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Mayor of L’Aquila spoke saying that over 120,000 people are out in the streets afraid to go back in their homes and there are some reports of at least 50 dead. – From report coming in broadcast – CNN International 1.03 EDTam
Servizio di rilevamento, disciplina e controllo delle emissioni in atmosfera
Il Servizio si occupa del rilascio delle autorizzazioni alle emissioni in atmosfera relativamente agli impianti, compresi gli impianti termici civili non disciplinati dal Titolo II del D.Lgs.152/06, ed alle attività che producono emissioni in atmosfera.
Per effetto del provvedimento regionale di Delibera di Giunta del 26 aprile 2006 n. 436, dal 24 maggio 2006, la Provincia dell’Aquila è autorità competente al rilascio dell’autorizzazione alle emissioni in atmosfera derivanti dall’attività di cui alla parte V del D.lgs 152/06 e per:
- volturazione della titolarità delle autorizzazioni
- vidimazione dei registri
- poteri di ordinanza.
La nostra azienda è in grado di fornire singole macchine e impianti completi per la selezione, lavaggio e asciugaggio delle materie plastiche.
http://www.wastexchange.co.uk/annunci/dettaglioAnnuncio.phpsc?path=/GARWER/categorie/42A-2AC-1B2/F9F-8E3… – 86k – Cached – Similar pages
– [ Translate this page ]Il Ministero dell’Ambiente ha pubblicato on line la deliberazione n. 4/2009 inerente l’assegnazione e rilascio delle quote di CO2 per il periodo 2008-2012 …
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In December 1966, ENEL announced a huge nuclear programme forecasting 12 000 MW of nuclear power by 1980. A year later, in 1967, CIPE (Comitato Interministeriale per la Programmazione Economica), a Committee in charge of co-ordinating the activities of the ministries involved in the country’s economic planning and of defining the nuclear programme of ENEL, reorganised the nuclear sector.
Among the most important actors (all state-owned companies) were:
- ENEL, which maintained its position as the sole utility;
- ENI, which was in charge of nuclear fuel; and
- ANSALDO, which was in charge of collaborating with foreign supplier(s) and later became the Italian nuclear components supplier.
In 1967, an agreement was signed by CNEN and ENEL for developing an Italian version of the Canadian CANDU. This reactor type, called CIRENE, was designed to use heavy water as moderator and boiling water as coolant. In 1972, ANSALDO received an order to build a 40 MW(e) prototype close to the Latina nuclear power plant. CISE actively participated in the design and construction of the CIRENE reactor, which, however, never became operational due to technical problems and a lack of economic resources. Its construction was completed only in 1988.
In 1969, ENEL decided to build a BWR (G.E. BWR 4, Mark 2) on the site of Caorso; one year later ANSALDO, in a joint venture with G.E., officially received the order. The Caorso site construction began in 1970. After several delays in implementing improvements in the suppression pool and bolstering thermal fuel performance, this 860 MW(e) unit finally started commercial operation in 1981.
In 1974, following the Yom Kippur War and the consequent oil crisis, the Ministry of Industry approved a National Energy Plan that foresaw the construction of 20 nuclear power plants in order to reduce the contribution of oil to the Italian energy mix. The main effort during that period was to achieve a certain level of technological independence from the American licenser(s). Political indecision led the industry to spread technical and economic resources over five different reactor types; namely, the BWR of General Electric, the PWR of Westinghouse and Babcock types, the CANDU of AECL, and the indigenous CIRENE.
To attain the goals of the new energy plan, the Italian government in 1973, joined the EURODIF consortium. AGIP Nucleare, a subsidiary of ENI, and CNEN were in charge of providing the country with enriched uranium for fuel fabrication. Meanwhile, in 1972, ANSALDO, in a joint venture with G.E., completed the Fabbricazioni Nucleari (Bosco Marengo) to manufacture the fuel elements for the future BWRs. The plant can produce 100 tonnes of fuel annually. It entered in operation in 1976 and has produced more than 500 tonnes of fuel for the Italian nuclear power stations and Leibstadt nuclear power station in Switzerland.
