Corruption of President’s Actions Affects US and the International Community -Ukraine Transcript IS Proof

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In plain terms:

It is illegal to solicit a bribe from a foreign leader. (even if you are the president of the United States.)

This is based on the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, UNCAC (The United States is a state party to the United Nations Convention Against Corruption), The IACAC (The Inter-American Convention Against Corruption)and the OECD AntiBribery Convention.

The United States ratified the UNCAC on October 30, 2006. The UNCAC requires parties to criminalize a wide range of corrupt acts, including domestic and foreign bribery and related offenses such as money laundering and obstruction of justice. The UNCAC also establishes guidelines for the creation of anti-corruption bodies, codes of conduct for public officials, transparent and objective systems of procurement, and enhanced accounting and auditing standards for the private sector.

Bribery versus Extortion

Article 15 of the Convention against Corruption defines bribery as both the promise, offering or giving of an undue advantage to a national, international or foreign public official and the solicitation or acceptance of an undue advantage by a national public official.

https://www.unodc.org/e4j/en/organized-crime/module-4/key-issues/bribery-versus-extortion.html

**


Under federal law, individuals or companies that aid or abet a crime, including an FCPA violation, are as guilty as if they had directly committed the offense themselves.

The aiding and abetting statute provides that whoever “commits an offense against the United States or aids, abets, counsels, commands, induces or procures its commission,” or “willfully causes an act to be done which if directly performed by him or another would be an offense against the United States,” is punishable as a principal.


No problem does more to alienate citizens from their political leaders and institutions, and to undermine political stability and economic development, than endemic corruption among the government, political party leaders, judges, and bureaucrats. — USAID Anti-Corruption Strategy

Pg. 3

https://www.sec.gov/spotlight/fcpa/fcpa-resource-guide.pdf

**

20 See International Anti-Bribery and Fair Competition Act of 1998, Pub.
L. 105-366, 112 Stat. 3302 (1998); see also S. Rep. No. 105-277, at 2-3
(describing amendments to “the FCPA to conform it to the requirements
of and to implement the OECD Convention”).

2 Id.; H.R. Rep. No. 95-640, at 4-5 (1977) [hereinafter H. R. Rep. No.
95-640], available at http://www.justice.gov/criminal/fraud/fcpa/
history/1977/houseprt-95-640.pdf.

The House Report made clear Congress’s concerns:

The payment of bribes to influence the acts or decisions of foreign officials, foreign political parties or candidates for foreign political office is unethical.
It is counter to the moral expectations and values of the American public. But not only is it unethical, it is bad business as well. It erodes public confidence in the integrity of the free market system. It short-circuits the marketplace by directing business to those companies too inefficient to compete in terms of price, quality or service, or too lazy to engage in honest salesmanship, or too intent upon unloading marginal products. In short, it rewards corruption instead of efficiency and puts pressure on ethical
enterprises to lower their standards or risk losing business.

3 See, e.g., U.S. Agency for Int’l Dev., USAID Anticorruption
Strategy 5-6 (2005), available at http://transition.usaid.gov/policy/
ads/200/200mbo.pdf.

The growing recognition that corruption poses a severe threat to domestic and international security has galvanized efforts to combat it in the United States and abroad.

See, e.g., Int’l AntiCorruption and Good Governance Act of 2000, Pub. L. No. 106-309,
§ 202, 114 Stat. 1090 (codified as amended at 22 U.S.C. §§ 2151-2152 (2000))


(noting that “widespread corruption endangers the stability and security of societies, undermines democracy, and jeopardizes the social, political, and economic development of a society. . . . [and that] corruption facilitates criminal activities, such as money laundering, hinders economic development, inflates the costs of doing business, and undermines the legitimacy of the government and public trust”).


My Note –

This speaks of international corruption but since Trump decided to use Ukraine to harass his political opponents family as a favor he asked of Ukrainian President Zelensky in the recently published phone call with him, it now applies to our president as well.

Since Trump was singly deciding to withhold military aid from Ukraine that Congress had already obligated to them and knew that fact during the phone call (of which we have no word-for-word transcript) – but Ukraine knew that money was not in their hands yet and had to be given to them within the next few weeks.

Phone call from Trump July 25 – US military funding Money had to be made available to Ukraine and spent by September 30. They knew it hadn’t come yet despite the inspection certification hoops they had been made to jump through – of anti-corruption efforts by Ukraine was completed, filed and official by US inspectors since May, according to the Pentagon letter to that effect.

