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My Note –

This completely devastated area does not represent a “Green Earthquake Alert” in Italy – they [at GDACS] got it wrong, although it is probably correct that landslides could also be a problem. Water, power lines and gas lines are compromised, obviously – and I read that somewhere this morning, and in one photograph from the area, an entire section of earth dropped into nowhere under buildings and a large portion of roadway and bridge were buckled, but I don’t remember where I found the photos.

re206xv1x_20090406

Also –

from my research about the quake – some of the best places to find out about it – The death toll is now over 100, and there are tents being set up for people.

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I haven’t found any pictures from North and Northeast of L’Aquila, but I’m sure they are somewhere. In fact, I hate to say it but there doesn’t seem to be any news coming from any of the small villages and townships up through there. All of the stories and pictures I could find involve the Southern, Southeastern and Southwestern towns where there has apparently been a lot of damage and some deaths.

By using the Google news search with “earthquake Italy” as the search terms, there were a lot of photos and stories, but it looks like some of the best and most current are coming from ANSA News Agency. It has an English version or from Repubblica Italia. I don’t know if it is in English or not. Also, some of the best reporting on Javno.com and http://news.xinhuanet.com/english – also – Telegraph UK  and BBC – but this one had the best group of easily viewed pictures, although they came from Reuters, I think – http://news.yahoo.com/nphotos/Strong-earthquake-hits-central-Italy/ss/events/wl/040609italyquake/im:/090406/481/280f9a39eb714cf393f3db5316673ef0/#photoViewer=/090406/481/52d3367c9a9349d7af39f5f5d6749d01

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I looked that up and also Collebrincioni – they had to have had damage, but so far there isn’t news coming out from there unless it is in the blogs or IReports on CNN or something. It might be worth calling them. The police cameras had a helicopter aerial photo earlier that was taken over the town of L’Aquila and I was hoping they’ve been up through those other areas from the air but I haven’t seen anything yet about anywhere North or Northeast of L’Aquila. I’m horrified that many of the damaged structures were newer buildings and the concrete looked brittle and crumbly in the pictures. That shouldn’t be that way. The areas around the physics lab – I don’t know but I hope the emergency groups have moved out in that direction.

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2009-04-06 15:34
Quake: 1, 500 injured, premier says
Tents for 20, 000 people set up amid fears of further quakes
(ANSA) – L’Aquila, April 6 – Premier Silvio Berlusconi said Monday that around 1,500 people were injured in the L’Aquila earthquake that killed at least 92.

”At the moment 4,000 rescuers are at work and concentrating on extracting people from the rubble,” said Berlusconi, who cancelled a trip to Moscow to travel to L’Aquila where he surveyed the damage from a helicopter.

The premier said a camp with 2,000 tents, each capable of housing 8-10 people, was currently being set up in the city for those who had lost their homes in the disaster, while around 4,000 beds in hotels in the area had also been reserved for survivors.

”The camp should be ready be tonight,” Berlusconi told journalists at a press conference, during which another small quake was felt.

”The fundamental thing I want to say is that nobody will be left alone,” he said.

The premier appealed to survivors not to remain in damaged houses.

”Nobody can tell if there will be further quakes in the next few hours or days,” he said.

Photo: Berlusconi.

http://www.ansa.it/site/notizie/awnplus/english/news/2009-04-06_106340835.html

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11.11 EDT am – on CNN (34) on scene report which stated that the new buildings that collapsed shouldn’t have collapsed and were not up to code (that will have to be looked into.)

My note – it shouldn’t have happened. Those buildings shouldn’t have been built that way.
See notes – handwritten.

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http://www.cnn.com/feedback/forms/form5.html?92
form for comment on CNN newsroom

They are requesting on air that anyone in the region of the earthquake, send or call in reports, IReports, email, phone, whatever.