In December 1973, three major European utilities signed an agreement to build a Superphenix, a 1 200 MW(e) fast breeder reactor in France. A second smaller station was planned in Federal Republic of Germany. The three original partners were Electricité de France (EdF), ENEL and Rheinisch Westfalisches Elektrizitätswerk (RWE). Subsequently RWE was substituted by Schnell-Bruter Kernkraftwerkgesellschaft (SBK), a joint enterprise of RWE, Belgian and Dutch utilities and, to a lesser extent, the British Central Electricity Generating Board (CEGB). Under the terms of this agreement the NERSA company was created in 1974 to undertake the construction of the Creys-Malville station. EdF’s share of NERSA was 51%, ENEL had 33% and SBK 16%. Preliminary work on the Creys-Malville site started in December 1974. The first concrete was poured in December 1976. The reactor began operation in January 1986. In 1983, construction of PEC (Prova Elementi di Combustible) began for testing fast breeder fuel elements. This was intended to strengthen Italy’s participation in the Superphenix venture.
In 1976, Montalto di Castro was selected as the site for two new BWRs (G.E. BWR 4, Mark 3). The site permit was issued in 1979, exactly one month before the Three Mile Island incident. This along with the active opposition of the environmental movements, delayed the implementation of the energy plan.
Moreover, ENEL faced increasing difficulties with both its nuclear power stations and conventional power plants in the construction of a transmission system. During the 1980s, the nuclear option became one of the major political issues, almost completely halting all nuclear activities, despite the commitments of several energy plans.
The new National Energy Plan of 1982 reflected mixed attitudes. It called for two nuclear units at Montalto di Castro and six other units on three different sites (Piemonte, Lombardia and Puglia). The plan also identified the development of the so-called PUN (Progetto Unificato Nazionale), a Westinghouse pressurised water reactor as the final reactor type for the country. The most important characteristic of PUN design was to standardise nuclear plant design and construction. ENEA (Ente Nazionale per la ricerca e lo sviluppo dell’energia nucleare e delle Energie Alternative), formerly CNEN, was split into two major branches: ENEA, responsible for research and promotion of nuclear technology; and ENEA/DISP, an independent nuclear regulatory body.
[ . . . ]
At the same time ENEA decided to close down a number of facilities relevant to the fuel cycle: IFEC (Impianto di Fabbricazione Elementi di Combustibile), EUREX (Enriched Uranium Extraction), ITREC (Impianto di Trattamento e Rifabbricazione Elementi di Combustibile) and the plutonium plant at its Casaccia Centre. In effect, Italy is currently inactive in the nuclear energy sector.
The new National Energy Plan of 1982 reflected mixed attitudes. It called for two nuclear units at Montalto di Castro and six other units on three different sites (Piemonte, Lombardia and Puglia).
The plan also identified the development of the so-called PUN (Progetto Unificato Nazionale = Standard Nuclear Plant Project.), a Westinghouse pressurized water reactor as the final reactor type for the country. The most important characteristic of PUN design was to standardize nuclear plant design and construction. ENEA (Ente Nazionale per la ricerca e lo sviluppo dell’energia nucleare e delle Energie Alternative = Italian Commission for research and Development of Nuclear and Alternative Energy Resources, set up under
Act No. 84 of 5 March 1982 to reorganise CNEN.), formerly CNEN, was split into two major branches: ENEA responsible for research and promotion of nuclear technology; and, ENEA/DISP (=Directorate for Nuclear Safety and Health Protection), an independently acting nuclear Regulatory Body.
[ . . . ]
3.3. Current Policy Issues
The future of the nuclear sector remains uncertain pending development and acceptance of the new generation of enhanced safety reactors.
Main nuclear policy issues relate to the decommissioning and waste disposal facilities. The ultimate strategic goal, for the former, is unrestricted site release.
On 14 December 1999, the Italian Government, with an announcement of the Ministry of Industry, has outlined strategic choices and plans to manage the problems connected with the closure of all nuclear activities in the country. These guidelines have been submitted to the Parliament, even if a wide consensus both on political and technical bodies has raised and a high level of confidence about their confirmation should be considered.