So, now this text below from this document refers to the president as well:


 

International corruption also undercuts good governance and impedes U.S. efforts to promote freedom and democracy, end poverty, and combat crime and terrorism across the globe.5 Corruption is also bad for business. Corruption is anti-competitive, leading to distorted prices and disadvantaging honest businesses that do not pay bribes. It increases the cost of doing business globally and inflates the cost of government contracts in developing countries.6 Corruption also introduces significant uncertainty into business transactions: Contracts secured through bribery may be legally unenforceable, and paying bribes on one contract often results in corrupt officials making ever-increasing demands.

https://www.sec.gov/spotlight/fcpa/fcpa-resource-guide.pdf (pg.


**

Under federal law, individuals or companies that aid
or abet a crime, including an FCPA violation, are as guilty as
if they had directly committed the offense themselves. The
aiding and abetting statute provides that whoever “commits
an offense against the United States or aids, abets, counsels,
commands, induces or procures its commission,” or “willfully causes an act to be done which if directly performed
by him or another would be an offense against the United
States,” is punishable as a principal.199 Aiding and abetting is
not an independent crime, and the government must prove
that an underlying FCPA violation was committed.200

(pg. 34)

 

What Does “Willfully” Mean and When

Does It Apply?

In order for an individual defendant to be criminally liable under the FCPA, he or she must act “willfully.”81  Proof of willfulness is not required to establish corporate criminal or civil liability,82 though proof of corrupt intent is.

 

The term “willfully” is not defined in the FCPA, but it has generally been construed by courts to connote an act committed voluntarily and purposefully, and with a bad purpose, i.e., with “knowledge that [a defendant] was doing a ‘bad’ act under the general rules of law.”83  

 

As the Supreme Court explained in Bryan v. United States, “[a]s a general matter, when used in the criminal context, a ‘willful’ act is one undertaken with a ‘bad purpose.’  In other words, in order to establish a ‘willful’ violation of a statute, ‘the Government must prove that the defendant acted with knowledge that his conduct was unlawful.’”84

 

Notably, as both the Second Circuit and Fifth Circuit Courts of Appeals have found, the FCPA does not require the government to prove that a defendant was specifically aware of the FCPA or knew that his conduct violated the FCPA.85  To be guilty, a defendant must act with a bad purpose, i.e., know generally that his conduct is unlawful.

 

U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

 

https://www.sec.gov/spotlight/fcpa/fcpa-resource-guide.pdf

 

**

[All references in this document and quoted materials are from this document unless otherwise noted  –

https://www.sec.gov/spotlight/fcpa/fcpa-resource-guide.pdf ]

In fiscal year 2009, the U.S. government provided more than $1 billion for anti-corruption and related good governance assistance abroad.  {Maybe some of it should have been spent to teach Mr. Trump about anti-corruption and good governance as well.}

Note – This blog post was researched and written by CricketDiane, Diane C Phillips,

09-29-2019

**

 

DNI Maguire Broke The Law For His Own Fealty To The President – Arrest Him Like Any Of The Rest Of Us Would Be

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Towards the beginning of the hearings with the DNI today , Maguire admitted that the whistleblower’s complaint was both credible and urgent.

The DNI is not above the law and he should be taken out of the Halls of our Congress in handcuffs and prosecution begin immediately of him for breaking the very clear whistleblower law for his own political interests in fealty to the White House and Trump.

He had no legal right to withhold the whistleblower complaint from Congress for this extended time to serve the desires of the executive branch. It broke the law to do so.

https://www.cnn.com/2019/09/26/politics/whistleblower-complaint-released/index.html

**

 

“Moscow Mitch” Soybeans and Aluminum

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China applied a 25% tariff on soybeans in July of last year in response to U.S. tariffs on Chinese goods.

China is honoring agreements signed earlier to import U.S. soybeans, according to Cong Liang, secretary general of China’s NDRC, CCTV reported.

China bought 32.9 million tonnes of U.S. soybeans in 2017, before the trade war.

Overall, China has purchased about 14.3 million tonnes of last season’s soybean crop, the least in 11 years, [etc.]

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-china-agriculture/u-s-farmers-suffer-body-blow-as-china-slams-door-on-farm-purchases-idUSKCN1UV0XJ

**

forced Trump’s administration to compensate farmers for two years with combined spending of as much as $28 billion.