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Earthquake List for Map of Europe Region

Update time = Mon Apr 6 11:00:03 UTC 2009

Here is a list of the earthquakes located by the USGS and contributing networks for the Map of Europe Region. Most recent events are at the top. (Some early events may be obscured by later ones on the map.) Click on the date portion of an earthquake record in the list below for more information.
MAG     UTC DATE-TIME
y/m/d h:m:s     LAT
deg     LON
deg     DEPTH
km      Region
MAP     4.3     2009/04/06 07:17:13        42.448     13.363      10.0       CENTRAL ITALY
MAP     4.4     2009/04/06 03:56:48        42.387     13.322      10.0       CENTRAL ITALY
MAP     4.8     2009/04/06 02:37:06        42.512     13.397      10.0       CENTRAL ITALY
MAP     6.3     2009/04/06 01:32:42        42.423     13.395      10.0       CENTRAL ITALY
MAP     4.0     2009/04/05 20:48:57        42.400     13.409      10.0       CENTRAL ITALY
MAP     4.6     2009/04/05 20:20:52        44.355     11.979      6.4       NORTHERN ITALY
MAP     4.5     2009/04/04 07:02:46        71.815     -1.272      10.0       JAN MAYEN ISLAND REGION

http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Maps/region/Europe_eqs.php

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Latest Earthquakes in the World – USGS

http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/

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http://www.gdacs.org/reports.asp?eventType=EQ&ID=54752&system=asgard&location=ITA&alertlevel=Green&glide_no=


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Green Earthquake alert in Italy

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Green Earthquake Alert in Italy

Summary

On 4/6/2009 1:32:42 AM UTC an earthquake of magnitude 6.3 and depth 10km has struck an highly populated area in the Abruzzi Province (population: 1.2 million) in Italy. GDACS estimates the likelihood for need of international humanitarian intervention to be low (Green alert).

This earthquake can have a low humanitarian impact since the affected region is highly populated and has low vulnerability to natural disasters.

The earthquake 8km from the city of L’Aquila. The nearest populated places are Casamaina (19km), San Martino d’Ocre (18km), Casentino (18km), Ocre (17km), Sant’Eusanio Forconese (18km), Tornimparte (17km), Fossa (17km), Lucoli (15km), Valle d’Ocre (15km), Barano (17km), Bagno (13km), Casavecchia (13km), Monticchio (13km), Barisciano (20km), Poggio Picenze (16km), Pianola (11km), San Gregorio (13km), Poggio di Roio (10km), Poggio Santa Maria (15km), Bazzano (11km), San Martino (16km), Colle di Roio (10km), Pagliare (11km), Vigliano (17km), Civitatomassa (13km), Paganica (10km), Pescomaggiore (12km), Pile (7km), Sella di Corno (19km), Coppito (8km), Scoppito (13km), Filetto (11km), Preturo (9km), Camarda (9km), Aragno (6km), San Vittorino (7km), San Marco (10km), Colle Brincioni (3km), Santi (13km), Cavallari (8km), Casaline (13km), Assergi (9km), Arischia (5km), Teora (11km), Fonte Cerreto (11km), Colle (6km), Pizzoli (8km), Termine (16km), Barete (9km), Cagnano Amiterno (14km), San Giovanni (12km), Fiugni (16km), Cabbia (17km), Fano a Corno (20km), Marana (16km), Cesaproba (19km), Pellescritta (18km), Colle Paganica (15km), Ortolano (11km), Capitignano (13km), Montereale (17km), Pietracamela (18km), Sivignano (15km), Mascioni (13km), Cavagnano (17km), Nerito (15km), Alvi (15km), Fano Adriano (19km), Santa Vittoria (20km), Senarica (17km), Aringo (18km), Campotosto (15km), Poggio Cancelli (17km), Santa Lucia (20km), Crognaleto (20km), Cervaro (19km), Cesacastina (19km). It is a mountainous region with a maximum altitude of 2651 m.

Humanitarian Impact impact
Population vulnerability vul
Tsunami probability tsunami
Landslide probability slope
Nuclear radiation probability radiation
Caution: this information is based on risk models. Whether international humanitarian aid is needed must be decided by an expert.