The ministry statement outlines three main goals:
* treatment and conditioning, within a 10 year period, of all liquid and solid radwaste currently in on-site storage, mostly issued from the operation of the plants, with a view to subsequent transport to a national waste repository;
* Site selection and construction of a national repository for low and intermediate level wastes, also within 10 years; the same site would be used for temporary storage of high level long lived wastes, particularly spent fuel and wastes resulting from reprocessing: the final selection of a site for waste disposal facilities has not been made yet;
* Decommissioning of the nuclear plants in about 20 years, proceeding directly to the dismantling stage in order to reach the site release with no radiological constraints.
It is worth mentioning that this announcement brings a new approach for the decommissioning: in fact, also as a consequence of the National Conference on Energy and Environment in the autumn of 1998, the deferred decommissioning strategy (Safe Store) was up to this moment the adopted and agreed strategy by Enel with the Government.
Nevertheless, during 1999 also representatives of ANPA (the Safety National Authority) have asked for the possibility of an acceleration, considering “prompt decommissioning” option to be preferred, as well taking into account dose constraints as the need of taking advantage of the reactor operational staff still available on the nuclear sites.
The policy for an immediate dismantling was confirmed with a decree of the Ministry of Industry on 2001, May 7th; this decree confirmed also the main objectives outlined in 1999 and stated the opportunity that Sogin would collaborate, under a specific convention, with the Ministry for specific items of Ministerial responsibility concerning siting and construction of the low level radioactive wastes repository.
Sogin has defined the decommissioning program according to the new guidelines of the government.
As mentioned before, the target is to reach the complete radiological release of the site within 20 years from now.
The general programme for all plants has been in principle divided into three phases:
* The first phase will be devoted to all activities that are somewhat independent on the choosen strategy and on the availability of the national repository. Fuel storage and dismantling of BOP, of conventional buildings and lower contamination components are scheduled. In addition, all operating wastes will be conditioned. The general licensing procedure will be executed. This phase should be completed in mid 2005
* The second phase will consider all preparatory activities and mock up realisation for the final dismantling. It will start after the beginning of the realisation of the national repository; we consider that this phase should finish in 2008-2009.
* The third phase will be devoted to the dismantling of nuclear islands, to the transport off all wastes to the repository and to the site restoration. We consider that by the end of 2020 all sites should be released..
Of course, the objectives of this programme can be reached only if the construction of a national repository will be achieved in the due time.
For all plants, during 2001 a special effort was devoted to application for the dismantling and others licensing issue, such as EIA. In addition, many detailed projects were presented to the Safety National Authority, namely for the decontamination of primary circuits of Caorso and Trino. Main activities already performed on each plant are hereby summarised.
Garigliano (160MW BWR, operated from 1963 to 1978): the global decommissioning plan with the new strategy has been presented to initiate the decommissioning licensing procedure on august, 2001.
The plant was near to reach the safestore condition when the change of strategy occurred. The reactor is defuelled and no fuel is now on the site. The radiological characterisation has been completed. All operating wastes have been treated; no more necessary radwaste tanks have been dismantled and decontaminated.
Latina (160 MW GCR, operated since 1962 up to 1987): the global decommissioning plan for initiating the licensing procedure has been presented in Feb. 2002.
The plant has been totally defuelled; the primary circuit has been filled with dry air and blowers and portion of primary circuit outside the reactor building have been dismantled; first activities for the removal of asbestos from the turbine building were initiated.
Trino, (260 MW PWR, operated from 1965 to 1987): the global decommissioning plan with the new strategy has been presented to initiate the decommissioning licensing procedure in Dec. 2001; .the reactor has been defuelled and part of the fuel is now stored in the pool of the plant. An On site Interim storage will be realised by 2003. No major decommissioning activities have been performed, while removal of asbestos and components from the turbine building are initiated.
