 sequestering potential;
  • Advanced decarbonization systems; and
  • Biomimetic systems.



My Note –

There could be some really good business models here. . .

create your own business – invent something – solve a problem – make it work

– cricketdiane, 06-29-09