This email report was automatically created or updated by a computer on: 4/6/2009 2:56:32 AM UTC (1 hour 23 minutes after the event)

Explanation of alert calculation: Show

Google map Population map

Earthquake epicentre: best estimate eq_logo previous estimates: eq_icon

Map data ©2009 Tele Atlas – Terms of Use
Map
Satellite
Hybrid

Earthquake Event

Geological map
geological map

Characteristics for this report

Information source World Data Centre for Seismology, Denver (NEIC)
Link to source event report (us2009fcaf)
PAGER report (2009fcaf)
Magnitude 6.3 M
Depth 10 km
Location Geographic coordinates (latitude/longitude): 42.4228, 13.3945
Italy , Abruzzi Province (population: 1272594).
Seismic region: Italy.

The earthquake happened in Italy , Abruzzi Province (population: 1272594). , 8km from the city of L’Aquila. The nearest populated places are Casamaina (19km), San Martino d’Ocre (18km), Casentino (18km), Ocre (17km), Sant’Eusanio Forconese (18km), Tornimparte (17km), Fossa (17km), Lucoli (15km), Valle d’Ocre (15km), Barano (17km), Bagno (13km), Casavecchia (13km), Monticchio (13km), Barisciano (20km), Poggio Picenze (16km), Pianola (11km), San Gregorio (13km), Poggio di Roio (10km), Poggio Santa Maria (15km), Bazzano (11km), San Martino (16km), Colle di Roio (10km), Pagliare (11km), Vigliano (17km), Civitatomassa (13km), Paganica (10km), Pescomaggiore (12km), Pile (7km), Sella di Corno (19km), Coppito (8km), Scoppito (13km), Filetto (11km), Preturo (9km), Camarda (9km), Aragno (6km), San Vittorino (7km), San Marco (10km), Colle Brincioni (3km), Santi (13km), Cavallari (8km), Casaline (13km), Assergi (9km), Arischia (5km), Teora (11km), Fonte Cerreto (11km), Colle (6km), Pizzoli (8km), Termine (16km), Barete (9km), Cagnano Amiterno (14km), San Giovanni (12km), Fiugni (16km), Cabbia (17km), Fano a Corno (20km), Marana (16km), Cesaproba (19km), Pellescritta (18km), Colle Paganica (15km), Ortolano (11km), Capitignano (13km), Montereale (17km), Pietracamela (18km), Sivignano (15km), Mascioni (13km), Cavagnano (17km), Nerito (15km), Alvi (15km), Fano Adriano (19km), Santa Vittoria (20km), Senarica (17km), Aringo (18km), Campotosto (15km), Poggio Cancelli (17km), Santa Lucia (20km), Crognaleto (20km), Cervaro (19km), Cesacastina (19km).

It is a mountainous region with a maximum altitude of 2651 m.

Time time 4/6/2009 1:32:42 AM (UTC, Universal Standard Time)
4/6/2009 2:26:17 AM (Estimated local solar time)
Mon, 4/6/2009 02:32 CET (Brussels, Paris, Rome)
Sun, 4/5/2009 20:32 EST (New York, Washington)
Sun, 4/5/2009 17:32 PST (San Francisco, Los Angeles)
Mon, 4/6/2009 09:32 AWST (Australian Western Standard Time)

Previous reports for this earthquake.

Earthquake report Tsunami report Event Date/Time Lat/Lon Magnitude Depth (km) Source Publication Date/Time Delay
54751 4/6/2009 1:32:44 AM UTC 42.48, 13.16 6.7 33 PTWC (pt09096000) 4/6/2009 2:51:17 AM UTC 78min
54752 4/6/2009 1:32:42 AM UTC 42.4228, 13.3945 6.3 10 NEIC (us2009fcaf) 4/6/2009 2:56:32 AM UTC 83min

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Earthquake Impact Details

shakemap

Potentially affected People

The population in the area of this earthquake if 64 people/km². (Data source).

The earthquake occurred at 2h local time. At this time a day, more people are at home and therefore more vulnerable to collapsing residential buildings. During traffic hours, people can be affected by collapsing bridges and other road infrastructure.