China imported $9.1 billion of U.S. farm produce in 2018 – mainly soybeans Sc1, dairy, sorghum and pork LHc1 – down from $19.5 billion in 2017, according to the American Farm Bureau.

from:

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-china-agriculture/u-s-farmers-suffer-body-blow-as-china-slams-door-on-farm-purchases-idUSKCN1UV0XJ

**

Our country is giving? $28 billion in farm subsidies beyond agriculture subsidies already in place or making loans available of $28 billion that must be paid back by farmers who could easily be made bankrupt by this trade war? PLUS our country has a loss of over $19.5 billion in sales which were partly suffered in 2019 because of the trump trade war and partly because China now says there will be no more purchases of US agricultural products at all.

**

China made up $5.9 billion in U.S. farm product exports in 2018, according to the U.S. Census. It’s the world’s top buyer of soybeans and purchased roughly 60 percent of U.S. soybean exports last year.

China is the fourth largest market for U.S. farm exports, behind Canada, Mexico and Japan.

[etc.]

https://www.cnbc.com/2019/08/06/china-agriculture-us-economy.html

**

One of the cable news reports mentioned that now China has changed its purchasing of soybeans to getting them from Russia and Argentina. I should go look for that and how likely they will continue in the future to do that instead of buying from America.

While farming exports are a relatively small portion of the United States’ annual $20 trillion in GDP, Judge said it will directly hit farmers and exacerbate other problems they were already facing.

U.S. net farm income has been falling in the past six years, well before the effect of tariffs. Income has dropped 45 percent since a high of $123.4 billion in 2013 to about $63 billion last year, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

https://www.cnbc.com/2019/08/06/china-agriculture-us-economy.html

**

Then I think about how products made in China for the American marketplace which will now have agricultural products from other nations in their manufacture end up costing more to us again.

Now we have nearly bankrupted farms and their surrounding support businesses being bankrupted, extreme losses of products, profits and US commodities in the marketplace which would’ve otherwise strengthened America and the ripple effects of a poorly executed, poorly planned and poorly timed trump trade war.

 

**

Sen. Ron Wyden of Oregon, the top Democrat on the Senate Finance Committee, renewed calls for a national security review of the deal on Wednesday, expressing concern that that the mill will supply the Defense Department.

https://www.salon.com/2019/08/02/former-mcconnell-aides-lobbied-for-sanctioned-russian-company-to-set-up-shop-in-kentucky/

It is sad to consider history will tag Republican Senator McConnell as Moscow Mitch, but certainly understandable. The change in EPA regulations which have nearly gutted them in the US based on Republican and Trump maneuvers along with Moscow Mitch McConnell pushing through removal of sanctions from a Russian oligarch’s company he may have known was putting $200 million into a new Kentucky aluminum rolling plant in return for 40% ownership of a $1.7 billion dollar plant and business enterprise.

**

According to a press release, RUSAL will earn a 40 percent share in the factory’s profits, and Braidy will keep the remaining 60 percent.

The plant has also received $15 million in direct investment from the state of Kentucky. Gov. Matt Bevin cut a deal to attract Braidy to the state with that public money and additional tax incentives totaling more than $10 million.

The Ashland aluminum mill would be the first such plant to be built in the U.S. in 37 years, according to industry sources

https://woub.org/2019/04/16/kentucky-aluminum-plant-investor-is-russian-company-formerly-under-u-s-sanctions/

**

That sounds like taxpayers in Kentucky gave over $25 million to this Braidy company and its Russian partner, plus the fact that Moscow Mitch had two staffers which previously worked for him doing the lobbying for the Russian company to be released from sanctions – as described here –

Former McConnell chief of staff Hunter Bates and former top McConnell adviser Brendan Dunn, who now work at lobbying giant Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld, pressed Congress and the Treasury Department to allow the Russian company Rusal to invest $200 million to develop an aluminum mill in McConnell’s home state, Politico reported.

https://www.salon.com/2019/08/02/former-mcconnell-aides-lobbied-for-sanctioned-russian-company-to-set-up-shop-in-kentucky/

**

Kentucky lawmakers approved an unusual, $15 million investment in the Braidy project that was worked out by Bevin’s administration, making taxpayers partial owners of the mill.