Caorso (850 MW BWR, operated from 1981 to 1986): the reactor has been defuelled and the fuel is now stored in the pool of the plant. An On site Interim Storage will be realised by 2004. On August 4, 2000 the Ministry of Industry issued a Decree authorising specific decommissioning activities (dry storage of irradiated fuel, dismantling of the turbine and Off-Gas, dismantling of the RHR towers, decontamination of the main circuit, treatment of previously produced waste). For other activities the global decommissioning plan has been presented on august 3rd, 2001.
Removal of asbestos and non contaminated components from the turbine building (mainly the generator) are initiated.
Planning activities together with on-site preparatory activities have continued, mainly operational wastes treatment and conditioning and the revision of the radiological inventory of the turbine.
Recently Sogin carried out a deep re-examination of the NPPs decommissioning costs estimates, also with qualified assistance of international advisors. First assessments indicate a total amount of about2600 MEURO for the total decommissioning of the 4 NPPs (constant money 2001, including fuel and wastes management and disposal costs)
As for funding the decommissioning, in the ’80, even if there were no precise law disposition in this specific matter, Enel has created a fund for the plants decommissioning and a fund for the irradiated fuel management. A setting aside pluriannual plan has been defined and cumulated funds were transferred to Sogin at the date of its constitution. This amount was adequate to complete decommissioning activities within the Safe Store strategy.
I.A.E.A. – Country Nuclear Power Profile – Italy Report
OECD Nuclear Energy Agency / L’Agence pour l’énergie nucléaire OECD-OCDE
[Program Service | Recent programs]
NEA-1764 IRPhE-TAPIRO-ARCHIVE (Abstract last modified 24-MAR-2006)
IRPhE-TAPIRO-ARCHIVE, Fast neutron source reactor primary documents, reactor physics experiments Abstract Table of Contents:
NAME | COMPUTER | PROBLEM | SOLUTION | RESTRICTIONS | CPU | FEATURES | AUXILIARIES | STATUS | REFERENCES | REQUIREMENTS | LANGUAGE | OPERATING SYSTEM | OTHER RESTRICTIONS | AUTHOR | MATERIAL | CATEGORIES |
1. NAME OR DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM – IRPhE-TAPIRO-ARCHIVE.
2. COMPUTER FOR WHICH PROGRAM IS DESIGNED AND OTHER MACHINE VERSION PACKAGES AVAILABLE –
To request or retrieve programs click on the one of the active versions below. A password and special authorization is required.
Explanation of the status codes.
Program-name Package-ID Status
IRPhE-TAPIRO-ARCHIVE NEA-1764/01 Arrived
Machines used: Package-ID Orig.Computer Test Computer NEA-1764/01
3. DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM OR FUNCTION – The TAPIRO reactor, located in the ENEA Casaccia Centre near Rome, is a highly enriched uranium fast neutron facility. The nominal power is 5 kW (thermal) and the core centre neutron flux is 4.E12/cm**2/s. The reactor has a cylindrical core (12.6 cm diameter and 10.9 cm height) made of 93.5 % enriched uranium metal in a uranium-molybdenum alloy which is totally reflected by copper. The copper reflector (cylindrical-shaped) is divided into two concentric zones: the inner zone, up to 17.4 cm radius, and the outer zone up to 40.0 cm. Radius. The height of the reflector is 72.0 cm. The reactor is surrounded by borate concrete shielding about 170 cm thick. The maximum depth available for the epithermal column is 160 cm, reserved for filter/moderator materials.
The graphite column extends to the external reflector boundary where a sector of the outer copper reflector has been removed and then characterized by a very hard neutron spectrum. Along the column the spectrum gradually softens up to thermal values
– Different materials can be interposed, such as U-nat, Pb, Fe, etc. to reproduce spectrum transition conditions at interface points between regions with different compositions.
– Activation foils can be used for activation analysis with threshold energies in the fast, intermediate and epithermal regions.
The archive contains reports characterising the reactor and describes experiments carried out, together with the corresponding data.