Population Data
Radius (km) Population Density (people/km²)
1 30 30
2 125 9
5 2419 30
10 67700 215
20 99314 79
50 505815 64
100 5458926 173
200 13965260 111

Damage

The affected region has low level of urban area (0.2%) and a high level of cultivated area (34.8%). In urban areas more damage can be expected than in cultivated or natural areas. (Data source)

Radius (km) urban areas cultivated areas other
200 0.22% 34.84% 64.92%
100 0.36% 52.7% 46.93%
50 0.1% 66.97% 32.91%
10 0.81% 74.59% 24.59%

Resilience and Vulnerability

Resilience is the capacity of the population to cope with a hazard. Since much of investments in earthquake preparedness and available funds for quick response is related to household income, the GDP per capita can be used as a rough indicator of resilience.

Italy has a GDP per capita of 20174 PPP$ (Parity Purchasing Power Dollar, about 1 Euro) and is therefore part of the high level income countries. Therefore, the earthquake happened in an area of high resilience.

Based on the combination of 9 indicators, ECHO attributes Italy a low vulnerability.

Exposure

Both conditions for survival and conditions for delivering aid strongly depend on the current weather and temperature. The following graphs show the current and forecast weather.

Current weather conditions and forecasts at earthquake location (lat: 42.4228 – long: 13.3945) (Data source).

Temperature chart currently not available. Try to refresh page.
Precipitation chart currently not available. Try to refresh page.
Cloud cover chart currently not available. Try to refresh page.

More detailed observations at closest weather station (Liberi): WeatherByWebNOAA

Probability of Secondary effects

slopelevel Landslides: The maximum slope in the area of the earthquake is 74.387% and the maximum altitude is 2651 m. Since this is a high slope, the risk of earthquake induced landslides is high. Note, however, that the slope data is not reliable on a local scale, while landslides depend very much on local topography, soil and meteorological conditions. More…

Critical infrastructure

The following critical infrastructure is nearby and could be affected by the earthquake:

  • nuclevel Nuclear power plants: There are no nuclear facilities nearby the epicenter.
  • damlevel Hydrodams: The following hydrodam installations are near the epicenter: Rio Fucino (134km), Occhito (125km)

The distance to nuclear installations is evaluated based on a 1999 UN dataset containing the location of nuclear plants in the world. If plants are near and the earthquake magnitude is above 6.5, the alert is set to orange. Note that the location of plants is approximate with errors of up to 100km.

Getting there and away

The nearest civilian airport (Liberi) is at 65km from the epicenter. The Civil airfield of L Aquila Preturo is located at 8km from the epicenter. Other airports are: Naples (186km), Grazzanise (162km), Capua Mil (159km), Aquino (108km), Latina (106km), Frosinone Mil (87km), Pratica Di Mare (116km), Sora (81km), Ciampino (96km), Fiumicino (117km), Roma Urbe (90km), Guidonia (72km), L Aquila Preturo (8km), Viterbo (109km), Liberi (65km), Baccarini (194km), Foligno (80km), Sant Egidio (104km), Siena (198km), Falconara (133km), Fano (159km), Miramare (189km)

Ports nearby are: Forio (193km), Ischia (194km), Procida Island (192km), Miseno (191km), Bagnoli (191km), Pozzuoli (188km), Naples (191km), Portici (190km), Ponza (173km), Gaeta (136km), Formia (132km), Terracina (127km), Anzio (125km), Ostia (119km), Fiumicino (122km), Termoli (140km), Civitavecchia (137km), Vasto (115km), Ortona (84km), Port Ercole (179km), Porto Santo Stefano (189km), Pescara (68km), Talamone (186km), Giulianova (59km), San Benedetto (70km), Porto Recanati (112km), Ancona (134km), Falconara (134km), Senigallia (145km), Fano (163km), Pesaro (171km), Cattolica (181km), Riccione (188km), Porti De Riminl (195km)

Disclaimer

While we try everything to ensure accuracy, this information is purely indicative and should not be used for any decision making without alternate sources of information. The JRC is not responsible for any damage or loss resulting from the use of the information presented on this website.

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