 

Bevin, a Republican ally of President Donald Trump, said Monday that the Rusal investment will have a “powerful impact on the economic revitalization and industry diversification in eastern Kentucky.” Thousands of coal jobs have disappeared from eastern Kentucky in the past decade, and the spinoff effect has hurt many other businesses in the region.

https://www.usnews.com/news/business/articles/2019-04-15/russian-company-to-invest-in-kentucky-aluminum-mill

**

THE MAIN THING – Rusal is sending Russian aluminum to be used in this Braidy aluminum rolling plant. HOW DID THAT HAPPEN? Didn’t Trump and the Republicans say they were supporting US aluminum producers and their potential to supply domestic and international markets so the products and profits would serve the US economy? What happened to that?

**

Are tariffs boosting the U.S. aluminum industry? | PBS NewsHour

 

Dec 12, 2018 – The Trump administration’s tariffs on aluminum imports are leading to new investment in what was a dying industry, according to a new report …
**

Rusal would supply aluminum for the new mill from a smelter under construction in Siberia.

 

Rusal said it would assume a 40 percent ownership stake in the mill in return for the investment, the Russian company said in a release. Braidy would hold the other 60 percent share in the plant, which will produce aluminum sheet mostly for the transportation industry, including the automotive, aerospace and marine sectors.

https://www.usnews.com/news/business/articles/2019-04-15/russian-company-to-invest-in-kentucky-aluminum-mill

**

After all the aluminum tariffs and their repercussions to help our aluminum producers, this deal would insure their demise by exclusively providing a market purchaser for Russian aluminum that would then be made into rolled aluminum products for our government contracts in defense, aerospace, naval building, and transportation, along with national infrastructure and building markets.

That destroys our producers rather than helping them. Who came up with this as well as the deal which gives 40% ownership for $200 million that seems a small purchase price compared to its percentage of profits and opportunities for Rusal to have an automatic purchaser of its smelted aluminum produced in Russia, not America.

Maybe Moscow Mitch wanted the jobs for Kentucky without looking at the details very closely or considering how it would impact American industries trying to compete with Rusal in the global marketplace. It is a subsidized takeover of market opportunities that would otherwise be available to American aluminum producers.

  • cricketdiane, 08-15-2019

**

The Biggest Aluminum Producers of 2017 – (US is eighth down the list with 2.3 mmt)

 

The Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa Inc.), America’s largest aluminum producer, has been reducing capacity, focussing on the development and sale of value-added products.

Founded in Pittsburgh, Penn., in 1888, Alcoa operates in some 15 countries worldwide.

Key aluminum assets are located in Iceland, Australia, Canada, Indiana and Texas.

Website: www.alcoa.com/

https://www.thebalance.com/the-10-biggest-aluminum-producers-2014-2339724

**

US Primary Aluminum Production Charts – 2019

(shows US production up, and so now we’ll give our market to Russia apparently since Moscow Mitch wants that for Kentucky. Hope their polluting history doesn’t carry over to the US.)

https://www.aluminum.org/sites/default/files/USPrimaryProduction072019.pdf

**

Also –

A court has ruled in favor of the Krasnoyarsk Environmental Protection Prosecutor’s Office, which requested that the court order Rusal Achinsk to pay 408 million rubles ($7.6 million) for contaminating farmland.

The lawsuit was filed after an audit, which showed that Rusal Achinsk contaminated over 10 hectares (100,000 square meters) of farmland with industrial waste water that seeped from a sludge depository due to the lack of proper containment equipment.

http://rapsinews.com/judicial_news/20150623/273991267.html

**

During sanctions, Rusal lost some of its customers, including Novelis Corp, the world’s biggest producer of rolled aluminum products. The company is partially resuming deliveries to them but admits that it will have a chance to regain all its clients only when contracts for 2020 are signed.

To date, we have already resumed deliveries to the American market,” Nikitin said. Nikitin also said that there were no issues with Russia’s alumina supplies from the Mykolaiv (Nikolayev) plant in Ukraine.

https://www.unian.info/economics/10501422-reuters-russia-s-rusal-resumes-aluminum-supplies-to-u-s-market.html

**

This is interesting too from the sidebar on that page –

15:20 Russian propaganda targets CNN reporter following exclusive reporting on country’s secret army in Africa – media

Read more on UNIAN: https://www.unian.info/economics/10501422-reuters-russia-s-rusal-resumes-aluminum-supplies-to-u-s-market.html

**

And this one –

11:20 Russian propaganda TV channel accused of inciting hatred in Latvia

Read more on UNIAN: https://www.unian.info/economics/10501422-reuters-russia-s-rusal-resumes-aluminum-supplies-to-u-s-market.html