NEA-1764/01: 24-MAR-2006 Arrived restricted
-Prepared by A. Fabry, SCK-CEN, Moll, Belgium:
Neutronic characterization of the TAPIRO fast-neutron source reactor
Final report, vol.1, 2, 3, 4
For ENEA, Casaccia, Italy
-A. Gibello, P. Moioli, F.V. Orestano and F. Pistella:
Comparison between calculations and experiments in a microcattice with Europium
Comitado Nazionale Energia Nucleare
Abstract “Journal of Nuclear Energy”, vol.24, pp.235-260, 1970
-D. Antonini, M.L. Bargellini, M. Martini, P. Moioli:
Esperienze di diffusione neutronica in sodio mediante il reattore sorgente
Comitado Nazionale Energia Nucleare
RT/FI(78)4, May 1978
-A. Gibello, F.V. Orestano, F. Pistella and E. Santandrea:
Physics experiments in a PuO2-UO2 microlattice for the design of fuel elements
CSN Casaccia, March 1971
-M. Carta, A. De Carli, R. Martinelli, P. Moioli – CSN Casaccia, CNEN;
G. Daguzan, M. Salvatores, J.P. Trapp – CEN Cadarache, CEA:
Spectrum characterization in a simulated FR blanket region via activation of
threshold ans continuous detectors
Proceeding of the 4th ASTM-EURATOM Symposium on reactor dosimetry,
Graithersurg, Maryland, USA, March 22-26, 1982
-D. Antonini, P. Moioli, R. Scafe, P.G. Gabrielli:
Prova di critica’ a freddo
CNEN-NUCLITAL, 24 July 1980, T/RP/79/012-3
-B. Agricola, N. Benatti, S. Felici, C. Leposcky, A. Linari, P . Moioli, F.
Pistella, A. Puliandri, R. Scafe:
Confronto Teoria-Esperienza per le distribuzioni di potenza nel nocciolo della
centrale del Garogliano alla fine del ciclo 5
Parte 1 : Procedure e risultati sperimentali
-A. Fabry, H. Aït Abderrahim, P. D’hondt, S. De Leeuw, G. De Leeuw-Gierts, G.
Minsart – SCK/CEN, Mol, Belgium;
P . Moioli, M. Angelone, M. Carta – ENEA C.R.E. Casaccia, Roma, Italy:
Learning from a joint Italian-Belgian neutronic characterization of the TAPIRO
ASTM-EURATOM Symposium on reactor dosimetry, Strasbourg 27-31 Aug 1990
-D. Antonini, M. Carta, A. De Carli, R. Martinelli, P. Moioli, R. Scafe, A.
Programma Nefertiti, esperienze e calcoli relativi alla prima configurazione
-M. Carta, A. de Carli, P. Moioli:
Esperienza di irragiamento del mock-up della griglia del pec.
CNEN, RIT/FIS, LTCR(81)1
-Results in neutron propagation in steel-sodium mixtures with various source
spectra on HARMONIE and TAPIRO
5th International Conference on shielding, Knoxville, USA, 18-22 April 1977
1 – J.C. Estiot, J.P. Trapp, G. Palmiotti, M. Salvatore:
Use of integral data for the prediction of neutron propagation in iron-sodium
2 – D. Calamand, A. Desprets, H. Rancurel, R. Vienot, J.C. Estiot, J.P. Trapp,
M.L. Bargellini, L. Bozzi, M. Martini, P. Moioli, D. Antonini, A. De Carli,
Results of neutron propagation in steel sodium mixtures with various source
spectra on HARMONIE and TAPIRO.
-A. Fabry, P. D’hondt – SCK/CEN Mol, Belgium; M. Angelone, P.Moioli – ENEA
C.R.E. Casaccia, Italy:
Radiometric measurement of U-235 and Pu-239 fission yields from fast reactor
core spectrum to reflector/blanket degraded neutron spectra
-M. Angelone, M. Carta, A. De Carli, P.Moioli:
Stato di avanzamento del programma NEFERTITI
ENEA, FT-WHD-00002, October 1982
Measurement of absolute reaction rates at the TAPIRO reactor for U-235 and
U-238 fission, and for U-238 capture by means of pure Germanium detectors
ENEA, VT-WHD-00007, 1986
Determination of the core power of the TAPIRO reactor by means of fission rate
measurements using fuel pellets and U-235 foils
ENEA, VT-WHD-00012, 1989
12. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE -NEA-1764/01:
13. SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS – Acrobat Reader, HTML Browser required.
15. NAME AND ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORS –
Dr. Renato TINTI
Via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4
I-40129 BOLOGNA, ITALY
16. MATERIAL AVAILABLE -NEA-1764/01:
17. CATEGORIES –
– Y. Integral Experiments Data, Databases, Benchmarks
Keywords: COPPER REFLECTOR, FAST REACTORS, GRAPHITE COLUMN, HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM, REACTORPHYSICS EXPERIMENTS
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Security of Supply of Medical Radioisotopes
At a workshop organised by the NEA on 29-30 January 2009, participants recognised the vulnerability of the global medical isotope supply chain and identified measures to enhance short-term supply security.
The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency at Fifty Cinquante années de coopération dans le domaine de l’énergie nucléaire
An international array of some 250 dignitaries and government experts in the field of nuclear energy gathered in Paris to mark the 50th anniversary of the creation of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA).
The Outlook for Nuclear Energy Un projet de l’AEN sur la sûreté nucléaire célèbre ses 50 ans
With the launch today of its first Nuclear Energy Outlook, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) makes an important contribution to ongoing discussions of nuclear energy’s potential role in the energy mixes of its member countries.
Analytical Benchmarks for Nuclear Engineering Applications
Case Studies in Neutron Transport Theory
Read more | Download in pdf format (2.3 mb)
Moving Forward with Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Progresser sur la voie du stockage géologique des déchets radioactifs – Déclaration collective du Comité de la gestion des déchets radioactifs (RWMC) de l’AEN
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1. L’ ecomafia dei rifiuti in Italia
2. Il traffico di materiale ferroso contaminato alle fonderie
3. Navi affondate e sospetti: i traffici di rifiuti pericolosi e radioattivi
4. La legge-delega sull’ambiente: effetti, personaggi, valutazioni
5. Il Ministro dell’Ambiente Matteoli: paralisi o no?
6. La costruzione del “sito unico”: l’Impregilo e la B.N.L. in prima linea?
7. A Taranto una base USA per i sottomarini nucleari?
8. Il rischio attentati terroristici legati ai depositi di scorie radioattive
1. La situazione in Europa dei rifiuti radioattivi
2. I depositi per lo smaltimento dei rifiuti nucleari nel mondo
3. Il problema delle scorie radioattive in USA
4. Il problema delle scorie radioattive in Russia
5. L’impianto di Sellafield in Gran Bretagna per il trattamento di rifiuti nucleari
6. Lo smantellamento degli arsenali nucleari, l’ uranio altamente arricchito (HEU), il plutonio e il mox
7. Il costo per la conservazione e lo smaltimento definitivo del materiale radioattivo
1. Lo smaltimento sotto i fondali marini
2. La “trasmutazione” dei nuclei radioattivi a vita media-lunga in elementi stabili e il “motore” di Rubbia
3. Il Sole come discarica per le scorie nucleari
4. L’uso civile e bellico dell’ uranio impoverito (il “prodotto di scarto”)
5. Il batterio che ripulisce dalla radioattività
last update January 2006 :: online since 19 December 2003
Former and Inactive Nuclear Test Sites – Map (has nothing to do with Italy)
[note – population of this area – 1,324,000]
Abruzzo is a region in Italy, its western border lies less than 50 miles due east of Rome. Abruzzo borders the region of Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east, and the Adriatic Sea to the east. Although geographically a central region, ISTAT (the Italian statistical authority) considers it part of Southern Italy, a vestige of Abruzzo’s historic association with the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
L’Aquila 297,592 108
Teramo 296,063 47
Chieti 381,993 104
Pescara 312,215 46
Since the 1950s, Abruzzo has had steady economic growth. In 1951, Abruzzo‘s per capita income or GDP was 53% of that of Northern Italy, the nation’s richest region. By 1971, Abruzzo was at 65% and, by 1994, per capita income was at 76% of Northern Italy’s per capita income, giving Abruzzo the highest per capita GDP of the Mezzogiorno surpassing the growth rate of every other region of Italy. The construction of superhighways from Rome to Teramo (A24) and Rome to Pescara (A25) opened Abruzzo to easy access, state and private investment in the region increased, and Abruzzo attained higher per capita education levels and greater productivity growth than the rest of the Mezzogiorno. As a result, Abruzzo’s industrial sector expanded rapidly, especially in mechanical engineering, transportation equipment and telecommunications.  As of 2003, Abruzzo’s per capita GDP was 19,506 EUR or 84% of the national average of 23,181 EUR and well outpacing that of the South (15,808 EUR).