**

TESTIMONY OF SCOTT STATES Good afternoon. My name is … – USITC


My name is Scott States, President of RUSAL America Corp, a subsidiary of UC RUSALRUSALAmerica Corp sells here in the U.S. unwrought aluminum …. introduced a new modification of Soederberg cells that cut air pollution emissions by …
**
Krasnoyarsk Aluminium Smelter


This facility is RUSAL’s key site for testing and introducing new cutting-edge … and alloys. It’s the only smelter in Russia and CIS to produce high-purity aluminum … A complex environmental program in 2015 led to pollution reduction by 1.3%.
**
1.3% reduction of pollution? that’s not much.
Now that EPA clean air, clean water and pollution standards / regulations have been gutted – that is a company we want to support? hmmm.
Maybe I don’t understand it.
**

US Congress Party Control 1965 – 2019

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President – Lyndon B. Johnson, Democrat 1963 – 1969

88th Congress 1965 – 1967 – 

255 Democrats

177 Republicans

3 Vacant Seats

Senate – 

65 Democrats

35 Republicans

States Controlled % –

**

President – Lyndon B. Johnson, Democrat 1963 – 1969

89th Congress 1967 – 1969 – 

295 Democrats (end 289)

140 Republicans (end 136)

1 Vacant Seat (end 10)

Senate – 

67 Democrats

33 Republicans

States Controlled % –

**

President – Lyndon B. Johnson, Democrat 1963 – 1969

90th Congress 1967 – 1969 – 

247 Democrats

187 Republicans

1 Vacant Seat

Senate – 

64 Democrats (end 62)

35 Republicans (end 38)

1 Vacant Seat

States Controlled % –

**

President – Richard Milhous Nixon, Republican 1969 – 1974

91st Congress 1969 – 1971 – 

243 Democrats

192 Republicans

Senate – 

57 Democrats

43 Republicans

States Controlled % –

**

President – Richard Milhous Nixon, Republican 1969 – 1974

92nd Congress 1971 – 1973 – 

255 Democrats

180 Republicans

Senate – 

54 Democrats

44 Republicans

1 Independent

1 Conservative (N.Y.)

States Controlled % –

The Nixon shock was a series of economic measures undertaken by United States President Richard Nixon in 1971, in response to increasing inflation, the most significant of which were wage and price freezes, surcharges on imports, and the unilateral cancellation of the direct international convertibility of the United States dollar to gold.[1]

While Nixon’s actions did not formally abolish the existing Bretton Woods system of international financial exchange, the suspension of one of its key components effectively rendered the Bretton Woods system inoperative. While Nixon publicly stated his intention to resume direct convertibility of the dollar after reforms to the Bretton Woods system had been implemented, all attempts at reform proved unsuccessful. By 1973, the Bretton Woods system was replaced de facto by the current regime based on freely floating fiat currencies.[2] 

from – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nixon_shock

**

President – Gerald R. Ford, Republican 1974 – 1977

93rd Congress 1973 – 1975 – 

241 Democrats (end 235)

192 Republicans (end 182)

5 Vacant Seats (end 18)

Senate – 

56 Democrats (end 57)

42 Republicans (end 40)

1 Independent

1 Conservative (N.Y.)

States Controlled % –

**

President – Gerald R. Ford, Republican 1974 – 1977

94th Congress 1975 – 1977 – 

291 Democrats

144 Republicans

Senate – 

60 Democrats (end 61)

37 Republicans (end 37)

1 Independent

1 Conservative (N.Y.)

States Controlled % –

**

President – Jimmy Carter, Democrat 1977 – 1981

95th Congress 1977 – 1979 – 

292 Democrats (end 275 – wikipedia)

143 Republicans (end 140 – wikipedia)

(end 20 vacant seats – wikipedia)

Senate – 

61 Democrats

38 Republicans

1 Independent

States Controlled % –

**

President – Jimmy Carter, Democrat 1977 – 1981

96th Congress 1979 – 1981 – 

278 Democrats

157 Republicans

Senate – 

58 Democrats (end 55)

41 Republicans (end 44)

1 Independent

States Controlled % –

**

President – Ronald Reagan, Republican 1981 – 1989

97th Congress 1981 – 1983 – 

243 Democrats (244 wikipedia)

192 Republicans (191 wikipedia)

Senate – 

46 Democrats

53 Republicans

1 Independent

States Controlled % –

**

President – Ronald Reagan, Republican 1981 – 1989

98th Congress 1983 – 1985 – 

269 Democrats (272 – wikipedia)

166 Republicans (163 – wikipedia)

Senate – 

46 Democrats / end 45

54 Republicans/ end 55

**

President – Ronald Reagan, Republican 1981 – 1989

99th Congress 1985 – 1987 – 

254 Democrats

181 Republicans

Senate –

47 Democrats

53 Republicans

States – % Controlled

**

President – Ronald Reagan, Republican 1981 – 1989

100th Congress 1987 – 1989 – 

258 Democrats

177 Republicans

Senate – 

55 Democrats

45 Republicans

States – % Controlled

The biggest stock market crash in U.S. history brought the Reagan administration and Congress together in a “budget summit.” Select committees investigated the arms-for-hostage arrangement now known as Iran-Contra.

https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/100th/

**

President – George W. Bush Sr, Republican 1989 – 1993

101st Congress 1989 – 1991 – 

260 Democrats

175 Republicans

Senate – 

55 Democrats

45 Republicans

States – % Controlled

Despite continued divided-party government, the 101st Congress (1989–1991) increased taxes to stem a growing deficit, created the Resolution Trust Corporation to address the failed Savings and Loan bank industry

https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/101st/

**

President – George W. Bush Sr, Republican 1989 – 1993

102nd Congress 1991 – 1993 – 

267 Democrats

167 Republicans

1 Independent

Senate – 

56 Democrats

44 Republicans

States – % Controlled

(Interesting note – [102nd] Congress also approved a ban on underground nuclear tests beginning in 1996. – https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/102nd/)

**

President – Bill Clinton 1993 – 2001 [William Jefferson Clinton]

103rd Congress 1993 – 1995 – 

258 Democrats

176 Republicans

1 Independent

Senate – 

53 Democrats

47 Republicans

States – % Controlled

Democrats controlled Congress and the White House for the first time in 12 years after the 1992 elections. Congress approved the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/103rd/

**

President – Bill Clinton 1993 – 2001 [William Jefferson Clinton]

104th Congress 1995 – 1997 – 

204 Democrats

230 Republicans

1 Independent

Senate – 

47 Democrats

53 Republicans

States – % Controlled

**

President – Bill Clinton 1993 – 2001 [William Jefferson Clinton]

105th Congress 1997 – 1999 – 

207 Democrats

226 Republicans

2 Independents

Senate – 

45 Democrats

55 Republicans

States – % Controlled

**

President – Bill Clinton 1993 – 2001 [William Jefferson Clinton]

106th Congress 1999 – 2001 –

211 Democrats

223 Republicans

1 Independent

Senate – 

45 Democrats

55 Republicans

0 Independents

States – % Controlled

Republicans retained their majorities in both chambers though their margin in the House eroded after the 1998 elections. Congress overhauled financial services regulation.

https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/106th/

**

President – George W. Bush Jr., Republican 2001 – 2009

107th Congress 2001 – 2003

213 Democrats

220 Republicans

2 Independents

Senate – 

48 Democrats

50 Republicans

1 Independent

States – % Controlled

**

President – George W. Bush, Jr., Republican 2001 – 2009

108th Congress 2003 – 2005 – 

205 Democrats

229 Republicans

1 Independent

Senate –

48 Democrats

55 Republicans

1 Independent

States – % Controlled

 . . and in March 2003 approved military action against Iraq. At home, Congress approved a series of tax reductions. https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/108th/

**

President – George W. Bush, Jr., Republican 2001 – 2009

109th Congress 2005 – 2007 – 

201 Democrats

233 Republicans

1 Independent

Senate – 

44 Democrats

55 Republicans

1 Independent

States – % Controlled

.  . extended tax reductions, and restructured the United States Postal Service for the first time in a generation. https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/109th/

**

President – George W. Bush, Jr., Republican 2001 – 2009

110th Congress 2007 – 2009 – 

233 Democrats

202 Republicans

0 Independent

Senate – 

49 Democrats

49 Republicans

2 Independents

States – % Controlled

The 2006 elections produced Democratic congressional majorities for the first time in 12 years. Democrats and Republicans reduced taxes for economic stimulus. As the economy worsened and the housing market collapsed, the 110th Congress (2007–2009) passed bipartisan measures to stabilize the troubled financial sector. https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/110th/