In the past decade, tourism has increased, mostly among Italians and other Europeans. Abruzzo’s wealth of castles and medieval towns, especially near the town of L’Aquila, has earned it in some quarters the nickname of “Abruzzoshire”, by analogy with the “Chiantishire” nickname sometimes used to refer to the Chianti area of Tuscany, but Abruzzo is still off the beaten path for most visitors to Italy.
The region has 21 ski areas with 368 km. of runs, all within a few hours of Rome. The most developed resort being Roccaraso, followed by Campo Felice, and Campo Imperatore. Located in the highest region of the Apennines, these ski areas are at heights nearly comparable to many Alpine resorts. Because of their proximity to the Adriatic and winter precipitation patterns, they often have more snow than the Alps. Abruzzo also is popular for cross country skiing, especially on the high plain of Campo Imperatore in the Gran Sasso as well as the Piana Grande in the Majella.
The Gran Sasso massif sports the Italian peninsula’s highest peak, Corno Grande, and Europe’s southernmost glacier, Il Calderone. The Corno Grande and its neighboring Corno Piccolo provide a range of climbing opportunities from mountain hikes suitable for novices to sheer rock wall ascents suitable only for expert alpinists. Abruzzo’s lesser known peaks, especially the gentler slopes of the Majella, offer climbers the opportunity to hike and climb in solitude.
|Comune||Population (2007 est.)|
L’Aquila is Abruzzo’s regional capital as well as the capital of the province of l’Aquila. Abruzzo’s other provincial capitals are Pescara, which is Abruzzo’s largest city with a population of 150,000 as of 2000, Teramo (population 52,000) and Chieti (population 56,000). Other large municipalities in Abruzzo include Avezzano (population 40,000), an industrial and high technology center, and Lanciano (population 36,000) another important industrial and tourism center.
The regional accents of Abruzzo include Teramano, Abruzzese Orientale Adriatico and Abruzzese Occidentale. The first two form part of the Italiano meridionale-interno dialect of southern Italy also known simply as “Neapolitan” due to the region having been part of the Kingdom of Naples and the Two Sicilies, while the Italian of L’Aquila Province is related to the Osco-Umbro dialect of central Italy, including the one of Rome. It should be noted that Abruzzo’s Italian dialects are not particularly marked. In fact, Harvard University bases an intensive summer language program in Vasto, a resort town on Abruzzo’s southern coast. There is, however, a small Albanian linguistic area at Penne, in the Province of Pescara.
Among Abruzzo many historic towns are: Sulmona at the foot of the Maiella massif and known for Italy’s most famous ancient poet , Ovid, Scanno, a lakeside hill town, Atri a picturesque artistic center, and the hillside towns of Penne, Lanciano and Loreto Aprutino.
 Medieval and Renaissance hill towns
Abruzzo holds some of Italy’s best-preserved medieval and Renaissance hill towns. The abrupt decline of Abruzzo’s agricultural economy in the early to mid-20th century saved some of the region’s most beautiful hill towns from the onslaught of modern development. Many lie entirely within regional and national parks so their preservation is all but guaranteed. Among the most well preserved are Castel del Monte (AQ) and Santo Stefano di Sessanio, which lie in the Gran Sasso National Park on the edge of the high plain of Campo Imperatore and nestled beneath the Apennines’ highest peaks; both hill towns, which were ruled by the Medicis for over a century-and-a-half, have relatively little tourism. Between the two towns sits Rocca di Calascio, the ruin of an ancient fortress popular with film makers. Also within the Gran Sasso National Park is Castelli, an ancient pottery center whose artisans produced ceramics for most of the royal houses of Europe. Although still home to many artisans, Castelli has a modest tourist trade.