**

President – Barack Obama, Democrat 2009 – 2017

111th Congress 2009 – 2011

257 Democrats

178 Republicans

0 Independent

Senate – 

56 Democrats

42 Republicans

2 Independents

States – % Controlled

Democrats controlled the 111th Congress (2009–2011) with majorities in both houses of Congress alongside the country’s first African-American president, Democrat Barack Obama. Congress addressed the financial meltdown and subsequent global recession by clearing a stimulus package followed by comprehensive financial regulation. In its last weeks, after Republicans won the House during the 2010 election, the 111th Congress renewed expiring tax cuts . . A number of issues remained unaddressed, however, including deficit reduction, energy and the environment, campaign-finance reform, and regular appropriations. https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/111th/

**

President – Barack Obama, Democrat 2009 – 2017

112th Congress 2011 – 2013 – 

193 Democrats

242 Republicans

Senate – 

51 Democrats

47 Republicans

2 Independents

States – % Controlled

A divided government complicated legislative work during the 112th Congress. Unable to reach deals on a number of issues, the Republican-controlled House and the Democratic Senate passed emergency measures to prevent a government shutdown and avoid defaulting on the country’s debt. After long talks between the Speaker and the President, a “grand bargain” of tax hikes and spending cuts collapsed, leaving a Senate bill to raise the debt ceiling. A House-Senate panel tasked with reducing deficits failed to outline a plan, triggering a series of automatic spending cuts called sequestration. https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/112th/

**

President – Barack Obama, Democrat 2009 – 2017

113th Congress 2013 – 2015 – 

201 Democrats

234 Republicans

Senate – 

53 Democrats

45 Republicans

2 Independents

States – % Controlled

**

President – Barack Obama, Democrat 2009 – 2017

114th Congress 2015 – 2017

188 Democrats

247 Republicans

Senate –

44 Democrats

54 Republicans

2 Independents

States – % Controlled

**

President – Donald Trump, Republican 2017 – 2021

115th Congress 2017 – 2019

194 Democrats

241 Republicans

(by end of this Congress – 196 Democrats, 236 Republicans, 0 Independents & 3 Vacancies)

Senate –

47 Democrats

50 Republicans

2 Independents

1 Vacant Seat

States – % Controlled

**

President – Donald Trump, Republican 2017 – 2021

116th Congress 2019 – 2021

235 Democrats

198 Republicans

2 Vacant Seats

Senate –

45 Democrats

53 Republicans

2 Independents

States – % Controlled –

Republicans currently control the legislatures in 31 states, while Democrats hold 18. In three-quarters of the states, the same party controls both the legislature and the governor’s office. (from) https://www.governing.com/topics/politics/gov-state-politics-governors-2019.html

US States Party % Control – 

Legislators (7,383 total) – 

Democrat – 3,446 / 47%

Republican – 3,830 / 52%

Other – 107 (Independent, Other or Undecided)

Chambers (98 total) – 

Democrat – 37 / 38%

Republican – 61 / 62%

Legislatures (49 total)  – (Nebraska is not included, because Nebraska is unicameral.) –

Democrat – 18 / 37%

Republican – 30 / 61%

1 divided legislature

State Control (49 total) – 

Democrat – 14 / 29%

Republican – 22 / 45%

13 divided states – (When the same party holds both legislative chambers and the governorship, that party has state control. When any of those three points of power is held by another party, state control is divided.)

http://www.ncsl.org/research/about-state-legislatures/partisan-composition.aspx

 

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https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/96th/

http://www.ncsl.org/research/about-state-legislatures/partisan-composition.aspx

 

 

Nifty New Products and an Amazing Rainbow Tie I Forgot That I Created – Cool

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Hurricane Florence in Real Time Live Streaming Cams Plus Helpful Info

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LIVE BEACH CAMS – Big waves approaching NC coast – PIER being ROCKED

 

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Live Outer Banks, NC Webcam from Twiddy & Company Realtors

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Found this from an article on ways to stay connected even if the phone service goes down – can be found on app stores –

FireChat – Open Garden

FIRECHATFireChat is a free peer-to-peer messaging app that works with or without Internet access or cellular data to send text and images.

FireChat is a new way to chat “off the grid” but caution is advised

https://www.engadget.com/2014/03/20/firechat-is-a-new-way-to-chat-off-the-grid-but-caution-is-advi/

It shows you other people who are local to you, say on the same camping trip, and you can chat or share images using Apple’s Multipeer Connectivity Framework, which can use WiFi or Bluetooth to connect two or more devices.

The app also lets you use standard Internet connectivity to participate in a running conversation with FireChat users anywhere in the world.

[ . . . ]

The idea of FireChat is good, set up a quick ad-hoc network for an event and chat away with no setup or complicated configuration. But the global chat needs an off button, and I think for even the local chats you should be able to filter out abusers.

(Short article – worth going over to read all of it.)

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Hurricane Update Sites – Hurricane Florence

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I noticed one of the statements in an article written about Hurricane Florence yesterday noted that the storm surge is running 300 miles in front of the storm. That would mean the storm surge starts about 20 hours ahead of Hurricane Florence getting to the coast. It is an interesting fact and could be life threatening long before arrival of the actual hurricane force winds and rain.

These links were great places to see the most current information about Hurricane Florence and other hurricanes. It would be great if everyone were willing and able to move out of harm’s way with this much notice about the storm’s strength and path, but many people in North Carolina and South Carolina coastal areas are not leaving – maybe as much as half of the residents in some areas expected to be hard hit, are actually staying to try and ride out the storm. That is sad to see happen once again.

Anyway, here are the sites that have current Hurricane Florence info –

https://www.axios.com/hurricane-florence-storm-threat-north-carolina-e81f5cef-8ffd-4a59-8df8-0c62bb54bf37.html

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Florence

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https://weather.com/storms/hurricane-central/AL062018

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https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/refresh/graphics_at1+shtml/152311.shtml?inundation#contents

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https://www.weather.gov/wrn/florence

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https://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/content/florence-strengthens-category-4-hurricane

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https://www.cnn.com/interactive/storm-tracker/

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https://www.cnn.com/2018/09/11/us/hurricane-florence-south-east-coast-wxc/index.html

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https://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/content/imagery-and-data

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http://opendata.dc.gov/datasets/storm-surge-risk-areas

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Some of the Webcams / Surfcams in the Hurricane Florence zones –

Hatteras, NC cam – at Durant Station (live streaming)

http://surfchex.com/cams/hatteras-web-cam/

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Myrtle Beach, SC cam – (first is live streaming)

https://www.myrtlebeach.com/webcams/

https://www.visitmyrtlebeach.com/web-cam/

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Wrightsville Beach, NC cam – Camera at the Oceanic Restaurant (live streaming)

http://surfchex.com/

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Morehead City cam – Updates every few minutes by reloading

http://www.witn.com/content/ipcams/377860191.html

http://www.witn.com/content/ipcams/377859411.html

http://www.witn.com/cams

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Oceanana – (Live Streaming after ad)

https://www.surfline.com/surf-report/oceanana-pier/584204204e65fad6a7709992

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Atlantic Beach – (Live Streaming)

http://surfchex.com/cams/atlantic-beach-web-cam/

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Charleston, SC – SCDOT cams – (pick a camera from the map – Live streaming)

https://www.511sc.org/

 

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CNN is describing the toxic disaster of Hurricane Florence in a few minutes on Wolf Blitzer. – about 1.23 p.m.

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Customizing Rainbow Pop Art Wall Decal Design Makes Amazing New Choices

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Which can also become this electric rainbow colors pop art –

Interesting Independent Designer Products You Can Buy Online

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– cricketdiane art and design 2018

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About CricketDiane –

I’ve been creating nearly every day since I was a kid and that is over 50 years. I’ve created in numerous ways in a range that moves from art to problem-solving to inventing, creating music, sculpting and painting to writing and doing various computer / online based projects.

“It is better to make the effort to move forward and release the flow of ideas to work with them and do things creatively, create things and invent and write and make – I definitely know that by experience.” – cricketdiane, 2018

 

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You can find more of my art and designs here –

CricketDiane and Cricket House Studios Store on Zazzle

 

and other blog writings by me here –

https://cricketdiane.wordpress.com/

https://cricketdiane.com/

On YouTube –

CricketDiane Phillips

 

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The website for Cricket House Studios Art and Design is found here –

http://www.crickethousestudios.com/

And see my current efforts on GoFundMe to make a board game I created into a video game that I’m working on right now – (NOT active right now – re-analyzing this effort)

The Scared Donkey Mine Money Game by CricketDiane on GoFundMe

 

Thanks for checking us out!

The Cricket House Studios Team and CricketDiane

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