Other medieval hill towns located fully within Abruzzo’s park system are Pacentro in the Parco Nazionale della Majella and Pescasseroli in the Parco Nazionale d’Abruzzo. Pacentro, which features a 14th century castle with two intact towers, has been little touched by modernization and is also known for being the origin village of the grandfathers of the entertainers Madonna and Dean Martin.
- Official site of the regional administration
- Map of Abruzzo
- |n the Land of Bears and Castles, The Financial Times (29 June 2007)
- Italy as it used to be, The Guardian (16 April 2005)
- Life in Abruzzo,a chronicle of Abruzzo life written from a hill village in the Gran Sasso Mountains
- Italian lifestyle – pictures from Abruzzo
- Ski resorts in Abruzzo
- Abruzzo travel guide from Wikitravel
EMERGENZA TERREMOTO: CHIODI, RECARSI NEI PUNTI DI RACCOLTA
TERREMOTO:CHIODI A L’AQUILA NELLA SALA OPERATIVA
Terremoto in Abruzzo: decine di morti, paesi distrutti
molti dispersi tra le macerie. Caos all’ospedale de l’Aquila
LA DIRETTA. Il sisma, di magnitudo 6,3 Richter (8-9 Mercalli), ha colpito poco prima delle 3.30 (mappa) Castelnuovo descritto come un ammasso di macerie. Migliaia di sfollati nelle strade invase dai calcinacci. All’Aquila ha ceduto un albergo e parte della Casa dello studente: già un morto. Si scava sotto un palazzo: morti 5 bimbi. Le case hanno tremato con forza anche a Roma. Bertolaso: “Peggior tragedia del millennio” / INVIATE FOTO, VIDEO, TESTIMONIANZE A REPUBBLICA.IT – LE PRIME TESTIMONIANZE
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La drammatica testimonianza di un giornalista de “Il Centro”. Le prime immagini da l’Aquila e dai paesi colpiti, i racconti, le interviste con gli esperti
PRIME IMMAGINI 1 – 2 / AUDIO: voci dal sisma 1 – 2 – Protezione civile / LA MAPPA DEI DANNI E DELLE VITTIME
L’Aquila era stata teatro di fenomeni sismici che hanno procurato preoccupazione. Giampaolo Giuliani, grazie a un apparecchio che, misurando il gas “radon”, è in grado di prevedere in anticipo i sismi, aveva lanciato l’avviso. E’ stato denunciato per procurato allarme / Commenta / I PRECEDENTI
LA SCHEDA: l’Appennino, zona a rischio di L. BIGNAMI
Il terremoto sconvolge l’Abruzzo
Crolli all’Aquila, 20 morti e 40 dispersi
Il sisma, di magnitudo 6,3 Richter, ha colpito la zona intorno al capoluogo abruzzese. L’epicentro a 95 chilometri da Roma. La Protezione civile conferma: decine di morti nei paesi. Lesionati anche edifici in cemento armato. All’Aquila crolla una parte della casa dello studente. Convocato il comitato operativo della protezione civile. Bertolaso: “La peggiore tragedia dall’inzio del millennio”. Sarà dichiarato lo stato d’emergenza. La scossa avvertita con forza a Roma
Il premier Silvio Berlusconi ha firmato il decreto che stabilisce lo “stato d’emergenza”. Berlusconi sta valutando se rinviare il viaggio in Russia davanti alla drammaticità della situazione in Abruzzo
Aumenta il numero delle vittime della scossa di terremoto che ha colpito L’Aquila e le zone limitrofe. Ora i corpi estratti sono 20.
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also made Google search – chemical L’Aquila – chemical engineering in area